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Topic: Rafael Trujillo

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  Rafael Leónidas Trujillo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
General Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (October 24, 1891 May 30, 1961) was the ruler of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until 1961, ruling as president (1930–1938, 1942–1952) and as essentially an unelected dictator.
Trujillo gained international attention for his rather open policy of allowing Jewish immigration from Europe in the 1930s, at a time when larger and wealthy nations were turning back Jewish refugees.
Trujillo, who himself was of mixed ancestry, was said to have worn makeup to give himself a whiter appearance, and favored garish uniforms and other militaristic trappings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rafael_Le%C3%B3nidas_Trujillo   (938 words)

 Rafael Trujillo
Rafael Trujillo was born on October 24, 1891.
Trujillo was not only the most powerful man in the Dominican Republic from a political point of view, but also from an economic standpoint.
Trujillo was running in the election that was to be held in 1938.
www.thediamondangle.com /marasco/negleg/trujillo.html   (1087 words)

 Encyclopedia: Rafael Leonidas Trujillo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
General Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina (October 24, 1891 - May 30, 1961) was the ruler of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until 1961, ruling as president (1930-1938, 1942-1952) and as an unelected military strongman between official terms.
Trujillo was born to poor mixed race parents in San Cristóbal.
Trujillo gained international attention for his rather open policy of allowing Jewish emigration from Europe in the 1930s, at a time when larger and wealthy nations were turning back Jewish refugees.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Rafael-Leonidas-Trujillo   (787 words)

 Georgetown First-Year Academic Workshop: About the Author, Orhan Pamuk   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Trujillo (Molinas) Rafael (Leonidas) was born in San Cristobal, Dominican Republic in 1891 and was assassinated on May 30, 1961, in Santo Domingo, known as Ciudad Trujillo.
Rafael Trujillo joined the Dominican army in 1918 and was trained by U.S. marines during the U.S. occupation (1916-24).
Trujillo was an astute and ruthless politician, a clever businessman, and a competent administrator who brought a degree of peace and prosperity to the island that it had not enjoyed in previous years.
www.georgetown.edu /users/pietragh/dept/Rafael-Trujillo.html   (410 words)

 MSN Encarta - Trujillo Molina, Rafael Leónidas
By 1927 Trujillo was a brigadier general and commander in chief of the Dominican Republic's army.
During that time Trujillo was absolute dictator as generalissimo of the army; he was also president from 1930 to 1938 and from 1942 to 1952 and foreign minister from 1953 to 1961.
Trujillo was assassinated by military leaders on May 30, 1961.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761555326   (257 words)

 Welcome to the Caribbean Feature Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Trujillo was the quintessential Latin American dictator - shoulder tasseled uniform, plume feathered hat and all.
Trujillo’s so-called crowning achievement was the payoff of the country’s foreign debt in 1947.
Rafael Trujillo typified an era of Latin American leaders whose sole ambition was self-gain and self-glorification.
welcometothecaribbean.com /news/articles/domrep.htm   (1516 words)

 AllRefer.com - Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina (Dominican History, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina[rAfAel´ lAOnE´thAs trOOhE´yO mOlE´nA] Pronunciation Key, 1891–1961, president of the Dominican Republic (1930–38, 1942–52).
Generalissimo Trujillo was constantly embroiled in difficulties with other Caribbean countries, charging that plots were being hatched against him abroad.
In 1956 rumor blamed the Trujillo regime for the disappearance from New York City of JesUs de GalIndez, a Columbia Univ. instructor who had sharply criticized Trujillo.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/T/Trujillo.html   (295 words)

 The Modern Word - "The Feast of the Goat" Review
The authoritarian excesses of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina, the long standing military dictator of the Dominican Republic, suddenly were seen as an embarrassing political liability, an invitation to and excuse for Communist revolution.
When Trujillo suddenly strips away the offices of Augustin Cabral, the father of Urania and a close Trujillo aide, Cabral responds not with rage at the groundlessness of his Kafkaesque punishment, but with the directionless terror of a child who has lost his parent.
As history shows, the diminutive, cerebral Balaguer prevails, exiling the Trujillos and the monstrous Abbes, and transforming himself from a figurehead into “an authentic head of state.” In the novel, his list of accomplishments is impressive.
www.themodernword.com /reviews/feastofthegoat.html   (1897 words)

 Dominican Republic THE ERA OF TRUJILLO - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, ...
Trujillo maintained control over the officer corps through fear, patronage, and the frequent rotation of assignments, which inhibited the development of strong personal followings (see History and Development of the Armed Forces, ch.
The trappings of his personality cult (Santo Domingo was renamed Ciudad Trujillo under his rule), the size and architectural mediocrity of his building projects, and the level of repressive control exercised by the state all invited comparison with the style of his contemporaries, Hitler in Germany and Mussolini in Italy.
To be sure, Trujillo did have cause to resent the leaders of certain foreign nations, such as Cuba's Fidel Castro Ruz, who aided a small, abortive invasion attempt by dissident Dominicans in 1959.
workmall.com /wfb2001/dominican_republic/dominican_republic_history_the_era_of_trujillo.html   (1602 words)

 New York Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Rafael Trujillo had begun his career as a petty criminal and hellraiser.
His obsession with Trujillo’s character and career led him to write his doctoral dissertation on "The Era of Trujillo." It is a rigorously thorough, unprejudiced study of the dictatorship that discusses Trujillo’s accomplishments as well as his abuse of power and reliance on terror.
According to Bernard Diederich’s The Death of the Goat, Galindez was transferred to a CDA plane and flown to Ciudad Trujillo.
www.nypress.com /print.cfm?content_id=5069   (1501 words)

 Elections: Latin American Studies: Collections: SSHL
Most important, of course, to Trujillo's maintaining his control of the country were the armed forces, which served as the tool he used to rise to power originally and remained the ultimate source of his authority until his death.
Galíndez 1973: To allow for Rafael Trujillo to assume the presidency immediately after the election, Héctor Trujillo as "the secretary of war and navy offered his resignation, to be effective on May 15, the day before the elections" (page 51).
Hartlyn 1998: "Trujillo was elected to a third (five-year) term in 1942 as two parties went to the polls with exactly the same lists, the PD and the Trujillista party" (pages 43-44).
sshl.ucsd.edu /collections/las/dominicanrepublic/1924.html   (6005 words)

 CPL - One Book, One Chicago
General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo came to power in 1930 and established an oppressive dictatorship in the Dominican Republic that lasted until his assassination in 1961.
Dominicans were required to hang a picture of Trujillo in their homes and schoolchildren taught to revere him.
Trujillo's men ambushed them on an isolated mountain road and beat them and their driver to death.
www.chipublib.org /003cpl/oboc/butterfly/trujillo.html   (467 words)

 Rafael Trujillo - DR1 Forums
Although Trujillo was a dictator and, as all dictators, controlled a great deal of the economy and wealth in the Dominican Republic and exerted fear among his people to maintain his power, he is no worse than present day governments in terms of human rights violations, corruption and criminality.
Trujillo amassed great wealth, but most of his wealth remained in the Dominican Republic in the form of great infrastuctural works.
Trujillo's highways, major momuments, bridges, industries and developed lands stand today as the most important legacies left to this nation.Our forests were among the greenest in America and water could be drank straight from rivers.
www.dr1.com /forums/showthread.php?t=11787   (885 words)

 Rafael Trujillo: Biography
Rafael Trujillo was born in San Cristobal, Dominican Republic, in 1891.
Trujillo was able to use his power to win the election.
Rafael Trujillo was assassinated on 30th May 1961 when his car was machine-gunned by a group of men on a quiet road outside the capital.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /JFKtrujillo.htm   (690 words)

 SSHL: Latin American Election Statistics: Dominican Republic : Elections and events 1945-1962   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Galíndez 1973: In July "Trujillo addressed a message to the convention of the Dominican party declining his nomination as a presidential candidate...and suggesting the name of his brother Héctor B. Trujillo; of course, this suggestion was accepted and confirmed by the convention" (page 69).
Hartlyn 1998a: "Trujillo remained commander-in-chief of the armed forces even when he was not formally president (in 1958, in the face of U.S. pressure, Trujillo claimed to have stepped down as commander-in-chief, but the ostensible move was never publicized within the country)" (page 97).
Hartlyn 1998: Trujillo's "advisers took steps-such as the killing by means of a staged auto accident of the anti-Trujillista middle-class Mirabal sisters in November 1960-that further alienated upper- and middle-class elements" (page 69).
dodgson.ucsd.edu /las/dominican/1945dom.htm   (6506 words)

 Dominican Republic 1960-1966 KH
On the night of 30 May 1961, Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo, mass murderer, torturer par excellence, absolute dictator, was shot to death on a highway in the outskirts of the capital city, Ciudad Trujillo.
The decision to topple Trujillo was reinforced in early 1960 when the United States sought to organize hemispheric opposition to the Castro regime.
Balaguer had been closely tied to the Trujillo family for decades, was serving as president under Trujillo at the time of the assassination, and had remained in the same capacity under Ramfis, but he was not regarded as a threat to continue the tyranny As Kennedy put it: "Balaguer is our only tool.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Blum/DominicanRepublic_KH.html   (2735 words)

 Rafael Trujillo: The Dominican Dicatator   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Trujillo ran against incumbent Horacio Vasquez for president in 1930 and fraudulently claimed ninety five percent of the vote.
Although the cult of Trujillo was strong among some Dominicans, many Dominicans hated "El Jefe" (the chief as he was called.) The first organized opposition developed late in the 1940's.
Although Trujillo still had supporters in Washington, a number of people in the Eisenhower administration feared that Trujillo's iron hand was leading to a radicalization of the Dominican rebels.
www.jlhs.nhusd.k12.ca.us /classes/social_science/latin_america/dominican_Republic.html   (1682 words)

 Salsa & Merengue Society – A History of Merengue: Rafael Trujillo
Trujillo rose rapidly through the ranks, and by the time the occupation ended, the armed forces were very much his personal tool.
hen Trujillo bid for the presidency in 1930, he campaigned on a national platform not a regional one, and began a process of eliminating regional leaders, and of intimidation and ballot rigging.
Perhaps President Trujillo delighted in this: he was an avid merengue dancer although he was not originally of the Cibao region, and his early attempts to fraternise with the elite while he was of junior rank had been spurned.
salsa-merengue.co.uk /revealit/histmer/part4.html   (495 words)

 Repertorio Espanol :: Tours
Trujillo, who was assassinated in 1961 by a band of disillusioned former supporters, had exercised a ruthless autocracy over the Dominican Republic for 31 years.
The portrait he paints of Trujillo as a maniacally egotistical, sex-crazed, pitiless man of violence is faithfully recreated by the Trianas.
The daughter of a trusted Trujillo adviser who fell out of favor toward the end of the dictatorship, Urania is back to confront her father, Agustín, now enfeebled and mute after a stroke.
www.repertorio.org /tours/index.php?area=review&rid=49   (863 words)

 Mosaic 1 Reading | Skimming for the General Idea
A In early November 1960, the Dominican dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina declared that his two biggest problems were "the Church and the Mirabal sisters." He solved the second problem on November 25, 1960, when his own secret police brutally murdered the sisters as they returned from visiting their husbands in jail.
Although the country was economically stable under his rule, his was an oppressive regime, and he was known for ruthlessness: tortures were common and political freedom was unheard-of, especially as he fell deeper and deeper into a state of paranoia and punished those who he thought were out to get him.
She was a faithful opponent of the Trujillo regime from a young age.
highered.mcgraw-hill.com /sites/0072329793/student_view0/chapter7/before_you_read.html   (988 words)

 Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo *PIC* - DR1 Forums
However, in civilian attire, Trujillo was one of the most elegant and well dressed men in the world.
Trujillo's attire was out of time, out of context, out of fashion and out of logic.
I don’t think Trujillo’s case is about tradition, I don’t remember any other general in the DR before or after dressed in such regalia.
www.dr1.com /forums/showthread.php?t=11826   (933 words)

 Power mad / Mario Vargas Llosa's new novel serves up the horrors of Rafael Trujillo's reign in the Dominican Republic
Trujillo's reign on the Dominican half of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola (the other half belonging to Haiti) meant oppression for many and wealth and influence for a few.
The story opens long after the fall of Trujillo as the daughter of one of his former cabinet ministers, a seemingly powerful but secretly damaged female lawyer named Urania Cabral, returns to the island nation to confront her past after a long self-imposed exile in New York City.
It's not that way at all, because Vargas Llosa, as he has demonstrated in his magnificent novels "The Green House" and "Conversation in the Cathedral," is a master of the intricate and complex relation of the far past to the near past and immediate present.
www.sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2001/11/25/RV220734.DTL&type=printable   (542 words)

 Amazon.ca: Books: The Feast of the Goat   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The book is told in three threads: one looks at Trujillo himself, one is concerned with a woman, Urania, returning to the Dominican Republic for the first time since she left decades ago, right before Trujillo's assassination, and the third storyline deals with Trujillo's assassins.
Trujillo's inevitable death occurs about two-thirds of the way through the book, and some of the most intriguing episodes of political maneuvering occur afterwards.
Trujillo, who was referred to as "the Goat," was trained by the United States Marines and it was United States financial backing that kept him in power from the 1930s through the 1950s.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0312420277   (1974 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: The Feast of the Goat: A Novel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
She is 14 at the time of the Trujillo assassination and, as we gradually discover, was betrayed by her father to Trujillo.
General Rafael Trujillo was a primal evil force, who equated his own health with the health of the nation.
Trujillo was as evil as Stalin, he just never had the opportuntity to kill as many folks as Stalin.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0312420277?v=glance   (3637 words)

 Invaders in Service with the Dominican Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Trujillo had an intense personal hatred of the Venezuelan president Romulo Betancourt, and had even financed an abortive assassination attempt against him.
The United States government had long tolerated Trujillo as a bastion of staunch anti-Communism in the Caribbean, but public opinion in in the late 1950s in the US had begun to turn against the dictatorship.
In a fractious campaign between Bosch and former Trujillo associate Joaquin Balaguer, Balaguer was elected president on July 1, 1966.
home.att.net /~jbaugher4/a26_18.html   (905 words)

 Trujillo Molina, Rafael Leonidas on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In 1956 rumor blamed the Trujillo regime for the disappearance from New York City of Jesús de Galíndez, a Columbia Univ. instructor who had sharply criticized Trujillo.
Bibliography: See R. Crassweller, Trujillo: The Life and Times of a Caribbean Dictator (1966); J. de Galíndez, The Era of Trujillo (pub.
Pictures and Maps for: Trujillo Molina, Rafael Leonidas
www.encyclopedia.com /html/T/Trujillo.asp   (450 words)

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