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Topic: Racial segregation

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In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

  Jefferson - Enlightenment: Brown v. Board of Education - Racial Segregation in Public Schools
The Topeka School system was segregated on the basis of race, and under the separate but equal doctrine, this arrangement was acceptable and legal.
Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of negro children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racial[ly] integrated school system."
The Brown case signaled the end of "de jure" segregation in the United States, that is, segregation of public places that is mandated by law.
www.pbs.org /jefferson/enlight/brown.htm   (1258 words)

  Racial segregation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Racial segregation is characterized by separation of people of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home.
Segregation, however, often allowed close contact in hierarchical situations, such as allowing a person of one race to work as a servant for a member of another race.
Many of their efforts were acts of civil disobedience aimed at violating the racial segregation rules and laws, such as refusing to give up a seat in the fl part of the bus to a white person (Rosa Parks), or holding sit-ins at all-white diners.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Racial_segregation   (2983 words)

 Racism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A turning point in racial thinking came with the rise of Adolf Hitler's Nazism, which built much of its political agenda upon the rhetoric of anti-Semitism and overt statements of racial superiority and inferiority, one of his favorite sayings being "Politics is applied biology".
Examples include racial apartheid in South Africa, wherein whites (a minority) discriminated against fls (a majority), in Latin America, where predominantly African-descended peoples are often marginalized; this form of racism also occurred during the former colonial rule of such countries as Vietnam (by France) and India (by the United Kingdom).
Racism infers an assumption of racial superiority and a harmful intent, whereas separatists sometimes prefer the term racialism, indicating a strong interest in matters of race without a necessary inference of superiority or a desire to be harmful to others.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Racism   (9896 words)

Racially segregated housing patterns in the United States exist to a large degree as a result of intentional discrimination against minorities.
[99] Racial prejudice contributes to the inability of African Americans to translate their economic earnings into middle-class housing,[100] particularly considering that, as discussed in the previous section, statistics show that African Americans prefer to live in neighborhoods that are racially integrated.
The authors conclude that residential racial segregation is a principal cause of the harmful effects associated with the underclass concept.
www.law.fsu.edu /journals/landuse/Vol141/seit.htm   (12451 words)

 2000 Census Data   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
There is a lag between changes in the racial and ethnic composition of cities and the representation of new groups in local politics.
Segregation places fl and Hispanic children, on average, in schools where two-thirds of students are at or near the poverty line.
Segregation trends mirror those of the total population -- with a modest decrease in the very high segregation of fl children, and no change for Hispanics and Asians.
mumford1.dyndns.org /cen2000/report.html   (1484 words)

 Dartmouth News - Racial segregation in daily flux in Los Angeles - 09/14/04
From this new way of visualizing urban racial segregation, the authors speculate that more racial mixing in the workplace plays a role in increased interracial partnering, which in turn may ultimately influence residential segregation patterns.
Geographies of Racial and Ethnic Segregation at Home and at Work," was published in the September 2004 issue of the journal Annals of the Association of American Geographers.
Nevertheless, the researchers found that groups that were most segregated by place of residence were also most segregated by place of work.
www.dartmouth.edu /~news/releases/2004/09/14.html   (510 words)

 [No title]
They showed the high levels of residential segregation, the persistence of segregation from 1940 to 1960 and then demonstrated that segregation was not the consequence of fl-white differences in economic status.
Her analysis suggests that the age of white flight from integration is over and that we might anticipate a much higher level of racial integration in the future.
Racial Segregation in the 2000 Census: Promising News.
enceladus.isr.umich.edu /race/landmarkstudies.html   (1354 words)

 Dennis Kucinich on Racial Discrimination
To do nothing, to abolish affirmative action, is to use de jure means to fall back into the de facto segregation of the past, which made a mockery of democracy, equality, liberty, and justice -- the very values on which this nation was founded.
In fact, the only other nation where minority segregation indices routinely exceed those reported in the United States was the Union of South Africa under apartheid.
Segregation in our cities leads to dire consequences in the educational environment for minorities.
www.kucinich.us /issues/racialdisc.php   (405 words)

 Little Rock
Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to retard the educational and mental development of Negro children.
Segregation is not a badge of racial inferiority.
Segregation is desired and supported by the vast majority of the members of both of the races in the South, who dwell side by side under harmonious conditions.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAlittlerock.htm   (2888 words)

 Eisenhower Memorial Commission
It is true that he did not regard himself as a politician and that he seldom used his office to seek public support for his personal views.
Eisenhower approached racial segregation and civil rights issues much the same as he approached all national problems.
His approach to the widespread discrimination against minority Americans, and especially racial segregation, was criticized from both the political right and left: he was moving either too fast, or too slow.
www.eisenhowermemorial.org /Civil-Rights.htm   (822 words)

 Racial Residential Segregation
This value reports that either 69 percent of the white or 69 percent of the fl population would have to move from one census tract to another to produce a completely even distribution of the two races across census tract; that is, an index of dissimilarity of 0.
Analyzing racial data from the census, we can consider a typical white and determine the percent fl in his or her neighborhood.
The index of dissimilarity is statistically independent of the size of the two racial groups used in its composition.
enceladus.icpsr.umich.edu /race/seg.html   (719 words)

 Majikthise : Racial segregation in prisons
Last week the US Supreme Court ruled that a California Department of Corrections policy that temporarily segregates inmates by race should be subject to same strict scrutiny as any other government program that uses racial classification.
Since the policy applied to only cells and not to common areas, it is unlikely that segregation did much to curtail the power of racial gangs in the prison system as a whole.
A second point is that the racial segregation is not applied to dormitories, or single-occupant cells (of course).
majikthise.typepad.com /majikthise_/2005/03/racial_segregat.html   (1544 words)

 Racial segregation discourages minorities from taking jobs in suburbs, says Ross - September 14, 1998
"A 1.5 percent difference may not seem like very much but racial segregation, which is at the root of the problem, has persisted for decades," Ross says.
One way to get African Americans to consider taking a job in a suburb even if it requires them to relocate is by decreasing the level of racial segregation in housing, Ross says.
Programs such as Moving to Opportunities, established by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, are designed to break down economic and racial segregation by moving poor individuals into suburbs and helping them find jobs.
www.advance.uconn.edu /1998/980914/09149811.htm   (696 words)

 Early Civil Rights Struggles: Brown v. Board of Education
In the early 1950's, racial segregation in public schools was the norm across America.
At the trial, the NAACP argued that segregated schools sent the message to fl children that they were inferior to whites; therefore, the schools were inherently unequal.
Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children...A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn.
www.watson.org /~lisa/blackhistory/early-civilrights/brown.html   (833 words)

 Racial Segregation in Prison   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
California produced little evidence to support its segregation policy, but the court accepted as "common sense" the notion that there is a connection between segregating prisoners and combating violence.
But given the history of racial discrimination in American penology, from segregated prisons and work farms to chain gangs, the courts should be highly demanding in reviewing racial policies behind bars.
This case might be harder if California prisons used racial segregation rarely, and only in response to serious threats or instances of racially motivated violence.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/1279528/posts   (2070 words)

 A Century of Racial Segregation - "With an Even Hand": Brown v. Board at Fifty (Library of Congress ...
By the middle of the twentieth century their focus was on legal challenges to public-school segregation.
Warley was cited in the Brown decision to challenge the legality of segregated public schools.
This photograph shows how he was segregated to the anteroom of a classroom in 1948 after his admission.
www.loc.gov /exhibits/brown/brown-segregation.html   (3245 words)

 CWBA | Blog
This ruling removed from educators and law makers a successful tool for combating the racial segregation that is a ubiquitous feature of our nation's public schools.
Less well known are many communities' small, quiet, and yet largely successful efforts to counteract the racial segregation that characterizes so many public schools.
They all agreed that the criminal justice system isn't a color-blind system, and that racial profiling is an ill that must be stopped, with Clinton and Obama stating that they've worked to eradicate it in their states.
www.covenantwithblackamerica.com /blog   (2453 words)

 BBC NEWS | UK | Britons warned over 'segregation'
He cited economic and racial divisions in the US which, he said, were highlighted by Hurricane Katrina.
Mr Phillips said America's "segregated society" had been caused by a "failure to act until they were in too deep to get out of the state they are now in.
And he warned that levels of racial segregation in Britain could create a "fertile breeding ground for extremists".
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/uk/4273414.stm   (579 words)

 News Item: ESCRU
In December 1959, approximately one hundred lay and ordained Episcopalians responded to a call for meeting issued by the Reverends John Morris and Neil (Cornelius) Tarplee, to form an organization committed to removing all vestiges of segregation from the life of the Church.
The group, which adopted the name Episcopal Society for Cultural and Racial Unity (ESCRU), took issue with the de facto racial segregation that dominated much of Church life in the South, which included refusing African-Americans admission to church-run institutions and to white worship services.
ESCRU was especially effective at publicizing and bringing attention to racial injustice in the Church, but also assisted with the organization of numerous local pickets and sit-ins, and prepared documentary reports and programs on national civil rights issues.
www.episcopalarchives.org /escru.html   (928 words)

 Martin Luther King timeline
On May 17, 1954, the U.S Supreme Court, in a landmark decision, ruled unanimously in Brown vs Board of Education that racial segregation in the public schools of America was unconstitutional.
Rosa Parks, a 42 year old seamstress, refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery bus and was arrested.
On June 4 the U.S. District Court ruled that racial segregation on the city bus line was unconstitutional.
www.kingian.net /martin-luther-king-timeline.html   (2512 words)

 FIRE - Racial Segregation Lives On at Arizona State University
Racial Segregation Lives On at Arizona State University
Shockingly, this marks the second time in less than four years that FIRE has been forced to protest a racially segregated course at ASU.
FIRE last wrote to ASU in April 2002 to protest a segregated Navajo history class that limited enrollment to Native American students.
www.thefire.org /index.php/article/6306.html   (495 words)

Students will be able to explain how the poster reflects the racial policies and attitudes in parts of the United States through the 1950's
Long after the Civil War, some states required racially segregated schools, hospitals, buses, restaurants, hotels, public restrooms, and drinking fountains.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Supreme Court decisions and new Civil Rights laws would outlaw racial segregation.
www.adl.org /tools_teachers/lesson_racial_segregation.asp   (300 words)

 Supreme Court Hears Racial Segregation Case (washingtonpost.com)
The court banned permanent racial segregation in prisons in 1968.
She urged the court to analyze the case according to its 1987 ruling that permits states to impinge on some prisoners' constitutional rights if there is a legitimate penological reason to do so.
She asked Grunder about a study of Texas prisons that showed there was less violence in racially mixed prison populations.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/articles/A19923-2004Nov2.html   (563 words)

 ERRC Country Report. Campland: Racial segregation on Roma in Italy, November 2000
As a result, many Roma have effectively been forced to live out the romantic but repressive projections of Italians; Italian authorities assert that their desire to live in flats or houses is inauthentic and relegate them to "camps for nomads".
The description of Roma as "nomads" is not only used in the service of segregating Roma, but also in order to reinforce the popular idea that Roma are not Italians and do not belong in Italy.
In its Concluding Observations concerning Italy of March 1999, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) condemned the treatment of Roma in Italy.
www.gfbv.it /3dossier/errc-en.html   (1520 words)

 Economic and Racial Segregation in Greater Miami's Elementary Schools: Trends Shaping Metropolitan Growth
The share of students who would have had to change schools to achieve an identical mix of poor and non-poor students in each building edged up two percentage points, to 51 percent.
As the region's schools became more diverse, racial segregation eased slightly but remained severe.
While still at alarming levels, poverty and segregation rates in the central city are stabilizing.
www.brook.edu /es/urban/publications/200308_Orfield.htm   (481 words)

 JS Online: Choice may factor into racial segregation
Discriminatory lending, high-priced housing and other factors are often cited as reasons for racial segregation in Milwaukee and the suburbs.
But a new study is turning the spotlight on another phenomenon that the researchers say should not be overlooked: the tendency among some people to prefer living in segregated neighborhoods.
When asked to describe the racial makeup of their ideal setting, a neighborhood dominated by their own race was cited by 51% of fls, 47% of whites and 18% of Hispanics.
www.jsonline.com /news/metro/sep04/257119.asp   (1050 words)

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