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Topic: Previous Stalin purges


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In the News (Mon 16 Oct 17)

  
  Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Stalin was arrested in 1913 and was exiled for life to N Siberia, where he remained until an amnesty was granted after the February Revolution of 1917.
As the purges drew to a close (1939), the efforts of the secret police were concentrated on eliminating those elements of the population that might be disloyal in case of war.
Stalin’s paranoia during the last years of his life led to increased repression and persecution of his closest collaborators, reminiscent of the purges of the 1930s.
www.bartleby.com /65/st/Stalin-J.html   (1756 words)

  
 Gendercide Watch: Stalin's Purges
Stalin was born Joseph Dzhugashvili in the Georgian town of Gori in 1879.
Stalin's victory was slow and hard-fought, but by 1927 he had succeeded in having Trotsky expelled from the party and, in 1929, from the country (Trotsky was tracked down and killed by Stalin's agents in Mexico City in 1940).
The millions of deaths in Stalin's "Gulag Archipelago" (the network of labour camps [gulags] scattered across the length and breath of Russia) are dealt with in the incarceration/death penalty case study.
www.gendercide.org /case_stalin.html   (3703 words)

  
 Learn more about Joseph Stalin in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Stalin is also reported to have used at least a dozen other names for the purpose of secret communications, but for obvious reasons most of them remain unknown.
Stalin spent his first years after the Revolution in a number of senior administrative posts within the government and party apparatus, becoming in April 1922 general secretary of the ruling Communist Party, a post which he subsequently built up into the most powerful in the country.
Stalin's Order No. 227 of July 27, 1942 illustrates the ruthlessness with which he sought to stiffen army resolve: all those who retreated or otherwise left their positions without orders to do so were to be summarily shot.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /j/jo/joseph_stalin.html   (2519 words)

  
 Joseph Stalin - Conservapedia
Stalin later re-named Stalingrad in honor of his victory, and was the same city of Germany's massive defeat in World War II.
Stalin fanned the fires of collectivization, claiming that peasants had been hording grain and that they needed to be controlled.
Stalin was caught off guard, and the Nazis blazed a path through the Ukraine and European Russia.
www.conservapedia.com /Stalin   (2117 words)

  
 Joseph Stalin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Stalin promised the crowd that the Soviet government would grant: "complete freedom for the Finnish people, and for other peoples of Russia, to arrange their own life!" Stalin's plan was to develop what he called "a voluntary and honest alliance" between Russia and the different national groups that lived within its borders.
Stalin was horrified to hear reports that the Red Army in the Ukraine had been in such a hurry to retreat that they had left behind their weapons and equipment.
Stalin came to the conclusion that, if he could prove that Zinoviev and Kamenev and other leaders of the opposition had shed the blood of Kirov, "the beloved son of the party", a member of the Politburo, he then would be justified in demanding blood for blood.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /RUSstalin.htm   (12213 words)

  
 Stalin
Stalin was soon reported to the secret police, and was given a four-year sentence in the most remote reaches of Siberia.
Stalin was already an untrusting man; add that to the normal paranoia that comes with the position of dictator, and one can see how so many could suffer.
Stalin was not explicitly an "evil" man but was the product of his environment, and was born into a situation that he handled within reason.
www.angelfire.com /alt/hproject/stalin.html   (2324 words)

  
 Joseph Stalin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Stalin's involvement with the socialist movement began at seminary school from he was expelled in 1899 after failing to appear at scheduled He worked for a decade with the political underground in the Caucasus facing repeated arrest and exile to Siberia between 1902 and 1917.
Stalin consolidated near-absolute power in the 1930s with the Great Purge against his suspected political and ideological culminating in the extermination of the majority the original Bolshevik Central Committee and over half of the largely delegates of the 17th Party Congress in January 1934.
Stalin's Order No. 227 of July 27 1942 illustrates the ruthlessness with which he to stiffen army resolve: all those who or otherwise left their positions without orders do so were to be summarily shot.
www.freeglossary.com /Stalin   (4548 words)

  
 History 1C: The Stalin Revolution
Stalin's adoption in 1929 of forced collectivization of agriculture marked a grim struggle between the regime and the peasantry.
The horror of Stalin's purges of the 1930s lies in more than the killings and incarcerations, the individual and familial suffering, and the decimation of an entire stratum of talented and energetic leaders in politics, the economy, the army and every walk of intellectual life.
In 1989 a Soviet biographer of Stalin estimated that 4.5 to 5.5 million people were arrested--800,000 to 900,000 received the death penalty, and many of the rest died either at the Gulag or en route to it.
www.csuchico.edu /~ktranschel/pages/h.10.stalin.html   (1678 words)

  
 Joseph Stalin's 5 year plans
While Stalin’s policies of purging were brutal and devastating to the people of his nation, his economic policies and his belief in a rapid industrialization movement pulled the nation forward.
Stalin began implementation of his “Great Leap Forward.” The “Great Leap Forward” was basically a three-fold plan designed to: bring Russia to the level of industrialism of other countries, to solidly build a strong military force to protect her, and to bring the economy into prosperity.
Stalin’s group used the Shakhty Affair to begin the purges on institutions and organizations which were to be involved in industrialization.
www.unknownrealm.org /chix0r/stalin.htm   (5709 words)

  
 Channel 4 - History - Warlords
Stalin became people's commissar for the nationalities affairs in the new Soviet government, a post he held from 1917 to 1923, and then people's commissar for the workers' and peasants' inspectorate (1919-1922), which gave him the authority to investigate every official in the country.
Stalin's purges included a so-called 'cultural revolution' (an idea which Mao Zedong later borrowed for use in China), when old Bolsheviks, Communist intellectuals and technocrats were systematically rooted out and replaced, often by uneducated peasants from within the party ranks.
And as the purges finally drew to a close at the end of the 1930s, the world was plunged into a war during which Stalin's reputation would soar in the most unlikely of places – the democracies of the United States and western Europe.
www.channel4.com /history/microsites/H/history/t-z/warlords1stalin.html   (2817 words)

  
 The History Place - This Month in History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) was born in the village of Gori in Georgia, Russia (as Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili).
Stalin was a ruthless manipulator and mass murder who created a famine in 1932-33 in the Ukraine liquidating 3 million kulaks (middle class farmers) by starvation.
After Hitler attacked the Soviet Union in 1941, Stalin took command of the army and allied himself with England and the U.S. Following the war, he sought to dominate Europe and impose Communism on the world, leading to the decades-long Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union.
www.historyplace.com /specials/calendar/docs-pix/dec-stalin.htm   (176 words)

  
 Remembering Stalin
Stalin has rid himself of all the opposition groups in the Red Army…" Tukachevsky, a top army general, was sentenced in 1934 by the military court and shot along with a number of military leaders for conspiring against the Soviet Union.
Stalin became deputy Chairman of the all-powerful Council of Defence, with Lenin as the Chairman.
Stalin’s life and activity proves beyond doubt that he had not only surrendered his personal interest to the interest of revolution and the party but had succeeded in completely identifying his personal interest with the interest of the party also.
www.northstarcompass.org /nsc0509/stalin.htm   (5077 words)

  
 The death of Stalin: Part II
Stalin began screaming and abusing them and then tried to push a button to summon his guards, but Molotov and Mikoyan pushed his hand away.
Stalin fell and hit his head on the side of the desk.
As Stalin lay groaning, Kaganovich moved towards the medicine cabinet and Voroshilov stood by the door to prevent anyone leaving or entering.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/stalin/96949   (455 words)

  
 Stalin Casts Shadow Over V-E Remembrance - General - RedOrbit
Stalin always has been a contradictory figure in Russia, seen as either the powerful boss who led the country to victory over the Nazis and made it a 20th century industrial giant or the tyrant responsible for killing millions of his own people.
Stalin came to power after the death of Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin in 1924 and began a reign of terror that lasted nearly three decades, ending only with his death in 1953.
He pointed to Stalin's purges of tens of thousands of senior army officers before the war and his decision to imprison hundreds of thousands of Soviet prisoners of war whom he declared traitors for surrendering to the enemy.
www.redorbit.com /news/display?id=148747&source=r_general   (682 words)

  
 The Biography Channel - Josef Stalin Biography
Born Josif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, Stalin was a nickname.
Stalin spent the years after the revolution secretly increasing his power as general secretary.
Stalin consolidated near-absolute power with the Great Purges against his suspected opponents in the Bolshevik Party.
www.thebiographychannel.co.uk /biography_home/190:0/Josef_Stalin.htm   (348 words)

  
 Joseph Stalin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Vladimir Lenin was impressed with Stalin's achievements and in 1905 he was invited to meet him in Finland.Stalin returned to Russia and over the next eight years he was arrested four times but each time managed to escape.
The advice of Stalin was accepted and in September, 1918, Felix Dzerzhinsky, head of the Cheka, instigated as the Red Terror.
Khrushchev revealed how Stalin had been responsible for the execution of thousands of loyal communists during the purges.In the months that followed Khrushchev's speech, thousands of those people imprisoned under Stalin were released.
www.promotega.org /hgr00009/stalin.htm   (1519 words)

  
 Harvard University Press: Stalin : A Biography by Robert Service
Stalin: A Biography...is a major landmark in the recent scholarly reassessment of the notorious dictator who consolidated Soviet power, launched vicious purges against his own people (and indeed his own political party), defeated the Nazis in World War II, and launched the Cold War...Service's trumps all other volumes now available on Stalin's life.
Stalin made little distinction between his personal and political life, and as Service demonstrates in this balanced, tightly written work, it is necessary to consider each in the context of the other.
For an understanding of Stalin the man, the leader, the Georgian, the Russian nationalist, the revolutionary, the party politician, the mass murderer and the international statesman, and his place in modern Russian history--Robert Service's book is unsurpassed.
www.hup.harvard.edu /catalog/SERSTA.html?show=reviews   (1415 words)

  
 The Seattle Times: Nation & World: Dictator Stalin stirs nostalgia as Russians remember war
Stalin always has been a contradictory figure in Russia, seen as either the powerful boss who led the country to victory over the Nazis and made the Soviet Union a 20th-century industrial giant, or the tyrant responsible for killing millions of his own people.
Stalin had actually concluded a nonaggression pact with Hitler in August 1939 that cleared the way for Hitler to go to war on Sept. 1 of that year when he invaded Poland.
He pointed to Stalin's purges of tens of thousands of senior army officers before the war and his decision to imprison hundreds of thousands of Soviet prisoners of war whom he declared traitors for surrendering to the enemy.
seattletimes.nwsource.com /html/nationworld/2002268263_stalin09.html   (761 words)

  
 Military History Online - Battle of Stalingrad
With their officer corps decimated by Stalin's purges, the badly equipped, poorly trained and demoralized Red Army sustained losses and gave ground which would have defeated any other country in a matter of days.
Stalin called for a "Scorched Earth" behind the retreat of the Russian armies, non-cooperation, and partisan warfare on the part of the occupied territories.
Stalin had recognized the vital work of Gen. Georgi Zhukov at Leningrad, and directed him to marshal the resources necessary to save the Soviet capital from being over-run.
www.militaryhistoryonline.com /wwii/stalingrad/barbarossa.aspx   (1292 words)

  
 Stalin's work is of crucial importance in the Third World
Stalin's work is important for all peoples engaged in the revolutionary struggle for freedom from the barbaric domination of imperialism.
Stalin showed that, in the most difficult situations, only a firm and inflexible attitude towards the enemy can resolve the fundamental problems of the working masses.
In his interview of Fidél Castro,  Thomas Borge  vigorously attacked `Stalinism': it is under this camouflage that the FSLN transformed itself into a bourgeois social-democratic entity.
www.plp.org /books/Stalin/node6.html   (841 words)

  
 Temperament in Revolution: Gorbachev   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
This "wall" was result of one man, Joseph Stalin, who had shaped the political landscape of the Soviet Union far beyond his death.
Stalin had taken control of the Soviet Union's political process in the 1920's; and with the death of Lenin, Stalin killed all opposition to his will.
People that were naturally competitive or ambitious, but willing to follow the will of Stalin were subject to powerful shifts in political power created by Stalin purges and most were caught in the everchanging tide of Stalin's political swamp.
www.keirsey.com /Gorbachev.html   (1883 words)

  
 The American Experience | Race for the Superbomb | Joseph Stalin, (1879 - 1953)
It's not clear whether Stalin failed to understand what Truman was talking about or whether he didn't want to reveal the backwardness of the Soviet bomb project.
During the immediate post-war years, Stalin was determined not to allow the U.S. monopoly of the atomic bomb to influence the course of international affairs.
In September 1946 he told a British journalist that "Atomic bombs are meant to frighten those with weak nerves." He went on to concede that the bomb did, of course, create a threat, but he warned, "monopoly ownership of the atomic bomb cannot last for long." And he was right, it didn't.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/amex/bomb/peopleevents/pandeAMEX69.html   (562 words)

  
 Russia: Is The Country Pining For Stalin? - RADIO FREE EUROPE / RADIO LIBERTY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
She says she would like to see a monument to Stalin erected in Moscow, a desire that is becoming a reality in a number of Russian cities.
In an indication of Stalin’s growing popularity across the country, three cities have announced plans to erect monuments to Stalin in recognition of his wartime achievements.
A movement is afoot in Volgograd to restore the city's previous name, Stalingrad, and a recent poll has shown that nearly half of Russians view Stalin in a positive light.
www.rferl.org /featuresarticle/2005/05/55c68d5f-003d-499a-8683-e15d8c28e98e.html   (847 words)

  
 The Social Affairs Unit - Web Review: Stalin the Mass Murderer: How many victims?
Stalin's mass killings consisted of several separate, perhaps only loosely related campaigns of mass killing, most notably the death toll in the Ukrainian famine of 1932-33, the Great Purges of the later 1930s, and the mass relocations of minority people during and just after the Second World War.
During the Second World War, Stalin engaged in a variety of "ethnic cleansing" measures and sundry mass murders and purges, little known or noted in the West until recently, which were also horrifying in their scale.
Stalin obviously ranks as one of the most evil monsters in history, although the most accurate estimate - and historians must always aim for accuracy - is that he was not quite as monstrous as many have, not surprisingly, long believed.
www.socialaffairsunit.org.uk /blog/archives/001190.php   (2151 words)

  
 CONTEXT - This Week in Arts and Ideas from The Moscow Times
In Service's version, Stalin was not particularly hung up on this question, being neither a passionate and absolute convert to Russianness, as Robert C. Tucker argued, nor, as others have suggested, an unreconstructed Georgian whose bloodthirstiness as a ruler can be explained in terms of age-old Caucasian patterns of machismo and revenge.
Stalin may have been a neglectful husband, like many another man in public life, but their correspondence when he was absent shows him as the more affectionate and conciliatory partner in what was clearly a volatile marriage.
Stalin's striking retreat from hands-on leadership in the last years of his life, apart from a few favored issues which almost certainly included the anti-Semitic demarche of the Doctors' Plot, gets only perfunctory discussion.
context.themoscowtimes.com /stories/2005/04/15/106.html   (1299 words)

  
 stalin's secret pogrom-INTRO
Stalin, like Lenin, expected that Soviet Jews would gradually disappear as the regime offered the carrot of modernization with the stick of forced assimilation.
But by the end of his life Stalin could no longer constrain his murderous anti-Semitism and began a systematic assault on the leaders of Yiddish culture who were the primary vehicle for Jewish identity in the country.
Stalin's decision to turn against the JAC reflected both his growing paranoia and several foreign policy difficulties that made the country's Jews vulnerable.
www.mirrorimage.com /rubenstein/stalinsecret/intro.html   (3691 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Stalin,
He succeeded Stalin as premier in Mar., 1953, and was also very briefly first secretary of the...
Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin, and Winston Churchill (later replaced by Clement R. Attlee) met to discuss European peace settlements, the administration of defeated...
Stalin's role in the coming of World War II.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Stalin,&StartAt=21   (863 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Stalin: Books: Edvard Radzinsky   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Through interviews with Stalin's granddaughter and with the niece of Nadezhda Alliluyeva, the dictator's wife, Radzinsky pieces together the violent quarrel between Stalin and his wife that led to her suicide weeks before she was to have major surgery.
Stalin was undoubtedly a monster, but this book treats its subject matter, especially during the crucial revolution and war periods, as if it were a cartoon.
In Stalin's world the idealogy of marxism became simply a macheovelian ploy to subdue the masses, any shred of emotion or decency is used against you, empathy and caring are as good as death certificates.
www.amazon.com /Stalin-Edvard-Radzinsky/dp/0385473974   (3365 words)

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