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Topic: Prosecution

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In many instances, community prosecution involves deploying prosecutors or nonlegal staff in the community to better identify residents' concerns and to invite their participation in developing strategies for addressing problems of crime and social disorder that are their highest priority.
Vertical prosecution is a case processing strategy that has been adopted by many jurisdictions in their community prosecution efforts.[25] It appeals to the public because a single assistant prosecutor manages criminal cases from beginning to conclusion.
Community prosecution programs differ in the degree to which they collaborate in multidisciplinary planning, enforcement, and service delivery strategies, and the extent to which they cooperate or are integrated with the related efforts of other agencies and community-focused initiatives such as community courts or community policing.
www.ncjrs.org /txtfiles1/bja/195062.txt   (18279 words)

 Non-Felony Prosecution
Countywide prosecution of non-felonies offers: consistency in charging crimes throughout the county; reduced duplication of effort because one prosecutor appears in court for several jurisdictions; ease in determining defendants' involvement in multiple offenses; and continuity with crimes that can be charged differently depending on criminal history, degree of injury, and the defendant's relationship to victims.
Cities relying on the county attorneys' offices for prosecution were more likely than cities using private law firms to have (1) victim/witness assistance programs available, (2) misdemeanor-related training for law enforcement, (3) a higher percentage of cases disposed at arraignment, and (4) prosecutor communication with local elected officials, professional organizations, and citizens.
Prosecution efforts to develop effective relationships with victims and witnesses encourage these individuals and others to report crimes and follow through with identifications and testimony, thus aiding prosecutors' cases.
www.auditor.leg.state.mn.us /PED/bp/nf97.htm   (3919 words)

 Barbara J. Hart's Collected Writings   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
A battered woman whose prior attempts to seek prosecution or civil protection orders, only to have the perpetrator escalate his violence, may be unwilling to face the risk that prosecution will further endanger, rather than protect her (Family Violence, 1991).
Specialized prosecution units have enhanced the relationship of the prosecutors with the victims, by improved investigation and preparation of cases against perpetrators, and have institutionalized the practice of seeking specific safeguards to protect victims from further abuse.
Battered women are entitled to submit a victim impact statement to advise the pre-sentence investigator and the court of the ramifications of the crime(s) for which the offender was convicted on the battered woman and her family.
www.mincava.umn.edu /documents/hart/hart.html   (17901 words)

 Prosecution Response
The Prosecution will also argue that there were additional grounds which reinforce the need for counsel to be assigned and or themselves justify the assignment and that the Trial Chamber erred in exercising its discretion not to assign counsel to the Accused on these additional grounds.
The Prosecution had similarly argued that “the experience of this Tribunal in the Seselj case would indicate that assigning counsel to an accused who refuses to cooperate would achieve no reduction in the accused’s workload and that thus there would be no benefit adopting this mechanism in the present case”.
The Prosecution has previously submitted, in its Motion to Strike, that this ground of appeal should be struck from the Appeal Brief on the basis that certification was not sought or granted on the issue of the modalities according to which assignment is to operate.
www.un.org /icty/milosevic/motion/041011response.htm   (14946 words)

 The Darlie Routier Case - HOME
Routier was a materialistic, self-centered woman, whose life was unraveling in the wake of the birth of her third son and supposed financial difficulties that were facing the family.
At trial, the prosecution took the position that the crime scene was carefully preserved and that no law enforcement or medical emergency personnel left any bloody fingerprints.
At trial, a prosecution expert testified that microscopic debris found on a knife in the Routiers' kitchen was consistent with the screening material in a garage window.
www.fordarlieroutier.org   (3071 words)

 Selective prosecution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In jurisprudence, selective prosecution is a procedural defense via which a defendant may argue that they should not be held criminally liable for breaking the law, as the criminal justice system discriminated against them by choosing to prosecute.
For example, a defendant might argue that, although they broke the law, people of different age, race, religion, sex, etc., were engaged in the same illegal actions for which the defendant is being tried and were not prosecuted, and that the defendant is only being prosecuted because of a bias.
In the US, this defense is based upon the 14th Amendment, which requires that "nor [shall any state] deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Selective_prosecution   (145 words)

 An Anatomy of a Criminal Trial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The defense and prosecution request the court, in advance of trial, to admit or exclude certain evidence.
The prosecution presents its main case through direct examination of prosecution witnesses by the prosecutor.
The prosecution makes its closing argument, summarizing the evidence as the prosecution sees it, and explaining why the jury should render a guilty verdict.
www.nolo.com /lawcenter/ency/article.cfm/objectID/07BA0993-2B75-48E6-8AD65D205B6A39CE   (480 words)

 OLC: A Sitting President's Amenability to Indictment and Criminal Prosecution
The OLC memorandum also considered the degree to which a criminal prosecution of a sitting President is incompatible with the notion that the President possesses the power to assert executive privilege in criminal cases.
Recognizing an immunity from prosecution for a sitting President would not preclude such prosecution once the President's term is over or he is otherwise removed from office by resignation or impeachment.
By contrast, the most important decisions in the process of criminal prosecution would lie in the hands of unaccountable grand and petit jurors, deliberating in secret, perhaps influenced by regional or other concerns not shared by the general polity, guided by a prosecutor who is only indirectly accountable to the public.
www.usdoj.gov /olc/sitting_president.htm   (16979 words)

 Private Prosecution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Nevertheless, public prosecution was perceived as a threat to liberty, and
Both of the excuses raised above, on behalf of the Attorney General to quash a private prosecution, fail to consider that the private party must FIRST present his/her evidence of the charge(s) to a Justice of the Peace, who themselves are already direct appointees of the government.
It therefore belies all common sense for the Attorney General to assert that "Private Prosecutions" are in any way MORE harmful to the innocent, or frivolous, than the thousands of Prosecutions THEY themselves commence on a daily basis.
www.bcrevolution.ca /private_prosecution.htm   (3022 words)

 SEBI may initiate prosecution action against Lever   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The move follows a stay on the appellate authority order which had said that Sebi's order for prosecution was not based on conclusive determination of all aspects of insider trading and on specific justification in terms of the gravity of the offence.
Sebi insiders pointed out that it is felt that if it does not move ahead and file the prosecution after the relief granted by the Mumbai high court, it could be"misunderstood".
We do not feel that the filing of the prosecution is time barred, but even if it is the magistrate will decide on this.
www.expressindia.com /fe/daily/19980929/27255694.html   (362 words)

 LawKT.com: Law Firm Publications on Malicious Prosecution
MALICIOUS PROSECUTION California Law by Jessica B. Rudin The Second District holds that the statute of limitations for malicious prosecution actions arising from cases reversed on appeal begins to run on the date remittitur is entered.
MALICIOUS PROSECUTION California Law by Jessica B. Rudin and Jennifer A. Becker The Fourth District holds that unless an attorney is aware of specific factual errors, he or she will not be liable for malicious prosecution for initiating an action based on a client's version of events.
MALICIOUS PROSECUTION California Law By Jessica B. Rudin and Jennifer A. Becker The Second District holds that an attorney is entitled to rely on the representations of his or her client in determining whether probable cause exists to file a claim.
www.lawkt.com /pubs/Malicious_Prosecution.html   (4711 words)

 Bureau of Justice Statistics Prosecution Statistics
Four out of ten offices prosecuted computer-related crimes (felony or misdemeanor) under their State's computer statutes.
The survey obtains basic information on staffing and operations and collects data on current topics such as the use of innovative prosecution techniques, intermediate sanctions, juvenile cases transferred to criminal court, actions against prosecutors and other professional staff, and work-related assaults and threats.
The 2001 National Survey of Prosecutors is a census as opposed to a sample of all State court prosecutors.
www.ojp.usdoj.gov /bjs/pros.htm   (738 words)

 CNN.com - Jackson prosecution witness jailed in robbery spree - Mar 24, 2005
A key prosecution witness in the Jackson trial is facing robbery charges.
SANTA MARIA, California (CNN) -- In a twist likely to further complicate the prosecution's efforts to convict Michael Jackson, a former bodyguard expected to be a key witness against the pop star is sitting in a Las Vegas jail, facing a slew of felony charges stemming from four armed robberies.
The prosecution contends that the accuser and his family were held against their will at Neverland by Jackson's associates after the Miami trip and that the mother was fearful for their safety.
cnn.com /rssclick/2005/LAW/03/24/jackson.witness?section=cnn_topstories   (708 words)

 Prosecution of Domestic Violence Cases in the United States, 1993-1994
The purpose of this project was to evaluate the level of domestic violence prosecution throughout the United States and to promote effective prosecution approaches through dissemination of information.
In order to appraise domestic violence prosecution in the United States, the researchers mailed a survey to a nationally-representative sample of prosecutors to assess prosecution strategies in domestic violence cases (Part 1, Prosecutors' Survey Data).
Questions cover the volume of domestic violence prosecutions, formal protocols for domestic violence prosecution, ways to deal with uncooperative victims, pro-arrest and no-drop policies, protection orders, types of evidence used, and collaboration with other organizations to prosecute domestic violence cases.
webapp.icpsr.umich.edu /cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/02556.xml   (1348 words)

 SurfWax: News, Reviews and Articles On Malicious Prosecution
Lamb's malicious prosecution complaint in his lawsuit against Benton County was dismissed before the trial in summary judgment.
In all, Dickinson is seeking 3,003,000 for malicious prosecution and negligence, as well as pain and suffering, interest from March 6, 2005 and the costs of the court proceedings.
Besides malicious prosecution, Zoller is suing deputies and the county for false arrest, false light, defamation and intentional interference with business relations.
www.lawkt.com /files/Malicious_Prosecution.html   (4217 words)

 South Carolina Commission on Prosecution Coordination
The commission is known as the South Carolina Commission on Prosecution Coordination.
Funding for the commission must be derived from the per capita funding for state services for solicitors based upon a formula to be determined by the commission.
The Commission on Prosecution Coordination may promulgate those regulations necessary to assist it in performing its required duties as provided by this chapter.
www.prosecution.state.sc.us /enabling_statute.htm   (546 words)

Test refusals also present obstacles to successful prosecution of DWI offenders, especially repeat offenders who are familiar with the system and have found that test refusals provide another way to slip through the cracks in the system.
A DWI system that works must be focused on deterrence and include laws, enforcement, prosecution, adjudication and sentencing, monitoring of offenders, assessment and treatment of alcohol problems, publicizing of efforts, adequate resources and strong infrastructure.
DWI prosecution is not a high enough priority in most prosecutor offices, resulting in less experienced prosecutors handling DWI cases.
www.nhtsa.dot.gov /people/injury/enforce/CrimJustSum-HTML/prosecution.html   (1281 words)

 Legal Definition of Prosecution
PROSECUTION - The means adopted to bring a supposed offender to justice and punishment by due course of law.
Prosecutions are carried on in the name of the government, and have for their principal object the security and happiness of the people in general.
The modes most usually employed to carry them on, are by indictment; presentment of a grand jury; coroner's inquest; and by an information.
www.lectlaw.com /def2/p189.htm   (97 words)

 APRI Highlights - Spring 2002, National Center for Community Prosecution, Michael Kuykendall, Director, American ...
The key that connects these programs to community prosecution is the prosecutor’s effective use of partnerships and creative legal strategies to enhance community safety and improve the lives of neighborhood residents.
Symposium participants have agreed to assist NCCP in drafting papers and revising the Community Prosecution Implementation Manual to incorporate new lessons and more effective practices that have emerged since the manual was originally published in 1995.
“Developing a Community Prosecution Program” is a new course scheduled for the National Advocacy Center in Columbia, South Carolina, from March 18-22, 2002.
www.ndaa-apri.org /publications/newsletters/apri_highlights_cp_spring_2002.html   (408 words)

 Office of Justice Programs Prosecution Whats New   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Describes the philosophy behind community prosecution which presents a distinct departure from the case and conviction orientation of traditional prosecution and adopts the belief that local crime problems can best be resolved by engaging community members in their solutions.
This bulletin discusses the history of community prosecution and the strategies employed by the nation’s 18 community prosecution sites.
The emphasis is on placing prosecutors in the community whose primary responsibility is to address crime problems in specific neighborhoods or other geographic areas with the goal of directly improving their residents’ quality of life.
www.ojp.usdoj.gov /prosecution/whats_new.htm   (670 words)

 Statement by the public prosecution regarding MP Ayman Nour and others
The Prosecution provided all warrants for the accused MP as the duration of the provisional detention was 4 days and the re-detention measure was issued by the responsible judge in the attendance of Nour's seven lawyers in all phases of investigation.
The Prosecution ordered to render Ayman Nour undergo a medical test by the forensic medicine and the prison's doctor after his complaint of violent treatment and the result was nothing.
The Prosecution sent all computers and compact discs that were seizured in Nour's house and office to the criminal lab for deciphering them, besides his own pistol and bullets.
www.arabicnews.com /ansub/Daily/Day/050214/2005021436.html   (529 words)

 prosecution: americanhistorytermpapers.com- american history term papers, american history essays, american history ...
The definitions must be clarified so that this administrative authority does not place one social group at risk of prosecution over another that may have a similar need for medical marijuana.
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www.americanhistorytermpapers.com /term-papers/598836/prosecution.html   (233 words)

 human rights watch | the pinochet prosecution: the end of impunity?
Just a few months earlier, the Chilean Supreme Court had confirmed that Pinochet, a lifetime senator, should be stripped of his parliamentary immunity (a process known in Spanish as desafuero), and stand trial.
In a ruling made public this afternoon, the court held that the former dictator was too ill to undergo trial for grave human rights crimes, upholding an appeals court ruling issued a year ago.
But the group noted that Pinochet's arrest and prosecution have represented a permanent advance in the cause of human rights.
www.hrw.org /campaigns/chile98   (1131 words)

 Nevada Revised Statutes: Chapter 616D
NRS 616D.600         Prosecution of criminal actions by Attorney General: Prosecution not precluded by commencement of civil action; duty to furnish information to assist in prosecution; penalty.
NRS 616D.620         Penalty for certain violations; liability for costs of investigation and prosecution; contents of judgment of conviction; receipt of certain money by Attorney General to be used to pay salaries of Fraud Control Unit for Industrial Insurance.
chapters 616A to 616D, inclusive, or chapter 617 of NRS does not preclude the prosecution of a criminal action by the Attorney General pursuant to this section.
www.leg.state.nv.us /NRS/NRS-616D.html   (9910 words)

 Encyclopedia article on Witness for the Prosecution [EncycloZine]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Witness for the Prosecution is a 1957 film that tells the story of Sir Wilfred, a master criminal barrister who takes the case of a man on trial for murder.
While he expects that the defendant's wife will stand up for him in court, she unexpectedly agrees to appear for the prosecution in a trial while multiple twists and turns occur that will test the lawyer's skill to the limit.
Witness for the Prosecution was remade for television in 1982, starring Ralph Richardson, Deborah Kerr, Beau Bridges, Donald Pleasence, Wendy Hiller, and Diana Rigg.
encyclozine.com /Witness_for_the_Prosecution   (249 words)

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