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Topic: Pulmonary oedema


  
  Pulmonary edema - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pulmonary edema is swelling and/or fluid accumulation in the lungs.
Pulmonary edema is generally suspected due to findings in the medical history and physical examination: end-inspiratory crackles during auscultation (listening to the breathing through a stethoscope) can be due to pulmonary edema.
Pulmonary edema is either due to direct damage to the tissue or as a result of inadequate functioning of the heart or circulatory system.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pulmonary_oedema   (240 words)

  
 p000818f - Pulmonary Edema - Xray Diagnosis
Pulmonary edema with chronic pulmonary embolism manifests as sharply demarcated areas of increased ground-glass attenuation.
Postreduction pulmonary edema manifests as mild airspace consolidation involving the ipsilateral lung, whereas pulmonary edema due to air embolism initially demonstrates interstitial edema followed by bilateral, peripheral alveolar areas of increased opacity that predominate at the lung bases.
Using the clinical diagnosis of each type of pulmonary oedema as the "gold standard", sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for the chest radiographic scoring system in pulmonary oedema of cardiac origin were 46, 84 and 75%, respectively.
www.emory.edu /WHSCL/grady/amreport/litsrch00/p000818f.html   (530 words)

  
 WSAVA 2001 - Dyspnoea and Coughing in Small Animal Practice
Pulmonary oedema is most likely to be a result of left atrial hypertension brought about by left sided heart disease.
Less commonly, pulmonary overperfusion or increased permeability of the pulmonary vasculature may be the underlying mechanism.
Although most primary pulmonary tumours are malignant, metastases are not common in the early phases of the disease; consequently, complete surgical removal provides an opportunity for a significant postoperative period of remission.
www.vin.com /VINDBPub/SearchPB/Proceedings/PR05000/PR00198.htm   (1091 words)

  
 s000818f - Pulmonary Edema - Xray Diagnosis
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility of radiographic quantification of pulmonary edema on the supine plain chest radiograph and to correlate the radiographic appearance of edema with the clinical assessment and treatment of pulmonary edema.
Hydrostatic and increased permeability edemas were distinguished by means of the ratio of pulmonary edema fluid protein to plasma protein concentration and clinical and hemodynamic data.
In 12 patients the pulmonary edema seen on portable chest roentgenograms was given a score (0 to 390 points), which was then compared with a determination of extravascular lung water using the thermal-dye indicator dilution technique.
www.emory.edu /WHSCL/grady/amreport/litsrch00/s000818f.html   (2917 words)

  
 TRAUMA.ORG: Thoracic Trauma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Pulmonary contusion is an injury to lung parenchyma, leading to oedema and blood collecting in alveolar spaces and loss of normal lung structure and function.
Pulmonary contusions occur in approximately 20% of blunt trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score over 15, and it is the most common chest injury in children.
The complications of pulmonary contusion are ARDS, as mentioned, and respiratory failure, atelectasis and pneumonia.
www.trauma.org /thoracic/CHESTcontusion.html   (763 words)

  
 Sumer's Radiology Site: 10/24/2004 - 10/30/2004
The oedema is due to changes in hydrostatic forces in the capillaries, to increased capillary permeability or to impaired lymphatic drainage.
Transudative pulmonary oedema is due to increased hydrostatic pressure or, rarely, due to decreased oncotic pressure across a functioning capillary membrane.
Cardiogenic pulmonary oedema is a consequence of elevated left-sided pressure which may result from left ventricular dysfunction, mitral valve disease, left atrial disease or, rarely, pulmonary venous obstruction.
sumerdoc.blogspot.com /2004_10_24_sumerdoc_archive.html   (2652 words)

  
 At the heart of pulmonary oedema -- Chinet 544 (2): 335 -- The Journal of Physiology Online
Pulmonary oedema is a common pathological state that results from increased transvascular pressure gradients, as in cardiogenic oedema, or increases in the microvascular permeability to solutes, as in acute lung injuries (Flick 1994).
The most frequent form of pulmonary oedema encountered clinically is cardiogenic oedema, which is caused by ischaemic, valvular or congenital heart disease and other dilated myocardiopathies.
Two important features of cardiogenic pulmonary oedema are that the fluid that fills the alveolar spaces is considered to be a low-protein filtrate of plasma and the epithelial barrier appears to be functionally intact.
jp.physoc.org /cgi/content/full/544/2/335   (1148 words)

  
 Reports of Mortality - Cardiac Failure & Acute Pulmonary Oedema   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Naloxone induced pulmonary oedema is an extremely rare complication with reports citing doses as small as 0.04-0.08mg.
Subsequent to this case Council has considered several non fatal reports of acute pulmonary oedema in healthy young patients, associated with the administration of small doses of naloxone in the presence of respiratory obstruction.
Pethidine 100mg was administered in the ward followed by respiratory arrest, acute pulmonary oedema and death from cardiac failure.
www.health.vic.gov.au /vccamm/5threp/cardiac.html   (513 words)

  
 FIGS - Online Information article about FIGS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Base line -6o mm -4o mm -somm it is difficult to determine whether a rise of pressure in the pulmonary artery is induced really by constriction of the pulmonary system, or by changes in the output of the heart; hence different observers have reached conflicting conclusions.
chief factors which influence the pulmonary circulation are: (1) the force and output of the right ventricle; (2) the diastolic filling action of the left auricle and ventricle; (3) the diameter of the pulmonary capillaries, which varies with the respiratory expansion of the lungs; (4) the intrathoracic pressure.
Thus it is evident that inspiration, by increasing the calibre of the pulmonary vessels, draws blood into the lungs, and the movements of the lungs become an effective force in carrying on the pulmonary circulation.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /FAT_FLA/FIGS.html   (8381 words)

  
 Pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the lungs, usually because the heart's left ventricle does not pump adequately.
Pulmonary edema is a common complication of heart disorders, and most cases of the condition are associated with heart failure.
Sometimes pulmonary artery catheterization is performed to confirm that the patient has pulmonary edema and not a disease with similar symptoms (called adult respiratory distress syndrome or "noncardiogenic pulmonary edema").
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/pulmonary_edema.jsp   (1021 words)

  
 Pulmonary oedema, 6-71   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The expression of oedema in the lungs is related to the underlying structure and haemodynamics.
This is the rational explanation for the observation that interstitial oedema, septal lines or Kerley 'B' lines are found at the margins of the chest, laterally in the PA view and front or back in a lateral projection.
As elsewhere, the development of a pattern of oedema depends on the a combination of some or all of the disease processes that may affect heart, major vessel, basement membranes and lung interstitium.
myweb.lsbu.ac.uk /~dirt/museum/p6-71.html   (690 words)

  
 Acute pulmonary oedema complicating polyethylene glycol intestinal lavage -- Wong and Briars 87 (6): 537 -- Archives of ...
Acute pulmonary oedema complicating polyethylene glycol intestinal lavage -- Wong and Briars 87 (6): 537 -- Archives of Disease in Childhood
Acute pulmonary oedema complicating polyethylene glycol intestinal lavage
Pulmonary aspiration and pulmonary oedema is an important complication
adc.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/87/6/537   (506 words)

  
 Virtual Naval Hospital: FM 8-9: NATO Handbook on the Medical Aspects of NBC Defensive Operations AMedP-6(B): Part III - ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
This is preceded by damage to the bronchiolar epitheliums, development of patchy areas of emphysema, partial atelectasis, and oedema of the perivascular connective tissue.
Oedema fluid, usually frothy, pours from the bronchi and may be seen escaping from the mouth and nostrils.
It is desirable that a casualty exposed to a lung-damaging agent be kept at rest until the danger of pulmonary oedema is past, but the operational situation may prevent this.
www.vnh.org /MedAspNBCDef/3ch4.htm   (1201 words)

  
 Mountain Sickness
Less common are the complaints of pulmonary and cerebral oedema.
Oedema (the build up of fluid in various parts of the body) is thought to be caused by a rapid ascent to altitude without allowing the body to acclimatise.
High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPE) is the gathering of fluid on the lungs.
www.maranguhotel.com /ie4/800x600/mtsick.html   (588 words)

  
 Pulmonary oedema and haemoptysis induced by strenuous swimming -- Weiler-Ravell et al. 311 (7001): 361 -- BMJ
Pulmonary oedema and haemoptysis induced by strenuous swimming -- Weiler-Ravell et al.
Pulmonary haemorrhage induced by exercise is well known in racehorses.
Cold-induced pulmonary oedema in scuba divers and swimmers and subsequent development of hypertension.
bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/311/7001/361   (825 words)

  
 Alveolar haemorrhage in a case of high altitude pulmonary oedema -- Grissom et al. 55 (2): 167 -- Thorax
A case of high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) in a climber who made a rapid ascent on Mt McKinley (Denali), Alaska is described.
Pulmonary edema due to increased microvascular permeability to fluid and protein.
Pathogenesis of high altitude pulmonary oedema: direct evidence of stress failure of pulmonary capillaries.
thorax.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/55/2/167   (1785 words)

  
 Heart failure: pulmonary blood flow, vascular pedicle width and pulmonary oedema can helped distinguish it from ARDS ...
Half of patients with pulmonary oedema in intensive care units had heart failure.
Patients with inverted pulmonary blood flow were more likely to have heart failure (LR+14), and patients with patchy pulmonary oedema were less likely to have heart failure (LR+0.0).
pulmonary blood flow distribution: normal (lower lung fields predominate); balanced (equal in lower and upper lung fields); inverted (upper lung fields predominate) distribution of pulmonary oedema: even (homogeneous from chest wall to heart and obeys gravity); central (perihilar only); patchy (spares many areas and often displays air bronchograms)
www.eboncall.org /CATs/2941.htm   (338 words)

  
 eMJA: Hepatitis C-associated cryoglobulinaemia presenting with refractory hypertensive crisis and acute pulmonary oedema   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Acute pulmonary oedema is a well-known complication of severe hypertension,1 but, to our knowledge, has never been reported in association with mixed cryoglobulinaemia.
We report two patients with severe hypertension who presented with pulmonary oedema which was not controlled until cryoglobulinaemia was diagnosed and treated with plasmapheresis and methylprednisolone.
The hypertensive crisis and pulmonary oedema had abrupt onset, progressed rapidly to respiratory failure, were accompanied by nephrotic syndrome, and responded poorly to antihypertensive and diuretic therapy.
www.mja.com.au /public/issues/182_01_030105/lee10424_fm.html   (1972 words)

  
 Medical Aspects of high altitude mountaineering   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
A slow pace and copious fluid intake (unless oedema is suspected) reduce the severity of Altitude Sickness.
(Oedemas are the accumulation of liquid in a part of the body).
With Pulmonary Oedema, additional symptoms may be noticed - shortness of breath, even at rest, gurgling, bubbly sounds in the chest and sometimes watery blood-tinged sputum.
www.ewpnet.com /oedemas.htm   (536 words)

  
 Non-infectious pulmonary complications after bone marrow transplantation -- Khurshid and Anderson 78 (919): 257 -- ...
Pulmonary complications in lymphoma patients treated with high-dose therapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation.
The pulmonary complications of bone marrow transplantation in adults (clinical conference).
Pulmonary cytolytic thrombi: a newly recognized complication of stem cell transplantation.
pmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/78/919/257   (2845 words)

  
 Fulminant pulmonary oedema after administration of a balanced electrolyte polyethylene glycol solution -- Argent et al. ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Fulminant pulmonary oedema after administration of a balanced electrolyte polyethylene glycol solution -- Argent et al.
Fulminant pulmonary oedema after administration of a balanced electrolyte polyethylene glycol solution
The spectrum of pulmonary edema: differentiation of cardiogenic, intermediate, and noncardiogenic forms of pulmonary oedema.
adc.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/86/3/209   (373 words)

  
 Lesson of the week: Central venous air embolism causing pulmonary oedema mimicking left ventricular failure -- Fitchet ...
a cardiac cause of this patient's pulmonary oedema.
pulmonary oedema confirmed that this oedema occurs secondary to
In this case we were alerted to the venous air embolism by the echocardiographic detection of intracardiac air bubbles.
bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/316/7131/604   (1394 words)

  
 Choking Agents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Overall, phosgene increases the permeability of the "alveolar capillaries" thus causing pulmonary oedema.
In other words, oedema fluid pours from the bronchi into the lungs causing suffocation from a what can be seen as drowning in a frothy fl liquid.
If signs of a pulmonary oedema do not occur after twenty-four hours or they survive over forty-eight hours, the individual is out of the "fatal zone" most likely.
www.geocities.com /CapeCanaveral/Lab/4239/chemweapons/choking.html   (573 words)

  
 The role of non-invasive ventilation in the emergency department -- Wright 18 (5): 413 -- Emergency Medicine Journal
Treatment of severe cardiogenic pulmonary oedema with continuous positive airway pressure delivered by facemask.
Reappraisal of continuous positive airway pressure therapy in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: short-term results and long-term follow-up.
Effect of nasal CPAP on pulmonary oedema complicating acute myocardial infarction.
emj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/18/5/413   (443 words)

  
 Critical Care | Full text | Facial continuous positive airway pressure therapy for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a ...
Facial continuous positive airway pressure therapy for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a study to assess its efficacy in an emergency department setting within the UK Facial continuous positive airway pressure therapy for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: a study to assess its efficacy in an emergency department setting within the UK Read, C
Recent studies outside the UK suggest that patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (CPO) may benefit from the application of facial continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support in emergency departments.
The aim of this pilot study was to assess the impact of facial CPAP on patients with CPO within a UK emergency department and to determine the sample size needed for a definitive randomised controlled study.
ccforum.com /content/5/S1/P014   (421 words)

  
 Flash pulmonary oedema: accurate evaluation of the renal arteries with multislice computed tomography -- Morgan-Hughes ...
Flash pulmonary oedema: accurate evaluation of the renal arteries with multislice computed tomography -- Morgan-Hughes et al.
Flash pulmonary oedema is usually caused by severe, bilateral disease.
Prevention of recurrent pulmonary odema in patients with bilateral renovascular disease through renal artery stent placement.
heart.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/89/10/1251   (899 words)

  
 Fatal haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema and associated angioedema after the ingestion of rofecoxib -- Kumar et al. 78 ...
Fatal haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema and associated angioedema after the ingestion of rofecoxib -- Kumar et al.
Fatal haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema and associated angioedema after the ingestion of rofecoxib
oedema, six of tongue oedema, and 13 of urticaria associated
pmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/78/921/439   (946 words)

  
 PULMONARY CIRCULATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Pulmonary circulation is well illustrated with 132 figures, 43 tables and learning points highlighted at the end of each chapter.
All the important features of the pulmonary circulation are reviewed — genetics, cell biology, vascular remodelling, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary oedema, etc.
Readership: Clinical and non-clinical students, research workers, specialists in pulmonary and respiratory medicine, cardiology, intensive and critical care medicine.
www.worldscibooks.com /medsci/p227.html   (94 words)

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