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Topic: Rabbinic Judaism

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  Rabbinic Judaism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rabbinic Judaism (or in Hebrew "Yahadut Rabanit" - יהדות רבנית) was the successor to the Pharisees after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70CE.
Rabbinic Judaism represents the largest group of Judaism and is in most vernacular forms used interchangeably with the term "Judaism." There are, however, different interpretations among religious groups within Rabbinic Judaism about the nature of revelation and the function of rabbinic decisions.
Reform Judaism, which considers the Torah to be the work of humans, though possibly inspired by the divine, and who identify with the ethical and moral missions of the prophets.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rabbinic_Judaism   (379 words)

 MSN Encarta - Judaism
Judaism, religious culture of the Jews (also known as the people of Israel); one of the world’s oldest continuing religious traditions.
Subsequent rabbinic study of the Mishnah in Palestine and Babylonia generated two Talmuds (“that which is studied”; also called Gemera, an Aramaic term with the same meaning; see Talmud), wide-ranging commentaries on the Mishnah.
In Judaism, the study of Torah refers to the study of all this literature, not simply of the Pentateuch (“the Torah,” in the narrow sense).
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761556154/Judaism.html   (1124 words)

 Judaism -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Judaism does not easily fit into common Western categories, such as (A strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny) religion, (A contest of speed) race, (An ethnic quality or affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties) ethnicity, or (A particular society at a particular time and place) culture.
Although monotheism is fundamental to Rabbinic Judaism, according to many critical Bible scholars the (The first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit) Torah often implies that the early Israelites accepted the existence of other gods.
Rabbinic Judaism has always held that the books of the (The Jewish scriptures which consist of three divisions--the Torah and the Prophets and the Writings) Tanakh (called the written law) have always been transmitted in parallel with an (Click link for more info and facts about oral tradition) oral tradition.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/j/ju/judaism.htm   (6712 words)

 Encyclopedia: Rabbinic Judaism
Rabbinic Judaism (or in Hebrew "Yahadut Rabanit" - יהדות רבנית) is a Jewish denomination characterized by reliance on the written Torah as well as the Oral Law (the Mishnah, Talmuds and subsequent rabbinic decisions) as halakha (Legally Binding, i.e.
The term is used to make the distinction between Rabbinic Judaism and Karaite Judaism who reject the authority of rabbinic interpretation and rely on a literal interpretation of the written Torah.
Karaite Judaism is a Jewish denomination characterized by reliance on the Tanakh as the sole scripture, and rejection of the Oral Law (the Mishnah and the Talmuds) as halakha (Legally Binding, i.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Rabbinic-Judaism   (753 words)

 Talmudical Judaism
Fundamental to Talmudical or Rabbinic Judaism is the belief that the Oral Torah, that is to say, the collective wisdom of the sages (or rabbis), bears authority equal to that of the Written Torah (the "Five Books of Moses": see Ancient Judaism).
The rest of the Oral Torah is contained in the vast corpus of rabbinic literature composed between 300 and c.600CE.
The greatest of their presidents (Geonim) was the Egyptian-born Saadiya ha-Gaon (882-942), remembered for his prolific writings on Hebrew philology, rabbinic theology and liturgy, and as the one who successfully withstood the challenge of the Karaites, a dissident group who rejected rabbinic and talmudical authority.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/judaism/talmud.html   (1094 words)

 World Almanac for Kids
In Judaism, the study of Torah refers to the study of all this literature, not simply to the Pentateuch (“the Torah,”; in the narrow sense).
Rabbinic intellectuals began to cultivate philosophy to defend Judaism against the polemics of Islamic theologians and to demonstrate to other Jews the rationality of their revealed faith and law.
Rabbinic opposition to Hasidism was eventually mitigated in the face of a more serious threat to both groups: the western European Age of Enlightenment and the various modernizing movements that it generated within Judaism.
www.worldalmanacforkids.com /explore/religion/judaism.html   (4641 words)

 Great World Religions: Judaism (Detailed Description)
However Judaism is defined, the beliefs, practices, attitudes, and institutions of Jews through the ages display a striking diversity, despite the fact that all would ascribe to a common heritage.
Judaism's calendar is arguably the most important unifying factor in what is otherwise a frequently fragmented religious community.
Their names were Hillel and Shammai, and he asks them, Teach me all of Judaism as I am standing on one leg.' Now, the first rabbi, Shammai, has no patience for such a frivolous request, and he bangs him over the head with a rod that he happened to have in his hand.
www.teach12.com /ttc/assets/coursedescriptions/6103.asp   (1065 words)

 ipedia.com: Judaism Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Rabbinic Judaism at one time was related to Samaritanism; however Samaritans no longer refer to themselves as Jews, and both groups view themselves as separate religions.
Hasidic Judaism eventually became the way of life for many Jews in Europe; it came to the United States during the large waves of Jewish emigration in the 1880s.
Judaism developed into several distinct denominations in response to this unprecedented phenomenon: Reform Judaism and Liberal Judaism, many forms of Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, and a number of smaller groups as well.
www.ipedia.com /judaism.html   (5964 words)

 The Writings of Rabbinic Judaism
Your "image" of orthodox Judaism probably goes something like this "When the Second Temple was destroyed and the Jews were exiled (the beginning of the Diaspora) the Rabbis carried the religion along with them, retaining the Torah but more-or-less ignoring the stuff about Temple sacrifices.
With the destruction of the Temple and the associated exile the Jewish religion lost its centers — the Temple, which was the one place on Earth that God resided; sacrifice as the focal action of religious observance; and the sense of being a people attached to a homeland.
Judaism has always had people who claimed to be in direct contact with God.
www.kahalbraira.org /AgeOfTalmud.html   (3084 words)

 Review of Gabrielle Boccaccini, Roots of Rabbinic Judaism: An Intellectual History, from Ezekiel to Daniel
During the Ptolemaic and Seleucid periods, however, one strand of Sapiential Judaism wanders off into Greek and becomes the foundation of Hellenistic Judaism in the Diaspora, while the Hebraic branch in Palestine merges slowly with the Zadokite tradition, the two engendering both the Sadduceism and the Pharisaism of the Maccabean period.
In Boccaccini's view, the "roots" of Rabbinic Judaism are to be found in the Zadokite tradition as modified by Sapiential Judaism and given expression in the Maccabean period's book of Daniel.
The "origins" of Rabbinic Judaism, the subject of the forthcoming volume mentioned above, are then to be sought in the Pharisaism that emerges out of the Maccabean period, when "the ideas of covenant and afterlife retribution were supplemented by the ideas of the preexistence of the Torah and of the oral Torah" (e.g., p.
www.arts.ualberta.ca /JHS/reviews/review038.htm   (1473 words)

 JUDAISM and CHRISTIANITY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The difference between "Temple" and "Synagogue": - In the "Temple" God is present: In Judaism, in the Ark of the Covenant.
It is the most sacred book of Judaism, and dedicates 27 full chapters to the Altar, sacrifices, and priests (Ex.25-40, Lev.1-6, 23-25, Num.28-29)...
The Christianity they are practicing mostly is the one similar to the "Rabbinic Judaism", without Altar, nor sacrifice, nor priests, the "Christianity without Sacrifice"...
expage.com /page/Judaism   (545 words)

 Exploring Religion-Judaism Glossary
Traditional Judaism, which was based on the Talmud and the Tanak, helped the Jews survive their lack of power over their own lives.
Rabbinic Period, it refers to the main religious authorities--the rabbis--who replace the priests after the Temple's destruction.
Hebrew Bible assumed that the Jews ruled their own independent state, Rabbinic Judaism worked for so long because it presented a Judaism that enabled Jews to cope with the situation in which they were ruled by people of other religions (Christianity and Islam).
uwacadweb.uwyo.edu /religionet/er/judaism/JGLOSSRY.HTM   (6726 words)

 Rabbinic Judaism --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Originating in the work of the Pharisaic rabbis, it was based on the legal and commentative literature in the Talmud, and it set up a mode of worship and a life discipline that were to be practiced by Jews worldwide down to modern times.
God was believed to have revealed himself to the patriarchs and prophets by various means not unlike those known to the primitive religions —theophanies (visible manifestations of the divine), dreams, visions, auditions, and ecstasies—and...
As had been true in ancient Israel, so too in rabbinic Judaism it was understood the life of the individual and the life of the community were bound up together.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9062345?tocId=9062345   (988 words)

 Rabbinic Judaism, Part 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The story of rabbinic Judaism begins with the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.
As a result of that event, and as a result of the labors of the ancient Jewish religious leaders whom we call "the rabbis," Judaism was transformed from a priestly, sacrificial religion to a scholastic religion whose central modes of worship were prayer and, above all, study.
Yet, down to the end of the rabbinic period, Palestine continued to be a major center of Jewish life and thought.
www.pathsinjudaism.com /judaism/syllabus/rabbinic.htm   (509 words)

 Rabbinic Judaism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Rabbinic Judaism, in its classical writings produced from the first through the seventh century of the Common Era, sets forth a theological system that is orderly and reliable.
Responding to the generative dialectics of monotheism, Rabbinic Judaism systematically reveals the justice of the one and only God of all creation.
A narrative story of the Rabbinic sages’ theological system sounds remarkably familiar—the age-old story of God’s justice (to which his mercy is integral), of humanity’s relationship with god as a possessor of the power of will, and of humanity's sin and God's response.
www.brill.nl /product_id11214.htm   (208 words)

 l e a r n @ j t s READING OPPORTUNITIES Meanings of Death in Rabbinic Judaism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The author examines Rabbinic Judaism's earliest canonical texts -- the Mishnah, the Tosefta, the Midrashim and the Talmud of the Land of Israel.
The Meanings of Death in Rabbinic Judaism provides a comprehensive and illuminating introduction to the formation, practice and significance of death rituals in Rabbinic Judaism.
David Kraemer is professor of Talmud and rabbinics at the Jewish Theological Seminary.
learn.jtsa.edu /topics/reading/bookexc/kraemer_meanings   (500 words)

 Judaism: Who knows Four? The Imahot in rabbinic Judaism - the Matriarchs
The Imahot in rabbinic Judaism - the Matriarchs
It would seem that at least to some rabbinic sages, the Matriarchs were deemed worthy of mention as founders of Judaism, along with their male counterparts.
Although it must be said that the merit of the Patriarchs is the dominant concept in rabbinic literature, texts such as these indicate that an idea of zekhut imahot not only existed, but held a prominent and parallel status at least in some rabbinic circles.
www.24hourscholar.com /p/articles/mi_m0411/is_n1_v44/ai_17155572   (1145 words)

 HSB: New Testament and Rabbinic Judaism
As Yeshua (Jesus) and his followers were all Jews, living in a Jewish culture, their words, lifestyle and religion were all heavily influenced by Judaism.
Among the many in this century who explored the relationship between the New Testament and rabbinic Judaism, David Daube must certainly be designated as among the pioneers.
And in the literature of that exploration, along with works such as Paul and Rabbinic Judaism by W. Davies and Joachim Jeremias' Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus, Daube's The New Testament and Rabbinic Judaism must be awarded "classic" status.
www.ancient-hebrew.org /hebrewstudies/604.html   (575 words)

 The Comparative Hermeneutics of Rabbinic Judaism. Volume 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In this project in the history of religions, I undertake an inductive account, through systematic inquiry into data, of the hermeneutics of the principal documents of Rabbinic Judaism.
I ask whether a theory of interpretation guides the sages in their exposition of the topics, the category-formations, of Rabbinic Judaism in the documents that expound those formations.
As the title means to suggest, my answer is, a hermeneutics of comparison and contrast governs the selection of data and the interpretation thereof for the entire corpus of category-formations of the Halakhah.
academicpublishing.binghamton.edu /bookhtml/1-883058-37-6.html   (146 words)

 Rabbinic Judaism - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Rabbinic Judaism - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
This page was last modified 13:57, 11 Jun 2005.
This encyclopedia, history, geography and biography article about Rabbinic Judaism contains research on
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Rabbinic_Judaism   (399 words)

 Judaism.com - Covenant of Blood Circumcision and Gender in Rabbinic Judaism By: Lawrence Hoffman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Central to both biblical narrative and rabbinic commentary, circumcision has remained a defining rite of Jewish identity, a symbol so powerful that challenges to it have always been considered taboo.
He traces the symbolism of circumcision through Jewish history, examining its evolution as a symbol of the covenant in the post-exilic period of the Bible and its subsequent meaning in the formative era of Mishnah and Talmud.
Differentiating official mores about gender from actual practice, Hoffman surveys women's spirituality within rabbinic society and examines the roles mothers played in their sons' circumcisions until the medieval period, when they were finally excluded.
www.judaism.com /display.asp?etn=CHGBJ   (191 words)

 Judaism.com - From Text to Tradition A History of Second Temple & Rabbinic Judaism By: Lawrence Schiffman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This volume examines the history of Judaism as it developed from the religion of biblical Israel to the Judaism of the talmudic rabbis.
One of the book's major theses is that the various approaches to Judaism shared sufficient common ground as to be classified as one, albeit variegated, religious tradition.
Diverging trends are traced and explored as is the question of the role of interpretation, the impact of external influences, and the process by which the competing approaches were eventually supplanted by rabbinic tradition, which became the basis for medieval and modern Judaism.
www.judaism.com /display.asp?utn=56208   (182 words)

 Biblical Archaeology Society
This parallel history of Judaism and Christianity presents both separate and integral accounts of the first six centuries in the development of both religions in one understandable volume.
Judaism from the Destruction of Jerusalem to the End of the Second Jewish Revolt: 70-135 C.E. Lee I.A. Levine
Judaism to the Mishnah: 135-220 C.E. Shaye J.D. Cohen
easycart.net /ecarts/bib-arch/Christianity_and_Rabbinic_Judaism.html   (169 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
To pursue these questions, we shall aquire the specialized intellectual tools needed to read and comprehend Rabbinic books and shall study the rabbis’ theories on central categories of religious and social life, their view of God, approach to social ethics, and the like.
By the end of the year, we shall be knowledgable about central facets of Talmudic Judaism and the system of life and thought it propounds.
Most important, as a result of this study, we will better comprehend how Judaism got to where it is today, a knowledge that, it is hoped, will allow us to think more clearly about what it means for us personally to be a Jew.
www.holycross.edu /departments/religiousstudies/aavery/meahsyl.htm   (336 words)

 Rabbinic Judaism (from Judaism) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
, Aspects of Rabbinic Theology (1961), a concise, authoritative, and engaging treatment of classical (i.e., rabbinic) Judaism.
More results on "Rabbinic Judaism (from Judaism)" when you join.
It is the complex expression of a religious and ethnic community, a way of life as well as a set of basic beliefs and values, which is discerned in patterns of action, social order, and culture as well as in religious statements and concepts.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-35381?tocId=35381   (874 words)

 Rabbinic Judaism, Part 3
You may remember that the rabbinic movement was led by a line of hereditary "patriarchs," descended from the Patriarch Gamaliel II, whom I've referred to as the "popes" of rabbinic Judaism; to refresh your memory on this point, click here.
It is the Babylonian Talmud--not the Palestinian--that is the Talmud, the focus of the intellectualized piety that is the center of rabbinic Judaism.
But we mustn't ignore the possibility that other parts of the Mishnah reflect the way Judaism was practiced among Palestinian Jews in the second century, perhaps going back to the practices of the Pharisees and their followers in the first century and even earlier.
www.pathsinjudaism.com /judaism/syllabus/rabbinic3.htm   (2796 words)

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