RASMUS CHRISTIAN RASK - LoveToKnow Article on RASMUS CHRISTIAN RASK(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The reputation which Rask thus acquired recommended him to the Arna-Magnaean Institution, by which he was employed as editor of the Icelandic Lexicon (1814) of Bjorn Haldorson, which had long remained in manuscript.
Rask visited Iceland, where he remained from 1813 to 1815, mastering the language and familiarizing himself with the literature, manners anc customs of the natives.
In October 1816Rask left Denmark on a literary expedition at the cost of the king, to prosecute inquiries into the languages of the East, and collect manuscripts for the university library at Copenhagen.
Rasmus Christian Rask(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Rasmus Christian Rask (November 22, 1787 - November 14, 1832), Danish scholar and philologist, was born at Brandekilde in the island of Funen or Fyn in Denmark.
Rask returned to Copenhagen in May 1823, bringing a considerable number of Oriental manuscripts, Persian, Zend (Avestan language), Pali, Sinhalese and others, with which he enriched the collections of the Danish capital.
During the period between his return from the East and his death Rask published in his native language a Spanish Grammar (1824), a Frisic Grammar (1825), an Essay on Danish Orthography (1826), a Treatise respecting the Ancient Egyptian Chronology and an Italian Grammar (1827), and the Ancient Jewish Chronology previous to Moses (1828).
Chapter Three-- Rask(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Perhaps the most brilliant of the early linguists, RasmusRask (1787-1832) made his primary contribution in accordance with a topic proposed for a prize by the Danish Academy of Sciences in 1811.
We also admire Rask for his efforts to learn language in the field; the data for his conclusions are largely the result of his own collecting.
Rask's perceptive examination of his data and the great preponderance of methodology that accords with ours in proceeding beyond that of his predecessors would justify the translation, though most scholars might with little difficulty make their way through the Danish original.
Denmark - Official Denmark - Language(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Rask created a new basis for comparative linguistics by investigating not only the languages' vocabularies, but also their phonetical and grammatical idiosyncrasies.
From the long journey home, Rask brought home with him a large number of ancient Iranian and Singhalese manuscripts which he had collected, and which have since made the Copenhagen Royal Library a centre for the study of comparative philology for many scholars in Rask's tradition.
Vilhelm Thomsen was the last important linguist in the RasmusRask tradition and like Rask he was eager to use philology as a tool for the historian.
In 1818 he first showed that, in their consonant sounds, words in the Germanic languages vary with a certain regularity from their equivalents in the other Indo-European languages, e.g., the English father,acre, and the Latin pater, ager.
The Danish language scholar RasmusRask, who wrote the first Faroese grammar (1811), described the language as a dialect of Icelandic, but it is actually an independent language, intermediate between West Norwegian...
Icelandic alphabet(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The modern Icelandic alphabet has developed from a standard established in the 19th century, by the Danish linguist RasmusRask primarily.
The later RasmusRask standard was basically a re-enactment of the old treatise, with some changes to fit concurrent Germanic conventions, such as the exclusive use of k rather than c.
Later 20th century changes are most notably the adoption of é, which had previously been written as je (reflecting the modern pronunciation), and the abolition of z, which had long been a mere etymological detail.
RasmusRask -- Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
His observation that sound shifts between corresponding words in Germanic and other Indo-European languages followed predictable patterns was the basis of a fundamental law of linguistics later enunciated by Jacob Grimm (Grimm's law).
Rask also carried out extensive research on Old Norse, publishing his Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language in 1818.
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