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Topic: Private sphere


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  Society on Podium: The invasion of the private sphere in Iran: individual, family, community and state
This infringement of citizens' private lives by the police and the regime's security forces by falsely accusing them of ideological and sexual crimes, clearly violates Article 37 of the Iranian constitution, which calls for the presumption of innocence.
The warrant for such intrusions into the public's private domain of life is, of course, granted by the clergy connected to the political power of the velayat-e faqih.
The private sphere of an Iranian citizen's life, whether a man or a woman, Muslim or non-Muslim, is tumultuous because of the fear of invasion and violation by the regime's agencies.
www.iranchamber.com /podium/society/030826_iinvasion_private_sphere_iran.php   (2105 words)

  
 SparkNotes: Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: Introduction
Habermas's model of the public sphere depends completely on the existence of civil society, but because he is interested in its development, in this section, he describes some of its history, and analyzes the type of publicity that preceded it.
One could not debate, fight, excel, or be free in the private sphere; the household was the place of women and slaves in ancient Greek thought and practice.
In many ways, all the later divisions of public and private that Habermas discusses have their roots in his ideas about ancient Greece; the idea that people can move into a public place or sphere because of their private status is central.
www.sparknotes.com /philosophy/public/section1.html   (2053 words)

  
  C:\HMPRO2\gifs\haber000.htm
Indeed, he claims that "the doubling of the private sphere on the higher plane of the intimate sphere [the family] furnished the foundation for an identification of those two roles ["property owner" and "human being"] under the common title 'private'" (29).
The intimate sphere held within it both salon and living-room, suggesting that the privacy of the one was oriented to the public nature of the other, just as the subjectivity of the privatized individual was always already related to publicity.
As soon as privatized individuals in their capacity as human beings ceased to communicate merely about their subjectivity but rather in their capacity as property owners desired to influence public power in their common interest, the humanity of the literary public sphere served to increase the effectiveness of the public sphere in the political realm.
www.users.muohio.edu /mandellc/haber.htm   (3653 words)

  
 Sample Chapter for Geuss, R.: Public Goods, Private Goods.
For a variety of historical, economic, and social reasons, Constant thought, the "private" sphere had come in the modern world to be the source of especially vivid pleasures, and the locus for the instantiation of especially deep and important human values.
All private actions, including even such things as how the citizens chose their occupation or their marriage partner, how they educated their children, or what type of crockery they had on their tables, could in principle be, and often in fact were, subject to severe public scrutiny and control.
Understanding this split between private and public existence and the relative standing of the values associated with each of the two spheres was, Constant believed, a precondition for understanding politics in the modern world.
www.pupress.princeton.edu /chapters/s7155.html   (1876 words)

  
 Great Expectations in the Bourgeois Public Sphere   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Private people came together and formed a public that sought to legitimise itself and influence public authority, thus becoming the adversary of the ruling authorities: a public use of people’s reason.
Today, [a different formation of the public sphere] could be realised only on a different basis, as a rationalisation of the exercise of social and political power under the mutual control or rival organisations committed to publicness in their internal structure as well as in their dealings with the state and with one another.
Although Merrick clearly separates his public and private sphere in the physical world, he emotionally comes to confuse the two: the siege on his castle is successful, he fails to ward off the structural transformation of the public sphere.
www.hum.aau.dk /~riber/habermas.htm   (6495 words)

  
 SparkNotes: Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: General Summary
He defines the public sphere as the sphere of private people who join together to form a "public." He traces the history of the division between public and private in language and philosophy.
The most important feature of the public sphere as it existed in the eighteenth century was the public use of reason in rational-critical debate.
Habermas sees the public sphere as developing out of the private institution of the family, and from what he calls the "literary public sphere", where discussion of art and literature became possible for the first time.
www.sparknotes.com /philosophy/public/summary.html   (635 words)

  
 Slashdot and the Public Sphere
While the public sphere can be viewed as "that domain of our social life in which such a thing as public opinion can be formed" [5], it is useful to start our investigation of the concept by reference to Habermas's theory of "a combined lifeworld-systems perspective" [6].
The public sphere, therefore, concerns itself with the "domain of 'common concern' which is the object of public critical attention" [17].
For instance, since the 'intimate sphere' has been relegated to the private sphere, "the rules governing the sexual division of labour in the family have been placed beyond the scope of justice" [35].
www.firstmonday.org /issues/issue5_9/baoill   (4958 words)

  
 Public Private Sphere from Ben Hammersley
This is not because what was kept hidden in private was insignificant, but because significant private things, such as pain or love, tend to loose their overwhelming power once they come to light.
The disintegration of the public sphere by the extension of private intimate practices signaled the transformation of strong emotions that cannot be expressed in a public form into innumerable charming ‘little’ things that signaled the dissolution of the public as the domain of difference.
The strange effect of the overtaking of the public by the private is that the view of the world is one sided and the whole world is seen from a single perspective.
www.benhammersley.com /weblog/2007/08/28/public_private_sphere.html   (226 words)

  
 Women's History Then & Now - Women and Law
One of the challenges feminists faced in vying for fairer laws governing the domestic sphere of the home then was the dismantling of this, comforting, yet also tyrannical view of the home as an island of tranquil harmony rather than a battlefield of wills between members of the family, especially husband and wife.
The presumed distinction between the “public” world of politics and law and the “private” world of the family and had been invoked by thinkers from John Locke onward to exempt family relationships from the rules of justice that were to govern the public realm (4).
It seems that the public and private sphere distinction as set up by political theory that the Victorians sentimentalized into the ideology of the home is alive and well as a source of legal inequality for women today.
www.cwrl.utexas.edu /~ulrich/femhist/law.shtml   (1762 words)

  
 Evolution of Public Sphere in India by Amir Ali
The conscious policy of leaving an inviolable private sphere for the native elites was in keeping with the shift in British policies in the immediate aftermath of the Mutiny of 1857.
The first is by occupying the public sphere and preventing its further appropriation by the forces of Hindutva and the second is by renegotiating the relationship between the public and private spheres.
The consequences of an undemocratic and oppressive private sphere, where structures of patriarchy remain intact are obvious in the manner in which minority rights pertaining to the private sphere of community and religious practices have had perverse effects [Mahajan 1998].
sacw.insaf.net /i_aii/Pub_SphereAMIRALIJun01.html   (6485 words)

  
 The Meaning of Privatization
Public is to private as the transparent is to the opaque, as the announced is to the concealed.
Privatization may have little impact on the efficiency of organizations already operated on a commercial basis, and the effect of privatizing more politicized organizations depends on their previous political uses, some of which may be eminently defensible.
Privatization is a legitimate tool for sharpening the focus of government on those activities most important to the general welfare, but it is never simply efficiency that is at stake in such decisions.
www.princeton.edu /~starr/meaning.html   (11859 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Private
private sphere and public sphere A Dictionary of Sociology...
From public to private: the development of the concept of the "private".
The relationships between public and private pension schemes: an introductory overview.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Private   (607 words)

  
 First Screen Shot of Sphere
Sphere is a new blog search engine that quite frankly blows everything, and I mean everything, I’ve seen out of the water in terms of relevance (and, by the way, design…Adaptive Path was involved).
Sphere has tens of thousands of beta requests and is opening up to 100 lucky people this weekend.
Sphere team members think they will solve the Blog relevance problem by concentrating on relationships between Blogs, pushing spam-blogs way down the page, matching Blog content with relevant web articles from mainstream media, analysis of metadata, content semantic analysis -All These seem to me like more of the same old macro-content techniques.
www.techcrunch.com /2005/10/14/first-screen-shot-of-sphere   (994 words)

  
 The Public Sphere
The private sphere and the public sphere are the penumbras of political action.
The private sphere is the intimate dimension of political life and the public sphere is the open fora to which citizens go to make their demands heard, to exact response from government, and most importantly, to develop political virtues such as obligation, duty, responsibility and civic participation.
Infact, it is the private sphere that feeds the public sphere by raising citizens and then after they mature, they resurface as seasoned political citizens ready to provoke action, and sacrifice their lives, if they must, for a just cause and for the elimination of deep inequalities.
www.dekialula.com /articles/t_kiros_dec_19_2_2005.html   (532 words)

  
 Schneider
Or is this evidence of the transformation of the public sphere from its idealized form to the degenerate form (yet again).
Yet again, we have the confluence of the state sphere, the commercial sphere (which may be hosting these applications for profit and fees), and the bona-fide public sphere.
In cross-national public spheres, we need to be sensitive to the role and expectations of political discourse in the cultures of participating individuals, and to take into account these cultural differences in our assessments.
www.albany.edu /edemocracy/papers/Schneider.htm   (2200 words)

  
 The Private Life of Politicians
From the perspective of the political actors, privatization in the sense that the candidates are presented in private roles and their private environment rather than in their political role, serves four functions: humanization, simplification and distraction, emotionalization and the striving for a celebrity status.
Using privatization to simplify and distract is one way of dealing with complex political issues that are difficult to convey to the electorate.
With their interest in the private life of political celebrities, the media, led by commercial television and the gossip magazines, profit from the overall shift of the borderline between the private and the public, but in doing so they also foster the trend.
www.ou.edu /policom/1302_2003_spring/commentary.htm   (1756 words)

  
 Nancy Fraser - "Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy"
By referring to "private" as "everything that is outside of the domestic or familial sphere," Habermas conflates "the state, the official economy of paid employment, and arenas of public discourse" [110].
According to Habermas, the idea of a public sphere is that of a body of "private persons" assembled to discuss matters of "public concern" or "common interest." This idea acquired force and reality in early modern Europe in the constitution of "bourgeois public spheres" as counterweights to absolutist states.
The public sphere was really a way for bourgeois men to see themselves as "a 'universal class' and preparing to assert their fitness to govern" [114].
www.zephoria.org /alterity/archives/2005/02/nancy_fraser_re.html   (1826 words)

  
 Sample Chapter for Geuss, R.: Public Goods, Private Goods.
For a variety of historical, economic, and social reasons, Constant thought, the "private" sphere had come in the modern world to be the source of especially vivid pleasures, and the locus for the instantiation of especially deep and important human values.
All private actions, including even such things as how the citizens chose their occupation or their marriage partner, how they educated their children, or what type of crockery they had on their tables, could in principle be, and often in fact were, subject to severe public scrutiny and control.
I wish to argue that there is no single clear distinction between public and private but rather a series of overlapping contrasts, and thus that the distinction between the public and the private should not be taken to have the significance often attributed to it.
press.princeton.edu /chapters/s7155.html   (1876 words)

  
 Men, Women, and the Remarriage of Public and Private Spheres
If the woman’s life is confined to the private sphere, she may nag her husband to function in that setting as though that were the only place there were.
The public sphere of the Christian community was in the house and not outside of the household" (In Memory of Her [Crossroad, 19851, p.
Perhaps all of us by pondering the biblical symbols that point to the unity for which we hunger, and by exploring the possibilities for the remarriage of public and private spheres that lie in the life and leadership of our churches, can rediscover the union in which we were joined by God at creation.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=1041   (3756 words)

  
 Public/Private Spheres
The private sphere belongs to the individual and the family.
Particularly in the U.S., with its strong allegiance to individual freedom, we hesitate to intrude the public sphere into private sphere matters.
In fact, we are often not agreed on the most effective ways to intrude, since intrusion often involves harmful consequences to the family, breaking the family apart, when we still believe in the family's importance to our social system.
www.csudh.edu /dearhabermas/agcon03.htm   (231 words)

  
 Slashdot and the Public Sphere   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While the public sphere can be viewed as "that domain of our social life in which such a thing as public opinion can be formed" [5], it is useful to start our investigation of the concept by reference to Habermas's theory of "a combined lifeworld-systems perspective" [6].
The public sphere, therefore, concerns itself with the "domain of 'common concern' which is the object of public critical attention" [17].
For instance, since the 'intimate sphere' has been relegated to the private sphere, "the rules governing the sexual division of labour in the family have been placed beyond the scope of justice" [35].
www.firstmonday.dk /issues/issue5_9/baoill   (4958 words)

  
 Peace On Earth: Giving Individuals Control, NRO: In Private Sphere, No Need For One-Size-Fits-All - CBS News
In the private sphere, individuals have an outlet for their grievances.
Nearly half of all students attending private school are enrolled in Catholic schools, and many of those students’ families are not religious: An estimated 13.5 percent of parochial school students (more than 300,000 students) aren’t Catholic.
Their parents know that their children are going to be exposed to Catholic teachings as a part of their curriculum, but they have decided that the other attributes of these schools — perhaps the character education, the consistent discipline, the challenging courses — outweigh any discomfort with the religious element.
www.cbsnews.com /stories/2006/12/21/opinion/main2289714.shtml   (837 words)

  
 The Privatization of Culture Project at New York University
The first group, which I shall call quasi-public culture, comprises a suite of activities that are public in the sense, first, of being located outside the private sphere of the home, and second, of being dependent on some level of government funding while also falling within the official purview of arts or cultural policies.
It seems reasonably clear, first, that the realm of private culture produces the greatest range of variation in relation to the variables of class, education, schooling and income, establishing this as the realm that is most significant from the point of view of practices of distinction.
The claims made by arts advocacy organisations to encourage philanthropists and private foundations to support community-based cultural projects in view of their ability to deliver a range of indirect social benefits - leading city kids away from a life of crime, for example - are examples of what I have in mind here.
www.nyu.edu /projects/privculture/papers/bennett.htm   (3199 words)

  
 Old Mutual plc - BEE Transaction Announcement - Profile of Brimstone Consortium
Sphere intends to leverage the experience and skills of its shareholders, management and its well established network to operate as a strategic equity partner that will add significant value to its investee companies by actively participating in the strategic management of these companies.
Sphere intends to focus on a limited number of strategic investment opportunities where it can draw on the experience of its shareholders and management team to add significant value whilst ensuring that meaningful and sustainable empowerment is achieved.
Sphere is in the process of identifying suitable organisations for the allocation of the remaining shares reserved for broad based groupings.
www2.oldmutual.com /bee/profiles_photos/profiles/wip/sphere.asp   (3108 words)

  
 Redefining Public and Private in the Framework of a Gendered Equality
The shifting division between the public and private spheres results in an unclear distinction between the two, and the manner by which this division is refined is connected to the state.
The private realm is described as a 'haven' from the injustices of the public realm.
Associated with the private sphere is intimacy; with the public sphere is detachment and coldness.
serendip.brynmawr.edu /sci_cult/courses/knowbody/f04/web3/cpomeroy.html   (3514 words)

  
 [No title]
Literary public sphere - The literary public sphere develops in the eighteenth century; its key institutions are literary journals, periodicals, and the coffee houses and salons where these publications were discussed.
The answer is not to replace the expanded public sphere with a narrower version, or to attempt to return to an illusory golden age.
After the demise of representative publicity, the literary public sphere emerges, then transforms into the political sphere in the public realm; it is enshrined in the bourgeois constitutional state as the bourgeois or liberal public sphere.
www.soros.org /idebate/debate-l/att-1944/01-HabermasStructuralTransformation.doc   (3295 words)

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