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Topic: Psychotic


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  Psychosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For example, people experiencing a psychotic episode in the context of depression may experience persecutory or self-blaming delusions or hallucinations, whilst people experiencing a psychotic episode in the context of mania may form grandiose delusions or have an experience of deep religious significance.
Psychotic hallucinations may occur in any of the five senses and take on almost any form, which may include simple sensations (such as lights, colours, tastes, smells) to more meaningful experiences such as seeing and interacting with fully formed animals and people, hearing voices and complex tactile sensations.
Patients who are undergoing a brief psychotic episode may have many of the same symptoms as a person who is psychotic as a result of (for example) schizophrenia, and this fact has been used to support the notion that psychosis is primarily a breakdown in some specific biological system in the brain.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Psychotic   (3016 words)

  
 Brief Psychotic Episode
Patients who experience an acute psychotic episode lasting longer than one day but less than one month and that may or may not immediately follow an important life stress or a pregnancy (with postpartum onset).
The disturbance is not better accounted for by a Mood Disorder With Psychotic Features, Schizoaffective Disorder, or Schizophrenia and is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition.
A brief psychotic episode is usually triggered by a traumatic event such as a death, assault, or rape.
www.psychnet-uk.com /dsm_iv/brief_psychotic_episode.htm   (533 words)

  
 Robert Maxwell Young: Psychotic Anxieties in Groups   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Psychotics were 'out of contact with reality' for much or all of the time.
The psychotic anxieties in question involve splitting and projective identification and are characteristic of the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, now as group processes (p.457).
After canvassing the literature on psychotic anxieties and reflecting on it and my own personal, clinical and political experience, I am left with a daunting sense of the power of the inner world and an awesome awareness of how very deep, primitive, abiding and alarming its nether regions are.
www.psychematters.com /papers/young.htm   (8341 words)

  
 NCADI: Assessment and Treatment of Patients With Coexisting Mental Illness and Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Psychotic symptoms are often a feature of organic mental disorders, mood disorders, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, delusional (paranoid) disorder, brief reactive psychosis, induced psychotic disorder, and atypical psychosis.
Psychotic symptoms induced by stimulant intoxication are unusual when stimulants are used in low doses and for brief periods.
While Martha's psychotic episode was related to overwhelming stress, her alcohol use might be underemphasized in a traditional mental health setting.
www.health.org /govpubs/BKD134/9i.aspx   (9043 words)

  
 Definition of Psychotic illness   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Persons experiencing a psychotic episode may experience hallucinations (often auditory or visual hallucinations), hold paranoid or delusional beliefs, experience personality changes and exhibit disorganized thinking (see thought disorder).
This is sometimes accompanied by features such as a lack of insight into the unusual or bizarre nature of their behavior, difficulties with social interaction and impairments in carrying out the activities of daily living.
It should also be distinguished from the state of delirium, in that a psychotic individual may be able to perform actions that require a high level of intellectual effort in clear consciousness.
www.wordiq.com /definition/Psychotic_illness   (2880 words)

  
 Psychotic microepisode   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Dr Psychotic Cartoons, humor dictionary, jokes, and more organized in a unique wacky, zany, and crazy theme centered on a good vs. evil struggle between Dr. Psychotic and Captain Goggle.
Treatment of Psychotic Major Depression: The Stanford Algorithm Project An algorithm used to increase the consistency of appropriate treatment of psychotic major depression disorder.
Guardian Unlimited Books: All Families are Psychotic Excerpt from the first chapter of the novel.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Psychotic_microepisode.html   (202 words)

  
 RU-486 may dramatically relieve psychotic depression : 11/00
In psychotic depression, the natural feedback loop involving cortisol is thought to be awry, with sustained levels of the hormone creating a chronic stress reaction.
In a preliminary trial, five psychotically depressed patients were treated with mifepristone and four showed marked improvement within about four days.
Volunteers who feel they may qualify for the study as depressed or psychotically depressed individuals and are interested in participating should contact the Depression Research Clinic at (650) 725-4620 for an initial over-the-phone assessment.
news-service.stanford.edu /news/2000/november8/ru486-1108.html   (814 words)

  
 THE MERCK MANUAL OF GERIATRICS, Ch. 36, Psychotic Disorders
Identifying psychotic behavior in patients with behavior disorders is discussed in Ch.
Health care practitioners (physicians, psychiatric nurses, and mental health social workers) caring for the elderly patient with a psychotic disorder must establish a trusting and supportive relationship.
The new, atypical antipsychotic drugs (eg, risperidone, olanzapine) are preferred for the agitated or suspicious elderly patient primarily because these drugs have fewer adverse effects (including fewer extrapyramidal adverse effects) compared with conventional antipsychotics (eg, haloperidol, thioridazine).
www.merck.com /pubs/mm_geriatrics/sec4/ch36.htm   (1406 words)

  
 Delirium and Psychotic Symptoms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It is recognized that psychotic phenomena, such as irrational thinking and speech, and abnormal psychological experiences, such as hallucinations and bizarre delusions, are a common feature of delirium [2].
We suggest that delirium may be a much commoner cause of psychotic symptoms in psychiatry than is generally acknowledged; even in the ‘functional psychoses’ such as schizophrenia, mania and depression, where delirium was traditionally considered to be excluded by definition.
Assuming that delirium is indeed responsible for psychotic symptoms in many patients with acute pscyhosis, it is interesting to speculate what proportion of the clinical benefit of neuroleptic and other tranquilizing drugs (such as lorazepam) currently used in the management of acute psychosis might be attributable simply to their sleep-promoting effects.
www.hedweb.com /bgcharlton/delirium.html   (2152 words)

  
 Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic disorders are mental disorders in which the personality is seriously disorganized and a person's contact with reality is impaired.
If someone has a psychotic disorder, it is quite likely that another member of his/her immediate or extended family also has had a psychotic disorder.
Although some patients with psychotic disorders can be treated as outpatients, acutely disorganized people with psychoses frequently need hospitalization in order to be stabilized.
www.athealth.com /Consumer/disorders/Psychotic.html   (627 words)

  
 LookSmart - Search results for "psychotic depression"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The drugs, known as atypical antipsychotics, are used to treat a variety of mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, dementia, psychotic depression, autism and developmental...
They concluded that lithium augmentation was the treatment of choice in non-responding psychotic depression inpatients with bipolar illness, but ECT was indicated in non-responding unipolar patients...
The whole of modern neo-Kraepelinian diagnostic practice in schizophrenia, mania and 'psychotic depression' therefore hangs upon the validity of the clinical exclusion of delirium [6].
www.looksmart.com /r_search?l&pin=011121x2de76f8e168debe7bd1&key=psychotic+depression&skip=135&se=0,0,9,300&search=us302562   (477 words)

  
 PSYCHOTIC ANXIETIES ARE NORMAL   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
I have known all along about the normality and ubiquity of psychotic anxieties, but I am beginning to be able to afford to realise it and to reflect upon some of the consequences of the omnipresence of these primitive, unconscious phantasies for life, culture politics and the theory of knowledge.
In Bion's writings on schizophrenia an ambiguity remained as to whether or not the psychotic part of the personality is ubiquitous or only present in schizophrenics, but Meltzer concludes his exposition of Bion's schizophrenia papers by referring to the existence of these phenomena in
After canvassing the literature on psychotic anxieties and reflecting on it and my own personal and clinical experience, I am left with a daunting sense of the power of the inner world and an awesome awareness of how very deep, primitive, abiding and alarming its nether regions are.
www.shef.ac.uk /uni/academic/N-Q/psysc/staff/rmyoung/papers/paper21h.html   (7107 words)

  
 Psychotic Youth bio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Psychotic Youth, for years one of Scandinavia's premier garage-punk band, finally called it quits in '99 with Stereoids, their final album.
After changing the name to the Psychotic Youth and recording a flexi disc for Jörgen's fanzine Straight from the Grooveyard, multi-instrumentalist Gunnar Frick from Örnsköldsvik (yet another small town in the area) is brought in as a organ-player in the autumn of 1985.
A show is booked to end the career, and as the band once started out in a car factory in the north of Sweden in the town of Kramfors, the band plays their last ever gig on June 25th (midsummers eave) 1999 on the Hoga Kusten Festival in Kramfors to an enthusiastic crowd.
www.bomp.com /PsychoticYouth.html   (2684 words)

  
 Brief Psychotic Disorder - New Treatments, October 2, 2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Brief psychotic disorder is characterized by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech or behavior.
The brief psychotic disorder is not caused by a mood disorder with psychotic features, substance abuse, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, or other medical condition.
Psychotic symptoms are usually of short duration (several days).
www.ccspublishing.com /journals2a/brief_psychotic_disorder.htm   (141 words)

  
 Fluoxetine as monotherapy in psychosis
Four (4) inpatients with a diagnosis of psychotic depression (major depressive disorder with psychotic features) according to DSM - IV criteria, were treated with fluoxetine as monotherapy.
A rapid and satisfactory response with resolution of the acute episode was observed in three cases with maintenance of the same results after one month post-hospitalization; the other one required a greater dose and time of administration and likewise with complete resolution of the episode.
Psychotic (delusional) depression is a severe form of affective disorder characterized by delusions and/or hallucinations accompanying an episode of major depressive disorder.
www.priory.com /fluox.htm   (2836 words)

  
 Psychotic Disorders - types of mental illnesses from MedicineNet.com
Substance-induced psychotic disorder: This condition is caused by the use of or withdrawal from some substances, such as alcohol and crack cocaine, that may cause hallucinations, delusions or confused speech.
Psychotic disorder due to a medical condition: Hallucinations, delusions or other symptoms may be the result of another illness that affects brain function, such as a head injury or brain tumor.
Some psychotic disorders tend to run in families, suggesting that the tendency, or likelihood, to develop the disorder may be inherited.
www.medicinenet.com /psychotic_disorders/article.htm   (873 words)

  
 Psychosis - Glossary of Symptoms and Mental Illnesses Affecting Teenagers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Psychotic disorders include severe mental disorders which are characterized by extreme impairment of a person's ability to think clearly, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, understand reality, and behave appropriately.
Psychotic symptoms can be seen in teenagers with a number of serious mental illnesses, such as depression, bi-polar disorder (manic-depression), schizophrenia, and with some forms of drug and alcohol abuse.
Psychotic symptoms interfere with a person’s daily functioning and can be quite debilitating.
www.aacap.org /about/glossary/Psychos.htm   (193 words)

  
 LookSmart - Search results for "psychotic depression"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
For example, I indicates that the indescribable zyprexa psychotic depression planed an escape from...
Psychotic Depression Approximately 15 percent of people who suffer from major depression also show symptoms of psychotic depression.
With psychotic depression, children are more likely to report hallucinations.
www.looksmart.com /r_search?l&pin=011121x2de76f8e168debe7bd1&key=psychotic+depression&skip=90&se=0,0,9,300&search=us302562   (479 words)

  
 Psychotic depression : olanzapine ( Zyprexa )
Since olanzapine may have antidepressant effects in addition to its antipsychotic properties, the purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of olanzapine in the treatment of psychotic depression.
METHOD: Hospitalized patients with the discharge diagnosis of DSM-IV psychotic depression (major depression with psychotic features or bipolar I disorder, depressed phase...with psychotic features) who had been treated with olanzapine during the first 9 months of its availability in the United States were identified.
RESULTS: Fifteen psychotic depression patients (10 women, 5 men), aged 36.9 +/- 10.1 years, who were treated with olanzapine were retrospectively compared with 15 psychotic depression patients (10 women, 5 men), aged 35.0 +/- 8.2 years, treated with other antipsychotics.
www.psychopharmacology.net /olanzapine.htm   (360 words)

  
 Psychotic Youth Reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
For a band who has remained a steadfast underground craze, Sweden's Psychotic Youth are definitely the most pop-inspired hard rock band to come down the pike.
Psychotic Youth strikes the perfect balance of power pop hooks and garage noise in their jackknife punk assault.
Psychotic Youth has been playing the traps for more than ten years now and had a U.S. record as far back as the '80s.
www.bomp.com /4075Press.html   (803 words)

  
 Corticosteroid antagonists for psychotic depressio
So the psychotic depressive is left between a rock and a hard place, with no real truly good treatment available.
Maybe in the future psychotic depressives would be able to bypass conventional neurolpetics, instead using steroid antagonists combined with an antidepressant.
Major depressive disorder with psychotic features (psychotic depression) is frequently associated with high levels in the blood of a hormone called cortisol.
www.dr-bob.org /babble/20021006/msgs/122929.html   (424 words)

  
 Schizophrenia Daily News Blog: Discerning Transient Psychotic Disorder From Schizophrenia
One of the differences between schizophrenia and transient psychotic disorder that was found in a recent study was a lack of deterioration in general functioning for those only having a transient psychotic disorder.
Researchers in Germany observed over a 7 to 12 year period that those experiencing an acute and transient psychotic disorder were more likely to function well when off medication than those suffering from schizophrenia.
At the end of the study 31% with acute or transient psychosis able to function fine without medication and had "longitudinally stable remission" whereas none of the participants with schizophrenia were yet at that point.
www.schizophrenia.com /sznews/archives/002404.html   (418 words)

  
 New Scientist Breaking News - Psychotic symptoms more likely with cannabis
Using marijuana in adolescence and early adulthood increases the likelihood of psychotic symptoms in later life, a new study suggests.
Up to a third of people develop signs of psychosis at some point during their lives and several studies have already linked cannabis use with psychotic symptoms.
But it is often difficult to decipher whether cannabis is directly involved with the triggering psychotic symptoms - such as hearing voices and paranoia - or whether people with mental health problems are more likely to “self medicate” and use cannabis.
www.newscientist.com /article.ns?id=dn6745   (416 words)

  
 Definition of Psychotic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Thomas Szasz has focused on the social implications of labelling people as psychotic, a label which he argues unjustly medicalises different views of reality so such unorthodox people can be controlled by society.
The two major sources of evidence given to support this theory are that dopamine blocking drugs (i.e.
Johns LC, van Os J. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieveanddb=PubMedandlist_uids=11702510anddopt=Abstract) The continuity of psychotic experiences in the general population.
www.wordiq.com /definition/Psychotic   (2879 words)

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