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Topic: Prohibition

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  Alcohol Prohibition Was a Failure
National prohibition of alcohol (1920-33)--the "noble experiment"--was undertaken to reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America.
The evidence affirms sound economic theory, which predicts that prohibition of mutually beneficial exchanges is doomed to failure.
Prohibition removed a significant source of tax revenue and greatly increased government spending.
www.cato.org /pubs/pas/pa-157.html   (451 words)

  prohibition. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The modern movement for prohibition had its main growth in the United States and developed largely as a result of the agitation of 19th-century temperance movements.
Prohibition had now become a national political issue, with a growing Prohibition party and support from a number of rural, religious, and business groups.
Prohibition laws were passed in Finland, the Scandinavian countries, and most of Canada after World War I, but were repealed, partly because of serious consequences to the countries’ commerce with wine-exporting nations.
www.bartleby.com /65/pr/prohibit.html   (423 words)

  Prohibition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prohibition was demanded by the "dries"--primarily pietistic Protestant denominations, especially the Methodists, Northern Baptists, Southern Baptists, Presbyterians, Disciples, Congregationalists, Quakers, and Scandinavian Lutherans.
In the United States, Prohibition was accomplished by means of the Eighteenth Amendment to the national Constitution (ratified January 16, 1919) and the Volstead Act (passed October 28, 1919).
Prohibition was enforced in Iceland from 1915 to 1922 (with beer prohibited until 1989), in Norway from 1916 to 1927 and in Finland between 1919 and 1932.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Prohibition   (3789 words)

 Prohibition (drugs) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The prohibition of drugs through legislation or religious law is a common means of controlling the perceived negative consequences of recreational drug use at a society- or world-wide level.
Perhaps the earliest recorded example in the old world is the prohibition of the use of alcohol under Islamic law (Sharia), which is usually attributed to passages in the Qur'an purportedly dating from the 7th century.
The first law outright prohibiting the use of a specific drug was a San Francisco, California ordinance which banned the smoking of opium in opium dens in 1875.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Prohibition_(drugs)   (5554 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: Alcohol Prohibition
Prohibitions also reduce demand if consumers exhibit "respect for the law." At the same time, prohibitions can increase demand through a "forbidden fruit" effect, meaning a tendency for consumers to desire that which has been forbidden to them.
The evidence on Prohibition and crime focuses on the homicide rate, since this is the only type of crime for which data are reported consistently both before, during, and after Prohibition.
Prima facie, this pattern is consistent with the hypothesis that alcohol prohibition increased violent crime: homicide rates are high in the 1920-1933 period, when constitutional prohibition of alcohol was in effect; the homicide rate drops quickly after 1933, when Prohibition was repealed; and the homicide rate remains low for a substantial period thereafter.
eh.net /encyclopedia/article/miron.prohibition.alcohol   (2808 words)

A prohibition may be based on a finding that an extralabel use ``presents a risk to the public health.'' FDA has defined the phrase "presents a risk to the public health" in Sec.
A total prohibition against extralabel use is an action by the agency which restricts use of the drug to the conditions of use as established through the approval of a new animal drug application.
The section adds that such a prohibition may be a general ban on the extralabel use of the drug or class of drugs or may be limited to a specific species, indication, dosage form, route of administration, or combination of factors.
www.fda.gov /cvm/fqpcomanal.htm   (3713 words)

 Prohibition of Alcohol in the 1920s
Prohibition was meant to reduce the consumption of alcohol, seen by some as the devil’s advocate, and thereby reduce crime, poverty, death rates, and improve the economy and the quality of life.
The Prohibition amendment of the 1920s was ineffective because it was unenforceable, it caused the explosive growth of crime, and it increased the amount of alcohol consumption.
Prohibition should not have gone on for the thirteen years it was allowed to damage society.
www.geocities.com /athens/troy/4399   (1753 words)

One of the consequences of the National Prohibition Act was the development of gangsterism and crime.
In 1933 prohibition was repealed by the adoption of the 21st Amendment.
Prohibition has created a new, a universally respected, a well-beloved, and a very profitable occupation, that of the bootlegger who takes care of the importation of the forbid- den liquor.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAprohibition.htm   (1754 words)

 The American Experience | Mr. Miami Beach | People & Events | Prohibition
Prohibition movements had cropped up across America throughout the 1800s, spearheaded by religious groups who considered alcohol, or at least drunkenness, " a national curse." Since the end of the Civil War, saloons had become increasingly violent, regarded by many as a menace to the American family.
As the '20s wore on, Prohibition was blamed for distorting the role of alcohol in American life and for escalating disregard for the law.
Prohibition, critics said, ushered in a period of "moral decay and social disorder" when it was designed to do the opposite.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/amex/miami/peopleevents/pande06.html   (610 words)

NATION-wide prohibition became effective in the United States January 16, 1920, as a result of the adoption of the eighteenth amendment to the Federal Constitution and the passage of an enforcement act known as the Volstead Law.
The immediate effect of prohibition was a loss to the Federal Government of more than $400,000,000 in annual revenue from the taxes on the liquor industry, and an increase in its expenditures necessitated by the administration of the enforcement act, the appropriation for this purpose for a year being in excess of $9,000,000.
The Prohibition Unit of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, which is charged with enforcing prohibition so far as the Federal Government is concerned, is an organization headed by a commissioner established in Washington, with State and regional directors, State agents and flying squadrons stationed throughout the country.
www.druglibrary.org /schaffer/HISTORY/prohibtn.htm   (2568 words)

 History of Alcohol Prohibition
It is a prohibition of its use in the middling class of our citizens, and a condemnation of them to the poison of whisky, which is desolating their houses.
There was a notable decrease in alcoholic psychoses and in deaths due to alcoholism immediately preceding the enactment of Prohibition and a gradual increase in alcoholic psychosis and in deaths from alcoholism in the general population since 1920.
Prohibition did make the nation conscious that corruption of the law and of the populace may be the consequence of a law which is not reflective of the morals and mores of the time.
www.druglibrary.org /schaffer/LIBRARY/studies/nc/nc2a.htm   (11291 words)

 Prohibition (Party) Cartoons   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Prohibition Party advocates claimed that the nation would never achieve prohibition, and that, once achieved, prohibition would never be adequately enforced, under either the Democratic or Republican parties.
The Prohibition Party functioned as a full-fledged organization, offering candidates for offices at the national, state, and local levels.
It reached the peak of its influence in 1884, when in New York state the Prohibition Party presidential candidate polled enough votes to insure that the Democrat, Grover Cleveland, carried the state and the electoral college.
prohibition.osu.edu /ProhParty/index.htm   (211 words)

 Prohibition   (Site not responding. Last check: )
For the purposes of this essay, however, “prohibition” will refer to the total banning of alcoholic beverages for consumption, while “temperance”; will refer to restricting alcoholic beverages in order to limit their use while allowing at least some such beverages (usually low alcohol beer and wine) to remain legal.
The 18th Amendment established Prohibition of intoxicating alcoholic beverages in the US, but the Volstead Act was necessary to define what the amendment meant by “intoxicating” and to give the government the legal right to enforce the law.
The Congress shall have power to regulate or to prohibit the manufacture, traffic in or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into and the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes.
www.rustycans.com /prohibition.html   (6279 words)

 Welcome to Arshad's Web-Page on Prohibition of the Roaring Twenties
Prohibition was the eighteenth amendment, the Volstead Act, which was passed on October 10th, 1919 (Online, AOL) against alcohol (Bowen, 154).
Prohibition's main reasons to be introduced to the United States was to reduce crime, poverty, death rates, tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses, improve health and hygiene in America, solve social problems, and improve the economy and the quality of life.
Prohibition did solve some of the problems, but there was more harm done than there was good to the United States.
members.tripod.com /prohibition1   (880 words)

 American Civil Liberties Union : Against Drug Prohibition
Meanwhile, federal prohibition of heroin and cocaine remained, and with passage of the Marijuana Stamp Act in 1937 marijuana was prohibited as well.
During alcohol prohibition in the 1920s, bootleggers marketed small bottles of 100-plus proof liquor because they were easier to conceal than were large, unwieldy kegs of beer.
Without prohibition, providing help to drug abusers who wanted to kick their habits would be easier because the money now being squandered on law enforcement could be used for preventive social programs and treatment.
www.aclu.org /drugpolicy/gen/10758pub19950106.html   (2355 words)

 Utah History Encyclopedia
The adoption of prohibition in Utah followed a course that paralleled that of other states throughout the nation in many respects and yet encountered issues and obstacles that were unique to Utah.
Utah did not enact prohibition legislation until 1917, when it became the twenty-fourth state to adopt statewide prohibition; however, since most of the other twenty-four states already had passed local option laws, Utah was one of the last states to pass legislation regulating the manufacture and consumption of alcohol.
By 1909 prohibition advocates were arguing that Utah was among less than a dozen remaining "saloon" states--that is, states which had not restricted alcohol statewide or through a local government option.
www.media.utah.edu /UHE/p/PROHIBITION.html   (1181 words)

 1896: Prohibition
Prohibition may seem a quixotic goal, but advocates at the time were unwilling to accept the immense social costs of liquor consumption--costs which we ignore today.
The convention nominated Joshua Levering of Maryland, a longtime prohibition advocate.
He was chairman of the State Prohibition Convention of 1887 and again in 1893, and also a delegate to the National conventions of 1888 and 1892....
projects.vassar.edu /1896/prohibition.html   (730 words)

 Governor Colquitt - Letter from Clarence Ousley on prohibition - Texas State Library
Texas was home to many fundamentalist Christians who readily rallied to the prohibition cause, and these crusaders became known as the "drys." The Constitution of 1876 provided for "local option," which allowed individual communities to decide whether to allow alcohol sales.
The number of dry counties increased, and twice the state Anti-Saloon League was able to bring referendums on prohibition to a statewide vote, losing only by a slim margin.
In 1933 the Twenty-first Amendment repealed prohibition, and in 1935 Texas voters ratified a repeal of the state dry law.
www.tsl.state.tx.us /governors/rising/colquitt-ousley.html   (323 words)

 Costs of Marijuana Prohibition: Economic Analysis
Replacing marijuana prohibition with a system of taxation and regulation similar to that used for alcoholic beverages would produce combined savings and tax revenues of between $10 billion and $14 billion per year, finds a June 2005 report by Dr. Jeffrey Miron, visiting professor of economics at Harvard University.
Chief among the endorsing economists are three Nobel Laureates in economics: Dr. Milton Friedman of the Hoover Institute, Dr. George Akerlof of the University of California at Berkeley, and Dr. Vernon Smith of George Mason University.
**Replacing marijuana prohibition with a system of legal regulation would save approximately $7.7 billion in government expenditures on prohibition enforcement -- $2.4 billion at the federal level and $5.3 billion at the state and local levels.
www.prohibitioncosts.org   (343 words)

 Temperance & Prohibition
Percy Andreae, "A Glimpse Behind the Mask of Prohibition"
The Ohio Dry Campaign of 1918 (on OSU's eHistory site)
If you have difficulty accessing any portion of this site due to incompatibility with adaptive technology, or if you need the information in an alternative format, please contact History Webmaster at history@osu.edu.
prohibition.osu.edu   (88 words)

 LII: Constitution
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
The Congress and the several states shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several states, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the states by the Congress.
www.law.cornell.edu /constitution/constitution.amendmentxviii.html   (106 words)

 fUSION Anomaly. Prohibition
Prohibition was the period between 1919 and 1933 in the United States when the manufacture, purchase, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited by the Eighteenth Amendment (ratified January 16, 1919) and the Volstead Act (passed October 28, 1919).
Prohibition began on January 16, 1920 when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect, but it was abolished on February 17, 1933 by passage of the Blaine Act.
The 21st amendment, which repealed nationwide prohibition, explicitly gives states the right to restrict or ban the purchase and sale of alcohol; this has led to a patchwork of laws, in which alcohol may be legally sold in some but not all towns or counties within a state.
fusionanomaly.net /prohibition.html   (3400 words)

Prohibition forced a number of citizens to conclude that government cannot be trusted—an unfortunate point of view with even more unfortunate consequences.
Prohibition also forced people to drink more than they usually would: if caught with a bottle, one could be arrested, so, before traveling, one tended to finish it.
Within a few years after Prohibition, some people began to realize that they had personal problems that involved drinking and, by the end of the 1930s, Alcoholics Anonymous was formed—the first of many organizations to point out that drinking for some people is the symptom of an illness, an illness that can be successfully treated.
www.mcwilliams.com /books/aint/402.htm   (7421 words)

 Essays.cc - Prohibition
Prohibition all began to rise around the 1840's and the 1850's by temperance groups in Canada, this set the bases for prohibition because some people were starting to see the affect that alcohol had on a society.
Prohibition was a very good time some citizens though because it was a good way to make money and fast, this was by bootlegging and smuggling but, it was also a risky way to make money as it was illegal to do so.
When prohibition was first being, talked about in the 1840's and the 1850's this was the beginning of the subject prohibition In 1864 the Dunken Act was passed and this left the local people to declare if their counties should be dry.
www.essays.cc /free_essays/d3/avw274.shtml   (830 words)

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