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Topic: Public Land Survey System


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In the News (Tue 2 Sep 14)

  
  Public Land Survey System - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is a method used in the United States to survey and identify land parcels, particularly for titles and deeds of rural, wild or undeveloped land.
The metes-and-bounds system was used to describe a town of a generally rectangular shape, 4 to 6 miles (6 to 10 km) on a side.
The system is in use in some capacity in most states, but not in Hawaii and Texas or any of the territory under the jurisdiction of the Thirteen Colonies at the time of indepedence, with the exception of the area that became the Northwest Territory and some of the Southern states.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Public_Land_Survey_System   (2612 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Public Land Survey System
The early surveying, particularly in Ohio, was performed with more speed than care, with the result that many of oldest townships and sections vary considerably from their nominal shape and area.
This system of land subdivision was begun by French settlers in the 1700s, according to typical French practice at the time and was continued by both the Spanish and by the American government after the acquisition of the Louisiana Purchase.
The Land Ordinance of 1785 which provided for the systematic survey and monumentation of public domain lands, and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 which established a rectangular survey system designed to facilitate the transfer of Federal lands to private citizens, were the beginning of the PLSS.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Public-Land-Survey-System   (520 words)

  
 SCO Web: Public Land Survey System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Today almost all land transactions in the 30 western-most states are described with this section, township, and range system.
The position of a PLSS corner, a corner of a township or a corner of one of it's 36 sections, is defined by the original monument, and whether or not it's placement was mathematically correct.
PLSS corner remonumentation efforts have stepped up in recent years as the demand for accurate cadastral maps has increased with the implementation of Wisconsin's land records modernization activities.
feature.geography.wisc.edu /sco/surveying/plss.php   (945 words)

  
 Public Land Survey System Documentation
Survey areas in Ohio are unique in that various reference systems and subdivision schemes were used and a mix of public and private surveys exist.
Where survey lines are not shown on the map for reasons other than coincidence with another feature (most commonly in areas where there was insufficient evidence to map the survey lines, or in the vicinity of water bodies), the area is required to be closed off with a line when a section number is shown.
Survey lines may be missing on the map because there was insufficient evidence on the ground to complete the grid, because the survey lines were interrupted by a waterbody that was segregated from the public domain, or because the area was not surveyed.
www.fws.gov /data/gisconv/plss.html   (4777 words)

  
 Tutorial on PLSS Descriptions: Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
When the land was first surveyed in Wisconsin, it was divided into a grid as shown in Figure 1.
Each grid cell represents approximately 36 square miles (the measurements were not always precise due to the instruments the surveyors were using, among other limitations).
This grid system is known as the Public Land Survey System (PLSS).
www.dnr.state.wi.us /org/land/forestry/Private/PLSSTut/plsstut1.htm   (186 words)

  
 States of the Public Land Survey System - LandSurveyor.US
In most cases duplicate copies are on file in Washington, D.C. The Director of the Bureau of Land Management has administrative authority in questions relating to the remaining public land in those States, including resurvey and the extension of surveys to include parcels of public land omitted from the official surveys.
The plats of mineral patent surveys of South Dakota are filed in the Montana State Office of the Bureau of Land Management at Billings, Montana, and the necessary mineral surveys are directed from that office.
Included with lands acquired under the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, with lands annexed with Texas in 1845, with lands included in the Oregon Territory, title to which was established in 1846, and with lands ceded by Mexico in 1848; admitted into the Union July 10, 1890 (26 Stat.
www.landsurveyor.us /learn_g1b.htm   (1285 words)

  
 SCO Web: PLSS Introduction
The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) has a profound affect on how society operates in Wisconsin; however, it is such an underlying factor that most of us are unaware of it on a daily basis.
The PLSS is the fundamental way that almost all of the state's land was first systematically marked, divided, and described, and remains the basis for that real property today.
Grid-like layout of public roadways, common especially in flatter rural areas that don't have a high concentration of lakes or wetlands, is highly reflective of PLSS boundary lines.
sco.wisc.edu /plss/index.php   (467 words)

  
 Public Land Survey System of the United States
The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is a way of subdividing and describing land in the United States.
All lands in the public domain are subject to subdivision by this rectangular system of surveys.
The PLSS is a rectangular survey system that typically divides the land into 6-mile square townships, which are further subdivided into 1-mile square sections.
www.nationalatlas.gov /MLD/plss00p.html   (361 words)

  
 The Public Land Survey System (PLSS)
A typical French arpent land division is 2 to 4 arpents wide along the river by 40 to 60 arpents deep, while the Spanish arpent land divisions tend to be 6 to 8 arpents wide by 40 arpents deep.
Under Congressional mandate, cadastral surveys (surveys of the boundaries of land parcels) of public lands were undertaken to create parcels suitable for disposal by the Government.
Land Grant—A land grant is an area of land to which title was conferred by a predecessor government and confirmed by the U.S Government after the territory in which it is situated was acquired by the United States.
www.nationalatlas.gov /articles/boundaries/a_plss.html   (1631 words)

  
 KGS Pub. Inf. Circ. 20--Part 1 of 5   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In this system, land is surveyed in a north-south, east-west rectangular grid and divided into townships that are generally 6 miles on a side and contain 36 sections that are each about 1 mile square and contain 640 acres.
The first land to be surveyed under the 1785 ordinance was in southeastern Ohio, adjacent to the western boundary of Pennsylvania.
He was instructed to survey the parallel of 40° North latitude, as a baseline for the survey, from the Missouri River westward for a distance of 108 miles, or 18 townships, where the initial point of the Sixth Principal Meridian was to be established (fig.
www.kgs.ku.edu /Publications/pic20/pic20_1.html   (510 words)

  
 What - Public Land Survey System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
When the United States government opened its western land (the "public domain") for sale to settlers and for lease for grazing and timbering, the government used the rectangular system of land surveys.
The land was surveyed and marked by durable monuments into an orderly arrangement of squares, all according to rigidly standardized directions from the government.
Third, when most of the public lands were surveyed into townships and sections, surveying instruments (calculators, computers, electronic distance meters, and satellites) were non existent.
www.blm.gov /eso/kids_new/what/pages/plss.html   (431 words)

  
 Appenix 3.11-A -- Background Information on the Public Land Survey System
All lands in the public domain are subject to subdivision by a rectangular system of surveys called the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), established and regulated by the Bureau of Land Management.
Data describing the PLSS is required by Federal surface and mineral management agencies, as well as any organization concerned with land ownership in the 30 western States that were formed from the public domain.
Public land surveys in Ohio are identified by the survey name.
www.geog.umn.edu /faculty/squires/research/pls.htm   (3465 words)

  
 Rectangular Survey System - BLM GLO Records   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Township identifies a major subdivision of the public lands under the rectangular system of surveys.
Using the rectangular system of survey, lands were divided into Townships containing 6 square miles.
Without the use of Fractional Sections, Blocks, or Lots (in the case of uneven parcels of land), Aliquot Parts were used to represent the exact subdivision of the section of land.
www.glorecords.blm.gov /visitors/PLSS.asp   (423 words)

  
 Pima County DOT - Survey in Pima County
The Navajo survey district is relatively small comprising the northeast corner of Arizona and the northwest corner of New Mexico.
The townships of a survey district are numbered meridionally into ranges and latitudinally into tiers with respect to the principal meridian and the baseline of the survey district.
The principal meridian of the Gila and Salt River survey district divides Pima County.
www.dot.co.pima.az.us /gis/survey   (635 words)

  
 PLSS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The PLSS uses a rectangular grid system of baselines and principal meridians running parallel and are defined on the ground instead of on a map.
Eash six-mile square is labeled by a township, which is numbered north or south of the baseline and by a range, which is numbered east or west of the prime meridian.
The reslut of this surveying system can be seen in the fields, land ownerships, settlement, and road patterns.
maps.unomaha.edu /Peterson/carta/Notes/PubLand/ALARCON.HTML   (314 words)

  
 www.resurvey.org
This includes, as in the original survey, a field note record of the retracement data, observations, measurements and monuments descriptive of the work performed, and a plat that represents such resurvey, all subject to the approval of the directing authority.
In an independent resurvey it is necessary to preserve the boundaries of those lands patented by legal subdivisions of the sections of the original survey which are not identical with the corresponding legal subdivisions of the sections of the independent resurvey.
The Public Land Survey System, which was first proposed by Thomas Jefferson and enacted into law by the Land Ordinance of 1785, forms the backbone of the Nation's land surveys.
www.resurvey.org   (485 words)

  
 lect23 USPLSS
One should be familiar with the system for land ownership reasons and because of the tremendous imprint it has left on the natural landscape.
The PLSS provided a straightforward method for cadastral surveying and land identification for millions of settlers and avoided many of the disputes inherent to metes and bounds systems.
The portion of the country surveyed by the PLSS reflects the superimposed grid on the landscape.
www.utexas.edu /depts/grg/huebner/grg312/lect23.html   (1340 words)

  
 Public Access to the Alaska Public Land Survey System:
Alaska's PLSS data provides the foundation for ownership records, legal boundaries described in statutes and conveyance documents, parcel based platting systems for land records within state and municipal jurisdictions, and the geo-referencing of many government permitting systems.
Invariably, land and resource managers (federal, state, local, private, and non-profit) depend upon PLSS boundary delineations to decipher and solve ownership, land use, permitting, and administration problems.
The publication of this effort in a CD format will simplify access for users and provide a medium which is easily shared between both Unix and PC environments.
agdc.usgs.gov /info/awards   (2208 words)

  
 Pulblic Land Survey System
Although the geographic, UTM, state plane, and PLSS coordinate systems are the most common, there are other coordinate systems in use today.
The PLSS system differs from the coordinate systems described above in that it is more descriptive, and relies less on absolute measurements of location.
These areas are called sections and are numbered within a township from the upper right to the lower right in an alternating manner (1 to 6 are numbered from right to left, 7 to 12 from left to right, etc.).
geology.isu.edu /geostac/Field_Exercise/topomaps/plss.htm   (426 words)

  
 Public Land Survey System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The public land survey system is most often used on topographic maps published in the United States and has its roots in the early surveys of North America in the 1700s.
The PLS system differs from the coordinate systems described above in that it is more descriptive and relies less on absolute measurements of location.
In each state (with the exception of the original thirteen and some states in the southwest that were originally surveyed based on Spanish land grant boundaries) early surveyors established a principle meridian running north-south, and a base line running east-west.
www.cs.nmsu.edu /~jbj/index_auxil/idaho_virtual_campus/plss.htm   (428 words)

  
 PUBLIC LAND SURVEY SYSTEM (FRIPL) Front Range Infrastructure Resources Project Demonstration Area
The Public Land Surveys data set was generated for the Front Range Infrastructure Resources (FRIR) Project as a base cartographic layer.
The attribution for the PLSS data was verified for consistency throughout the demo project area.
The Land Survey System (PLSS) and other special surveys within, and exclusions within, and exclusions from, public domain lands are shown on USGS quadrangle maps.
rockyweb.cr.usgs.gov /frontrange/NMD/data/fripl.html   (998 words)

  
 The Public Land Survey System
The rectangular survey system was enacted by the Land Ordinance Act of 1785.  Now known as the Public Land Survey System, this system divided the western lands into grid-shaped townships and sections. ; Surveyed land was sold by the government, providing important revenue for the cash-starved nation.
Previous to the Public Land Survey System, land was surveyed using a confusing landmark-based system called metes and bounds.
The earliest land surveys in Minnesota were conducted under the jurisdiction of the Surveyor General of Iowa and Wisconsin, headquartered in Dubuque, Iowa.  These surveys, completed between 1848 and May 1857 were primarily on land located between the St. Croix and Mississippi rivers or in the southeastern corner of Minnesota. 
www.gis.state.mn.us /GLO/History.htm   (224 words)

  
 Legal Land Descriptions in Federal Township and Range Syste m   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the Southern United States in the State-Land s tates, land is surveyed in the indescriminate metes a nd bounds system, not the federal township-range system.
The metes and boun ds survey system uses natural land features, such as trees and streams, as well as neighboring land owners, along with distances to describe plots of land.
Constructing a map and identifying the location of a tract in the township-range system is much easier than in the metes-bounds system used in many of the older states.
www.outfitters.com /genealogy/land/twprange.html   (453 words)

  
 Development of a Statewide Public Land Survey System
The PLSS is the underlying legal framework for land ownership and land ownership records in the State of Nebraska.
In Nebraska, the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) (townships and sections) is the legal framework for determining land ownership boundaries.
Because land ownership information is needed for a wide range of activities in state, local and federal government agencies and in the private sector, there is an increasing need and demand for accurate information on the coordinate locations of PLSS corners.
www.calmit.unl.edu /gis/PLSS_pilot.htm   (6193 words)

  
 ยท Public Land Survey System (PLSS) -- Perry Leavell
Land Use/Land Cover from the water management districts was discussed and it was decided that standards between the different districts should be handled internally within those organizations.
The classification system contains both the land use (which tends to be an economic or structural function) and the land cover (which can be ecological in many cases).
These are land use codes and do not contain information about natural systems or land cover.
www.cfgis.org /GIS_Files/Misc/Report_on_September_17_2002_Standards_Breakout_Sessions.htm   (1421 words)

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