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Topic: Qualifications for a mujtahid


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In the News (Mon 1 Sep 14)

  
 sunniforum.com - ANSWERED: Reciting behind the Imam
If a mujtahid looks at the prayer of a muqallid and rules that his prayer is valid, the muqallid has absolved himself of his responsibility before Allah, regardless of any hadiths that Salafis or modernists might hit him on the head with.
They are either mujtahids (loosely meaning that they possess the stringent qualifications required to derive rulings directly from the Qur'an and Sunna) or muqallids (meaning that they do not possess these qualifications and hence must resort to a mujtahid to find out Allah's ruling on a particular matter).
Mujtahids are of various kinds (one can refer to Kamali's "Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence" for a categorization of the different levels of ijtihad) [1].
www.sunniforum.com /forum/showthread.php?t=148   (3010 words)

  
 albaniImportant.1.txt
A Mujtahid is a scholar of the highest rank, piety and learning, who has gained the requisite qualifications to independently strive, derive, and extract the laws of Islam from the fundamental bases (namely the Qur'an, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas); and this process is known as Ijtihad (independent reasoning).
The one who is not a Mujtahid should follow whichever he likes of the four Madhhabs; and when doing an Ibada (worship) in accordance with a certain Madhhab, he has to fulfil all the conditions required by that Madhhab for it to be Sahih (correct).
It is not permissible for a Mutlaq Mujtahid to follow another Mujtahid (i.e; he does not make Taqleed); he has to follow his own Ijtihad.
www.geocities.com /~abdulwahid/muslimarticles/albaniImportant.1.txt   (10898 words)

  
 Ijtahad and Mujtahid - by Maulana Muhammad Abdul Aleem Siddiqui
Now, my friends, if there is a person who claims to be a Mujtahid, but who doesn't even possess not one-tenth of these qualifications, what else can you say about him besides that he is groping in the dark.
I may summarise them here in their minimum form for the benefit, especially, of those simple-minded brothers and sisters of mine who have been misled into the belief that they can act as Mujtahids in their independent capacities.
What is still more pathetic is that all this bickering of those ignorant and petty "Mujtahids" revolves mostly around problems and issues which have no relation to the mission of Islam or the progress and stabilisation of the Muslim community.
muslim-canada.org /ijtihadmujtahid.html   (4285 words)

  
 The levels and meanings of Ijtahad and the Mujtahid's qualifications
It literally means "collecting." or "assembling," and in Muslim divinity it expresses the unanimous consent of the Mujtahidun (learned scholars); or, as we should call it, "the unanimous consent of the Fathers." A Mujtahid is a Muslim divine of the highest degree of learning, a title usually conferred by Muslim rulers.
But Ijtihad is the deduction made by a single Mujtahid, whilst Ijma' is the collective opinion of a council of Mujtahidun, or enlightened doctors.
There are three other inferior classes of jurists, called Muqallidun, or followers of the Mujtahiddun; but all that the highest in rank amongst them can do is to explain obscure passages in the writings of the older jurisconsults.
muslim-canada.org /ijtihad.html   (2447 words)

  
 15
Or otherwise he should imitate a mujtahid possessing full qualifications, on condition that he (mujtahid) be: alive, sane, just, knowledgeable, and who safeguards his soul, takes care of his Din, opposes his desires, and obeys the commands of his Lord.
Ijtihàd in the sub-laws being a kifà’i obligation on all the Muslims, when any full-qualified one performs it, other Muslims will be exempted from it, and it is permissible for them to imitate him and refer to him regarding branches of religion.
The Sunnis imitate imàms who died several centuries ago, closing the door of ijtihàd since that era, and all the ‘ulamà’ succeeding them would be content with the expositions (shuruh), and whatever written in poetry and prose from the fiqh of the four schools of thought.
www.rafed.net /books/other-lang/truthful/15.html   (2572 words)

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