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Topic: Presbyterianism

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  Presbyterianism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It was formed by the merger (1958) of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, descending from the Philadelphia presbytery of 1706, and the United Presbyterian Church of North America, which had been constituted (1858) by a union of two older churches.
In 1810 the Cumberland Presbyterian Church was established by the secession of revivalist groups in Kentucky; many of its congregations were reunited with the main body in 1906.
The Presbyterian Church in Canada was formed in 1875; some Presbyterians joined with the Methodist and Congregational churches in 1925 to form the United Church of Canada.
www.bartleby.com /65/pr/Presbyte.html   (1044 words)

 PRESBYTERIANISM - LoveToKnow Article on PRESBYTERIANISM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In episcopacy the supreme authority is a diocesan bishop; in congregationalism it is the members of the congregation assembled in church meeting; in Presbyterianism it is a church council composed of representative presbyters.
Presbyterianism in Ireland, in modern times at least, dates from the plantation of Ulster in the reign of James I. The infusion of a considerable Scottish element into the population necessitated the formation of a congenial church.
In 1847 the synod of the Free Presbyterian Church was formed by the anti-slavery secession of the presbytery of Ripley, 0.
42.1911encyclopedia.org /P/PR/PRESBYTERIANISM.htm   (14748 words)

In its doctrine on the Sacraments the Presbyterian Church is thoroughly Calvinistic.
The history of Presbyterianism in Ireland dates from the Ulster plantation during the reign of James I. The greater part of Ulster had been confiscated to the crown, and thither emigrated a large number of Scotch Presbyterians.
The dissolution of the Cumberland Presbytery by the Synod of Kentucky led to the formation in 1810 of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12392b.htm   (2758 words)

 Presbyterianism and Dispensationalism
Lewis Sperry Chafer (1871-1952), a presbyterian, was founder of Dallas Theological Seminary, and served as its president and professor of systematic theology.
Presbyterianism received its definitive formulation in the seventeenth century in the Westminster Confession of Faith and the Westminster Larger and Shorter Catechisms.
Presbyterianism stems from the Reformation and from English and Scottish Puritanism, both of which were fighting primarily for the doctrine of salvation, in opposition to Roman Catholic and other views that compromised the sovereignty of God’s grace and the certainty of salvation based on Christ’s work alone.
www.frame-poythress.org /poythress_articles/2002Presbyterianism.htm   (2936 words)

 MSN Encarta - Presbyterianism
Presbyterianism, a form of church government and a particular theological tradition found in the Presbyterian and Reformed denominations.
The term Presbyterian is from the Greek presbyteros (“elder”), and church government by elders characterizes the organization of Presbyterian and Reformed churches.
Presbyterian church government is often called a “mixed” system of democratic and hierarchical elements, because the power is balanced between clergy and laity and between congregations and larger governing bodies of the church.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761567392/Presbyterianism.html   (779 words)

 Presbyterianism articles on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Presbyterianism PRESBYTERIANISM [Presbyterianism] form of Christian church organization based on administration by a hierarchy of courts composed of clerical and lay presbyters.
1 In Scotland, the United Presbyterian Church was formed by the union (1847) of the United Secession Church with the majority of the congregations of the Relief Church.
Devoted to Presbyterianism, he opposed the policies of the duke of Lauderdale, took part in the unsuccessful rebellion of the 8th earl of Argyll in support of the duke of
www.encyclopedia.com /searchpool.asp?target=Presbyterianism   (430 words)

 Sociology of Religion: The Contribution of Presbyterianism to the Maritime Provinces of Canada. - book reviews
Presbyterians must also be recognized for their activity in social and political movements taking place in the Maritimes.
Presbyterians were also involved with the social gospel movement, as well as, woman's suffrage, Native rights, and campaigns for open immigration.
It must also be mentioned that, in spite of the fact that the Presbyterian church was dominated by males, the contribution of women to the church and society was not overlooked.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0SOR/is_n2_v59/ai_20913883   (849 words)

 Presbyterianism, Presbyterian
The largest Presbyterian body in the United States is the 3 million - member Presbyterian Church, formed in 1983 by the union of the United Presbyterian Church and the (Southern) Presbyterian Church in the United States.
Presbyterianism emerged in the 16th century Reformation as an effort by Protestant reformers to recapture the form as well as the message of the New Testament church.
Presbyterian hymnody is indebted to the Calvinistic tradition of singing paraphrased Psalms.
mb-soft.com /believe/txc/presbyte.htm   (722 words)

Thereafter, presbyterianism would inexorably come into public execution-- there was some pondering of the question of how to provide for the ex-bishops and their underlings, lest the land fill up with rogues.
Scotland’s presbyterian ministers were well acquainted with headbanging encounters with monarchs-- they were currently in the ascendency in their struggles with James IV-- and they had developed the politics and justification of resistance to errant monarchs by the “people” to fine arts.
Geneva and Scotland might insist that presbyterian discipline, such as England sorely lacked, was one of the marks of a true church, but Elizabeth was not budging, and there was no viable alternative to her, while England’s civic peace was in blessed contrast to what much of Europe was experiencing.
muweb.millersville.edu /~winthrop/Hackett.htm   (10462 words)

One of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, the Rev. John Witherspoon, was a Presbyterian minister.
Other Presbyterian ministers, such as the Rev. Jonathan Edwards and the Rev. Gilbert Tennent, were driving forces in the so-called "Great Awakening," a revivalist movement in the early 18th century.
The Presbyterian church in the United States has split and parts have reunited several times.
www.firstpres-fw.org /Presby/EarlyHistory.htm   (422 words)

 The Decline of American Presbyterianism
With respect to Presbyterian government, the Northern Assembly followed Hodge in his erroneous notions on ecclesiastical polity; and some of these views laid the foundation for the centralized bureaucracy which the liberals used to capture the denomination after the turn of the century.
North's account divides American Presbyterians into three categories: (1.) judicialists, who defended the objective and doctrinal nature of the Christian faith; (2.) experientialists, who were less concerned about doctrine, provided a man exhibited an experiential profession of Christianity; (3.) power religionists, who wanted to harness the church to serve the interests of liberalism.
In many "conservative" American Presbyterian churches, the right to vote is extended even to youthful members (teenagers) who have been admitted as communicants; and attempts by congregations to institute age restrictions have been overturned by higher church courts.
www.swrb.com /newslett/actualNLs/decline.htm   (3595 words)

 presbyterian.org.nz: What is Presbyterianism?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Presbyterian Church is part of the wider family of Christian churches.
The history and belief of the Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand is closely linked to the 'Reformed' tradition and heritage.
In this country the Presbyterian Church began as a 'settler church' in 1840.
www.presbyterian.org.nz /15.0.html   (709 words)

 Touchstone Archives: Rediscovering Mother Kirk
Still, as decent and orderly as it may be for Presbyterians to inhabit the moderate middle of Protestant notions about liturgy and the ministry of the Church, if left to their own devices they invariably descend to the nether regions of churchly sensibilities.
The early creeds of the Presbyterian and Reformed churches assume a high regard for the ordained ministry of the Church, from the function of pastors to the means of grace, as well as an adherence to correct forms in liturgy and polity.
Yet, the Presbyterian commitment to liberty of conscience, while admirable, is at odds with the equally laudable Presbyterian desire for the unity of the Church.
www.touchstonemag.com /archives/print.php?id=13-10-020-f   (7361 words)

 Presbyterianism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Cumberland Presbyterian Church - Cumberland Presbyterian Church, branch of the Presbyterian Church in the United States founded in...
Presbyterianism: Presbyterianism in America - Presbyterianism in America Presbyterians were to be found in most of the English colonies of North...
Presbyterianism and the American Revolution in the Middle Colonies (1).
www.infoplease.com /ce6/society/A0840063.html   (177 words)

 Presbyterianism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Each Presbyterian congregation was governed by its session of elders, each session was subordinate to provincial presbyteries, and these were, in their turn, subordinate to the General Assembly of the Church.
Episcopacy, abolished in Scotland after the Covenant in 1638, was re-established after the Restoration in 1662, and the result was open warfare between the Calvinist Covenanters and the government which was resolved in favor of the Covenanters only after the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
Presbyterianism was also the most prominent branch of the English Nonconformist or Dissenting movement before Unitarianism weakened it in the eighteenth century.
www.victorianweb.org /religion/presybt.html   (217 words)

 Presbyterianism in Paris and Bourbon County, Kentucky
It was natural for the Presbyterians when their church was organized near this spring in 1787, by Rev. Andrew McClure to name it "Sinking Spring." The church bore the name of Sinking Spring until 1794, when the name was changed to Paris.
Many Presbyterians felt, however, that churches which went by the name of Presbyterian were simply Congregational churches, and that the doctrines and government of the Presbyterian Church were not sufficiently emphasized.
William McConnell was a Trustee of the Presbyterian Church in 1795 and was one of the Trustees to receive the deed front Lawrence Protzman in 1795 to the lot on High Street where the first building of the Presbyterian Church was erected.
www.shawhan.com /presbyterianism.html   (19373 words)

 Death of Confessional Calvinism in Scottish Presbyterianism
The Presbyterianism of the Westminster Standards and the Reformed faith of the "Three Forms of Unity" are confessional Calvinism.
The serpent in the Eden of Presbyterian truth was the doctrine of common grace.
This now, apparently, is contemporary Scottish Presbyterianism: a universal love of God in Christ that fails to secure the salvation of many; a death of Christ for all that fails to redeem many; and a grace toward all in the preaching that fails to call many into union with Christ.
www.prca.org /articles/Death_of_Calvinism.html   (10042 words)

 Presbyterianism, Presbyterian Doctrine, Church Polity, Church Government
I propose to occupy the hour devoted to this address in an attempt to unfold the principles of that system of Church polity which we, as Presbyterians, hold to be laid down in the word of God.
The second great principle of Presbyterianism is, that presbyters who minister in word and doctrine are the highest permanent officers of the Church.
As then presbyters are all of the same rank, and as they exercise their power in the government of the Church, in connection with the people, or their representatives, this of necessity gives rise to Sessions in our individual congregations, and to Presbyteries, Synods, and Assemblies, for the exercise of more extended jurisdiction.
www.graceonlinelibrary.org /articles/subcats.asp?id=25|71   (284 words)

 Message   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The purpose of the Presbyterian is to baptize babies and conduct effective church government.
Presbyterian who was eating at a diner (not on a Sunday).
Presbyterians are sooooooooooo sweet that I want to throw out my Baptist hymnals.
www.firstfloorflat.com /presbyterians/presbyterians.htm   (289 words)

The term "Presbyterian" refers to a representative style of church government.
First Presbyterian Church of Tallahassee is a congregation of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A), the oldest and largest of American Presbyterian bodies.
Presbyterians insist that God alone is Lord of the conscience, and therefore welcome diversity and open inquiry.
www.oldfirstchurch.org /presby.html   (350 words)

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