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Topic: Qing dynasty emperors

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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  Qing dynasty emperors   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In China proper, the Qing dynasty succeeded the Ming dynasty in 1644 and was finally toppled in a revolution in 1911, although the last emperor did not officially abdicate to make way for the new Republic of China until early 1912.
7 The Empress Dowager Cixi, concubine of the Xianfeng emperor, mother of the Tongzhi emperor, and adoptive mother of the Guangxu emperor, used her considerable skills of political manipulation to act as the power behind the throne or on the throne from 1861 until her death in 1908.
She acted as a regent during the minorities of the two young emperors and confined the Guangxu emperor in the Summer Palaceafter he attempted to introduce reforms in 1898.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Qing_dynasty_emperors.html   (504 words)

 List of Emperors of the Qing Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Qing Dynasty was founded as the "Later Jin Dynasty" in 1616 by Nurhaci, a Manchu of the Aisin-Gioro Clan, and changed its name to "Qing" in 1636.
In China proper, the Qing dynasty succeeded the Ming Dynasty in 1644, during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor.
The Qing Dynasty was toppled in the Xinhai Revolution of 1911, although the last Emperor did not officially abdicate to make way for the new Republic of China until early 1912 and kept his title until 1924.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/qing_dynasty_emperors   (714 words)

 Qing Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Qing Dynasty was founded not by the Han Chinese who form the majority of the Chinese population, but the Manchus, today an ethnic minority in China.
During the Qianlong Emperor's reign, for example, members of his family were distinguished by garments with a large circular emblem on the back, whereas a Han could only hope to wear clothing with a square emblem; this meant effectively that any guard in the court could immediately distinguish family members from the back view alone.
For a large part of the Qing Dynasty, the Emperor's cabinet was represented by the Grand Council (Junjichu軍機處), a body initially in charge of military and intelligence matters, but which later assumed the role of overseeing all government departments.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/qing_dynasty   (6419 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: List of Emperors of the Qing Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The emperor or huangdi (皇帝 in pinyin: huang2 di4) of China was the head of government and head of state of China from the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911.
The Qing Dynasty was founded not by the Han Chinese people who form the overwhelming majority of the population of China proper, but by the Manchus, a semi-nomadic people not even known by that name when they first rose to prominence in what is now northeastern China.
Emperor Tu Duc was the 4th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty of Vietnam and reigned from 1847-1883.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/List-of-Emperors-of-the-Qing-Dynasty   (3505 words)

 Meals for Emperors
The emperors were always afraid of being murdered and did not trust even their closest attendants or bodyguards, much less the officials and eunuchs in charge of the imperial meals.
The meals taken by the Qing emperors were varied in content and form, followed strict rules and rites, and were based on profound cultural thoughts.
Snacks, imperial wines, and medicinal meals of the Qing Dynasty is an important effort to identify, continue, and develop this cuisine as well as an important task in understanding and further developing today’s dietetic culture.
www.china.org.cn /english/imperial/26112.htm   (1712 words)

 Qing Dynasty - MSN Encarta
The overthrow of the Qing dynasty marked the end of a system of government that China had known since the founding of the Qin (Ch’in) dynasty in 221 bc.
The founders of the Qing dynasty were members of the Jurchen tribes, a nomadic people who hunted, fished, and raised horses in the area that is now northeastern China.
The Kangxi (K’ang-hsi) Emperor was enthroned in 1661, at the age of 7.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761557160/Qing_Dynasty.html   (2076 words)

 Qing Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Qing dynasty emperors went on to extend their control over the Chinese provinces of the Mingdynasty and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing theEmpire of the Great Qing (Chinese :大淸帝國).
The Qing was the last imperial dynasty of China, its emperors occupying their capital, Beijing, from 1644 until 1912,when, in the aftermath of the 1911 revolution, the last emperor abdicated and a new Republic of China was established.
Taking advantage of the political instability and popular rebellions convulsing the Ming dynasty, the highly organized military forces of the Manchus sweptinto the Ming capital of Beijing in 1644, andthere remained until the Qing dynasty was overthrown in a revolution in 1911, with the last emperor abdicating early in 1912.
www.therfcc.org /qing-dynasty-5593.html   (3379 words)

 Hung Taiji - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was responsible for changing the name of his people from Jurchen to Manchu in 1635 as well as that of the dynasty to Qing in 1636.
Hung Taiji was the eighth son of Nurhaci and succeeded him as the second ruler of the Later Jin dynasty in 1626.
Whatever the precise motivation, Hung Taiji proclaimed the establishment of the Qing dynasty in 1636.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hong_Taiji   (798 words)

 Qing Dynasty: Ancient China Dynasties
The Qing Dynasty, which was founded by the Jurchen (Manchu) people, was the second ethnic group to rule the whole of China.
During the reigns of Emperors Kangxi (1622-1723), Yongzheng (1723-1736) and Qianlong (1736-1796) saw the Qing at its heyday.
The early Qing emperors not only resolved the long conflict between nomads and peasants that had plagued China throughout history, but also took a series of measures to develop the economy, culture and transportation in the frontier areas.
www.muztagh.com /china-history/qing.htm   (1042 words)

 Qing Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The was the last imperial dynasty of China its emperors occupying their capital Beijing from 1644 until 1912 when in the aftermath of the 1911 revolution a new Republic of China was established and the the last emperor abdicated.
Taking of the political instability and popular rebellions the Ming dynasty the highly organized military forces of Manchus swept into the Ming capital of Beijing in 1644 and there remained until the Qing was overthrown in a revolution in 1911 with the last emperor abdicating early 1912.
After the start of the 20th century the Qing Dynasty was in a It could proceed with reform and thereby the conservative gentry or it could stall and thereby alienate the revolutionaries.
www.freeglossary.com /Manchu_Empire   (3529 words)

 Hong Taiji   (Site not responding. Last check: )
He was responsible for consolidating the that his father Nurhaci had founded and for laying the for its eventual success in conquering Ming dynasty China although he died before accomplishing that achievement himself.
Hong Taiji was the eighth son of Nurhaci and succeeded him as the second of the Later Jin dynasty in 1626.
Whatever the motivation Hong Taiji proclaimed the establishment of Qing dynasty in 1636.
www.freeglossary.com /Hong_Taiji   (546 words)

 Glossary: Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)
The Qing Dynasty was also called the "Manchu Dynasty" since it was founded by the Aisin Gioro (in Chinese: Aixinjueluo) family, of the Manchus.
The Qing Dynasty was founded in 1616 by Aixinjueluo Nuerhachi under the reign name (Nianhao) of "Tianming".
During the latter part of the Qing dynasty the Empress Dowager Cixi (Born 1835), who became dowager on the death of her husband, Xianfeng, in 1861, exerted a considerable influence on the Late Qing court until she died in 1908.
www.gotheborg.com /glossary/data/qing.shtml   (319 words)

 West Qing Tombs - You, Me And The Last Emperor - article by Guy Rubin
Unlike the Ming dynasty Emperors whose tombs are collected in one lush valley, the burial grounds of the Qing dynasty have been split between two main locations - the Eastern and Western Tombs.
For though Emperor Kangxi's tomb is expansive, his son's is built on an altogether more massive scale, reminiscent of the imposing majesty of the Forbidden City's southern courtyards.
This narrow-mindedness is counterbalanced by the largesse of the second Emperor to be buried at the Western Qing Tombs, Emperor Jiaqing (r.1796-1820).
www.imperialtours.net /west_qing.htm   (855 words)

 Qing Dynasty, China Qing Dynasty History, Ancient Chinese History
During the reigns of Emperors Kangxi (1622-1723), Yongzheng (1723-1736) and Qianlong (1736-1796) saw the Qing at its heyday.
During the reign of Emperor Kangxi, Taiwan became part of the country and the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk was signed determining the border between the two countries.
The foreign policy of the Qing Empire was one of isolationism.
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/qing.htm   (1175 words)

 Qing Dynasty
The first time was during the Yuan Dynasty when China was controlled by the Mongols.
The period of peace that followed the ascension of the Qing Dynasty allowed for growth in all areas.
His reign was the time of the greatest prosperity during the Qing Dynasty.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/qing.html   (1180 words)

 Qing Dynasty
The Manchu emperors also supported Chinese literary and historical projects of enormous scope; the survival of much of China's ancient literature is attributed to these projects.
The Qing thus became the first dynasty to eliminate successfully all danger to China Proper from across its land borders.
The Qing weren't the worst rulers; under them the arts flowered (China's greatest novel, a work known variously as The Dream of the Red Chamber, A Dream of Red Mansions, and The Story of the Stone, was written during the Qing) and culture bloomed.
www.china-window.com /china_briefing/china_history/chinese-historyqing-dynas.shtml   (968 words)

 List of Emperors of the Ming Dynasty - TheBestLinks.com - Ming dynasty emperors, Mongol, 1572, 1662, ...
The Ming Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, succeeding the Mongol Yuan Dynasty and falling amidst much peasant turmoil to the Manchu Qing dynasty.
A series of claimants to the Ming throne continued to claim the throne of what was known as the Southern Ming until the last was executed in 1662.
However, the Zhengtong emperor was able to reclaim his position upon the death of his brother, choosing the reign name Tianshun.
www.thebestlinks.com /Ming_dynasty_emperors.html   (348 words)

 Chinese Dynasties
Often times, the transition would not be a clean one; an emperor of one Dynasty might retreat to a different part of China and continue on for some years; or, a new Dynasty might begin in a remote part of China and then take over the capitol.
To help further elucidate the nature of a Dynasty, details of the Qing Dynasty, China's last, are presented in a separate table, showing each of the Emperors, and depicting some events that took place during their reign that influenced the future development of China.
At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Emperor Liu Shan ruled in exile from 224-263 A.D. ***   The Ten Kingdoms were the Wu, Nan Tang (Southern Tang), Wu Yue, Chu, Min, Nan Han (Southern Han), Qian Shu (Former Shu), Hou Shu (Later Shu), Jing Nan (Southern Jing), and Bei Han (Northern Han).
www.itmonline.org /arts/dynasties.htm   (1544 words)

 CHINA: THE THREE EMPERORS, 1662-1795: The Qing Dynasty
The Qing Dynasty was founded by Manchus living in the North East of the Eurasian content.
Much of the early part of the Kangxi Emperor’s rule was spent in consolidating and extending his territory.
The Yongzheng Emperor by contrast centred his time on Beijing and is best known for his transformation of government practice.
www.threeemperors.org.uk /index.php?pid=5   (224 words)

 Secret World of the Forbidden City: Splendors from China's Imperial Palace -- Exhibitions -- Oakland Museum of ...
The Inner Court (Nei Ting) was the residential area of the emperor and the imperial household, as well as the place where the emperor dealt with routine state affairs.
The Emperor was the supreme authority within a power structure that arose from an indisputable family hierarchy.
During the 200 years from the reign of Emperor Yongzheng through the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Hall of Mental Cultivation housed eight emperors.
www.museumca.org /exhibit/exhib_forbiddencity.html   (1078 words)

 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization | China - Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, represents the addition of three Imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Liaoning to the Ming tombs inscribed in 2000 and 2003.
The Three Imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Liaoning Province include the Yongling Tomb, the Fuling Tomb, and the Zhaoling Tomb, all built in the 17th century.
Constructed for the founding emperors of the Qing Dynasty and their ancestors, the tombs follow the precepts of traditional Chinese geomancy and fengshui theory.
portal.unesco.org /en/ev.php-URL_ID=21336&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html   (164 words)

 :: Xinhuanet - English ::
Five emperors ofthe Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) together with 15 empresses were buried here, among whom the most well-known ones are emperors Kangxi and Qianlong, who pushed forward the economy of Qing Dynasty to its peak.
Archaeologists said that Chinese ancient architecture reached its highest splendor in the Qing Dynasty, and the wooden structure,stone and wood sculptures and the advanced drainage system of Western Qing Tombs were good incarnations of the highest standardsof the architecture.
They said the imperial tombs of the Qing Dynasty were the most creative masterpiece with human genius and they were the best proofs of the architecture style and even cultural forms of that age.
news.xinhuanet.com /english/2004-06/21/content_1537579.htm   (527 words)

 About Ming and Qing Dynasty
The stability of the Ming dynasty, which was without major disruptions of the population (then around 100 million), economy, arts, society, or politics, promoted a belief among the Chinese that they had achieved the most satisfactory civilization on earth and that nothing foreign was needed or welcome.
In 1644 the Manchus took Beijing from the north and became masters of north China, establishing the last imperial dynasty, the Qing (1644-1911).
The empire's inability to evaluate correctly the nature of the new challenge or to respond flexibly to it resulted in the demise of the Qing and the collapse of the entire millennia-old framework of dynastic rule.
www.mqfurniture.com /about-ming-qing.htm   (791 words)

 China Travel Service-Destination chengde tour chengde guide chengde travel chengde hotel chengde Air Ticket chengde ...
It served as the second political center of the Qing imperial court and the emperors of the early Qing Dynasty often spent their summers there, conducting state affairs and engaging in important political activities.
After Emperor Xianfeng died in 1861, she came to power and controlled China for more than 40 years during the late Qing Dynasty.
The emperors of the Qing Dynasty often hosted banquets in honor of ethnic minority nobles in the garden, and held wrestling matches and other activities, showing the strength and beauty of the warriors against the simple natural landscape.
www.chinats.com /chengde/chengde543.htm   (713 words)

 Imperial Elegance - Chinese Ceramics from Asia Society's Rockefeller Collection
Between the Song and Qing dynasties, a range of decorative techniques and motifs were used, executed in incised and molded decoration, underglaze cobalt blue and underglaze copper red, as well as overglazed enamels.
The central section of this large jar is underglaze copper red painted with a traditional Chinese theme called the Three Friends of Winter (suihan sanyou): the pine, plum, and bamboo, which flourish under adverse conditions and are symbols of longevity, perseverance, and integrity, the virtues of the ideal scholar-gentleman.
Commissioned throughout the Ming dynasty, dishes decorated with this type of fruit and flower motif were made in several color schemes, including blue and white, yellow and white, and more rarely brown and white.
www.asiasociety.org /arts/imperialelegance/meaning.html   (1183 words)

 Qing - China's Last Dynasty
Though the Qing Emperors were autocrats, they carried out many popular reforms to stabilize the society and to stimulate the economy.
Altogether, the three Emperors reigned 133 years, from 1662 A.D. to 1795 A.D. The mighty Qing dynasty started to show signs of weakness as the 19th century rolled in.
The treaty was, by all means, the beginning of the nightmare for the Qing dynasty.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_42_7.html   (693 words)

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