Proto-Slavic language - Factbites
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Topic: Proto-Slavic language

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In the News (Wed 26 Jun 19)

 Proto-Slavic language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is generally acknowledged that of the various languages which left their mark on the early lexical stock, Germanic occupies a pivotal position, and many early Germanic loanwords into Proto-Slavic are known.
No Proto-Slavic writings have been found, so the language has been reconstructed from a comparison of all the attested Slavic languages and of other Indo-European languages.
Those who deny existence of Proto-Balto-Slavic emphasize fair lexical differences between both groups. /wiki/Proto-Slavic   (1560 words)

Ukrainian (украї́нська мо́ва, ''ukrayins’ka mova'') is the language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic_languages.
The Ukrainian language in and prior to the 18th century had been used mostly by peasants and petty bourgeois and though it was in no danger of extinction, to become a language of ''belle-lettres'', philosophy and science, it had to be hoisted from the level of the everyday to the level of the sublime.
The literary language is based on the dialect of the Poltava region, with heavy influence of the dialect spoken in the west, notably Galicia (Halychyna). /?req=ukrainian_language   (5147 words)

 The Slavic Ethnogenesis
The Proto-Slavic language was probably still common to all Slavs possibly as late as the 8th century AD, but by the 9th century AD, with the mass-migrations largely completed, the individual Slavic languages had begun to take place.
In 1833, the Slavic languages were identified and categorised as an Indo-European language by linguists.
Also, it is said that one you who speaks 'Slovakian', has the easiest time understanding the rest of the Slavic languages, as they are in the middle of the Slavic sea; one of the biggest 'human ethnographic seas', on the face of this earth. /agbdesign/slavic   (4852 words)

 Balto-Slavic languages
The Balto-Slavic language group is a hypothetical language group consisting of the Baltic and Slavic language subgroups of the Indo-European family.
Baltic and Slavic languages were not written down until 15th and 9th centuries A.D.; thus, the historical record tracing the development of the languages is limited.
Szemerényi in his 1957 re-examination of Meillet's results concludes that the Balts and Slavs did, in fact, share a "period of common language and life", and were probably separated due to the incursion of Germanic tribes along the Vistula and the Dnepr roughly at the beginning of the Common Era. /wiki/B/Balto-Slavic-languages.htm   (564 words)

The Slavic languages developed late, not diverging from proto-Slavic until the beginning of the period of Slavic expansion from around 400 to 900 CE.
Slavic is not attested to until the missionaries Cyril and Methodi devised the Cyrillic alphabet in the ninth century CE.
Although a Baltic language is not attested to until the sixteenth century CE, historical and place-name evidence indicates a Baltic presence for well over a millenium. /faculty/jmstitt/Eng480/IndoEuropean/IEL7/IEL7.html   (183 words)

 Rus: An Early History
Slavic languages are a sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages.
It was in the 9th Century AD that individual Slavic languages (actually at that point dialects) began to emerge.
The total number of people who speak a Slavic language as their mother tongue is estimated at more than 300+ million, the vast majority of whom live in Russia, Belorus & Ukraine. /article.cfm/18592/106869   (577 words)

 Proto-Balto-Slavic -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
Proto-Balto-Slavic is a hypothetical language from which the (additional info and facts about Baltic) Baltic and (A branch of the Indo European family of language) Slavic languages emerged.
The actual existence of such a Proto-Balto-Slavic language is fiercely debated, but the linguists who support it seem to outnumber those who refute it.
There is also a contemporary hypothesis that proposes the Slavic languages developed from the Baltic languages. /encyclopedia/p/pr/proto-balto-slavic2.htm   (80 words)

 The codex of Suprasl, the 11th century - the oldest example of the proto-slavic language.: UNESCO-CI
It was written in the Old Church Slavic language with the Cyrillic alphabet.
It is the oldest example of the Slavic writting culture in Poland and one of the oldest of its kind in the world.
The codex was written in one of the monasteries near Preslaw, the capital of former Bulgar state. /ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=11530&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html   (170 words)

 SLOVIO - voprosis - frequently asked questions - faq
And because "f" is new to Slavic languages it is also relatively rare in Slavic words, and that's why the use of the endings "-f" and "-uf" leads to the least confusion and misunderstanding.
However many Slavic words have variants of the same word with and without these sounds, and we feel that overuse of these sounds leads to reduced clarity of the language.
Esperanto was created by a Polish and Russian speaker, who had taken a lot of his inspiration from Slavic languages. /1/faq   (1894 words)

 Nordic or not? - Stormfront White Nationalist Community
The original Proto-Slavic language, being Aryan, must have been at some distant date imposed by Nordics on the Alpines, but its development into the present Slavic tongues was chiefly the work of Alpines.
The medieval relation of these Slavic tribes to the dominant Teuton, is well expressed in the meaning slave-which has been attached to their name in western languages.
There are, however, many indications in current history which point to a great development of civilization in the Slavic branches of this race, and the world must be prepared to face, as one of the results of the present war, a great industrial and cultural expansion in Russia, perhaps based on military power. /forum/showthread.php?p=1863368   (5408 words)

 Prussian, an Aboriginal A-language
Slavic's special native cognate lexical ties with Albanian (which does not have this dative plural -m-) which suggest the southernmost position for Pre-Slavic, that is, the one farthest from Pre-Germanic, give that impression.
Specialists believe that with respect to centum versus satem the centum languages with reflexes of k, g, gh as opposed to those of k*, g*, g*h* of the satem ones are more conservative and are, at the same time, geographically peripheral.
As for Germanic, a language usually lumped together simplistically with Celtic, Italic, and Greek as Western Centum Indo-European, there is no internal evidence whatever for long and short o separate from long and short § in its earliest stages. /1989/89_4_04.htm   (3617 words)

 Exploratorium Magazine: Language: page 2
There are, however, no written records of the languages ancestral to the Germanic or Slavic languages, so these two languages — which must have existed no less than Latin — are called Proto-Germanic and Proto-Slavic, respectively.
Here similarities among certain languages in the word for "hand" allow us to readily identify not only the Romance family (Spanish, Italian, Rumanian), but also the Slavic family (Russian, Polish, Serbo-Croatian) and the Germanic family (English, Danish, German).
A language family, such as the Romance family, is a group of languages that have all evolved from a single earlier language, in this case Latin. /exploring/language/language_article2.html   (284 words)

 Semantic Histories: Multitude
Its place in proto-Slavic is guaranteed by the broad analogy of tolpa in the varied modern Slavic languages that must have branched from this common parent such as the Belorussian tolpa, the Czech tlupa and tlum, and the Polish tlum, all of which carry the semantic meaning of some gathered body of people.
Etymologically, the origins of tolpa reach back at least as far as the postulated proto-Slavic language (which existed without leaving written traces) and perhaps further into Indo-European.
A similar root is found in the neighboring Baltic languages, but a semantic shift is already quite obvious, as seen in the Lithuanian talpá (capacity, volume) or telpú, tilpau, and tilpti (to be located, to enter) and the Latvian talpa (place, location) or tìlpt, telpu, tilptsu, tilpu (to be located, to enter, to reach). /group/shl/Crowds/hist/tolpa.htm   (1215 words)

 Language Evolution
Linguists have reconstructed other "Proto" languages for other language families.
The relationships among the Germanic languages are often obvious, and linguists have reconstructed what they call Proto-Germanic:
By examining the oldest examples of modern and classical languages such as Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit, linguists have been able to reconstruct an educated guess as to what the language of these ancient people was like. /~cgboeree/langevol.html   (1512 words)

 Exploratorium Magazine: Language: page3
In other words, a language that existed long before Latin, Proto-Germanic, or Proto-Slavic first differentiated into these three languages and then they, in turn, diversified into the modern languages of each family.
In fact, similarities among language families such as Romance, Germanic, and Slavic have the same meaning as similarities among languages in any one family — they imply that these three families are branches of an even more ancient family.
The Indo-European family has, in fact, thirteen branches; in addition to Romance, Germanic, and Slavic, there are also Baltic, Celtic, Iranian, Indic, Tocharian, Anatolian, and three single languages that are by themselves separate branches of the family: Armenian, Greek, and Albanian. /exploring/language/language_article3.html   (454 words)

 Russian Translation and Localization Services- English to Russian, Russian to English. Russian Translators.
One of the five top spoken languages in the world-–the larger four are Chinese, English, Hindi and Spanish-Russian belongs to the East Slavic group in Indo-European family.
Languages closest to Russian are Ukrainian and Byelorussian.
Slavonic did not have a written language until about the 9th century, when two brothers, Cyril and Methodius, of Constantinople origin, were sent to the Great Moravia (the largest and most powerful Slavonic state at that time) on a mission. /russian.htm   (1407 words)

 Slavs. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
There was presumably no one Proto-Slavic language, but rather a blending of tribal dialects that emerged as differentiated Slavic languages; the Slavs’ unifying medium is today chiefly that of language.
A large Slavic empire emerged at that time under the leadership of Moravia, but it was soon destroyed by the Magyars.
The ancestors of the Slavs were Neolithic tribes who occupied this territory a few centuries before the Christian era, and the similarities of these Proto-Slavs to the Proto-Balts has led to a theory of a Proto-Baltic Slav period (see Balts). /65/sl/Slavs.html   (724 words)

 Slavic Prosody - Cambridge University Press
Finally, she explores the implications of Slavic data for phonological theory, discussing sonority, skeletal structure, the representation of length and prominence, and language typology in some detail.
In Slavic Prosody Professor Bethin gives a coherent account of the Slavic languages at the time of their differentiation and relates these developments to issues in phonological theory.
First Professor Bethin argues that the syllable structure of Slavic changed before the fall of the jers and suggests that intrasyllabic and intersyllabic reorganisation in Late Common Slavic was far more significant for Slavic prosody than the loss of weak jers. /catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521591481   (172 words)

 Languages other than English:Linguistic Funland TESL/ESL/EFL/Language/Linguistics Links
In my area, the major languages taught at that level are Spanish, French, German, and Japanese, so I gathered together several resources in those languages for the purposes of the workshop.
As one language gained enough links to merit its own page, it was moved to a separate category of its own.
PURI Indonesian Language Plus offers a fruitful time of learning Bahasa Indonesia in Yogya while enjoying cultural experiences through homestay, cultural trips, and short courses of batik painting, cooking and dancing. /language.html   (1370 words)

 :: View topic - Phaistos Disk: a Slavonic key
In modern standard Slavic languages they would be Karakasidov, Filipov, Litoksov...etc. Now from the phonetic point of view, some Slavic people (for example Slovenians) and some Macedonian substandard dialect speakers pronounce the vocal "V" as English "W".
In the ancient Macedonian language the base of the noun cosmos is formed from the adjective kos (winding, slanted) and the noun mos (bridge) and it means kosmos that is a winding bridge and that's what the ancient Macedonian astronomers called the flock of stars from the Milky Way.
Luckily the librarian knew the proverb, which was used by Slavic scholars and authors of Balkans in the Medieval and New Age, writing it in the first line of their books. /forum/viewtopic.php?t=335   (3924 words)

 SLL 512: The History of the Russian Language
This course is an overview of the historical development of the Russian language, from its origins in Proto-Slavic, to the Modern Russian of the 20
A Reader in the History of the East Slavic Languages.
C. It is also an introduction to the science of historical change in language. /~pancheva/Sll512.05.htm   (438 words)

Old Prussian is also considered to be a close relative of the Proto-Slavic language, though in many ways similar to Sanskrit, Gothic, and Ancient Greek.
Prussians were originally a West Baltic tribe, of similar culture and language to that of Lithuanians or Latvians.
One of them is the Prussian language - long thought to be extinct, is now being reconstructed. /~wolf/prussia/lang.htm   (181 words)

 Uniqueness in the heart of Europe - Venetic culture
The fact that Germans still use the word Wenden (Venedi) when referring to their Slavic neighbours, confirms the link between the two names.
The official historical view of the arrival of Slovenians in the 6th century AD to their present territory between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea, must therefore be reconsidered.
Outstanding among them, spreading their influence to regions beyond their designated areas, were the Lausatian culture in central Europe, Hallstatt culture to the south, the Etruscan culture on the Apennine Peninsula and the Este culture between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps. /sloveniana/venetic_culture.htm   (701 words)

 The Soul of Poland in Modern Times
The Polish language, although Slavic, uses Latin characters and has a subtle and elegant palette of sound that make it of all the Slavic languages the most like French.
For the Czechs and the Poles, however, the matter was further complicated by the fact that, apart from the allure of French and German traditions, there was the overwhelming presence of a dominant Slavic culture as well: Russia.
Like many other intellectuals and artists who lived under the shadows of Germany and Russia, Szymanowski sensed that knowing only his native language was not enough. /dialogues_extensions/96_97season/3rd_concert/leon.cfm   (2065 words)

The Pannonian Slavic Dialect of the Common Slavic Proto-Language: The View from Old Hungarian
A survey of various theories regarding Slavic Pannonia is followed by a short excursus on Old Hungarian phonology and the methodologies employed to identify, and subsequently reconstruct, those Pannonian Slavic loanwords which are used to comprise a Pannonian Slavic sample lexicon.
This work seeks to shed light on the Common Slavic dialect map at its center in Pannonia (located in present-day Hungary) via an investigation of the Pannonian dialect’s loanwords into the Old Hungarian lexicon. /humnet/pies/IESV.html   (517 words)

 All Empires History Forum: The case for Veneti
It's interesting that some "kentum" influences on Slavic languages and pre-Germanic as well, lingustic researchers trace to possible neighbourhood of these groups to Veneti that would happened somewhere in the north-east shores of the Baltic Sea.
Unfortunatly, this little tribe, that apparently lived in parts of Istria, modern Slovenia and the part of Italian peninsula that took their name (Venice) of course, seems to be dragged into the recent developments of ethno-centric theories and of newly founded ethnogenesis myths constructed by people (where else?) in the Balkans.
This person, who is endorsed by the official Slovenian government nevertheless, by generous funding and by getting the highest national academic award of Slovenia, along with a group of Slovenes historians and archeologists and a handfull of non-Slovenians (all of them interconnected) are propagating a few rather funny theories: /forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=2076&PN=1   (2236 words)

 A new theory about the Trojan era
As for the Trojans, we don’t have evidence of their written language (thus far), but we do know that most of their allies were proto-Slavic speaking peoples related to them (Trojans) whose customs are surprisingly very similar to those of the modern Balkan Slavs.
The ancient Greek language (Attic) was less than 50% Indo-European and only 20% of Greek names and toponyms (aside the numerous Slavic ones) were Indo-European.
Other ancient Balkan peoples such as the Thracians, Paeonians, Dardanians, Veneti, Bryges, Illyrians, Minoans and people from Asia Minor such as the Lydians, Phrygians, Mysians and even Scythians and Sarmatians (Amazons) are also believed to be proto-Slavic speaking people. /html/articles/spevak/trojan_era.htm   (1572 words)

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