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Topic: Pure Food and Drug Act


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In the News (Sun 18 Aug 19)

  
  History of the FDA
Food and drug law milestones from 1820 to the present.
Description of the evolution of the drug regulatory function at FDA from 1902 to the present, including an Index and a Timeline.
Describes the change from a food and drug law that was primarily a criminal statute to a law that is now dominantly preventive through informative regulations and premarket controls.
www.fda.gov /oc/history   (311 words)

  
  PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACTS,
The basic food and drug law in the U.S., the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, is a revision of the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906, which was enacted through the efforts of
Drug amendments passed in 1962 forced manufacturers, for the first time, to prove to the FDA the effectiveness, as well as the safety, of drugs before they were marketed.
The food additives amendment of 1958 required manufacturers to prove to the FDA the safety of additives before their use in foods.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?articleId=220047   (1157 words)

  
  Drug - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta
Drugs that must be prescribed by physicians and dispensed by pharmacists are known as ethical drugs.
Drugs that can be abused, such as the powerful narcotic heroin, are regulated by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) of the U.S. Department of Justice to ensure that they are not prescribed or sold illegally.
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was enacted in 1938 requiring that new drugs be safe for humans; however, it did not require that manufacturers prove their drugs’ effectiveness.
encarta.msn.com /text_761560993___22/Drug.html   (711 words)

  
 EH.Net Encyclopedia: History of Food and Drug Regulation in the United States
Food and drug regulation as we know it today in the United States had its roots in the late nineteenth century when state and local governments began to enact food and drug regulations in earnest.
General pure food and dairy laws that required producers to properly label their products to indicate whether mixtures or impurities were added were likely enacted to help reduce asymmetric information about product quality (Law 2003).
The Bureau of Chemistry was renamed the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration in 1927.
eh.net /encyclopedia/article/Law.Food.and.Drug.Regulation   (5423 words)

  
 FDA Consumer: The Long Struggle For The 1906 Law
The debate in 1886 between the defenders of a natural food and those of its alleged artificial substitute centered not only on matters of vested interest, but also pondered concerns about the public health, issues of governmental authority, and the myths in which were enshrined the meaning of the American experience.
All food and drink and most drugs entered the body through the mouth, and all were subject to similar adulterations.
Harvey W. Wiley came to be the leader of the "pure food crusade." A chemist and physician, State chemist of Indiana and professor at Purdue University, Wiley went to Washington in 1883 as chief chemist of the Department of Agriculture.
vm.cfsan.fda.gov /~lrd/history2.html   (2491 words)

  
 Pure Food and Drug Acts - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Pure Food and Drug Acts, general designation for laws designed to ensure the safety, proper labeling, and purity of foods, drugs, vaccines, devices,...
The FDA enforces the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, which...
Food and Drug Administration : pictures related to the FDA
encarta.msn.com /Pure_Food_and_Drug_Acts.html   (205 words)

  
 Erowid Psychoactive Law Vault : Pure Food and Drug Act
An Act For preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes.
That the term "drug," as used in this Act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease of either man or other animals.
The proceedings of such libel cases shall conform, as near as may be, to the proceedings in admiralty, except that either party may demand trial by jury of any issue of fact joined in any such case, and all such proceedings shall be at the suit of and in the name of the United States.
www.erowid.org /psychoactives/law/law_fed_pure_food_drug_act.shtml   (601 words)

  
 Duplication in Food Safety
While the American food supply is among the safest in the world, there are still too many Americans stricken by illness every year caused by the food they consume, and some, mostly the very young, elderly, and immune compromised, die every year as a result.
The genesis of the original Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 began with debates around substitute foods, such as margerine for butter, and the use of questionable "ingredients" or additives in foods, such as coal tar, borax, and colors.
Thus, the Pure Food and Drugs Act, as originally enacted, forbade adulteration and misbranding of foods in interstate commerce, placing the initial responsibility on the food industry to produce safe and wholesome food, with the government in effect policing the industry.
www.hhs.gov /asl/testify/t990804c.html   (4994 words)

  
 Mrs. Brown's Sad Story: A History of the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was during those years that physicians, consumer’s advocacy groups, and citizens told their pitiful stories of the horrors of burns, blindings, and death; and when the drug, food, and cosmetic lobbyists so successfully argued against passage of the Act that it took nearly 10 years to pass both houses of Congress.
The Pure Food and Drug Act prohibited the interstate commerce of foodstuffs and drugs which gave false claims of purity and quality.
A physician acted as spokesperson for the liniment and eventually lost his license and was expelled from the AMA for supporting fraud.
www.uac.arizona.edu /notes/classes/Alternmethod/Fdapap03.htm   (4523 words)

  
 FDA Consumer - The Story Of The Laws Behind The Labels: Part I, 1906--Food and Drugs Act
The Pure Food Movement -- a grass roots phenomenon that germinated in the 1870's -- was the original and principal source of political support for the Food and Drugs Act of 1906.
Strenuous opposition to Wiley's campaign for a Federal food and drug law came from whiskey distillers and the patent medicine firms, who were then the largest advertisers in the country.
The Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration was formed, to be renamed in 1931 as the Food and Drug Administration.
www.cfsan.fda.gov /~lrd/history1.html   (2418 words)

  
 Frozen Food and the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938   (Site not responding. Last check: )
For example, the American Frozen Foods Institute states that the first color magazine ad for frozen food was printed in the 1940's and that nearly 64% of retailers in 1950 carried frozen food.
Because this act applied to interstate commerce, many times food was shipped without labels until it entered the jurisdiction of the awaiting state ("Food and Drug Laws", Grolier Electronic Encyclopedia, 1993).
The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938 prohibits the distribution of impure foods, drugs or cosmetics in the United States.
www.otal.umd.edu /~vg/amst205.F97/vj15/project5.html   (992 words)

  
 Pure Food, the Press, and the Poison Squad (Copyright KcM 2001-2006)
And yet, the story of how the Pure Food and Drug Act obtained enough public support to secure its passage is a case study in the law of unintended consequences.
Of course, the battle for pure food is only half of the story, since the 1906 Act also helped bring an end to the flow of adulterated drugs in America, thus inhibiting the thriving turn-of-the-century industry of medical quackery.
Although Wiley made a number of public pronouncements in favor of regulating the trade and consumption of pharmaceuticals during the period in question, nevertheless, for the sake of brevity, food is the aim of this study.
www.kevincmurphy.com /harveywiley.htm   (413 words)

  
 USFL Module 5
Foods may be imported into the US so long as they meet the same standards as those foods which are produced domestically.
The difference is that foods produced in the US may be condemn only if they actually fail to meet the applicable standards, imported foods can be condemned if they appear to be adulterated or misbranded (there's those jurisdictional prerequisites again).
Foods which are intended for export from this country are not required to comply with the requirements of the FDCA.
www.msu.edu /~lawdoc/ANR-USFL/Mod6.htm   (1482 words)

  
 [No title]
That the term "drug," as used in this Act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease of either man or other animals.
The proceedings of such libel cases shall conform, as near as may be, to the proceedings in admiralty, except that either party may demand trial by jury of any issue of fact joined in any such case, and all such proceedings shall be at the suit of and in the name of the United States.
That this Act shall be in force and effect from and after the first day of January, nineteen hundred and seven.
www.etsu.edu /cas/history/docs/purefood.htm   (532 words)

  
 Pure Food and Drug Act
Amid a storm of public indignation, a Pure Food and Drug Act was passed on June 30, 1906.
Later amendments to the act also required that the quantity of each drug be truly stated on the label, and that the drugs meet official standards of identity and purity.
The efforts leading to the 1906 act, the act itself and subsequent amendments, and educational campaigns urging families not to use patent medicines containing opiates, no doubt helped curb the making of new addicts.
www.louisville.edu /a-s/english/haymarket/jasona/alvepurefood.html   (481 words)

  
 Pioneers for food safety
In the let-the-buyer-beware days before food companies were required to inform customers what's in the food they are selling, it was common to add embalming fluid to milk to stop curdling, cure hams with borax and heap teaspoons of aspirin in canned soup.
Suzanne Junod, a historian at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration who wrote her Emory University dissertation on Wiley and his poison squad experiments, said Wiley's experiments created a sensation at the time.
Wiley stated his intention with the poison squad was to "substantiate the deleterious effects of food preservatives" and didn't disguise his hope of getting the government to ban chemicals from food.
www.post-gazette.com /healthscience/20021230poisonsquadsc!2p2.asp   (603 words)

  
 Perspective: Food safety and security -- from 'The Jungle' to the plains
June 30, 2006, marks the 100-year anniversary of the adoption of the U.S. Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
Meat inspection acts in the 1890s provided for the inspection of animals for disease prior to slaughter, examination of carcasses for visible signs of disease, and even the microscopic inspection of pork.
Justin Kastner is an assistant professor of food safety and security in the department of diagnostic medicine/pathobiology at Kansas State University.
www.mediarelations.k-state.edu /WEB/News/NewsReleases/Kastner61206.html   (642 words)

  
 Chapter Three
This amendment did not improve drug products but encouraged pharmaceutical companied to be more vague in their advertisements.
The drug or substance has less of a potential for abuse than in I and II The drug or substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the US Abuse of the drug may lead to moderate or low dependence
The drug or substance has low potential for abuse relative to IV The drug or substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the US Abuse of the drug may lead to limited dependence relative to IV Federal Trafficking Penalties
www.clt.astate.edu /amooneyhan/Drug/chapterthree.htm   (458 words)

  
 Consumer's Union Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The 1906 act required that medicines containing opiates and certain other drugs must say so on their labels.2 Later amendments to the act also required that the quantity of each drug be truly stated on the label, and that the drugs meet official standards of identity and purity.
The efforts leading to the 1906 act, the act itself and subsequent amendments, and educational campaigns urging families not to use patent medicines containing opiates, no doubt helped curb the making of new addicts.
For those already addicted, however, the protection afforded by the 1906 act and by subsequent amendments was short-lived, for in 1914 Congress passed the Harrison Narcotic Act, which cut off altogether the supply of legal opiates to addicts.
www.drugsense.org /mcwilliams/www.marijuanamagazine.com/con7.htm   (419 words)

  
 Pure Food, the Press, and the Poison Squad (Copyright KcM 2001-2006)
As Wiley put it, “[p]ure food bills in the Senate had been regularly committed to the Committee on Manufactures, much as an infant would be left to starve in a barren room.”
Indeed, despite Wiley’s almost fanatical attempts to enthrone and preserve the science behind the poison squad experiments from the degradation of George Rothwell Brown’s acerbic pen, the final, victorious campaign in the battle for pure food was instigated not by a grim scientist at all, but by a former joke writer.
Despite the many contributions of scientific endeavor to the pure food battle, in the end it was a socialist endeavor -- and a work of literature rather than of science -- that finally yielded the necessary public impetus to ensure the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act.
www.kevincmurphy.com /harveywiley3.html   (762 words)

  
 Drugs Store - drugsstore.org Over 250 most popular medications review
Standards for drugs and tests for their identity, quality, and purity are given in the U.S. pharmacopoeia, first published in 1820 and at first revised every 10 years, later every 5 years.
Legislation to safeguard drug purchasers began in the United States with the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906; this was superseded by the more inclusive and more stringent federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.
Legal responses to drugs were profoundly influenced by the evolving interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, which, until the twentieth century, reserved to the states the police powers to regulate the health professions and drug availability.
www.drugsstore.org   (1733 words)

  
 Legislation on Pharmaceuticals: Brief timeline and notes
That the term "drug," as used in this Act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease of either man or other animals.
Requiring new drugs to be shown safe before marketing-starting a new system of drug regulation.
For the first time, drug manufacturers are required to prove to FDA the effectiveness of their products before marketing them.
www.uiowa.edu /~c016136/Readings/DrugLegislation.htm   (418 words)

  
  Pure food and drug act 1906.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 Judicial Branch
Food and Drug Administration Act of 1988 officially establishes FDA as an agency of the...
While the Food and Drug Administration is in the self-congratulatory throes of its 100th anniversary, leading independent experts on nutrition, food safety, and drug safety say the agency is failing to protect...
iso--top.info /pure_food_and_drug_act_1906   (1466 words)

  
 Food and Drugs Act 1906 - Almanac of Theodore Roosevelt
Food and Drugs Act 1906 - Almanac of Theodore Roosevelt
That the term "drug," as used in this Act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease of either man or other animals.
The proceedings of such libel cases shall conform, as near as may be, to the proceedings in admiralty, except that either party may demand trial by jury of any issue of fact joined in any such case, and all such proceedings shall be at the suit of and in the name of the United States.
www.theodore-roosevelt.com /fooddrugsact.html   (542 words)

  
 Why is Marijuana Illegal?
Pure Food and Drug Act is passed, forming the Food and Drug Administration.
Since drugs could not be outlawed at the federal level, the decision was made to use federal taxes as a way around the restriction.
In the Harrison Act, legal uses of opiates and cocaine were taxed (supposedly as a revenue need by the federal government, which is the only way it would hold up in the courts), and those who didn't follow the law found themselves in trouble with the treasury department.
blogs.salon.com /0002762/stories/2003/12/22/whyIsMarijuanaIllegal.html   (3698 words)

  
 FDAReview.org, a project of The Independent Institute
The Orphan Drug Act was created in an effort to reduce drug loss for "rare" diseases, which were defined as having fewer than two hundred thousand cases in the United States.
Prior to the act, it was not sufficient for a generic drug manufacturer to prove that its drug was bioequivalent to an approved drug.
The most important provisions of this act were the reauthorization of user fees for another five years and new inducements to drug manufacturers to conduct pediatric studies.
www.fdareview.org /history.shtml   (7237 words)

  
 FEDERAL FOOD AND DRUGS ACT OF 1906 (THE"WILEY ACT")
AN ACT To amend section eight of an Act entitled "An Act for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes," approved June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and six.
AN ACT TO amend section 8 of the Act entitled "An Act for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes," approved June 30,1906, as amended.
If the food is found to conform to the requirements of this Act, the applicant shall be authorized, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, to mark the food so as to indicate such conformity.
www.fda.gov /opacom/laws/wileyact.htm   (1373 words)

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