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Topic: Programming language dialect


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In the News (Sat 15 Jun 19)

  
  Dialect   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Dialects can be distinguished from: sociolects, which are varieties of a language spoken by a certain social class; standard languages, which are standardized for public performance (for example, a written standard); jargons, which are characterized by differences in vocabulary (or lexicon according to linguist jargon); slang; patois; creoles; pidgins or argots.
An opposite example is the case of the Chinese language whose variations are often considered dialects and not languages despite their mutual unintelligibility because they share a common literary standard and common body of literature.
A dialect continuum is a network of dialects in which geographically adjacent dialects are mutually comprehensible, but with comprehensibility steadily decreasing as distance between the dialects increases.
www.tocatch.info /en/Dialect.htm   (2043 words)

  
 The Logo Programming Language
In our language sample we used the procedure pick to randomly select an item from a list, for example in the procedure who.
Programming in Logo is done by adding to its vocabulary, teaching it new words in terms of words it already knows.
Many programming languages are pretty strict about wanting to know exactly what kind of data you claim to be using.
el.media.mit.edu /logo-foundation/logo/programming.html   (677 words)

  
 Programming language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Programming languages, like human languages, are defined through the use of syntactic and semantic rules, to determine structure and meaning respectively.
A programming language's surface form is known as its syntax.
Most programming languages have an associated core library (sometimes known as the 'Standard library', especially if it is included as part of the published language standard), which is conventionally made available by all implementations of the language.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Programming_language   (3905 words)

  
 AutoLISP programming language
AutoLISP is a programming language, a dialect of LISP included with the CAD program AutoCAD to allow the user to add functionality to the software.
It was derived from the XLISP dialect of LISP, which was created by David Betz.
The language was added to AutoCAD in Version 2.18 in January 1986, and continued to be enhanced in successive releases up to Release 12 in June 1992.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/au/AutoLisp.html   (266 words)

  
 CSCI524 Programming Language Principles
Languages are classified as low level if they are close to machine code and high level if each language statement corresponds to many machine code instructions (though this could also apply to a low level language with extensive use of macros, in which case it would be debatable whether it still counted as low level).
Orthogonality in a programming language means that a relatively small set of primitive constructs can be combined in a relatively small number of ways to build the control and data structures of the language.
C is often described, with a mixture of fondness and disdain, as "a language that combines all the elegance and power of assembly language with all the readability and maintainability of assembly language".
www.weijondin.org /notes/PROG/PROG.htm   (7127 words)

  
 SAL- Programming - Languages & Compilers
While the first generation of high-level programming languages, such as Fortran, are still in wide use and evolving, many new languages with higher level abstration capability are emerging.
Scheme -- a high-level language and is a dialect of Lisp.
Soar -- a cognitive architectural framework and mode ls, and an AI programming language.
www.sai.msu.su /sal/F/1   (2421 words)

  
 Programming language dialect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A dialect of a programming language is a (relatively small) variation or extension of the language that does not change its intrinsic nature.
With languages such as Scheme and Forth, standards may be considered insufficient, inadequate or even illegitimate by implementors, so often they will deviate from the standard, making a new dialect.
The BASIC programming language has so many dialects that there is a compiler for virtually every computer system on the planet.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Programming_language_dialect   (199 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Pascal programming language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The computer programming language Pascal is one of the landmark programming languages on which generations of students cut their teeth and variants of which are still widely used today.
Pascal is based on the Algol programming language and is named in honor of mathematician and philosopher Blaise Pascal.
Brian Kernighan, co-creator of the C programming language, outlined his most notable criticisms of Pascal as early as 1981, in his paper Why Pascal Is Not My Favorite Programming Language.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Pascal_programming_language   (1230 words)

  
 Ulf's Programming Language List
ASL (Activity Structures Language), a software process language (modelling formalism), is a proper superset of MSL (Marvel Strategy Language) -- used to express the "local" constraints and policies on individual tools and data -- extended by Roddle's "acticivity structures" for global control flow and synchronization.
Mozart is based on the Oz language, which supports declarative programming, object-oriented programming, constraint programming, and concurrency as part of a coherent whole.
Cyclone is a programming language that is as C-like as possible while preventing unsafe behavior (buffer overflows, dangling pointers, format string attacks, and so on).
www.cs.mun.ca /~ulf/pld/pls.html   (2275 words)

  
 Programming language dialect - CompWisdom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
BASIC intended to address the complexity issues of older languages with a new language designed specifically for the new class of users the time-sharing systems allowed – that is, a "simpler" user who was not as interested in speed as in simply being able to use the machine.
Scheme is a functional programming language and a dialect of Lisp.
Mercury is a logic/functional programming language, which combines the clarity and expressiveness of declarative programming with advanced static analysis and error detection facilities.
www.compwisdom.com /topics/Programming-language-dialect   (1467 words)

  
 Pascal programming language Summary
Initially, Pascal was a language intended to teach students structured programming, and generations of students have "cut their teeth" on Pascal as an introductory language in undergraduate courses.
Pascal is a structured programming language, meaning that the flow of control is structured into standard statements, ideally without 'go to' commands.
Brian Kernighan, famed populariser of the C programming language, outlined his most notable criticisms of Pascal as early as 1981, in his paper Why Pascal Is Not My Favorite Programming Language.
www.bookrags.com /Pascal_programming_language   (3499 words)

  
 Research Language Overviews
Eiffel is a pure object-oriented language featuring multiple inheritance, polymorphism, static typing and dynamic binding, genericity (constrained and unconstrained), a disciplined exception mechanism, systematic use of assertions to promote programming by contract, and deferred classes for high-level design and analysis.
It is intended as a uniform meta-language for specifying, implementing, and proving properties of programming languages and logics.
Napier88 is a persistent programming language and environment with strong typing, type completeness, higher order procedures, parametric polymorphism, existential datatypes, infinite union types for system evolution, and support for graphics, distribution and concurrency.
www-2.cs.cmu.edu /afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mleone/web/language/overviews.html   (1031 words)

  
 Basic alternative compilers for Windows and Linux - stand alone EXE compiled files   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
BLOC is a programming language which translates sources to Pascal code and compile them into stand-alone EXEs.
The langauge is a subset of the QBasic/QuickBasic 4.5 dialectÂ…
Dialect is a general purpose basic-style programming language...
basic.mindteq.com /WinList.asp   (1272 words)

  
 ML programming language Summary
ML is a general-purpose functional programming language developed by Robin Milner and others in the late 1970s at the University of Edinburgh, whose syntax is inspired by ISWIM.
Historically, ML stands for metalanguage as it was conceived to develop proof tactics in the LCF theorem prover (the language of which ML was the metalanguage is pplambda, a combination of the first-order predicate calculus and the simply-typed polymorphic lambda-calculus).
ML is often referred to as an impure functional language, because it permits side-effects, and therefore imperative programming, unlike purely functional programming languages such as Haskell.
www.bookrags.com /ML_programming_language   (1259 words)

  
 The Scheme Programming Language
Scheme was one of the first programming languages to incorporate first class procedures as in the lambda calculus, thereby proving the usefulness of static scope rules and block structure in a dynamically typed language.
Scheme was the first major dialect of Lisp to distinguish procedures from lambda expressions and symbols, to use a single lexical environment for all variables, and to evaluate the operator position of a procedure call in the same way as an operand position.
Scheme is also the first programming language to support hygienic macros, which permit the syntax of a block-structured language to be extended reliably.
www.swiss.ai.mit.edu /projects/scheme   (700 words)

  
 Loads of Linux Links: Programming Links
CODE - Visual Parallel Programming System - A visual programming language and system for parallel programming, letting users compose sequential programs into parallel ones; may be written in any language, and outputs parallel programs for a variety of architectures.
Programming Language Popularity - A fun article which reveals the popularity of various programming languages - based on Google hits, advertising costs, open source community (Freshmeat projects) and a job search board (Craig's List).
Programming in C -- UNIX System Calls and Subroutines using C - An online manual for C; last substantial update in 1999, however still relevant except the section on The Common Desktop Environment (CDE) which should be ignored.
loll.sourceforge.net /linux/links/Programming_Links/index.html   (1708 words)

  
 Programming Language and Compiler Research Groups
Programming logics and the Martin-Löf theory of types; functional programming languages, their use and implementation; process calculi such as CCS; developing tools and methodologies for deriving correct as well as efficient programs.
Facile is a high-level, higher-order programming language for systems that require a combination of complex data manipulation and concurrent and distributed computing.
Haskell language and implementation; state, input/output, and concurrency; semantics based program manipulation; applications of category theory and type theory; parallel functional programming; functional languages for massive parallelism; using functional languages for hardware specification, synthesis and analysis; large applications of functional languages.
www-2.cs.cmu.edu /afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mleone/web/language/projects.html   (1438 words)

  
 The Scheme Programming Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
It is a dialect of the Lisp Programming Language invented by Guy Lewis Steele Jr.
The language was designed to have very few, regular constucts which compose well to support a variety of programming styles including functional, object-oriented, and imperative.
Scheme is currently gaining favor as a first programming language in universities and is used in industry by such companies as DEC, TI, Tektronix, HP, and Sun.
www.engin.umd.umich.edu /CIS/course.des/cis400/scheme/scheme.html   (476 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Scheme programming language
Scheme is a functional programming language and a dialect of Lisp.
It was also one of the first programming languages to support explicit continuations.
Purely functional programs have no state and don't have side-effects, and are therefore automatically thread-safe and considerably easier to verify than imperative programs.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Scheme_programming_language   (2785 words)

  
 PL/I programming language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The language syntax is English-like and suited for describing complex data formats, with a wide set of functions available to verify and manipulate them.
The language was originally to be called NPL, for "New Programming Language"; but that abbreviation could not be used because it was the name of the National Physical Laboratory in the UK.
A subset compiler from Cornell University for teaching a dialect called PL/C had the unique capability of never failing to compile any program, through the use of extensive automatic correction of many syntax errors and by converting any remaining syntax errors to output statements.
www.cs.unca.edu /~brownsmi/0408_Fall/csci431/resources/languages/PLI/PLI_programming_language.htm   (728 words)

  
 O'Reilly Radar > Programming Language Trends
Also worth noting on this chart is that book sales tend to spike even before the release of commercial languages, as the vendors work with publishers to get books out by the release date, while books on open source projects tend to trail the release date.
It's not a programming language like any of the others, and it's got a slow, steady trend upward.
All of these programming languages are basically rounding errors when all you do is show them as a percentage of all jobs.
radar.oreilly.com /archives/2006/08/programming_language_trends.html   (1387 words)

  
 Festival's Scheme Programming Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The fact that new voices and languages in many cases can be added without changing the underlying C++ code makes the system mouch more powerful and accessible than a more monolithic system that requires recompilation for any parameter changes.
We do not pretend to be teaching programming here but as we know many people who are interested in building voices are not primarily programmers, some guidance on the language and its usage will make the simple programming that is required in building voices, more accessible.
Also for those who are unfamiliar with the use of Lisp-like scripting languages we recommend a close look as GNU Emacs which uses Lisp as its underlying scripting language, knowledge of the internals of Emacs did to some extent influence the scripting language design of Festival.
www.festvox.org /bsv/c3652.html   (616 words)

  
 Quick-and-dirty Java programming
The Java language is a great high-level programming language, allowing us to stay close to the problem we want to solve while effortlessly experimenting with different solutions.
As versatile as the Java programming language is, however, it remains a formal, compiled language.
These extensions make programming in the specific area even easier and more concise by helping you match the object support to the EcmaScript style of programming (instead of Java API style, which is often difficult to script).
www-106.ibm.com /developerworks/java/library/j-qdjava   (2987 words)

  
 Programming language concepts
Computer Science 302 deals with programming languages generally, considered as formal, executable notations for expressing algorithms: their syntactic structures, the ``virtual machines'' or models of computation that they implicitly rely on, the data values and structures that they support, and the semantics of the various constructions from which programs are built.
The textbooks for the course are Essentials of programming languages, second edition, by Daniel P. Friedman, Mitchell Wand, and Christopher T. Haynes (Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2000), ISBN 0-262-06217-8, and Concepts in programming languages, by John Mitchell (Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2003), ISBN 0-521-78098-5.
All of the Scheme code presented in Essentials of programming languages is available on line, along with several customization files to adapt various Scheme implementations to the dialect used in the book.
www.math.grin.edu /~stone/courses/languages   (1114 words)

  
 [Tutor] General Programming Question   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Oh I agree, and have no beef about recursion which is IMHO a necessary part of any programming language.
In that sense I believe it presents a very narrow view of programming, albeit a very pure and mathematically well formed view.
Sure and when I program in Python I do it very differently to how I do it when I use Lisp(mainly in emacs!) but SCIP purports to be about something more than just teahing the Scheme language.
mail.python.org /pipermail/tutor/2001-June/007009.html   (327 words)

  
 The Lisp Programming Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Linguists were concerned with natural language processing, while psychologists were interested in modeling human information and retrieval.
This initial experiment produced a list of of language requirements, most notably was recursion and conditional expressions.
Many programming language researchers believe that functional programming is a much better approach to software development, than the use of Imperative Languages (Pascal, C++, etc).
www.engin.umd.umich.edu /CIS/course.des/cis400/lisp/lisp.html   (633 words)

  
 Review of existing Languages
It should be possible for implementations to point to the language dialect used, to language dialects to point to main language family, to language families to point to groups of languages, etc, with implicitly inherited or explicitly modified properties.
Unlike other LISP dialects, Scheme offers no standard way to do run-time reflection; even support for compile-time reflection is minimal and not very adequate, through explicitly manipulating source as data, and using the macro system.
So there is no more need to learn a different language for every application; the same language is used for (almost) everything; no more need to learn new syntaxes each time.
tunes.org /Review/Languages.html   (1371 words)

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