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Topic: Psychoactive

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In the News (Sun 18 Aug 19)

  Psychoactive Drugs: Scientific Facts on Psychoactive Drugs Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Substances
Psychoactive drugs are substances that can alter the consciousness, mood, and thoughts of those who use them.
Tobacco and alcohol in particular are major causes of death and disability in developed countries, and the impact of tobacco is expected to increase in other parts of the world.
A drug-dependent person may experience cravings for the drug and difficulty in controlling its consumption, suffer from withdrawal symptoms when use of the drug is reduced or discontinued, and need increasing doses of the drug to feel its effects (tolerance).
www.greenfacts.org /en/psychoactive-drugs/index.htm   (1433 words)

 Chapter 4, Other Experiential Approaches
Psychoactive medications are drugs that exert significant effects on mental functioning or behavior by altering the chemical makeup of the central nervous system.
Psychoactive medications are sometimes also used to treat other associated conditions that are not part of autism but are frequently seen in children with autism.
Psychoactive medication may be useful in some young children with autism who have severe behavioral problems that have not responded to behavioral techniques.
www.health.state.ny.us /community/infants_children/early_intervention/autism/ch4_pt5.htm   (4168 words)

 The Physician and Sportsmedicine: Psychoactive Drugs and Athletic Performance
The physiologic actions of psychoactive drugs and their use by high school and college athletes are discussed here.
Psychoactive drug use by high school and college athletes is extraordinarily common.
Primary care physicians must be mindful of both deliberate and unintentional psychoactive drug use among their young athletic patients and the potential for serious or life-threatening complications related to this use.
www.physsportsmed.com /issues/1997/01jan/schwenk.htm   (4121 words)

 APHA - American Journal of Public Health Editorials - Des Jarlais editorial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The present system for regulating psychoactive drug use in the United States clearly has many deficiencies, which is not surprising, given that the system originated prior to scientific understanding of the effects of drugs and often within contexts of intergroup cultural conflicts (i.e., racist stereotyping of certain forms of drug use within certain racial/ethnic groups).
Psychoactive drug use is strongly related to a large number of important health problems, including overdoses, psychoses, interpersonal violence, cardiovascular disease, and infectious diseases.
Psychoactive drug use can also alleviate symptoms of many psychological disorders, contribute to physical health, and, undoubtedly contribute to a sense of well-being for the very large numbers of drug users who control their drug use.
www.apha.org /journal/editorials/editdjar.htm   (2190 words)

 Issues of Psychoactive Democracy : SF Indymedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
There is a strong population of people in America, as well as the world, who known that psychoactive substance terrorism and oppression is the most frightening and necessary issue facing their lives and the practice of democracy; so write, collect the like minded, and bring it up as an issue where you can.
Usually psychoactive exposure is nonconsensual and many psychoactive substances pollute our water sources having the same psychoactive qualities and chemical structures as regent quality chloroform, ether, nitrous oxide, GHB, and PCP used so prevently as regent quality by psychics, government remote sensors, and drug culture.
Psychoactive substances are not Boolean but have measurable molarities of 2 weeks to forever in hair analysis, depending on the substance, but it effects psychic reception for months to years.
sf.indymedia.org /mail.php?id=103475   (3721 words)

 Psychoactive drugs Encyclopedia of Psychology - Find Articles
The role of psychoactive drugs, also called psychotherapeutic agents or psychotropic drugs, in the treatment of mental illness is dependent on the disorder for which they are prescribed.
For this reason, individuals who are prescribed psychoactive medication should inform their mental healthcare provider and any other prescribing doctor of all medications they are taking, and of any medical conditions they have not yet disclosed.
Certain psychoactive drugs are lethal in excessive doses, and therefore may not be a viable treatment option for patients at risk for suicide unless they can be dispensed in a controlled manner.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2699/is_0005/ai_2699000589   (846 words)

 Psychoactive Substances and Driving Disability: Epidemiological Roadside Survey in North-East Italy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
With the aim of highlighting the role of psychotropic substances (alcohol, drugs of abuse, psychoactive drugs) in causing road accidents, a survey based on clinical and chemico-toxicological analyses was carried out on car drivers in the Veneto region during the weekends of the three-month period June-August 1994.
The frequency and prevalence of alcohol and psychoactive substances in the driving population not involved in road accidents have never been investigated in Italy.
In the driving population examined, driving under the influence of alcohol and of psychoactive substances is an important problem.
www.druglibrary.org /SCHAFFER/Misc/driving/s27p8.htm   (1107 words)

 Psychoactive Substances and Violence
PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND VIOLENCE by Jeffrey A. Roth, Feb. 1994 ISSUES AND FINDINGS Discussed in the Research in Brief: The current status of research on the links connecting violence to alcohol and illegal psychoactive drugs, and evaluations of interventions to prevent violence related to these substances.
Key issues: Correlations between violence and psychoactive substances; the social, economic, cultural, psycho-social, neurobehavioral, and other factors that explain the correlations; and prevention strategies for reducing the violence associated with these substances.
In the case of alcohol, these hazards tend to be related to use, while for illegal psychoactive drugs they tend to be related to distribution and purchase.
www.lectlaw.com /files/drg06.htm   (4605 words)

 Psychoactive Substances and Violence
The links between violence and psychoactive substances involve broad social and economic forces, the settings in which people obtain and consume the substances, and biological processes that underlie all human behavior.
Of all psychoactive substances, alcohol is the only one whose consumption has been shown to commonly increase aggression.
Among alcohol abusers, those who also abuse other psychoactive substances, who are diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder, and whose parents have been diagnosed as alcohol abusers are at especially high risk of chronic violent behavior.
www.rism.org /isg/dlp/ganja/analyses/roth1.html   (5256 words)

 A Rationale for Psychoactive Gardening: Rebuilding Our Indigenous Relationship with Plants
It is important to understand that where there is genuine, mature, sustainable exploration of the psychoactive properties of plants, the user will generally evolve to having a relationship with the whole lifecycle of the plant, and not simply the gratuitous point of consumption.
In the future psychoactive plants will have their place one way or another, hopefully used in far more rich, mature and safe ways than that reckless recreational usage of powerful chemicals and draconian, fear-based government prohibitive policies.
It is not well understood today that for effective use of psychoactive plants, one should either be either under the guidance of a shaman or at least be actively pursuing a holistic relationship with the full cycle of each plants.
www.wilderdom.com /vignettes/PsychoactiveFarming.html   (1079 words)

 Psychoactive Mushrooms
There many different types of Psychoactive Mushrooms with a wide range of potency, but they are all ingested for their psylocybin/psylocin content.
Psychoactive Mushrooms are not considered physically or psychologically addictive.
Individuals taking MAOIs are far more sensitive to Psychoactive Mushrooms and should either reduce their dosage or not use mushrooms at all.
www.dartmouth.edu /~healthed/groups/dapa/otherdrugs/shrooms.html   (195 words)

 Psychoactive drug - Psychology Wiki - A Wikia wiki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior.
There is archaeological evidence of the use of psychoactive substances dating back at least 10,000 years, and historical evidence of cultural use over the past 5,000 years.
However, humanity remains bitterly divided regarding psychoactive drugs, and their value and use has long been an issue of major philosophical and moral contention, even to the point of war (the Opium Wars being a prime example of a war being fought over psychoactives).
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Psychotropic   (1104 words)

 1. What are psychoactive drugs and how much are they used?
This report draws on the explosive growth in knowledge in neuroscience in recent decades, which has transformed our understanding of the actions of psychoactive substances, and contributed new insights into why many people use psychoactive substances, and why some use them to the extent of causing themselves harm or of becoming dependent.
This report covers information on the global burden of substance use and dependence, including global statistics, individual and societal consequences of the acute and chronic use of psychoactive substances, and illustrates the pervasive effects of substance dependence throughout the world.
The effects of psychoactive substances on the brain, and how they promote the development of dependence is discussed, along with the genetic and environmental factors that may predispose or protect individuals from developing substance dependence.
www.greenfacts.org /en/psychoactive-drugs/l-3/1-drug-use.htm   (1064 words)

 A Chronology of Psychoactive Substance Use
Many Americans view the contemporary drug situation as a unique problem unlike any experienced before; in fact, the use of drugs or psychoactive substances seems to be an almost universal phenomenon which has long been a complex, often highly volatile social concern.
(1) An estimated 4,000 plants yield psychoactive substances, and about 60 of these drugs have been in constant use, somewhere in the world, throughout history--with cannabis, opium, coca, tea, coffee, tobacco, and alcohol predominating.
Today there are only a few isolated societies in which psychoactive substances are not used; Blum et al.
www.taima.org /en/psychoactive.htm   (9146 words)

 Stairway to Recovery: Glossary of Terms
Tolerance, induced by repeated administration of one psychoactive substance, that is manifested toward another substance to which the individual has not been recently exposed.
A planned interaction with an individual who may be dependent on one or more psychoactive substances, with the aim of making a full assessment, overcoming denial, interrupting drug-taking behavior, or inducing the individual to initiate treatment.The preferred technique is to present facts regarding psychoactive substance use in a caring, believable and understandable manner.
A state in which an increased dosage of a psychoactive substance is needed to produce a desired effect.
www.uphs.upenn.edu /addiction/berman/glossary   (865 words)

 Archival Description of the Treatment of Alcohol and Other Psychoactive Substance Use Disorders
Psychologists proficient in the treatment of alcohol and other psychoactive substance use disorders are able to provide services to individuals with different types of substance use problems and different levels of severity.
Assessment procedures include measures describing the pattern of substance use, problems associated with the use of the specific substance, the motives and expected outcomes of use, measures of addiction severity and substance dependency, as well as specific biological and behavioral observation methods.
One of the key issues that practitioner proficient in the treatment of alcohol and substance use disorders must address is the unwillingness of those with such problems to view their behavior as a problem or to seek treatment for their substance use.
www.apa.org /crsppp/alcohol.html   (1136 words)

 portland imc - 2001.08.29 - Issues of Psychoactive Democracy
This is an appeal to study psychoactive substances' proliferation of drug-fogged whales, intellectual welfare citizenship, chemical slavery and psychoactive substance terrorisms' influence on health and democratic process worldwide.
Jokes in the sixties and seventies, for those of you not born yet, were that MTBE, tetrachloride, and the like would 'turn-on and tune-in' the world as an upside to pollution caused cancer rates.
There is a strong population of people in America, as well as the world, who know that psychoactive substance terrorism and oppression is the most frightening and necessary issue facing their lives and the practice of democracy; so write, collect the like minded, and bring it up as an issue where you can.
portland.indymedia.org /en/2001/08/3242.shtml   (3696 words)

 Psychoactive Drugs - The Body
Psychoactive drugs don't affect the underlying causes of these disorders, but they can provide symptomatic relief to allow people to live more normal lives.
Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive drugs used to treat anxiety and insomnia.
Depression is thought to be caused by a reduction in the level of certain chemicals, called neurotransmitters, in the brain.
www.thebody.com /pinf/drugbkix.html   (868 words)

 Psychoactive Sacramentals: Essays on Entheogens and Religion
Immediately as we enter this book, we know that we are far from the world of pop culture and 60s nostalgia, and rather brought closer into contact with an age-old shamanic tradition that has continued, more or less underground, to the present day.
Part of the "underground" nature of psychoactive sacramentals is the esoteric nature of spirituality itself.
While the essays in Psychoactive Sacramentals stop short of such an outright claim that the political agenda is the operating principle in the case of governments vs. entheogens, one essay in the book makes the point strongly if indirectly, in reference to that branch of contemporary Christianity known as liberation theology.
www.alternativeculture.com /books/entheogens.htm   (1176 words)

 Psychoactive cannabis in Japan
We have researched the evidence and conclude that most likely, both non-psychoactive and psychoactive cannabis were available before 1948.
The bowls of kiseru pipes are much smaller than for western tobacco pipes, which is consistent with the fact that a psychoactive dose of cannabis is from 1/2 to 1/10 the weight of a tobacco cigarette.
Psychoactive strains exist particularly in Southern China, near Vietnam and Thailand.
www.taima.org /en/thc.htm   (1671 words)

 Psychoactive   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Buy your psychoactive lettuce opium were passed psychoactive in psychoactive toxicity psychoactive between consciousness and buyer surveillance.
It is the place of human subjects the psychoactive adequacy of protection federal regulations cfr and subject and.
Psychoactive no data on the national botanical gardenbotanical garden of this cactus.
psychoactive.tbh-singles.net   (747 words)

 BioMed Central | Full text | Fatal injuries while under the influence of psychoactive drugs: a cross-sectional ...
Fatal injuries under the influence of psychoactive drugs are defined as cases where the fatal injury was not directly caused by poisoning, but by other means, e.g.
In England, the coroner whose primary function is to determine the circumstances and cause of death investigates deaths from non-natural causes, or sudden deaths.
While the influence of drugs and alcohol on injury occurrence is well documented [3,7,8,18,19], little is known about the facilitative role of psychoactive drugs in fatal intentional and unintentional injuries, especially the role of drug-drug and alcohol-drug interactions.
www.biomedcentral.com /1471-2458/6/148   (4600 words)

 The Science of Psychoactive Drugs
Alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, marijuana, Prozac, tranquilizers, LSD, St John's Wort, cocaine: all of these are "psychoactive drugs." Yet some are illegal, some are legal, some toxic, and some medicinal.
In this course you will learn about the history, social contexts, and the biological actions of all of the important psychoactive drugs currently in use around the world.
You will leave this course with an increased awareness of psychoactive drugs in all their aspects, and with a sharpened ability to filter, analyze, and understand the profusion of information and misinformation that surrounds these agents.
www.indiana.edu /~ifs/about/martin.html   (415 words)

 Psychoactive drug - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Many of these substances (especially the stimulants and depressants) can be habit-forming, causing chemical dependency and may lead to substance abuse.
A surprising number of animals consume different psychoactive plants and animals, berries and even fermented fruit, clearly becoming intoxicated.
There are many ways in which psychoactive drugs can affect the brain (see neuropsychopharmacology).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Psychoactive   (1107 words)

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