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Topic: Radiotherapy

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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  Radiation therapy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Radiation therapy (or radiotherapy) is the medical use of ionizing radiation as part of cancer treatment to control malignant cells (not to be confused with radiology, the use of radiation in medical imaging and diagnosis).
Radiotherapy is commonly used for the treatment of tumors.
The most common tumors treated with radiotherapy are breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, head and neck cancers, gynaecological tumors, bladder cancer and lymphoma, although the cancer's stage (progress) and invasion into lymph nodes, as well as other health and (unfortunately) monetary factors affect which treatment will have the greatest possibility of success.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Radiation_therapy   (2043 words)

 OCS: Radiotherapy.
Radiotherapy is only employed for solid tumours (such as retinoblastoma and optic nerve glioma) when the mass is localised and has not metastasised to distant areas of the body.
Radiotherapy is given in fractionated doses, usually over a period of 4-8 weeks.
Radiotherapy for optic nerve glioma may cause permanent damage to the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
www.orphancancer.org /General/Treatment/radiotherapy.html   (2111 words)

 Adjuvant Therapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Radiotherapy is given to women with breast cancer for a number of reasons.
Radiotherapy is also given to women who have had mastectomy but in whom it is felt that there is a high risk of local recurrence.
Radiotherapy causes fibrosis and scarring of the tissues.
www.thebreastclinic.com /adjuvant.htm   (1050 words)

 Radiotherapy improves survival after breast-conserving surgery
The omission of radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery for early-stage breast cancer is associated with higher rates of relapse and a slightly higher mortality rate, according to a study published in the
Many studies have shown that women with early-stage breast cancer who have breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy have similar survival rates as women who have a mastectomy, and those women are also spared the disfiguration of losing their breast.
However, radiotherapy prolongs the length of time that women are treated for breast cancer, the treatment can be costly, radiotherapy facilities are not common in all areas, and there are some side effects to radiotherapy.
www.wkhs.com /cancerftr/CancerNews/012204.asp   (227 words)

 Radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Because the equipment necessary to administer radiotherapy is expensive, and requires a lot of space and specially trained staff, radiotherapy departments tend to be found in the larger regional hospitals or cancer centres.
Palliative means that radiotherapy is given to relieve local symptoms from a tumour, for example to lessen pain, or stop bleeding, or to prevent damage to neighbouring structures such as nerves.
For patients receiving radiotherapy to the head or neck it may be directed to the mould room where a plastercast impression is taken.
www.cancernet.co.uk /rxt-what.htm   (1490 words)

 Chemotherapy, CancerLinksUSA.com
Radiotherapy, also called radiation therapy, is the treatment of cancer and other diseases with ionizing radiation.
Radiotherapy may be used to treat localized solid tumors, such as cancers of the skin, tongue, larynx, brain, breast, or uterine cervix.
Internal radiotherapy is frequently used for cancers of the tongue, uterus, and cervix.
www.cancerlinksusa.com /radiation/info.htm   (791 words)

If radiotherapy is potentially curative, the length of treatment is often longer and usually consists of smaller daily doses over a longer period of time.
Importantly, radiotherapy can be curative [1] when the patient's lymphoma is diagnosed early in it's clinical course (stage I and II) and the disease is still localized.
Radiotherapy can be curative [1] when the patient's lymphoma is diagnosed early in it's clinical course (stage I and II) and the disease is still localized.
www.lymphomation.org /radiation.htm   (1671 words)

 Radiotherapy - cancer cell treatment using radiation
Radiotherapy involves the exposure of parts of the body to radiation, beams of high-energy X-rays, gamma rays or particles.
A course of radiotherapy is usually given in a number of sessions to minimise any side effects and to allow normal tissue to recover.
The complications of radiotherapy depend on the radiation sensitivity of the normal tissues that lie in the path of the beam.
hcd2.bupa.co.uk /fact_sheets/html/radiotherapy.html   (1069 words)

 Radiotherapy : CancerBACUP
Radiotherapy treats cancer by using high-energy rays which destroy the cancer cells, while doing as little harm as possible to normal cells.
Radiotherapy for cancer of the cervix can be given externally or internally, and often as a combination of the two.
External radiotherapy is normally given as an outpatient, as a series of short daily treatments in the hospital radiotherapy department.
www.cancerbacup.org.uk /Cancertype/Cervix/Treatment/Radiotherapy   (1544 words)

 NCCI - Radiotherapy Utilisation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Radiotherapy is an essential cancer treatment and contributes to the cure or palliation of many cancer patients.
The traditional method is to estimate the proportion of new patients that should receive radiotherapy at some stage during the course of their illness.
To develop a model of optimal radiotherapy utilisation that can be applied to predict the impact of future changes in cancer incidence rates, changes in stage at presentation and changes in indications for radiotherapy.
www.ncci.org.au /projects/radiotherapy/radiotherapy.htm   (677 words)

 The Pituitary Foundation | GP Fact File | 10. Radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Radiotherapy may be used as the sole treatment to reduce the size of, or at least prevent further growth of pituitary tumours that cannot be treated medically or approached surgically because of inaccessibility or infirmity of the patient.
Radiotherapy is also used post-operatively to markedly decrease the chance of symptomatic tumour recurrence and to reduce excessive hormone secretion (such as growth hormone or ACTH).
MR imaging, has led to a reduction in the use of radiotherapy as a routine adjunct to surgery.
www.pituitary.org.uk /gp-factfile/10-radiotherapy.htm   (615 words)

 Radiotherapy Techniques: BC Cancer Agency
An external beam radiotherapy technique in which multiple beams are used to shape the high dose of radiation around the tumour.
Stereotactic radiotherapy is a conformal technique in which multiple small fields are used to treat tumours that are very close to critical structures such as the optic chiasm.
An external beam radiotherapy technique in which the usual uniform intensity of the beam is changed so that the intensity varies across the beam.
www.bccancer.bc.ca /HPI/CancerManagementGuidelines/HeadnNeck/Management/RadiotherapyTechniques.htm   (438 words)

 The Pituitary Foundation | Conference report (1999) | Radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Factors determining tumour control after radiotherapy include whether the tumour is treated after initial diagnosis and surgery or at the time of recurrence, its size, and the level of hormone secreted.
The potential side-effects of radiotherapy are to the pituitary gland itself and the surrounding structures, the optic chiasm and the brain.
Radiation is associated with an increased incidence of developing other tumours in the brain: a risk of 2% at 10-20 years after radiotherapy, and a relative risk of 9 compared with a 'normal' population.
www.pituitary.org.uk /conference/1999/radiotherapy.htm   (694 words)

 Radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Systemic radionuclide therapy is a form of radiotherapy that involves administering the source of the radiation into the patient.
Brachytherapy: a form of radiotherapy in which the source of radiation is applied in or on the patient in one prolonged dose, using surface applicators, needles, seeds or suspensions for use in serous cavities.,
Teletherapy: a form of radiotherapy in which the source of radiation is applied from a distance from the body.
www.avmi.net /NewFiles/RadioTherapy/Radiotherapy.html   (545 words)

 External Beam Radiotherapy | Treatments | Prostate Cancer | Learn | The Prostate Cancer Charity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
If your local unit offers 3D conformal radiotherapy, you will be asked to visit the hospital for a CT scan of your prostate.
Radiotherapy is a treatment for prostate cancer for men of any age.
The radiotherapy machine is a large piece of equipment housed in its own special room, often at basement level.
www.prostate-cancer.org.uk /learn/prostateCancer/treatment/externalBeamRadiotherapy.asp   (1509 words)

 Guideline 29 Section 9: Adjuvant radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Radiotherapy should normally be given to the breast after wide local excision.
Radiotherapy after mastectomy reduces the risk of local recurrence, but has very little effect on overall survival due to increased cardiac morbidity.
Radiotherapy to the axilla will not significantly improve control, but will increase the incidence of lymphoedema of the upper limb and/or breast.
www.sign.ac.uk /guidelines/fulltext/29/section9.html   (499 words)

 The Henna Page - The Encyclopedia of Henna- Henna for Accuracy and Comfort in Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy must be precisely, repeatedly, targeted to be effective against
A physician maps specific points on the patient’s body for the radiotherapy, and these exact points must be targeted at each therapeutic treatment.
Wurstbauer, Sedlmayer and Kogelnick tested henna as a radiotherapy isocenter marker for conformal radiotherapy treatments on 158 patients between 1998 and 2000.
www.hennapage.com /henna/encyclopedia/medical/radiotherapy.html   (333 words)

Radiotherapy is a ‘localised’ treatment, which means it treats only them area of your body it’s aimed at.
Your radiotherapy treatment aims to destroy cancer cells that may remain in your breast after breast conserving surgery, or in any breast tissue left on your chest after mastectomy.
It is not very common to have radiotherapy to the chest wall after a mastectomy, but sometimes women have radiotherapy if they are considered to be at higher risk of the breast cancer coming back in the breast tissue on their chest.
www.breasthealth.com.au /treatment/radiotherapy.html   (248 words)

 Stereotactic Radiosurgery & Radiotherapy
Stereotactic Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy are two of the newest techniques for treating brain tumors and other lesions.
Both single fraction radiosurgery and multiple-fraction radiotherapy treatments are intended to improve a patient’s quality of life and decrease treatment related complications, by minimizing radiation dose to surrounding normal tissues.
Radiotherapy patients are treated with lower fraction doses for shorter time periods per session over several weeks.
www.cpmc.org /services/radiation-oncology/radiation/stereosurgery.html   (708 words)

 Radioisotopes in Medicine
Radiotherapy can be used to treat some medical conditions, especially cancer, using radiation to weaken or destroy particular targeted cells.
Internal radiotherapy is by administering or planting a small radiation source, usually a gamma or beta emitter, in the target area.
Although radiotherapy is less common than diagnostic use of radioactive material in medicine, it is nevertheless widespread, important and growing.
www.uic.com.au /nip26.htm   (3502 words)

 Radiotherapy - The Doctors Lounge(TM)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Although radiotherapy is often used as part of curative therapy, it is occasionally used as a palliative treatment, where cure is not possible and the aim is for symptomatic relief.
Other rare uses are to wipe out the immune system prior to transplant to reduce the incidence of tissue rejection, called TBI or Total Body Irradiation; to calm hyperactive muscles -- such as might cause twitchy eyes -- with mild superficial treatments; and to form scar tissue around a stent to reinforce the vascular wall.
Radiotherapy is commonly used for the treatment of malignant tumors.
www.thedoctorslounge.net /oncology/procedures/radiotherapy.htm   (748 words)

 Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer Patients
Radiotherapy is completely non invasive and works by aiming high energy particles at the diseased tissue.
Patients who undergo radiotherapy as a prostate cancer treatment should have a Gleason score that is 6 or lower and a PSA score that is 10 or lower.
If brachytherapy fails, radiotherapy is usually not used as a salvage therapy because the prostate gland has been treated with an extremely high and concentrated dose of radiation.
prostate-cancer.com /radiation/patient-profile/radiation-patient-profile.html   (747 words)

 Health : Radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Radiotherapy involves the use of ionising radiation to treat disease and is one of the main methods used in the management of cancer.
Modern radiotherapy utilises highly sophisticated technology and therapeutic radiographers need to have an interest in and understanding of the technical aspects of treatment planning and delivery combined with good communication and caring skills.
All prospective students are advised to visit the imaging and radiotherapy departments of their local hospital before applying.
www.uce.ac.uk /web2/healthcc/bscther.html   (511 words)

 Northern Cancer Network : radiotherapy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Radiotherapy can also be given in conjunction with chemotherapy.
Radiotherapy may also be offered as a palliative treatment if cancer is advanced, to treat symptoms, for example, pain caused by cancer that has spread to the bones.
You may find it useful to have a look at the radiotherapy room of the Virtual Hospital Departments from The Royal College of Radiologists.
ncn.jamkit.com /Treatments/Radiotherapy   (248 words)

 Radiotherapy - Patient UK   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Sometimes radiotherapy is given before surgery to reduce the size of the tumour and make it easier to remove.
Radiotherapy aims to kill or damage cancer cells, but inevitably some normal cells will be damaged which can lead to side-effects.
For example: radiotherapy to a tumour in the the head and neck may cause a sore mouth; radiotherapy to the pelvis may cause fertility or sexual problems.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc/27000595   (1557 words)

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