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Topic: Procellariiformes

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  Procellariiformes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Procellariiformes (from the Latin procella, a storm) is an order of birds formerly called Tubinares and still called tubenoses in English.
They are all highly pelagic seabirds (feeding in the open ocean), and all of them have their nostrils enclosed in one or two tubes on their straight, deeply grooved bills with hooked tips.
Procellariiformes are most closely related to Sphenisciformes (Penguins).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Procellariiformes   (228 words)

 Albatross - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The albatrosses are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels, storm-petrels and diving-petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses).
The molecular study of the evolution of the bird families by Sibley and Ahlquist has put the radiation of the Procellariiformes in the Oligocene period (35-30 mya), though though group has an older history, with a fossil attributed to the order, a seabird known as Tytthostonyx, being found in late Cretaceous rocks (70 mya).
The legs are strong for Procellariiformes, in fact uniquely amongst the order they and the giant petrels are able to walk well on land.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Albatross   (3643 words)

The portion of the brain that is associated with smell is enlarged in Procellariiformes, and it has been suggested that they are able to smell their prey.
A second function of the tubular nostrils may be in the spreading of stomach oil over the feathers.In addition to the oil formed in the uropygial, or preen gland at the base of the tail, Procellariiformes form a foul-smelling oil in their stomachs that are also spread on their feathers.
This stomach oil is responsible for the characteristic musty odor of Procellariiformes, and is squirted by young and old alike, at intruders.
www.rit.edu /~rhrsbi/GalapagosPages/Procellariiformes.html   (298 words)

 Albatrosses, Petrels and Relatives
This means that the largest Procellariiform is 8.6 times as long, 11.25 times as large in the wingspan and 274 times as heavy as the smallest.
Many Procellariiformes have been used by man as a source of food in the past, and their bones are found in archaeological remains in many places around the world, however today only two species of Shearwater as birds and one species of Petrel as eggs are eaten regularly (see Shearwaters).
Modern interactions between mankind and Procellariiformes involve the problems of birds, particularly Albatrosses nesting around airports where they are a danger to the aircraft and the people in them.
www.earthlife.net /birds/procellariiformes.html   (1610 words)

 Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish
Procellariiformes (albatrosses, shearwaters and petrels) are distributed worldwide.
The typically grey, fl, brown, and white-colored Procellariiformes are particularly noteworthy for their near-effortless ability to soar for long periods of time.
Procellariiformes feed on marine animals (e.g., fish, squid, crustaceans) or plankton on the surface of the water.
www.demogr.mpg.de /longevityrecords/0301.htm   (3252 words)

 procellariiform --  Encyclopædia Britannica
also called tubinares (order Procellariiformes), any of the seabirds that include the albatrosses (family Diomedeidae); shearwaters, fulmars, prions, and large petrels (Procellariidae); storm petrels (Hydrobatidae); and diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
The general body plan of procellariiform birds varies slightly from family to family.
The majority of procellariiforms breed in the Southern Hemisphere, but several species migrate thousands of miles north across the Equator to winter in the northern summer seas, where they molt, feed, and rest in preparation for the return home in the southern spring.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9105925?tocId=9105925&query=albatross   (396 words)

 Diving-Petrel family   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
All the diving-petrels resemble each other closely, and are separated on details of breadth and length of their stout bills, plus details of the distribution of whitish on underparts or face (note the partial "ear-surround" on this Peruvian species).
Although diving-petrels are clearly in the Order Procellariiformes, having "tube-noses" as do albatrosses, shearwaters, and storm-petrels, they have diverged long ago from those groups.
Most of the Procellariiformes are masters of the air, gliding for hours above the waves, but the diving-petrels are better adapted for the sea.
www.montereybay.com /creagrus/diving-petrels.html   (375 words)

 procellariiform --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In general, they are long-winged, short-necked birds with short to moderate tails and legs.
Ranging in length from about 13 to 25 centimetres (5 to 10 inches), all are dark gray or brown, sometimes lighter below, and often with a white rump.
The wings are shorter than those of most other procellariiforms and are...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9105925?tocId=9105925   (396 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
New specimens of procellariiform birds are described from the Oligocene of Germany and Belgium, including a virtually complete and extraordinarily well preserved articulated skeleton.
The pedal phalanges are dorso-ventrally compressed and especially the proximal phalanx of the fourth toe is grotesquely widened.
The Oligocene Procellariiformes trenchantly differ, however, from Nesofregetta, the closely related genus Fregetta, and all other taxa of recent Hydrobatidae in the remainder of the skeleton.
www.vertpaleo.org /jvp/22-667-676.html   (263 words)

 Natatores-China Birds Summary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the open environment, some species of grebes, Geese and ducks will cover their eggs by feather to reduce the chance of being preyed when they leave the nests during incubation since their nests are not concealed well or the colors of their eggs are not matched the environment.
The nestlings of Gaviiformes, Anseriformes, and gulls are precocial and nestlings of Podicipediformes, Procellariiformes, Pelecaniformes belong to altrices.
Most of the natatores breed in the north part of the earth and migrate in large groups to the south in the autumn annually and return to the breeding habitat in the nest spring.
www.chinatibettravel.net /cnbirds/birds-2-5.htm   (517 words)

 Digimorph - Diomedea immutabilis (Laysan Albatross)
Breeding colonies are established on parts of the Hawaiian archipelago as well as islands off of the coasts of Mexico and Japan (Whittow, 1993).
The albatrosses are traditionally included with the Procellariiformes, which also includes shearwaters, petrels, and fulmars (Wetmore, 1960).
This classification of Procellariiformes was considered to be monophyletic by Cracraft (1988) and placed as the sister taxon to 'Pelecaniformes' (a somewhat more questionable taxon).
www.digimorph.org /specimens/Diomedea_immutabilis   (671 words)

 Procellariiformes Procellariiform Skull
The order Procellariiformes is diverse group of birds ranging from the least storm-petrel, six inches high, to the giant wandering albatross, with a wingspan close to 12 feet.
The Procellariiformes produce a foul smelling oil in their stomachs which is responsible for their characteristic musty odor.
All Procellariiformes are members of the class Aves or Birds.
www.skullsunlimited.com /procellariiformes.htm   (164 words)

 Albatross, Birds, Albatross, Bird Pictures, Catalog, Encyclopedia
Date : 10/14/2005 Time : 8:06:16 AM Albatross is the common name for large web-footed marine birds belonging to the family Diomedeidae, order Procellariiformes.
Some of the 13 or 14 species also are known as mollymawks or gooney birds.
Because of the albatross theme in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner, the bird's name has become a metaphor for a troublesome burden.
www.4to40.com /earth/geography/htm/birdsindex.asp?counter=0   (233 words)

 Birds - Wildlife of Antarctica - Antarctic Connection   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Coastal species, by contrast, forage close to the shore, and among them are found skuas, cormorants, terns and sheathbills.
Most of the sea birds belong to the species Procellariiformes, which include the albatross (largest flying sea bird, with the wingspan of some species exceeding 4 meters), the fulmars, petrels, and shearwaters.
The remaining regular sea bird species encompass shore birds-- skuas, gulls, terns, and the penguin--doubtless the bird most popularly associated with the Antarctic.
www.antarcticconnection.com /antarctic/wildlife/birds/index.shtml   (358 words)

 Abstract   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The local populations of small Procellariiformes show a slight tendency to be larger body-sized, compared to southern Macaronesian allopatric populations, but this is not true for the large Cory's Shearwater.
The Azores seabirds exhibit fixed predictable annual breeding cycles and the phenology of Procellariiformes shows an overall similarity with those at Madeira, Salvages and Canary Is. The chick rearing periods of Procellariiformes with similar ecological niches do not overlap, suggesting partitioning of breeding habitat and food resources.
Inter-specific competition for nests is high among Procellariiformes and this presumably reflects negatively an their breeding success.
www.gla.ac.uk /ibls/DEEB/rwf/refs/mmbmd.htm   (286 words)

 storm petrel --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
any of a number of seabirds of the order Procellariiformes, particularly certain members of the family Procellariidae, which also includes the fulmars and the shearwaters.
Members of the family Hydrobatidae are increasingly called storm petrels; those of the Pelecanoididae are usually called diving petrels (see diving petrel; storm petrel).
Although their nearest relatives are the storm petrels, shearwaters, and albatrosses, diving petrels differ from these long-winged forms and instead resemble the smaller auks of the Northern Hemisphere, a classic example of convergent...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9069837?tocId=9069837   (766 words)

 [No title]
The dark-rumped petrel is a member of a large order of seabirds, the Procellariiformes.
Gadfly petrels are more aerial than those Procellariiformes that feed primarily by diving, and the former lacks the laterally compressed, streamlined legs that are characteristic of this group (31,32).
For these reasons it is generally felt that they feed primarily by seizing their prey on the surface and scavenging.
fwie.fw.vt.edu /WWW/esis/lists/e101028.htm   (4643 words)

 Diving Petrels (Pelecanoididae)
They can be distinguished from the other Procellariiformes in that their nostrils open upwards rather than forwards.
With only four species they are by far the smallest family in the Procellariiformes.
The adults are unusual for Procellariiformes in that after the breeding season they moult all their flight feathers and are therefore flightless until they have regrown.
www.earthlife.net /birds/pelecanoididae.html   (597 words)

 Bird Bibliography Part 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Dimethyl sulphide as foraging cue for Antarctic procellariiform seabirds.
Evolutionary relationships among extant albatrosses (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae) established from complete cytochrome-B gene sequences.
Saiff, E. The middle ear of the skull of birds: the Procellariiformes.
www.ummz.lsa.umich.edu /birds/birddivresources/bibliog2.html   (9177 words)

 Tube-Nosed Marine Birds
The order Procellariiformes, the "tube-noses," contains four major families.
Procellariiformes are highly specialized for life in a marine environment.
Diving-petrels and some shearwaters pursue prey under water.
www.paulnoll.com /Oregon/Birds/type-Tube-Nosed.html   (247 words)

 Evidence for nest-odour recognition in two species of diving petrel -- Bonadonna et al. 206 (20): 3719 -- Journal of ...
In procellariiformes, olfaction is used in two different ways:
Martin, G. and Brooke, M. The eye of a procellariiform seabird, the Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus: visual fields and optical structure.
Nevitt, G. A., Veit, R. and Kareiva, P. Dimethyl sulphide as a foraging cue for Antarctic procellariiform seabirds.
jeb.biologists.org /cgi/content/full/206/20/3719   (2513 words)

 Searching Shop-NC.com for Procellariiforme
Shop-NC for an Adirondack chair, a wooden bench, a purple martin house or a squirrel proof bird feeder.
Audubon's Shearwater ALBATROSSES, SHEARWATERS & STORM-PETRELS-Order: Procellariiformes; Shearwaters-Family: Procellariidae; Scientific Name: Puffinus lherminieri...
Greater Shearwater ALBATROSSES, SHEARWATERS & STORM-PETRELS-Order: Procellariiformes; Shearwaters-Family: Procellariidae; Scientific Name: Puffinus gravis...
www.shop-nc.com /DB/searchProducts.asp?S=128&SS=Procellariiforme&SB=Title   (377 words)

 Searching Shop-NC.com for Procellariida
Manx Shearwater ALBATROSSES, SHEARWATERS & STORM-PETRELS-Order: Procellariiformes; Shearwaters-Family: Procellariidae; Scientific Name: Puffinus puffinus...
Pink-footed Shearwater ALBATROSSES, SHEARWATERS & STORM-PETRELS-Order: Procellariiformes; Shearwaters-Family: Procellariidae; Scientific Name: Puffinus creatopus...
Short-tailed Shearwater ALBATROSSES, SHEARWATERS & STORM-PETRELS-Order: Procellariiformes; Shearwaters-Family: Procellariidae; Scientific Name: Puffinus tenuirostris...
www.shop-nc.com /DB/searchProducts.asp?S=128&SS=Procellariida&SB=Title   (335 words)

 {Science > Procellariiformes} - Information, Latest news and Sites on Procellariiformes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
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Www.Austmus.Gov.Au - The Wandering Albatross is the largest of the albatrosses and is the living bird with the greatest wingspan, measuring almost 3.5 m.
web.world-of-newave.info /science/biology/flora-and-fauna/animalia/chordata/aves/procellariiformes   (241 words)

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