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Topic: Principles

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Principle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A principle (not principal) is something, usually a rule or norm, that is part of the basis for something else.
For example, the ethics of someone may be seen as a set of principles that the individual obeys.
Principles may also be introduced as pedagogy: laying down basics in a topic, in order later to proceed to more detailed developments.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Principle   (144 words)

 Jewish principles of faith - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
These principles were put forth as fundamental underpinnings inherent in the acceptance and practice of Judaism.
This principle is also rejected by most Reconstructionist Jews, but for a different reason; most posit that God is not a being with a will; thus they maintain that no will can be revealed.
Underlying the practice of the Law was assuredly the recognition of certain fundamental principles, he asserted, culminating in the belief in God and revelation, and likewise in the doctrine of divine justice.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Jewish_principles_of_faith   (6211 words)

 The Principles of Agile Modeling (AM)
For the most part the principles are presented with a focus on their implications to modeling efforts and as a result material adopted from XP may be presented in a different light.
The AM principles are organized into two lists, core principles which you must adopt to be able to claim that you're truly taking an Agile Model Driven Development (AMDD) approach and supplementary principles which you should consider tailoring into your software process to meet the exact needs of your environment.
This principle also applies to a change to an existing model: if you are making a change, perhaps applying a known pattern, then you should have a valid reason to make that change (perhaps to support a new requirement or to refactor your work to something cleaner).
www.agilemodeling.com /principles.htm   (2396 words)

 Stichting Surf   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
A major outcome from the conference, was the agreement to develop a set of principles aimed at optimising access to scholarly information in all formats, explaining the underlying relationships of the stakeholders involved and providing a guide to good practice on copyright policies in universities.
The principles are set within the framework laid out by the Tempe principles and the report ‘Seizing the Moment - Scientists’ Authorship Rights in the Digital Age’ from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
The draft principles were presented to the second working conference in December 2002 with the intention of urging the stakeholders to publicly endorse these principles and to actively promote them.
www.surf.nl /copyright/keyissues/scholarlycommunication/principles.php   (866 words)

 Principles of Systems and Cybernetics
Principles or laws play the role of expressing the most basic ideas in a science, establishing a framework or methodology for problem-solving.
Unfortunately, the few generally used principles of the domain, such as the law of requisite variety, or the principle that the whole is more than the sum of its parts, are typically ambiguous or controversial, and lack coherence with each other.
The preliminary set of principles we propose are based on and expressed in terms of a set of primitive concepts of systems and cybernetics.
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /CYBSPRIN.html   (382 words)

 -- Axioms of Web architecture
Principles such as simplicity and modularity are the stuff of software engineering; decentralization and tolerance are the life and breath of Internet.
This is the expression of a principle which applies pretty well in life, (it is a typical UU tenet), and is commonly employed in design across the Internet.
The principle of tolerance does not blunt the need for a perfectly clear protocol specification which draws a precise distinction between a conformance and non-conformance.
www.w3.org /DesignIssues/Principles.html#PLP   (1085 words)

 George Berkeley A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
But this may perhaps cease upon a view of the false principles that have obtained in the world, amongst all which there is none, methinks, hath a more wide and extended sway over the thoughts of speculative men than this of abstract general ideas.
From the principles we have laid down it follows human knowledge may naturally be reduced to two heads- that of ideas and that of spirits.
It is acknowledged, on the received principles, that extension, motion, and in a word all sensible qualities have need of a support, as not being able to subsist by themselves.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~rbear/berkeley.html   (16471 words)

 Principles of the Nuremberg Tribunal, 1950   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
Principles of International Law Recognized in the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal and in the Judgment of the Tribunal.
Principle II The fact that internal law does not impose a penalty for an act which constitutes a crime under international law does not relieve the person who committed the act from responsibility under international law.
Principle IV The fact that a person acted pursuant to order of his Government or of a superior does not relieve him from responsibility under international law, provided a moral choice was in fact possible to him.
www.rise4news.net /Nuremberg_Principles.html   (400 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The Principles were developed in consultation with industry and the general public to facilitate trade and commerce between the United States and European Union.
The Principles cannot be used as a substitute for national provisions implementing the Directive that apply to the processing of personal data in the Member States.
Where in complying with the Principles, an organization relies in whole or in part on self- regulation, its failure to comply with such self- regulation must also be actionable under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act prohibiting unfair and deceptive acts or another law or regulation prohibiting such acts.
www.export.gov /safeharbor/SHPRINCIPLESFINAL.htm   (1224 words)

 Extropy Institute Mission
The Principles of Extropy first took shape in the late 1980s to outline an alternative lens through which to view the emerging and unprecedented opportunities, challenges, and dangers.
It means affirming values, standards, and principles but remaining distant from dogma — whether religious, political, or personal — because of its blind faith, debasement of human worth, and systematic irrationality.
The Principles of Extropy 3.11 may be reproduced in any publication, private or public, physical or electronic, without need for further authorization, so long as the document appears unedited, in its entirety and with this notice.
www.extropy.org /principles.htm   (4825 words)

 UC Davis - The Principles of Community
The Principles are publicized broadly in a variety of contexts including the UC Davis General Catalog, student organization registration materials, student and staff employee training and conflict resolution responses.
The Principles are not law or policy but a basis to form a shared vision of our campus community.
Although the Principles of Community are not enforced by punishment unless the act is a crime or breach of conduct standards, the Principles provide guidance for addressing the full range of behavior and interactions.
principles.ucdavis.edu /what.html   (462 words)

 The Equator Principles | A benchmark for the financial industry to manage social and environmental issues in project ...
In adopting the Equator Principles, BTM established the “Guidelines for Equator Principles”and the “Internal Procedure for Equator Principles”.
Mulder further described the effects of the Principles with the example of a project in a country where the group of Equator banks together assured the implementation of an environmental impact assessment.
Their adoption of the Principles brings the number of banks adopting the Principles to twelve, and the number of countries they represent to eight.
www.equator-principles.com   (7200 words)

 Principles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
This explains why, once the principles are understood and mastered with one technique, the student is then able to learn other techniques grounded in similar principles more quickly and effectively.
The narrative that follows describes those principles that are specific to particular families of techniques and/or contexts of fighting, including strategy.
Principles of Strategy are defined as the essential elements or requisites in a system that underly the effective application of cognitive action plans, or mental maps, for the purpose of attaining superiority over an opponent, or assailant.
playlab.uconn.edu /principl.htm   (1034 words)

 Frequently Asked Questions about the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The revised Principles are the result of a wide-ranging consultation process that involved officials from both OECD and non-OECD countries as well as businesses and professional bodies, trade unions, civil society organisations and international standard-setting bodies.
A draft of the Principles were also put on the internet for public comments and more than 70 submissions were received from national and international organisations, including the International Corporate Governance Network, Standard and Poor’s, the International Federation of Accountants, Institutes of Internal Auditors.
The Principles explicitly acknowledge that auditors have duties to respect: they should be accountable to shareholders and exercise due professional care when conducting an audit.
www.oecd.org /faq/0,2583,en_2649_37439_31717413_1_1_1_37439,00.html   (1884 words)

 WIPO Principles
The foregoing principles were developed in December 2004 and were initially endorsed by the following library associations: American Association of Law Libraries, American Library Association, Association of Research Libraries, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, Medical Library Association, and the Special Libraries Association.
These principles were prepared for use in discussions at the World Intellectual Property Organization concerning the impact of intellectual property protection on economic development and the significance of copyright exceptions for libraries, educational institutions, and the disabled.
These principles are not intended to serve as statutory language and thus do not reflect limitations and qualifications that would appear in such language.
www.arl.org /info/frn/copy/intl/wipoprinciples.html   (679 words)

 November 4, 1998
Adoption of the principles is voluntary and their use is intended solely by U.S. organizations receiving personal data from the European Union for the purpose of qualifying for the safe harbor.
The principles were developed in consultation with the private sector to facilitate trade and commerce between the United States and European Union.
In addition, adherence to these principles is subject to national security, risk management, information security, public interest, regulatory compliance and supervision, and law enforcement requirements as well as to other legal and regulatory obligations, authorizations, and exceptions.
www.epic.org /privacy/intl/doc-safeharbor-1198.html   (1598 words)

 The Art of 3D Computer Animation - Kerlow - Feature
The twelve principles, as they are commonly referred to, also helped to transform animation from a novelty into an art form.
The twelve principles are mostly about five things: acting the performance, directing the performance, representing reality (through drawing, modeling, and rendering), interpreting real world physics, and editing a sequence of actions.
But, some of these principles require updates, and a few new additional principles are also needed to address the new techniques and styles of three-dimensional computer animation.
www.artof3d.com /feature.htm   (1877 words)

 The Hunger Project Principles April 1996
These principles are derived from an authentic confrontation with the commitment to ending hunger, and from a deeper examination of what it means to be human.
Therefore, the principles of The Hunger Project begin with the recognition of two essential elements of what it means to be human.
The principles and methodology of The Hunger Project are applicable at all levels of society.
www.thp.org /reports/prin496.htm   (2147 words)

 Rules vs. Principles
I'm having to remind myself that the principle is that my two year old be safe, not that he hold my hand in streets or stay close enough to grab.
If the principle is that we try not to break things, then maybe she can roll a ball in the dining room, but not throw it, or throw it gently, or throw a softer ball, or throw a harder ball in a different room.
Rules in the absence of principle are often found to be irrelevant by children.
sandradodd.com /rules   (1851 words)

 The Principles Project | A project of 2020 Democrats
The Principles Project is an exciting new endeavor supporting progressive candidates willing to stand up for America's historic promise of liberty, justice and the expansion of opportunity for all people.
The project's goal is to encourage progressive candidates to take principled stands, tell America what they believe and why they believe in those principles.
The first is the Principles Project, which was formed just a short time after the 2004 re-election of President George W. Bush.
www.principlesproject.org   (4321 words)

Principle #8 is implicit in the protocol that was created — the researchers must be prepared to revise their approach, as requested by the community.
Principle #5, development of true partnerships, means creating relationships of mutual cooperation, benefits, and responsibility to ensure that results are achieved.
Principle #7 — identifying and mobilizing community assets — is important whether in using existing expertise to identify areas for community action or tapping into skills and resources to implement and refine these strategies.
www.cdc.gov /phppo/pce/part3.htm   (10154 words)

 A/CONF.151/26 (Vol. III)  Forest Principles
(b) The guiding objective of these principles is to contribute to the management, conservation and sustainable development of forests and to provide for their multiple and complementary functions and uses.
In committing themselves to the prompt implementation of these principles, countries also decide to keep them under assessment for their adequacy with regard to further international cooperation on forest issues.
(e) These principles should apply to all types of forests, both natural and planted, in all geographical regions and climatic zones, including austral, boreal, subtemperate, temperate, subtropical and tropical.
www.un.org /documents/ga/conf151/aconf15126-3annex3.htm   (1697 words)

 Viridian Principles
The Viridian principle of "Planned Evanescence" extends this practice by demanding that the product and all its physical traces should gracefully disintegrate and vanish entirely.
Very few people earn their daily bread by pointing out malfunctions, bugs, screw-ups, design failures, side- effects and the whole sad galaxy of trade-offs and failings that are inherent in any technological artifact.
We are also searching for designed objects in today's environment that seem to be exemplars of some or all of these Viridian principles, so that we can trumpet them, and lavish praise upon them.
www.viridiandesign.org /principles.html   (1559 words)

 Digital Web Magazine - The Principles of Design
This can cause some confusion as principle is put into practice within the unique constraints of a particular medium.
For this article, the principles of design are the overarching truths of the profession.
The principles of design are the guiding truths of our profession, the basic concepts of balance, rhythm, proportion, dominance and unity.
www.digital-web.com /articles/principles_of_design   (1893 words)

 AskTog: First Principles of Interaction Design
The following principles are fundamental to the design and implementation of effective interfaces, whether for traditional GUI environments or the web.
Of late, many web applications have reflected a lack of understanding of many of these principles of interaction design, to their great detriment.
The following principles, taken together, offer the interaction designer tremendous latitude in the evolution of a product without seriously disrupting those areas of consistency most important to the user.
www.asktog.com /basics/firstPrinciples.html#fitts'slaw   (3800 words)

 APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
The American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, five General Principles (A - E), and specific Ethical Standards.
The Preamble and General Principles are aspirational goals to guide psychologists toward the highest ideals of psychology.
Although the Preamble and General Principles are not themselves enforceable rules, they should be considered by psychologists in arriving at an ethical course of action.
www.apa.org /ethics/code2002.html   (7375 words)

 Sanford & A Lifetime of Color: Study Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The principles of art help artists plan their art and think about how other people will react to the artwork.
The principles are balance, contrast, proportion, pattern, rhythm, emphasis, unity, and variety.
Understanding the elements and principles of art helps people talk and think about art.
www.sanford-artedventures.com /study/g_art_principles.html   (54 words)

 Principles For Licensing Electronic Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-18)
The intent of this document is two-fold: to guide libraries in negotiating license agreements for access to electronic resources, and to provide licensors with a sense of the issues of importance to libraries and their user communities in such negotiations.
A license agreement is a legal contract--"a promise or set of promises constituting an agreement between the parties that gives each a legal duty to the other and also the right to seek a remedy for the breach of those duties.
The following principles are meant to provide guidance to library staff in working with others in the institution and with licensors to create agreements that respect the rights and obligations of both parties.
www.arl.org /scomm/licensing/principles.html   (1830 words)

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