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Topic: Qin Empire

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  Qin Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Qin Dynasty (秦朝 Pinyin Qín, Wade-Giles Ch'in; 221 BC - 207 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China.
The unification of China 221 BC under the First Emperor (Qin Shi Huang) marked the beginning of imperial China, a period that lasted until the fall of the Qing Empire in 1912.
Qin aggrandizement was aided by frequent military expeditions pushing forward the frontiers in the north and south.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Qin_Empire   (1125 words)

 Encyclopedia: Qin Shi Huang
Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC-September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First Emperor.
Qin Shi Huang continued military expansion during his reign, annexing regions to the south (what is now Guangdong province was penetrated by Chinese armies for the first time) and fighting nomadic tribes to the north and northwest.
He explained the ultimate weakness of Qin as a result of its ruler's ruthless pursuit of power, the precise factor which had made it so powerful; for as Confucius had taught, the strength of a government ultimately is based on the support of the people and virtuous conduct of the ruler.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Qin-Shi-Huang   (8991 words)

 Qin (state) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Qin empire in 210 BC, during the Qin Dynasty.
Shang Yang became prime minister of the Qin under the rule of Duke Xiao and gradually began transforming the state into a vigorously regulated machine, the sole purpose of which was the elimination of all rivals.
Although it did indeed delay the Qin advance at the same time it failed to overstretch Qin resources and after the so-called Chengkuo Canal's completion in 246 BC all losses were recouped in addition to a vast surplus.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Qin_(state)   (1620 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: Economic History of Premodern China
Not surprisingly, the empire gradually expanded in all directions from its hub along the Yellow River in the north.
In this context, the success of the geographic expansion of the Chinese empire was at the same time a success in the growth of the Chinese agricultural sector.
This was highly compatible with the de facto village autonomy across the empire, as the imperial administration stopped at the county level (with a total number of roughly 1,000–1,500 such counties in all under the Qing).
eh.net /encyclopedia/?article=deng.china   (2734 words)

 EH.Net Encyclopedia: Economic History of Premodern China
There can be little doubt that the establishment of the Empire of China (to avoid the term of “the Chinese Empire" as it was not always an empire by and for the Chinese) served as a demarcation line in the history of the East Asian Mainland.
Moreover, although it unified China, the Qin was the worse-managed dynasty in the entire history of China: it crumbled after only fifteen years.
So, in essence, the expansion of the Chinese empire was the result of dynamics of the Chinese institutions characterized by a fiscal state and a landholding peasantry, as this pattern suited well with China’s landholding property rights and non-feudal equal-inheritance practice.
eh.net /encyclopedia/article/deng.china   (2734 words)

 All Empires - The Qin Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Qin was originally a small, backward state on the western fringes of the Zhou Empire.
Qin was backward in terms of culture, but it had a very strong and disciplined army which included chariots and a powerful cavalry force.
Qin power was at a high point after this victory, but a coalition of states managed to keep its power in check.
www.allempires.com /empires/qin/qin1.htm   (1120 words)

 5. China, 221 B.C.E.-589 C.E. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Qin also sought to standardize thought by ending the philosophical debates popular in the late Zhou, so as to forestall criticism of the Qin state and its tough policies.
Qin state and society were built on a strict brand of Legalism.
While the basic Qin bureaucratic structure was retained, Gaozu gave to his major supporters hereditary fiefs in the eastern half of the Han Empire, realizing that he could not maintain the Qin centralization and keep order.
www.bartleby.com /67/153.html   (987 words)

 The Warring States Period of Ancient China
Qin was not only not initially considered one of the contenders, it was not even considered fully Chinese.
The wars that occured were not generally ones due to diplomatic or territorial frictions among the seven states but instead were wars stemming from one state attempting to conquer and control all of the states.
The kingdom of Qin of the northwest finally conquered the southeastern kingdom of Chu in 223 BCE.
www2.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/warringstates.htm   (596 words)

 Qin Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The unification of China 221 BC under the First Emperor marked the beginning of imperial China, a period that lasted until the fall of the Qing Empire in 1912.
During the last trip with his second son Huhai (胡亥;) in 210 BC, Qin Shi Huang died suddenly at prefecture.
Note: (秦昭襄王) had already been ruling Qin for 51 years when Qin annihilated the Zhou Dynasty; however the other six warring states were still independent regimes.
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Qin_dynasty   (1116 words)

 Records of the Grand Historian: Qin Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
When he had thus pacified the empire, the First Emperor believed in his heart that, with the strength of his capital within the passes and his walls of metal extending 1,000 miles, he had established a rule that would be enjoyed by his sons and grandsons for 10,000 generations.
The Qin ruler, having annexed the lands of all the other feudal lords, faced south and called himself an emperor, proprietor of all within the four seas, and the gentlemen of the empire docilely bowed before the wind of his influence.
Qin put an end to the Warring States period and made itself ruler of the empire, but it did not change its ways or reform its system of government, which shows that the means employed to seize an empire differ from those needed to guard it.
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~mszonyi/280/280doc/Qin.html   (3342 words)

 Qin Dynasty -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Qin, which has a pronunciation similar to the English word "chin," is a possible origin of the word "China" (see (Click link for more info and facts about China in world languages) China in world languages).
The Qin Empire relied on the philosophy of (Strict conformity to the letter of the law rather than its spirit) legalism (with skillful advisors like (Click link for more info and facts about Han Fei) Han Fei and (Click link for more info and facts about Li Si) Li Si).
Historiographers thus used the next year (the 52nd year of King Zhaoxiang of Qin) as the official continuation from (The imperial dynasty of China from 1122 to 221 BC; notable for the rise of Confucianism and Taoism) Zhou Dynasty.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/q/qi/qin_dynasty.htm   (1207 words)

 [No title]
Before turning to the Qin, I may briefly describe rel evant aspects of the ancient Assyrian empire: Assyria was a semitic state of northern Mesopotamia, with their later capital at Nineveh (near modern Mosul, Iraq).
The Legalist Qin regime banned use of money, debarred the merchants from trading in grain, forbade the inns needed by traveling merchants (as well as itinerant thieves), and doubly taxed the merchants at their market stalls and at toll gates along the roads.
Because the people were in misery and their rulers had no mercy, because the governed were full of hatred and the governors lost in ignorance, and because the customs of the nation had been thrown into complete confusion and the rule of the dynasty had ceased to be effective.
www.wsu.edu /~tcook/doc/ChineseLegalismAndTheQinEmpire.htm   (5183 words)

The Qin came to power in 221 B.C. They were one of the western states that existed during the Warring States Period.
The Qin, while not the most culturally advanced of the Warring States was militarily the strongest.
The Qin made many changes that were meant to unify China and aid in administrative tasks.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/qin.html   (564 words)

 The Challenge of Empire
Qin Shi Huangdi established a strong centralized Chinese empire (also the first Chinese empire) by applying legalist and autocracy concepts into his government.
Individual opinions were not allowed because Qin Shi Huangdi believed it was dangerous to let people discuss their different opinions and chaos often begins with the different opinions people had.
Qin Shi Huangdi built the great wall and established an aggressive army to prevent the invasion from the Mongolian.
members.aol.com /wcai/paper-empire.html   (1107 words)

 Imperial Eras
The new empire retained much of the Qin administrative structure but retreated a bit from centralized rule by establishing vassal principalities in some areas for the sake of political convenience.
The Han rulers modified some of the harsher aspects of the previous dynasty; Confucian ideals of government, out of favor during the Qin period, were adopted as the creed of the Han empire, and Confucian scholars gained prominent status as the core of the civil service.
Riddled with the corruption characteristic of the dynastic cycle, by A.D. 220 the Han empire collapsed.
www-chaos.umd.edu /history/imperial.html   (968 words)

 Ethics of Legalism, Qin Empire and Han Dynasty by Sanderson Beck
Qin Empire 221-206 BC Founding the Han Dynasty 206-141 BC Wu Di's Reign 141-87 BC Confucian China 87-30 BC
The king of Qin was delighted to meet the philosopher, but Li Si warned the king that Han Fei was of the royal family of Han and likely to remain loyal to that state and therefore be against Qin.
Qin Empire 221-206 BC In 221 BC when Qin took over Qi, the last of the other six states, King Zheng's first official act was to declare himself First August Emperor (Shih Huang Di) of what we still call China from the name of his state of Qin.
www.san.beck.org /EC16-Legalism.html   (14635 words)

 Chinese History - Qin Dynasty event history (www.chinaknowledge.org)
One king of Qin is said to have died from an injury sustained during a contest in lifting a bronze vessel.
Except personal reasons, the main factor for the downfall of the Qin Dynasty was the overextension of peasant labour that had not only to work the fields but also to built roads, walls and to serve in the military.
The dissolving empire ended in a decade-long civil war of nobles and half-nobles that proclaimed themselves kings (Chen She, King Yin of Chu 楚隱王陳涉; Wu Chen, King of Zhao 趙王武臣; Xiang Liang, King of Wu 吳王項梁; Tian Dan, King of Qi 齊王田儋; Han Guang, King of Yan 燕王韓廣).
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Han/qin-event.html   (952 words)

 The Historical Mongol Empire
Despite the unknown break up of the Mongol Empire Kublai continued to expand it on his side of the empire and in 1267 he began his campaign to unite all of modern China with the Mongol Empire.
On the happier side for the Mongol they were having great success against the Sung Empire, in 1276 they captured the Sung capitol of Hangzhou and in 1279 the enter Sung Empire was united with the Mongol Empire but more importantly it was united with the rest of China.
The Mongol Empire one of the largest empires ever created in the world was destroyed in a matter of 168 years.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Forum/2532/page9.html   (2213 words)

 The Advanced Technology of Ancient China
The answer is that Qin Shihuang, the king of the state of Qin (Ch'in) in western China, conquered the six other Chinese kingdoms, uniting them into one empire and created a class of bureaucrats to run and regulate it.
The Qin bureaucrats were hard-nosed administrators who adhered to a philosophy of administration called Legalism.
Their empire also was to be run by bureaucrats but the Han bureaucrats, called mandarins, were to be followers of the Confucian doctrines and were chosen through a competitive examination based upon history, literature and philosophy.
www.sjsu.edu /faculty/watkins/ancientchina.htm   (1252 words)

 Individuality Unearthed   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Qin Empire was very powerful; however, it didn't truly hit its stride until Qin Shihuangdi became its ruler.
Ying Zheng, the man who would later become Qin Shihuangdi or "First Emperor of Qin," was born in 258 B.C. His father, Prince Zichu of Qin, was held hostage for a time in the kingdom of Zhao.
Qin intended these things to serve as reminders that rebellion would not be tolerated.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/archaeology/55353   (563 words)

 Emperor Qin Shi Huang and His Tomb
Emperor Qin Shi Huang (also called Qin Shi Huangdi by westerners or the First Emperor) was the founder of the first unified empire in the history of China.
Yingzheng (the name of Qin Shi Huang) led a tough childhood when his father, son of the King of Qin state, was held hostage in the State of Zhao until Lu Buwei, a wealthy merchant secured their release back to the Qin.
When Qin defeated the other six states in 221 BC, for the first time in history, all China became a unified empire.
www.warriortours.com /cityguides/xian/mausoleum_qinshihuang   (538 words)

 Qin Dynasty
Under the Qin Dynasty a cohesive social force of centralization and standardization of legal codes, writing, coinage, roads, weights and measurements, axe lengths and written language were enacted.
The Qin rule was popular with neither the masses nor the nobility and it came to an end shortly after the First Emperor's death.
His son, King Tzu-ying of Chin was murdered and the capital Hsienyang was burned to the ground by a peasant insurrection led by Chen She a poor wage-laborer.
www.thejadetrade.com /ian/p15.html   (689 words)

 Early Imperial China: 221 BC-AD 316
The Qin emperors were the first to form a united empire within China.
To establish this empire, the Qin had to confront both the problem of warfare among the Chinese states and between the urban Chinese and the nomadic peoples at the periphery.
The Qin dynasty was succeeded by the Han dynasty that took a very different approach to addressing these difficulties.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/China/EarlyImpChina.Chron.html   (107 words)

 Han Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This King was a descendant of the old ruling house of the state of Chu, and during the troubles attending the breakup of the Qin empire, he setup a kingdom on the ruins.
The empire was on the point of falling to pieces, when death removed her.
In the empire, the emperor was the state, but he was a mere tool of the eunuchs in the successive reigns.
worldclass.net /China/han.htm   (3479 words)

The Chinese Empire I: From Unification to Disintegration
King Zheng of Qin: (name: Ying Zheng), ruler of the state of Qin from 259 BCE to 210 BCE.
Subsequently split into two: The Southern Xiongnu was subsequently assimilated by the Han civilization and eventually led the "Five Barbarian Tribes" (wuhu) in invasion of northern China in 4th century CE; the Northern Xiongnu was defeated by the Han forces in the 2nd century CE, and subsequently migrated westward.
jan.ucc.nau.edu /~ckk/China_Empire.html   (960 words)

 Genghis Khan's Life Story
A year later (1204), Genghis Khan was on his way to the Qin Empire when he was headed off by the Naimans, a small tribe of mercenaries, defending the Qin Empire.
In 1209, The Empire of Xi Xia reformed, not as strong as it was, making it easy for Genghis to conquer it easily (again).
In 1226, Genghis was riding to a battle to stop the remaining tribes of the Qin Empire and the Na-Chung from uniting to form a rebellion.
www.angelfire.com /ny/genghiskhan/page3.html   (406 words)

 RPG Vault: Prince of Qin Interview
Prince of Qin is Object Software's upcoming action RPG that takes place immediately after Zheng Ying's death.
Liu Yu Bin and Liu Gang: Prince of Qin is an action RPG set in China in a time period of two years from 210 BC to 208 BC, just after the death of the First Emperor of Qin.
Because Prince of Qin is an RPG we paid a lot of attention to the design of combats and game plots.
rpgvault.ign.com /articles/358/358430p1.html   (1022 words)

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