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Topic: Ptolemaic Period of Egypt

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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  Egypt - The Ptolemaic Period
The dynasty Ptolemy founded in Egypt was known as the line of Ptolemaic pharaohs and endured until the suicide of Cleopatra in 30 B.C., at which time direct Roman control was instituted.
Egypt was their basis of power, their granary, and the source of their wealth.
Her main preoccupations were to preserve the independence of Egypt, to extend its territory if possible, and to secure the throne for her children.
countrystudies.us /egypt/13.htm   (433 words)

 Ptolemaic dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC.
Ptolemaic queens, some of whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice.
The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ptolemaic_dynasty   (672 words)

 The Two Lands: Archaic Egypt
Of all the kings of Egypt, Narmer is among the most legendary; for according to Egyptians, he united the two parts of Egypt and became the first king of the Two Lands, Upper and Lower Egypt.
The symbol of this unification are the two crowns of Egypt, the white crown (Upper Egypt) and the red crown (Lower Egypt); these crowns would be combined to form the single crown of the king.
The early kings of Archaic Egypt had to yearly prove that they were physically capable of ruling Egypt in a festival called the Sed ("slaughter," "slaying") festival.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/EGYPT/TWOLANDS.HTM   (688 words)

 The Jewish Community of Egypt
In 624, Egypt was occupied by the Moslems.
In 1171, Egypt was occupied by the Ayyubids.
The modern period of Egypt began with the ascent of Mehmet Ali (1805).
www.bh.org.il /Communities/Archive/egypt.asp   (1070 words)

The Ptolemaic period sometimes also includes what is known as the Macedonian Period, which includes the reigns of Alexander the Great, his half brother Philip Arrhidaeus, and his son Alexander IV.
Ptolemaic rule did not remain popular, and there were revolts in the area of Thebes in 208-186 BC and 88-86 BC.
During the Ptolemaic period and the subsequent Roman period, Alexandria was a thriving and cosmopolitan city, and by the mid-first century BC had a population of around half a million, including substantial numbers of Greeks and Jews.
www.egyptologyonline.com /ptolemies.htm   (645 words)

 Alexandra O'Brien, PHD proposal, Egyptian women in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, papyrology, Egypt, Demotic, Greek, Roman, ...
The evidence suggests that the latter was not the case, at least not in the Ptolemaic period.
Pomeroy's work is focused on the Ptolemaic period, and the term "Hellenistic" is used by her in reference to persons who operated within a Greek speaking milieu who regarded themselves as Greek (as opposed to Egyptian) and is so used here.
In Egypt, if one is to look at Egyptian society as a whole, and not only that operating in the Greek speaking milieu, there could not be a question of "release of land to ownership by women" because women had always been able to own land.
oi.uchicago.edu /OI/DEPT/RA/OBRIEN_DISSPROP_TEXT.HTML   (4712 words)

 AllRefer.com - Egypt - The Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and Second Intermediate Period, 2686 to 1552 B.C. | Egyptian ...
The Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and Second Intermediate Period, 2686 to 1552 B.C. Historians have given the name "kingdom" to those periods in Egyptian history when the central government was strong, the country was unified, and there was an orderly succession of pharaohs.
These periods are known as "intermediate periods." The Old Kingdom and the Middle Kingdom together represent an important single phase in Egyptian political and cultural development.
The political and economic system of Egypt developed around the concept of a god incarnate who was believed through his magical powers to control the Nile flood for the benefit of the nation.
reference.allrefer.com /country-guide-study/egypt/egypt14.html   (921 words)

 [No title]
Unlike earlier periods, this period is imperialistic enabled by new modes of warfare introduced into Egypt by the Hyksos.
Queen Hatshepsut is one of the rulers of the XVIII Dynasty.
671 BCE: Egypt - Egypt is conquered by the Assyrians.
eawc.evansville.edu /chronology/egpage.htm   (667 words)

 Egypt: Rulers, Kings and Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt: Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XIII
Cleopatra was born in 69 BC in Alexandria, Egypt.
She was married to her younger brother Ptolemy XIII when he was twelve, however she soon dropped his name from any official documents regardless of the Ptolemaic insistence that the male presence be first among co-rulers.
Between 51 and 49 BC, Egypt was suffering from bad harvests and famine because of a drought which stopped the much needed Nile flooding.
interoz.com /egypt/cleopatr.htm   (2922 words)

 Egypt - Egypt Art
The late period was a period of deterioration.
Egypt was now ruled from two separate capitals, one in the north and one in the south.
The Old Kingdom is the period when the pyramids were built and when the Pharaohs consolidated both their image as gods...
www.huntfor.com /arthistory/ancient/egypt.htm   (1033 words)

 Ancient Egypt Ptolemaic Period
After Alexander's death due to malarial fever in 323 B.C., the Macedonian commander in Egypt, Ptolemy, who as the son of Lagos, one of Alexander's seven bodyguards, managed to secure for himself the satrapy (provincial governorship) of ancient Egypt.
During the early ancient Egypt Ptolemaic period, the culture was exclusively Greek.
Greek was the language of the court, the army, and the administration.
www.travel-to-egypt.net /ancient-egypt-ptolemaic-period.html   (619 words)

 Virtual Egyptian - Tall bronze Osiris, Ptolemaic Period
This large bronze figurine of the god Osiris was most probably created during the Ptolemaic Period, a time when the great Egyptian civilization was finally coming to an end, a time when craftsmanship ranged from sublime to slipshod, a time when Egyptian traditions seemed maintained through habit and repetition more than conviction.
One of Egypt’s principal gods, Osiris was thought to rule over Duat (the Egyptian underworld), and sit in judgement of the life and deeds of the deceased, determining their chances for eternal rest: he was the ‘king of the dead’.
Ions (1968:54) hypothesizes that the cult of Osiris was originally brought to Egypt by Syrians (probably in predynastic times) as they settled in the delta town of Busiris, where the god Andjety was the dominant local god.
www.virtual-egyptian-museum.org /Collection/Content/MET.XL.00848.html   (1737 words)

 Ancient History of Egypt(Egypt's Tourism Net)
Egypt was divided and ruled by the 9th and 10th Dynasties from Herakleopolis in MIDDLE EGYPT and from THEBES in the south.
During this period Egypt maintained control over the fertile crescent in Palestine and Syria and went into extensive commercial and political contacts with states in the Aegean, Near East, and North Africa.
The Late period was on the whole a period of decline.
www.tourism.egnet.net /culture/ancient_hist1.htm   (966 words)

 Roman Egypt - History for Kids!
When Julius Caesar visited Egypt, the Ptolemaic (Greek) queen of Egypt, Cleopatra, begged him to help her fight a civil war against her teenaged brother and husband, Ptolemy.
When Julius Caesar was assassinated in Rome in 44 BC, Cleopatra returned to Egypt with another Roman leader, Mark Anthony (who was also her boyfriend).
Egypt After the Pharaohs: 332 BC-AD 642: from Alexander to the Arab Conquest, by Alan Bowman (1996).
www.historyforkids.org /learn/egypt/history/romans.htm   (510 words)

 Detail Page
During his brief stay in Egypt Alexander founded the new city of Alexandria, lying on the west mouth of the Nile and the Mediterranean coast.
His empire was now divided between his generals, and the Macedonian general in charge of troops in Egypt, Ptolemy, son of Lagos, became satrap of Egypt first under Philip Arrhidaeus, Alexander's half brother, and then under his son, Alexander IV.
Ptolemy I was determined to establish himself as a regenerator of Egypt and to ensure the succession within his own family.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=HLAE0011   (1438 words)

 Egypt: History - Ptolemaic Dynasty
It was under the Ptolemaic Dynasty that Alexandria truly became the cultural and economic center of the ancient world.
Egypt was ruled from Alexandria by Ptolemy's descendants until the death of
This was quite literally a golden age for the citizens of Alexandria, and for Egypt as a whole.
www.touregypt.net /alexhis1.htm   (1779 words)

 Egypt, 1000 B.C.-1 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Owing to many factors, including the rise of conquering empires in western Asia and the northern Mediterranean, Egypt experiences greater involvement in an increasingly interrelated world, and by the end of the millennium is integrated into the Roman Empire dominating the Mediterranean arena.
This period is a time of competing power bases with gradual fragmentation into smaller political units, Many of these political entities have their origins in Libyan groups settled in the Delta region in the late
The Ptolemaic court itself is emphatically Greek in atmosphere and practice and adopts the god Sarapis, a Greek version of the Egyptian Osiris-Apris, as a religious focus.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/04/afe/ht04afe.htm   (469 words)

 *** The House of Ptolemy: Ptolemaic Egypt and its Culture ***
This image of a Ptolemaic (300-100 BCE) limestone relief represents one of the great queens of the Ptolemaic Period, Arsinoe II, who was a strong-minded and influential ruler with her brother/husband Ptolemy II.
Egypt, the kingdom of the Ptolomies had two vulnerable spots: the trade route from the north over the Mediteranean, and another one from the north-east through the Sinai.
--- Archaeology 201: Egypt and the Ptolemaic Dynasty
www.houseofptolemy.org /housecul.htm   (4672 words)

 Egypt: In Depth : History : Macedonian & Ptolemaic Period | Frommers.com
His campaign against the Persians undermined their power in Egypt, and by 332 he had chased them out, and added the country to his vast Hellenistic empire.
Cleopatra was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes, and controlled Egypt from 47 B.C. until 30 B.C. from Alexandria.
Although things were harmonious between Egypt and Rome for a while, Mark Anthony eventually clashed with Caesar's successor Octavian and went to war with him with help from Egypt.
www.frommers.com /destinations/egypt/0398030168.html   (277 words)

 Ancient Artifacts & Treasures - Egyptian Artifacts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Egypt 21st Dynasty 1069-945 BC, 4-1/4 inch x 1-3/4 inch.
The panel is only a portion of the entire panel, but is in very good condition with most of the paint intact.
This piece, which is lighter and better than the picture, measures 81mm x 38mm (3.2in x 1.5in) and has a design of two heart shaped leaves with a border of light Xs.
www.mcintosh55.com /artifacts/AEgypt.html   (1068 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Pharaonic Egypt was ruled by a "king," as was Ptolemaic Egypt, and the Egyptian ideal of succession for the kingship was from father to son.
Women who ruled independently as king were unusual in Pharaonic and Ptolemaic Egypt, but this did occur, most often in times of uncertainty over succession; the best-known examples are Hatshepsut (from the 18th Dynasty) and Cleopatra VII (from the Ptolemaic period).
Even after Egypt was no longer governed by a resident ruler, images of women in power came to Egypt from Rome through representations, especially those on coins.
www.umich.edu /~kelseydb/Exhibits/WomenandGender/power.html   (407 words)

Ptolemaic Egypt was one of the greatest superpowers of Hellenistic East.
King of Egypt as Basileus in late summer or autumn 306 and as pharaoh between 7 November 305 and the 10 July 304 BC.
In 34 BC Antonius confirmed Kleoptara’s royal power as queen of Egypt and Cyprus and accepted Ptolemy XV Caesarion which was evident politic attack against Octavian who did not recognize the son of Caesar.
www.narmer.pl /dyn/33en.htm   (3862 words)

 Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt: 332 BC-395 AD
After its death, the empire divided among his most powerful generals, and Egypt came under the control of the general, Philip Arrhidaeus, and then Alexander IV, and finally Ptolemy I.    Ptolemy I began a new dynasty in Egypt, the last in history, the Thirty-second Dynasty.
Like the Egyptians, the Ptolemaic kings married their sisters, who were all named Cleopatra ("kleos"="famous", "patris"="parents").
In fact, the word "Egypt" is a Greek word (the Egyptian word is "Kmt" or Kemet).
www.wsu.edu /~dee/EGYPT/PTOLEMY.HTM   (531 words)

 Open Directory - Society: History: By Time Period: Ancient: Africa: Egypt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Abzu: Egypt - Index of resources for the study of ancient Egypt by Charles E. Jones, The Research Archives of the Oriental Institute, Chicago.
Lost Egypt - Essay on "Photography and the Early Documentation of Egyptian Monuments" and 30 photographic images of the Nile Valley at the turn of the 20th century; from the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
Ptolemaic Coins and Hoards - Presents methods of attribution of Ptolemaic coins and applies these to determine the dates of coins in the "Coinex Hoard" (180-170 BCE).
dmoz.org /Society/History/By_Time_Period/Ancient/Africa/Egypt   (2261 words)

 Cleveland Museum of Art - Our Collections
Egypt, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, 1391-1353 bc
Egypt, Thebes, late Dynasty 21 or early Dynasty 22, 959-909 bc
Egypt, Thebes, tomb of Mentuemhat, late Dynasty 25-early Dynasty 26, 670-650 bc
www.clemusart.com /museum/collect/egypt/index.html   (144 words)

 Middle East Institute: The George Camp Keiser Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In the Pre-Islamic period, one of the traditions was that of the mu'allaquat (literally "the hangings").
During the Ptolemaic period, Alexandria, Egypt, was the radiant center for the development and spread of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean.
At a period of history when the scientific and philosophical heritage of the ancient world was about to be lost, Islamic scholars stepped in to preserve that heritage from destruction.
www.mideasti.org /indepth/islam/civilization.html   (4744 words)

 Egyptian Mummy
Linens were wrapped around the body to protect it from moisture, bind the spirit to the mortal body, and confine the deceased to the world of the dead.
During the Ptolemaic Period (300 - 30 BC), middle-class funerary practices included a mask and body plates made from cartonnage, plaster-soaked linen, which rested on the mummy.
The miniature scene painted on the breast plate shows the deceased lying on a table with the head of a lion.
www.washington.edu /burkemuseum/RR/EM/em5.htm   (142 words)

 ARTH708- Assignments   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Herodotus and Egypt: take on Egypt; his agenda; what he stresses; what is right and what is wrong about what he says from what we see in Egyptian art and texts
Isis outside of Egypt: beginnings of Alexandrian cult; how it spread; why it spread; different kinds of objects, style of objects that refer to the cult in Greece and Rome
Kim Levin, "The Male Figure in Egyptian and Greek Sculpture on the Seventh and Sixth Centuries B.C.," AJA 68 (1964) 13-28.
www.arthistory-archaeology.umd.edu /arthfac/mvenit/Egyptomania/syllabus.htm   (306 words)

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