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Topic: Radioactive waste

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In the News (Thu 14 Feb 19)

  IEER On-Line Classroom: Classifications of Nuclear Waste
Radioactive Waste: In general, radioactive waste classes are based on the waste's origin, not on the physical and chemical properties of the waste that could determine its safe management.
Radioactive waste is produced by a number of sources, but by far the largest quantities -- in terms of both radioactivity and volume -- are generated by the commercial nuclear power and military nuclear weapons production industries, and by nuclear fuel cycle activities to support these industries such as uranium mining and processing.
Since "low-level" radioactive waste is defined by what it is not, it thus includes everything from slightly radioactive trash (such as mops, gloves, and booties) to highly radioactive activated metals from inside nuclear reactors.
www.ieer.org /clssroom/r-waste.html   (804 words)

 Radioactive waste - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Radioactive waste is waste type containing radioactive chemical elements that does not have a practical purpose.
Waste from the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle is usually alpha emitting waste from the extraction of uranium.
While radioactive waste is not as sensitive to disruption as an active nuclear reactor, it is often treated as regular waste and forgotten.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Radioactive_waste   (4454 words)

 Radioactive Waste Management in Australia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Radioactive waste classified as Category A, B or C under the Australian scheme is low level or short-lived intermediate level radioactive waste, according to the IAEA classifications.
For radioactive waste produced by Australian Government agencies, Australia is establishing a near-surface repository for disposal of low level and short-lived intermediate level radioactive waste, and a store for the storage of intermediate level radioactive waste.
Wastes from the mining and milling of uranium ores are subject to the Joint Convention.
www.arpansa.gov.au /is_waste.htm   (2842 words)

 UW EH&S Radioactive Waste   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Packaging waste is a topic that is addressed both in the Radiation Safety Training Class and the Radiation Safety Manual, Chapter 14.
When the LSC is composed of hazardous materials, the waste produced is by definition mixed waste (hazardous material with a radioactive component).
Waste with a half-life of 100 days or less may be stored for decay in your authorized lab spaces or can be picked up by Radiation Safety for storage in our Radioactive Waste Storage Facility.
www.ehs.washington.edu /rsowaste/rad_waste.shtm   (1092 words)

 Comprehensive Radioactive Waste Management   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
ORAU instructors begin with the basic principles of radiation interaction, radioactivity, health physics, and pathways analysis in order to build a sound basis for the student to understand the intent of the regulations (and concomitant high costs).
Comprehensive Radioactive Waste Management is for technicians, engineers, scientists, cost-planners, and project managers whose job function includes the difficult task of managing radioactive waste.
Waste generators, certifiers, and brokers will benefit from participating in this course, as well as health physics technicians, radiation safety program managers, and engineers who design equipment to process, treat, control, and measure radioactive wastes.
www.orau.org /ptp/waste.htm   (285 words)

 Radioactive Waste Disposal
Radioactive waste is difficult and potentially very expensive to dispose of, and there may be no outlet for certain types of waste.
In general, radioactive waste must be minimized and strictly segregated by the user from non-radioactive wastes, and also into one of several categories which can be accepted for disposal as descibed in the minimize and separate notice posted in laboratories.
Radioactive waste is accepted at the various service locations either on a fixed schedule or by appointment.
www.med.nyu.edu /radsafety/services/waste.html   (199 words)

 Radioactive Waste
Radioactive wastes are generated in University laboratories because they are a by-product of research activities involving radioactive sources.
Radioactive contaminated biological materials, including animal bedding and animal wastes, must be double bagged, sealed with duct tape or similar material, and stored in a freezer while awaiting removal.
Radioactive contaminated etiological material (bacteria, viruses, etc.) must be sterilized prior to disposal or packaged by the generator in such a way that the possibility of microbiological contamination no longer exists.
www.des.umd.edu /compliance/factsheet/radwaste.html   (1401 words)

 RHP-Radioactive Waste
State and Federal regulations allow radioactive materials licensees to discharge radioactive materials to sanitary sewer and to the atmosphere by incineration for certain radioisotopes in specific quantities, and concentrations.
The material may then be disposed as non radioactive waste as long as all radioactive labels have been removed or made illegible.
Radioactive waste that is highly radioactive and have long half life requires additional precautions for disposal and is regulated by the federal government.
www.vdh.state.va.us /rad/RHP-RADWASTE.asp   (579 words)

 Radioactive waste management in Australia
These beneficial uses of radioactivity generate a small amount of radioactive waste.
Radioactive waste is currently in temporary storage at numerous locations across the country, often within towns and cities.
The Australian and state and territory governments have responsibility for safe and secure management of radioactive waste in their jurisdictions.
www.radioactivewaste.gov.au   (85 words)

 Radioactive Waste Management
The waste is either concentrated and then isolated, or it is diluted to acceptable levels and then discharged to the environment.
Delay-and-decay however is unique to radioactive waste management; it means that the waste is stored and its radioactivity is allowed to decrease naturally through decay of the radioisotopes in it.
Radioactive wastes occur at all stages of the nuclear fuel cycle, the process of producing electricity from nuclear materials.
www.uic.com.au /wast.htm   (3100 words)

 EPA - Radioactive Waste Disposal: An Environmental Perspective (EPA's Radiation Protection Program: Information)
Radioactive waste can be in gas, liquid or solid form, and its level of radioactivity can vary.
Disposal of radioactive waste is a complex issue, not only because of the nature of the waste, but also because of the complicated regulatory structure for dealing with radioactive waste.
Radioactive waste is categorized according to its origin and not necessarily according to its level of radioactivity.
www.epa.gov /rpdweb00/docs/radwaste/index.html   (422 words)

 United Nations Division for Sustainable Development- Sustainable Development Issues - Waste (Radioactive)
The safe and environmentally sound management of radioactive wastes is the subject of Chapter 22 of Agenda 21.
The objective of Chapter 22 is to ensure that radioactive waste is safely managed, transported, stored and disposed of, with a view to protecting human health and the environment, within the wider framework of an interactive and integrated approach to radioactive waste management and safety.
The Commission on Sustainable Development considered the safety of radioactive wastes during its seventh session in 1999, in relation to transboundary movement of this waste, and again during its ninth session in 2001, in relation to nuclear energy technologies.
www.un.org /esa/sustdev/sdissues/waste_radioactive/waster.htm   (173 words)

 Radioactive Waste
There are strict requirements placed on each waste generator by federal, state and local authorities regarding radioactive waste form, packaging and the design and operation of waste storage facilities.
The programs and procedures with regard to radioactive waste management have been established to ensure that radioactive wastes generated at the University are stored and disposed of in compliance with all federal, state and local regulations.
All uranium and thorium wastes, regardless of how the materials were purchased, must be disposed of as radioactive wastes.
web.princeton.edu /sites/ehs/radiation/ramwaste.htm   (672 words)

 Radioactive Waste
Radioactive waste exits in many other areas - dumped in the Barents Sea, or simply abandoned in forests and fields all over the territory of Georgia.
Radioactive waste is any material that contains a concentration of radionuclides greater than those deemed safe by national authorities, and for which no use is foreseen.
Both the volume and the level of radioactivity have to be considered — a large volume of waste with a low-level of radioactivity presents less danger than a smaller amount of waste with a high-level of radioactivity.
www.grid.unep.ch /waste/html_file/40-41_radioactive.html   (362 words)

 Nuclear Waste Task Force  - Nuclear Waste - Sierra Club
Depleted Uranium (DU) is, according to the to the Military Toxins Project, the radioactive byproduct of the uranium enrichment process, is "roughly 60% as radioactive as naturally occurring uranium and has a half-life of 4.5 billion years." The United States has in excess of 1.1 billion pounds of DU waste material.
High-level waste (HLW) is highly radioactive material from the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel.
TRU waste is produced during reactor fuel assembly, weapons fabrication, and chemical processing operations.
www.sierraclub.org /nuclearwaste/nucw.asp   (694 words)

 Radioactive Waste: An International Concern
Radioactive waste can also be categorized as low-level or high-level, according to the amount of radiation given off.
Any radioactive waste that is not spent nuclear fuel, high-level radioactive waste, uranium mining residues, or transuranic waste falls into the low-level waste category.
All countries with high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel plan to eventually dispose of these materials deep underground, in a geologic disposal facility called a repository.
www.ocrwm.doe.gov /factsheets/doeymp0405.shtml   (1157 words)

 Radioactive Waste Section
The section is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of rules complying with the provisions of the Texas Compact and provide staff support to the Advisory Commission on Radioactive Waste and Decommissioning.
It was the legislature's belief that since radioactive waste disposal is available from private firms (not compact exclusive of out of state waste) for all the radioactive waste generated in Maine, other than Maine Yankee, that the Texas compact was no longer necessary, and not an acceptable cost.
The Texas Compact is an agreement between the states of Maine, Texas and Vermont regarding the disposal of commercial low-level radioactive waste.
www.maine.gov /dhhs/eng/rad/hp_waste.htm   (591 words)

 Radioactive waste   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The toxicity of a radioactive isotope is very dependent on the type of particle it emits and the rate at which it emits it (these are decay pathway and half-life).
These important aspects of radiation emited from various radioactive materials can not be changed; they are inherrent to the nucleus that is decaying and can not be "treated away".
Some isotopes in waste material can be made less toxic by incoporating them into ceramic-type materials that are very stable in some environments found on earth.
www.soest.hawaii.edu /GG/ASK/radwaste.html   (559 words)

 Radioactive Waste Pickup Request Form
Radioactive waste will not be picked up if the information is incomplete or inadequate.
I certify that the radioactive waste I am requesting disposal of herein is accurately described in terms of radioisotope(s), physical form(s), and chemical form(s).
I further certify, unless otherwise noted on this document, that this radioactive waste does not contain any other types of hazardous materials and complies with applicable UCSB policies.
www.ehs.ucsb.edu /radwastepickuprequest   (319 words)

HB 3869 (J. Smith)-Establishes the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Assistance Fund to be administered by the Department of Health and Environmental Control to assist South Carolina generators in defraying the cost of storing, transporting and disposing of this waste.
Waste Control Specialists (WCS) has signed two 40-year, low-level radioactive waste disposal contracts with Texas Utilities and STP Nuclear Operating Co. to guarantee disposal capacity for the companies at an approximate cost of $50 per cubic foot.
The National Research Council's Board on Radioactive Waste Management is proposing a study of the likely future trends in low-level radioactive waste generation, treatment and disposal and an assessment of potential technical and policy challenges in future decades.
www.ncsl.org /programs/environ/cleanup/799rwnew.htm   (11559 words)

 People's Policy On Radioactive Waste   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Moving highly radioactive waste from the site of generation to contaminate a new site will not eliminate the problem as nuclear reactors and their "irradiated" fuel pools are just as dangerous as the waste they generate, both as daily threats to public health and as terrorist targets.
Inventories of waste generated are essential for the development of informed radioactive waste management policy and the public's right to protect their health.
The highly radioactive and long-lived reactor wastes are included in the "low-level" waste category along with the much less concentrated and generally much shorter-lived wastes from medical treatment and diagnosis and some types of scientific research.
banwaste.enviroweb.org /html/paper.html   (2178 words)

 Safety of Disposable Radioactive Waste
The Disposable Waste Unit has the responsibility for development of safety standards related to both the predisposal management of radioactive waste and to its disposal.
The conference reached a number of conclusions regarding the status of radioactive waste management that have had a significant influence on the work of the Agency in the arena of radioactive waste safety.
The action plan was updated in light of the deliberations of the Conference on Issues and Trends in Radioactive Waste Management, which was held in December 2002.
www-ns.iaea.org /tech-areas/waste-safety/disposable.htm   (1054 words)

 Radioactive waste shipments resume - By Joe Walker
Although the test site disposes of low-level radioactive waste, it does not accept waste that is hazardous by regulatory definition.
Since Oct. 1, the plant has shipped nearly 300 tons of waste, most from past practices and the rest generated from cleanup work, such as digging contaminated soil from a cleaning building where TCE was extensively used.
Seaborg said the shipments "are a small part" of the vast amount of waste still there, including about 54,000 tons of scrap metal.
www.state.nv.us /nucwaste/news2002/nn11862.htm   (615 words)

 Civilian radioactive waste :: Emerging Environmental Issues :: United Nations System-Wide EARTHWATCH
One much-debated method of nuclear waste disposal is burial.
According to a submission by the Royal Society to Britain's House of Lords inquiry on nuclear waste, all countries with a nuclear waste problem are considering underground disposal as "the only viable long-term option".
The environmental disadvantages of burial of nuclear wastes include the spread of radioactivity into the surrounding environment.
earthwatch.unep.net /emergingissues/radioactivewaste/civilian.php   (234 words)

Radioactive waste is managed at Mayak in various ways, using reservoirs, storage tanks, waste burial sites, and a vitrification plant.
This reaction was the cause of the 29 September 1957 explosion of a waste storage tank, known as the "Kyshtym Disaster," which spread 70-80MT of waste over a region between 15,000 and 23,000 square kilometers in area.
After the accident, this practice of merely returning the waste to the storage tanks was discontinued and replaced with a process of evaporation and fixation in compounds such as hydroxides and ferrocyanides.
www.nti.org /db/nisprofs/russia/fissmat/pumayak/nucwaste.htm   (1787 words)

 Radioactive Waste   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Procedures for the disposal of solid, liquid and biological radioactive waste.
The Radioactive waste being generated at Columbia University can be categorized as: radioactive scintillation fluid, radioactive liquid waste, and radioactive solid waste.
After the waste has been stored for at least 10 half lives, the waste will be checked for any radioactivity using the appropriate monitoring device at the lowest scale.
www.columbia.edu /cu/ehrs/RadioActiveWaste.html   (360 words)

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