Factbites
 Where results make sense
About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   PR   |   Contact us  

Topic: Production, costs, and pricing


Related Topics

In the News (Wed 22 Nov 17)

  
  Production theory basics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A production process can be defined as any activity that increases the similarity between the pattern of demand for goods, and the quantity, form, and distribution of these goods available to the market place.
If a production process uses 50 units of input (or $5000 worth of inputs) to produce one unit of output it is more efficient than a process that uses 55 units of input (or $5500 worth of inputs) to produce the same level of output.
The marginal physical product of a variable input is the change in total output due to a one unit change in the variable input (called the discrete marginal product) or alternatively the rate of change in total output due to an infinitesimally small change in the variable input (called the continuous marginal product).
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Production_theory_basics   (2112 words)

  
 Production, costs, and pricing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In microeconomics, production is the act of making things, in particular the act of making products that will be traded or sold commercially.
Production decisions concentrate on what goods to produce, how to produce them, the costs of producing them, and optimizing the mix of resource inputs used in their production.
This production information can then be combined with market information (like demand and marginal revenue) to determine the quantity of products to produce and the optimum price to charge.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Production,_costs,_and_pricing   (245 words)

  
 Production - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In languages, linguistics, and in communications in general, a lexeme production can be as simple as a single word, a phrase, a sentence, a paragraph, or as complex as a work of rhetoric or persuasion, which demonstrates command of a language, its grammar, or other art.
Thus an infant's language production may be a cry for assistance or nurture, a child's production might be a two-word sentence expressing some condition or statement of comprehension, a student's production might be a one-page essay, and a professional worker's production might be a one-act play.
Thus a lexeme production is subject to the grammar of a language, in the broad sense just stated.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Production   (279 words)

  
 Production possibility frontier   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The concept is used in macroeconomics to show the production possibilities available to a nation or economy (corresponding roughly to macroeconomic notions of potential output), and also in microeconomics to show the options open to an individual firm.
All points on a production possibilities curve are points of maximum productive efficiency or minimum productive inefficiency: resources are allocated such that it is impossible to increase the output of one commodity without reducing the output of the other.
The concavity reflects the higher marginal costs that become inevitable due to diminishing marginal returns in the production of each good as output of the other good approaches zero (that is, at either extreme of the curve).
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/production_possibility_frontier   (930 words)

  
 Cost-plus pricing - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Cost-plus pricing is a pricing method commonly used by firms.
Cost will need to be recalculated and the percentage markup will likely need to be adjusted as the product goes through its life cycle.
Price skimming and penetration pricing are also types of product life cycle pricing but they are demand based pricing methods rather cost based.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /cost-plus_pricing.htm   (404 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Factors of production
Marx refers in Das Kapital to the three factors of production as the "holy trinity" of political economy.
The capital controversy refers to a debate in economics concerning the nature and role of capital goods (or means of production) that occurred during the 1960s, largely between economists such as Joan Robinson and Piero Sraffa at the University of Cambridge in England and economists such as Paul Samuelson and...
The classical relationship of financial capital and infrastructural capital is still recognized as central, but there is a wider debate on means of production and various means of protection, or "property rights", to secure their reliable use.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Factors-of-production   (1358 words)

  
 Cost-of-production theory of value   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The cost can be composed of any of the factors of production including labour, capital, land, or technology.
Two of the most common cost-of-production theories are the medieval just price theory and the classical labor theory of value.
Price Shock The University of Queensland Library's look at the rising cost of journals, compared to other goods.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Cost-of-production_theory_of_value.html   (449 words)

  
 Production, costs, and pricing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Production, in microeconomics, is the act of making things, in particular the act of making product s that will be traded or sold commercially.
Costs of Smoking in Australia Community costs; direct costs; lives lost; disease and death; intangible costs; hospital costs; fires; other costs.
Per capita costs of tobacco use (in 1993 U.S. dollars) Costs shown broken down into direct health care costs, costs of indirect mortality and indirect morbidity; for Canada, the U.S., and Australia.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Production,_costs,_and_pricing.html   (548 words)

  
 Price Information - TextSheet.com
The concept of price is central to microeconomics where it is one of the most important variables in resource allocation theory (also called price theory).
Price is also central to marketing where it is one of the four variables in the marketing mix that business people use to develop a marketing plan.
Historically, price value has superseded the barter value of pre-monetary systems, in which bartering was used to determine a value of a good or service.
www.medbuster.com /encyclopedia/p/pr/price.html   (168 words)

  
 Break even analysis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Assume that the variable cost associated with producing and selling the product is 60 cents.
Assume that the fixed cost related to the product (the basic costs that are incurred in operating the business even if no product is produced) is $1000.
It assumes average variable costs are constant per unit of output, at least in the range of sales (both prices and likely quantities) of interest.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Break_even_analysis   (497 words)

  
 Factors of production   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
These were codified originally in the analyses Adam Smith 1776 David Ricardo 1817 and the later contributions of John Stuart Mill as part of one of the coherent theories of production in political economy.
Their analysis not substantially alter the idea of factors production although it puts special emphasis on means of production defined as the factors minus labor it sought to differentiate from human factors.
The classical of financial capital and infrastructural capital is still recognized as central but is a wider debate on means of production and various means of protection or "property rights" to secure their use.
www.freeglossary.com /Factors_of_production   (604 words)

  
 Rate of return pricing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Target rate of return pricing is a pricing method used almost exclusively by market leaders or monopolists.
Further, from preliminary production data they know that at that level of output their average total cost (ATC) is 50 euro per flake.
An unusual consequence of this pricing model is that to keep the target rate of return constant, the firm will have to continuously be changing its price as the level of demand changes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rate_of_return_pricing   (466 words)

  
 Chapter 1 - Egg production
If production is to be kept constant, a simple chart as shown in Table 3, for example, will be needed to plan when new chicks must be hatched so that they can be introduced to laying in time to pick up on diminishing egg production.
The costs to be considered are not only those concerned with the birds during the laying period, but also those incurred in the brooder and grower stage during which time no eggs are being produced.
Feed cost is generally estimated to be about 75 percent of the production cost of eggs.
www.fao.org /DOCREP/005/Y4628E/y4628e03.htm   (4545 words)

  
 Cost Of Production Theory Of Value   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
price of oil, certainly not the cost of pumping...
at $13.17 on July 29, for an average cost basis of...
Bias is found in the production, interpretation, and...
www.wikiverse.org /cost-of-production-theory-of-value   (258 words)

  
 Production, costs, and pricing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Production, in microeconomics, is the act of makingthings, in particular the act of making products that willbe traded or sold commercially.
Production decisions concentrate on what goods to produce, how to produce them, the costs ofproducing them, and optimizing the mix of resource inputs used in their production.
This production information can then becombined with market information (like demand and marginal revenue) to determine the quantity of products to produce and theoptimum price to charge.
www.therfcc.org /production%2C-costs%2C-and-pricing-2826.html   (217 words)

  
 Production, costs, and pricing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Production, in microeconomics, is the act of making things, in particular the act of making productss that will be traded or sold commercially.
(Production, in macroeconomics, is measured by Gross domestic product and other measures of national income and output.)
the effeciency consequences of increasing or decreasing the level of production
www.worldwidewebfind.com /encyclopedia/en/wikipedia/p/pr/production__costs__and_pricing.html   (214 words)

  
 Production   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The concentration of culture production within an industry that is dominated by a few corporate producers [Disney+ABC+MacDonald's] who manufacture, own the rights to and distribute a vast number of the mass-mediated cultural products that are found in the world.
The consequences of such concentration are viewed as leading to a process of standardization of form and homogeneity of content.
The impact is perceived as, at best giving the consumer little real choice, at worst promoting cultural forms that are dulling our ability to think critically about the world in which we live and reducing the diversity of values, beliefs and customs across the world.
www.jahsonic.com /Production.html   (184 words)

  
 Cost-of-production theory of value   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The labor theory of price, which interprets labor-value as the determinant of prices, is still subscribed to by many Marxist economists.
The most common counterpoint to this is the marginal theory of value which asserts that economic value is set by the consumer's marginal utility.
The Polish economist Michal Kalecki distinguished between sectors with "cost-determined prices" (such as manufacturing and services) and those with "demand-determined prices" (such as agriculture and raw material extraction).
www.mcfly.org /en/Cost-of-production_theory_of_value   (166 words)

  
 TRANSFER PRICING FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
From marginal price determination theory, we know that generally the optimum level of output is that where marginal_costs equals marginal_revenue.
If the production division is able to sell the transfer good in a competitive market (as well as internally), then again both must operate where their marginal costs equal their marginal revenue, for profit maximization.
Because the external market is competitive, the firm is a price taker and must accept the transfer price determined by market forces (their marginal revenue from transfer and demand for transfer products becomes the transfer price).
velocipay.com /Transfer_pricing   (571 words)

  
 Pricing: Production Costs
Start-up Costs: When you start up your business, you will have some capital or one-time expenditures, such as purchase of equipment, processing facility, logo design, etc. However, any depreciation and interest expenses on loans for startup costs should be factored into your operating costs.
Variable costs are sensitive to quantity produced and go up or down in relation to the size of your operation.
Once you have determined the costs associated with the production of your formula, divide that amount by the number of units of product that this will yield so that you can identify your ingredient cost for each unit.
www.ssfp.ca /course/pricing.html   (417 words)

  
 Factors Of Production   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
These were codified originally in the analyses of Adam Smith, 1776, David Ricardo, 1817, and the later contributions of John Stuart Mill as part of one of the first coherent theories of production in political economy.
Their analysis does not substantially alter the idea of factors of production, although it puts special emphasis on means of production, defined as the factors minus labor, which it sought to differentiate from human factors.
Others focus on the central role of human capital, in particular the social capital (community trust) and instructional capital (actual worker's skills and instructions) that became increasingly important through the 20th century.
www.wikiverse.org /factors-of-production   (609 words)

  
 Producers call for calcium chloride price hikes - 10/5/2000 - Purchasing - CA139577   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
With production costs climbing and calcium chloride pricing at low levels, producers are making another attempt to raise prices.
Price increases, led by Dow Chemical Co., based in Midland, Mich., are on the table for $10/ton on its Dowflakew flake-grade material and $20/ton for liquid concentrations and material sold to the oil and gas industry.
Now, with energy costs rising, producers feel it is time to get back some of the costs they have had to absorb.
www.manufacturing.net /pur/article/CA139577   (767 words)

  
 Cost-plus pricing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cost-plus pricing is often used on government contracts, and has been criticized as promoting wasteful expenditures.
For example: If variable costs are 30 yen, the allocation to cover fixed costs is 10 yen, and you feel you need a 50% markup then you would charge a price of 60 yen:
inclusion of sunk costs rather than just using incremental costs
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cost-plus+pricing   (411 words)

  
 ERS/USDA Data -
The production regions were defined to include states or areas with similar resource characteristics and where similar practices were used to produce the commodity.
USDA crop cost and return estimates for fuel items are computed by pricing estimates of fuel consumption by state-average fuel prices.
Methods of estimating the monthly milk costs of production (COP) in each State use the most recent annual estimate as the baseline, along with indexes that reflect price and production differences between months and the baseline.
www.ers.usda.gov /Data/CostsAndReturns/testpick.htm   (550 words)

  
 Costs and Pricing
We hand-craft most of our perfume oils to use in scenting our products by first buying hundreds of different concentrated oil scents that are made from actual plant sources ("essences"), staying away from as much as possible any synthetic chemical or animal product substitutes.
The cost of each essential oil varies depending on the rarity of the plant and the amount of plants needed for the essence.
When we consider this price we must also remember that the actual harvesting of the flowers is only one step in the care of the plant.
www.caravanetresor.com /costs_and_pricing.htm   (1550 words)

  
 Production, Costs, And Pricing Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Looking For production costs and pricing - Find production costs and pricing and more at Lycos Search.
Find production costs and pricing - Your relevant result is a click away!
Look for production costs and pricing - Find production costs and pricing at one of the best sites the Internet has to offer!
www.greatartworks.com /encyclopedia/Production%2C_costs%2C_and_pricing   (437 words)

  
 Costs and Pricing
Pricing responsibility - we achieve reduced production costs by negotiating supplier rates using your pricing guidelines.
Reducing administration costs - we minimise costs by applying experience and appropriate technology.
Cost down philosophy - we monitor international markets to obtain the best prices for supplies from around the world and invest in best practice development.
www.challenge-indfast.co.uk /costs_and_pricing.htm   (97 words)

  
 EconNews Topic: Production and Costs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Higher energy prices in California are increasing producers' costs, reducing consumer demand, and causing rolling flouts.
Profits are threatened, prices may rise, and firms may shut down or move out of state.
The reasons are that Kohl's stores have lower costs due to their location, size, and staffing, and this allows them to sell brand-name merchandise at lower prices.
www.swcollege.com /bef/econ_news/econ_news_production_costs.html   (1892 words)

  
 PS3 price and production costs unveiled - PS2 - gamesradar.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The first estimations of PS3's price and production costs have now surfaced, putting the expected US retail price at $399 and the manufacturing cost at a whopping $494 per console.
PS3 will cost 54,000 yen ($494 approx) to produce as of Spring 2006, pricing individual components such as the Cell chip and the Blu-Ray disc drive at 11,000 yen ($101) apiece, according to predictions by financial management firm Merrill Lynch Japan Securities.
It has a console of comparable ability to PS3 launching first and with a cheaper price tag, with further potential to drop the console's price to coincide with PS3's (and Halo 3's, let's not forget) launch.
gamesradar.msn.co.uk /news/default.asp?pagetypeid=2&articleid=36432&subsectionid=1585   (421 words)

Try your search on: Qwika (all wikis)

Factbites
  About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   Press   |   Contact us  
Copyright © 2005-2007 www.factbites.com Usage implies agreement with terms.