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Topic: Proposition


In the News (Tue 17 Jul 18)

  
 The Merrow Report- First to Worst (Special Challenge of Prop 13)
Passed by 65% of voters in 1978, Proposition 13 is a constitutional amendment that reduced property tax rates by 57% and resulted in a dramatic reduction in the amount of local property tax revenue available for cities, counties, and especially for schools.
In addition, Proposition 13 required that all state tax rate increases be approved by a two-thirds vote of the legislature and that local tax rates also have to be approved by a 2/3s vote of the people.
Proposition 13 was dubbed a political earthquake when it passed and later was viewed as the first shot of the 1980s Reagan Revolution.
www.pbs.org /merrow/tv/ftw/prop13.html   (761 words)

  
 Understanding Proposition 218
Proposition 218 restricts property-related fees, defined as fees imposed "as an incident of property ownership." At this time, there is no consensus as to which fees meet this definition.
Proposition 218 defines a special benefit as a particular benefit to land and buildings, not a general benefit to the public or a general increase in property values.
Because Proposition 218 sets a July 1, 1997 deadline for local governments to bring existing fees and assessments into conformity with the measure's requirements, legislative or judicial clarification on questions related to assessments and fees is needed as soon as possible.
www.lao.ca.gov /1996/120196_prop_218/understanding_prop218_1296.html   (7284 words)

  
 California Proposition 209 (1996) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Proposition 209 was a 1996 California ballot proposition which amended the state Constitution to prohibit public institutions from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, or ethnicity.
Proposition 209 was voted into law on 5 November 1996, with 54% of the vote.
One response to Proposition 209 was the establishment of the IDEAL Scholars Fund to provide community and financial support for "underrepresented" students at the University of California at Berkeley.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Proposition_209   (299 words)

  
 [No title]
Proposition 54 would have banned state agencies, schools and employers from maintaining records on race or ethnic origin.
ADL's main concern with Proposition 54 was how it would affect law enforcement's ability to collect racial, ethnic or national origin information to track hate crimes or acts of racial profiling.
With the defeat of Proposition 54, the tremendous progress of the Attorney General's office in tracking hate crimes and prosecuting the perpetrators will not be in jeopardy," said Mr.
www.adl.org /NR/exeres/13B2B5C0-2EBA-45C3-8B7F-BCBFBA0EFDC8.htm   (300 words)

  
 California Tax and Expenditure Limitation ["HOT TOPIC" - IGS Library/UC Berkeley]
Observers also note that an unintended consequence of Proposition 13 was that, because of the continuing robustness of the sales tax as a revenue source, Proposition 13 encouraged cities and counties to promote retail development at the expense of housing and job-creating businesses.
Under Proposition 111, the population factor is based on a weighted average of population and K-14 school enrollment growth (instead of population only), and the cost of living factor is based solely on California per-capita personal income growth (and no longer takes into account the Consumer Price Index).
Proposition 218, passed Nov. 1996, is an initiative constitutional amendment that limits the ability of local government to raise revenue through fees, assessments and taxes.
www.igs.berkeley.edu /library/htTaxSpendLimits2003.html   (2417 words)

  
 Proposition 13: Love it or Hate it, its Roots Go Deep
It garnered 47 percent of the vote; Proposition 13 was approved by 65 percent.
Proposition 13 introduced an objective standard upon which property is taxed.
Prior to Proposition 13, this had the impact of doubling and quadrupling the property tax burden of homeowners very quickly due to unrealized appreciation in the value of their property.
www.caltax.org /research/prop13/prop13.htm   (3287 words)

  
 Girardeau A. Spann, Proposition 209, 47 Duke L. J. 187 (1997)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Proposition 209 is also replete with the naughty fascination of forbidden temptation, because of the bewitching possibility that it might be merely a ruse.
Proposition 209 was adopted by the voters of California as a ballot initiative in the November 5, 1996 general election, by a margin of 54 to 46 percent of the nearly 9 million votes cast.
If facial challenges to Proposition 209 continue to be rejected, the need for judicial resolution of these ambiguities may have the ironic effect of leaving the fate of affirmative action in the hands of the courts rather than permitting it to be resolved by the voters, as proponents of Proposition 209 apparently intended.
www.law.duke.edu /journals/dlj/articles/DLJ47P187.HTM   (16246 words)

  
 RevCap - Proposition 2
The battle between the politicians’ Proposition 1 and the citizen-initiated Proposition 2 is a giant struggle over who is going to solve the problem, the politicians who created the problem or the citizens, whose money is being spent.
No longer able to stonewall the citizen-initiated Proposition 2 from getting on the ballot, Mayor White and the majority of city council placed their politicians’ last-minute desperation Proposition 1 on the ballot to confuse the voters and try to defeat Proposition 2, the only real cure for the city’s fiscal crisis.
Proposition 1 is a switch-and-bait, smoke-and-mirrors proposal that will not save homeowners one red cent in property taxes and will saddle Houstonians with mandated annual increases in their already outrageous water and sewer rates for the rest of their natural lives.
www.revcap.org   (800 words)

  
 Proposition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The sentence A and B expresses both proposition A and proposition B. Both treat the proposition as a sentence having the aforementioned form.
In this sense, propositions are statements that are either true or false.
A number of philosophers and linguists claim that the notion of a proposition is too vague or not useful.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Proposition   (1095 words)

  
 Propositions
A proposition should first be debatable in that arguments may be marshaled for and against the proposition.
A proposition of fact is a statement in which you focus largely on belief of the audience in its truth or falsehood.
In a proposition of values, you make a statement where you are asking your audience to make an evaluative judgment as to whether the statement is morally good or bad, right or wrong.
changingminds.org /disciplines/argument/making_argument/proposition.htm   (308 words)

  
 Proposition 187 Lessons
The trouble with much of the critical discussion of the electoral campaign against California's Proposition 187 is that it starts from a false premise: if only opposition forces had been better organized or adopted more “mainstream” (or more “honestly progressive”) messages, somehow they could have won an electoral majority.
In fact, in November 1994, the Illegal Aliens measure (as the official ballot summary named the law denying health care, social services and education to the undocumented) so perfectly appealed to the racial anxieties of voting Californians that it is impossible to imagine an electoral strategy that could have defeated it.
Proposition 187 served as the perfect vehicle for the overwhelmingly white electorate to express its unease.
zena.secureforum.com /Znet/zmag/articles/mar95adams.htm   (2495 words)

  
 DHS' Proposition 50 Funding Information
Here are handouts from workshops on Proposition 50 that were held in December 2005 and January 2006.
Among the Proposition 50 Grant Programs, Chapter 4a1 is specifically targeted toward Small Community Water System facilities.
To contact the DHS Proposition 50 Program to discuss issues that may require the inclusion of private or confidential data, call DHS at (916) 449-5600.
www.dhs.ca.gov /ps/ddwem/Prop50/default.htm   (677 words)

  
 The Proposition
The Proposition is a very hard and harsh movie, but it also has a hypnotic, lyrical velocity.
The strength of The Proposition is its relentless moral ambiguity.
The Proposition is no bloodier than many a schlocky horror flick, but the violence feels real and ruthless, carrying a much more visceral impact.
www.rottentomatoes.com /m/proposition   (1035 words)

  
 What is a proposition?
A proposition is that part of the meaning of a clause or sentence that is constant, despite changes in such things as the voice or illocutionary force of the clause.
A proposition may be related to other units of its kind through interpropositional relations, such as temporal relations and logical relations.
All these utterances may be analyzed as consisting of a predicate naming an event or state and one or more arguments naming referents that participate in that event or state.
www.sil.org /linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProposition.htm   (167 words)

  
 Proposition 69 (DNA) - Bureau of Forensic Services (BFS) - California Dept. of Justice - Office of the Attorney General
On this website, you will find information regarding implementation and the central features of Proposition 69, including the responsibilities of law enforcement agencies, the California courts, district attorneys, correctional agencies, federal correctional institutions and mental health and sex offender treatment facilities with respect to California's DNA database and Data Bank Program.
This report compiles the annual reports filed by counties on the total amount of penalty assessments collected, allocated and expended by them for authorized programs to implement the DNA Fingerprint, Unsolved Crime and Innocence Protection Act.
The county reports are required by Proposition 69.
caag.state.ca.us /bfs/prop69.htm   (345 words)

  
 Euclid's Elements, Book I, Proposition 4   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The method of proof used in this proposition is sometimes called "superposition." It apparently is not a method that Euclid prefers since he so rarely uses it, only here in I.4 and in I.8 and III.24, but not in many other propositions in which he could have used it.
This proposition is used frequently in Book I starting with the next two propositions, and it is often used in the rest of the books on geometry, namely, Books II, III, IV, VI, XI, XII, and XIII.
In Proposition XI.4 and many others in Book XI this proposition is applied to pairs of triangles in different planes.
aleph0.clarku.edu /~djoyce/java/elements/bookI/propI4.html   (862 words)

  
 Prop36.org
Proposition 36 went into effect on July 1, 2001, with $120 million for treatment services allocated annually for five years.
A landmark in the debate over the future of Proposition 36 came Wednesday, April 5, as UCLA researchers released a major cost-savings study of the drug treatment law enacted by voters in November 2000.
The report, entitled Proposition 36: Improving Lives, Delivering Results, found that Prop 36 had significant benefits for substance abuse treatment as well as reforms to the state's costly prison system.
www.prop36.org   (624 words)

  
 California's Proposition 187 and Its Lessons
Moreover, under Proposition 187, frontline, untrained state employees decide who ``has apparent illegal status'' or is here ``in violation of law'' and therefore ineligible for benefits.*19 Those who bear the bad news are deputized to direct the applicant to leave the country, effectively to issue what may easily be taken as a deportation order.
The provisions that generate most of the benefits at issue are federal laws that, in any event, bar aliens who are not admitted as lawful residents or otherwise permanently residing here under color of law.
Hence, Proposition 187's inclusion of one qualifying category -- those admitted temporarily -- seems cynical, although it may simply be inartful or reflect the failure to track the language of federal legislation.
www.ssbb.com /article1.html   (3138 words)

  
 proposition - OneLook Dictionary Search
Example: "She was propositioned by a stranger at the party"
Phrases that include proposition: singular proposition, universal proposition, value proposition, compound proposition, e proposition, more...
Words similar to proposition: proffer, propositional, propositioned, propositioning, suggestion, more...
www.onelook.com /?w=proposition   (339 words)

  
 Welcome to Proposition 54
Civil Rights Groups: Proposition 54 Defeat is Victory for All
Civil rights groups today hailed the overwhelming defeat of Proposition 54, the so-called “Racial Privacy Initiative.”; The measure was voted down on Tuesday in California’s special recall election...
Proposition 54 sponsor Ward Connerly admitted that defeat of the ballot initiative is possible...
www.civilrights.org /campaigns/prop54   (139 words)

  
 Proposition 209
This sub-page is devoted to investigating the aftermath of the passing of Proposition 209 -- the elimination of affirmative action programs -- in California in November of 1996.
In the 1995-96 academic year, women were 35.8 percent of UC's hires, but in the 1999-2000 academic year, after the passage of Proposition 209 and a UC Regents resolution ending the use of affirmative action, 25.1 percent of faculty hires were women.
Monday, November 3, 1997: In a long-awaited move, the Supreme Court refuses to hear an appeal case on Proposition 209 and lets the decisions of the lower courts stand, which means that the prohibition on affirmative action in California has been upheld.
aad.english.ucsb.edu /pages/Prop-209.html   (4062 words)

  
 definition of proposition (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.umd.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
That which is proposed; that which is offered, as for consideration, acceptance, or adoption; a proposal; as, the enemy made propositions of peace; his proposition was not accepted.
A statement of religious doctrine; an article of faith; creed; as, the propositions of Wyclif and Huss.
A complete sentence, or part of a sentence consisting of a subject and predicate united by a copula; a thought expressed or propounded in language; a from of speech in which a predicate is affirmed or denied of a subject; as, snow is white.
www.brainydictionary.com.cob-web.org:8888 /words/pr/proposition207458.html   (222 words)

  
 The Proposition (2006) - Moviefone   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Proposition (2005) The Proposition on IMDb: Movies, TV, Celebs, and more...
BBC - Movies - review - The Proposition Updated 09 March 2006, 18 Contains strong language and strong bloody violence...
The Proposition (2006) - Cast & Crew, movie showtimes, plot, synopsis, exclusive features, trailers, clips, theater listings, reviews, message boards, dvd, videos, rentals and more on Moviefone.
movies.aol.com /movie/the-proposition-2006/24796/main   (160 words)

  
 Proposition 72: Health Care Coverage Requirements - California State Government
Proposition 72 creates a government-run healthcare scheme funded by an estimated $7 billion in new taxes on employers and workers by 2007.
You could get forced from your existing plan into the government system and lose access to your doctors and hospitals.
Come to a meeting in your community where League experts discuss all state ballot propositions giving a nonpartisan analysis.
www.smartvoter.org /2004/11/02/ca/state/prop/72   (566 words)

  
 Definition of proposition - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
2 a : an expression in language or signs of something that can be believed, doubted, or denied or is either true or false b : the objective meaning of a proposition
3 : something of an indicated kind to be dealt with proposition>
Get the Top 10 Search Results for "proposition"
www.m-w.com /cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=proposition   (106 words)

  
 proposition - Synonyms from Thesaurus.com (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.umd.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
address, annoy, bother, brace*, buttonhole*, call, challenge, confront, cross, dare, entice, face, face off, flag, greet, hail, proposition, salute, welcome
address, adjure, advance, apply, ask, beg, beseech, bid, call, call upon, claim, contest, crave, demand, entreat, hit on, implore, importune, petition, plead, pray, propose, proposition, question, refer, require, resort to, solicit, strike, submit, sue, supplicate, urge
adage, aphorism, apothegm, daffodil, device, dictum, fundamental, law, maxim, moral, postulate, precept, proposition, proverb, saying, theorem, truism, truth
thesaurus.reference.com.cob-web.org:8888 /browse/proposition   (475 words)

  
 Proposition 227--English for the Children
As a direct result, the test scores of over a million Hispanic students rose by an average of 40% in just two years.
In November 2000, Arizona voters passed a similar measure, Proposition 203, by an even greater landslide.
Our nationwide effort to follow the lead of California and Arizona is bipartisan, with Democrats and Republicans, liberals and conservatives, immigrants and the native-born.
www.onenation.org   (293 words)

  
 California Voter Foundation - California Online Voter Guide
Changes state minimum school funding requirements (Proposition 98), permitting suspension of minimum funding, but terminating repayment requirement, and eliminating authority to reduce funding when state revenues decrease.
CVF's News Stories section provides California voters with convenient access to news articles that give an overview of the potential impact of each initiative on the ballot.
Other good nonpartisan resources include the League of Women Voters' brief Pro/Con Analysis and longer In-Depth Analysis, the McGeorge School of Law California Initiative Review, an analysis by the California Policy Institute, and the Easy Voter Guide.
www.calvoter.org /voter/elections/2005/special/props/prop76.html   (457 words)

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