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Topic: Raymond Cattell


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  Raymond Cattell - Psychology Wiki - A Wikia wiki
Raymond Bernard Cattell (20 March, 1905 - 2 February, 1998) was a British and American psychologist who theorized the existence of fluid and crystallized intelligences to explain human cognitive ability.
In keeping with his devotion to rigorous scientific method, Cattell was an early proponent of the application in psychology of factor analytical methods, in place of what he called mere "verbal theorizing." One of the most important results of Cattell's application of factor analysis was the derivation of 16 factors underlying human personality.
Cattell was also criticized by Rutgers professor William H. "Bill" Tucker, a friend and associate of Mehler's to whom Mehler "generously opened both his files and his home".
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Raymond_Cattell   (849 words)

  
 Human Intelligence: Raymond B. Cattell
Raymond Bernard Cattell’s substantial contributions to psychology fall into three areas: He is credited with developing an influential theory of personality, creating new methods for statistical analysis, and developing the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence, which was later elaborated by his most renowned student, John Horn.
Raymond Cattell held a hereditarian view of intelligence, arguing that the weight of the statistical evidence supports the idea that intelligence is largely determined by genetics.
Cattell responded with an open letter the American Psychological Association (APA), asserting that some of the offending statements had been made when he was a young man in the 1930s, and that he had amended them in later years.
www.indiana.edu /~intell/rcattell.shtml   (808 words)

  
 Raymond Bernard Cattell - R. B. Cattell - Raymond Cattell
Cattell long lamented that this sector of mathematics, which is standard fare for mathematicians, physicists, chemists, and biologists, is considered by psychology students and textbook publishers, not to mention some psychology department education directors as recondite, demanding, disciplined, but optional and less titillating than the “humanistic” theories of behavior.
Cattell observes that it would be a useful study of scientific ideas themselves to cover the absorption, criticism, modification, and sheer unawareness that have met the mathematical model concepts, trait measures, and applied diagnostic work arising from his laboratory.
Cattell conjectured that the solution may be the breakaway from what may continue to be called, “psychology of, on the one hand, psychonomic and multivariate experimentalist societies, united in scientific objectivity if not in ancestry, and, on the other hand, of so-called humanistic psychology.
www.stthomasu.ca /~jgillis/bio.htm   (7741 words)

  
 Raymond Bernard Cattell: Encyclopedia of Psychology
Raymond B. Cattell was one of psychology's most prolific scholars.
In a career spanning over half a century he wrote more than 50 books and 500 research articles, and his contributions to personality and intelligence testing are widely regarded as invaluable.
Cattell was born in Hilltop, England, on March 20,1905.
soc.enotes.com /gale-psychology-encyclopedia/raymond-bernard-cattell   (140 words)

  
 Raymond B. Cattell and the Fourth Inquisition
Cattell first outlined his `evolutionary ethic' based on natural selection in Psychology and Social Progress (1933), and that "Cattell's first monograph on the topic was, A New Morality from Science: Beyondism (Cattell, 1972), followed by Beyondism: Religion from Science" (Cattell, 1987).
Cattell is guilty of being a scientist with an interest in the causes of individual differences.
Cattell is only guilty of advocating a version of secular humanism incorporating aspects of morality and ethics that would be informed by knowledge from modern science.
www.prometheism.net /articles/inquisition.html   (7992 words)

  
 Cattell, Raymond Bernard (1905-1998) Encyclopedia of Psychology - Find Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Cattell was born in Hilltop, England, on March 20, 1905.
Cattell intended the book to be a discussion of his theories on evolution and natural selection.
Cattell claimed, for example, that among the tenets of Beyondism was the idea that races as we know them today would not exist in the future.
www.findarticles.com /cf_dls/g2699/0004/2699000407/p1/article.jhtml   (728 words)

  
 Raymond B. Cattell dies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Cattell was born in England and earned a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and a PhD in psychology at London University.
Cattell also was well known for his significant advances in factor analysis and other methodologies.
Cattell was selected by the American Psychological Foundation (APF) as the reciepent of the Gold Medal Award for Lifetime Achievements in Psychological Science at the APA 1997 Annual Convention.
www.apa.org /monitor/mar98/cattell.html   (315 words)

  
 The Racist Past of the American Psychology Establishment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
First, throughout his life Cattell adhered to a claim common in the first quarter of the twentieth century — that the biological union of individuals from different racial backgrounds would produce genetic disharmonies in the offspring.
However, for Cattell, the most important reason for rigid segregation was his view of race as the unit of evolutionary progress.
Thus, the Cattell controversy leaves the puzzling question of why the postponement of his award elicited such outrage when the case for doing so was so compelling.
www.jbhe.com /features/48_Cattell_case.html   (2097 words)

  
 INTERVIEW WITH RAYMOND B. CATTELL
CATTELL: I agree with Carl Bajema's suggestions in the Fall '83 issue--the only way to progress is to enter political controversies, to set up programs for research in the area, to support the Eugenics Special Interest Group, and in general to stir up people's thinking by critical observations.
CATTELL: I agree that the only reasonable thing is to be noncommittal on the race question--that's not the central issue, and it would be a great mistake to be sidetracked into all the emotional upsets that go on in discussions of racial differences.
CATTELL: One might suppose that all one had to do to overcome this opposition was to point to striking research in behavior genetics.
www.ziplink.net /~bright/papers/eb7.html   (3200 words)

  
 Raymond Cattell - Dr. Raymond Cattell - Dr. R.B. Cattell
While effects on a discipline of a particular person's writings are difficult to identify, it is clear that Cattell's research has contributed immensely to the breadth and depth of modern scientific psychology, both directly and through the hundreds of colleagues and students around the world with whom he worked.
Raymond B. Cattell was born in England in 1905 and grew up in a seaside Devonshire town where his father was a mechanical engineer who worked on such projects as developing innovations for WWI military equipment, for the steam engine, and for the new internal combustion engine.
Cattell distinguished himself in high school and earned a county scholarship to attend London University where he was drawn to the burgeoning field of chemistry and was awarded first class honors with his B.Sc.
www.cattell.net /devon/rbcbio.htm   (1314 words)

  
 That's Me! - A Guide To Personality
Raymond Cattell was born in Staffordshire, England, on March 20, 1905.
Cattell was a prolific writer, having written more than 500 articles and 50 books.
Cattell died on February 4, 1998 at the age of 92.
library.thinkquest.org /C004361/biocattell.html   (157 words)

  
 Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Model
Cattell's scholarly training began at an early age when he was awarded admission to King's College at Cambridge University where he graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Chemistry in 1926 (Lamb, 1997).
Cattell and colleagues responded to the critics by maintaining the stance that the reason the studies were not successful at replicating the primary structure of the 16 Personality Factor model was because the studies were not conducted according to Cattell's methodology.
Cattell's 35 clusters of personality traits were further limited by Fiske, who used a subset of only 22 clusters and ran a factor analysis.
www.personalityresearch.org /papers/fehringer.html   (3708 words)

  
 Raymond Cattell
Cattell thought that clinicians observations were not a scientific basis for understanding or classifying personality.
Cattell used the Inductive Method of scientific enquiry to develop his theory of personality.
Cattell believed that intelligence was primarily an inherited trait.
www.rpi.edu /~verwyc/CATTELL.htm   (619 words)

  
 Raymond Cattell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cattell has been criticized on the basis of his interests in eugenics, evolution and alternative cultures and political systems.
The blue ribbon committee was therefore disbanded and Cattell, in failing health, died months later.
MacDonald, Marvin J. "Psychology, Eugenics and the Case of Raymond B. Cattell".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Raymond_Cattell   (745 words)

  
 SparkNotes: Personality Traits: Cattell, Eysenck, and the Big Five
In this section, we discuss two of the founding figures in trait theory, Raymond Cattell and Hans Eysenck, both of whom conducted their seminal research in the 1940's and 1950's.
Using this method, Cattell came up with a list of sixteen factors of personality (each a continuum from one extreme to the other), and developed a questionnaire that could be used to measure each of these factors in an individual or a group.
Since Cattell and Eysenck, many researchers have conducted many studies to determine whether there are sixteen traits, as Cattell argued, or two, as Eysenck argued, or whether the truth is somewhere in between.
www.sparknotes.com /psychology/personality/traits/section1.html   (552 words)

  
 Honolulu Star-Bulletin Obituaries
Cattell, who had specialized in intelligence measurement and personality theory, was accused of being committed to fascist and eugenics causes aimed at improving the human race through emphasis on heredity in mating.
Cattell was born at Devon, England, and grew up there.After studies at the University of London, he worked as a clinical psychologist in England.
Cattell is survived by wife Heather; sons Hereward and Roderic; daughters Mary, Heather and Elaine; stepson Gary Shields; stepdaughters Heather Phelps; brother Stanley; and seven grandchildren.
starbulletin.com /98/02/04/news/obits.html   (1369 words)

  
 Essay Depot - Cattell's Big Five Factors
Raymond Cattell (1905-present) designed the “Big five Factors of Personality”, in which five classifications are revealed.
Raymond Cattell used Allport and Odbert’s 4500 trait-descriptives in which he extracted 35 traits.
Many versions of Cattell’s Big five factors have been reproduced and the first four are always very similar to the first four of Cattell’s, the fifth one however has run into problems with interpretation.
www.essaydepot.com /essayme/2156/index.php   (1033 words)

  
 THE SELF AS A POWER IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FIELD
Cattell and Gorsuch point out that the self has another meaning, as that peculiarly responsible for and involved in control and coordination functions of the total personality.
and Rogers, as specific structures like Cattell and Gorsuch, or as a total personality (as total unity) like Jung, are confusing effects with cause, are mistaking potentials, determinables, and manifestations for the underlying generative agency transforming potential to determinable and determinable to actuality.
Raymond B. Cattell and Richard L. Gorsuch, "Personality and Socio-Ethical Values: The Structure of Self and Superego," in Cattell (ed.) "Handbook of Modern Personality Theory," unpublished manuscript, Chapter 30.
www.hawaii.edu /powerkills/DPF.CHAP28.HTM   (2995 words)

  
 Worksheet # 5
This worksheet is devoted to Raymond Cattell and the 16pf measure he developed.
Raymond grew up in ____________, where his father worked as an ______________ .
Raymond Cattell believed that the public's misconceptions of his beliefs of race and culture were based on three factors :
www.rpi.edu /~verwyc/cattelws.htm   (812 words)

  
 UMD Library - Psychologists - Raymond Cattell
Cattell, R. Factor analysis; an introduction and manual for the psychologist and social scientist.
Cattell, R. Taxonomic principles for locating and using types.In Kleinmuntz (Ed.), Formal representation of human judgment.
Cattell, R. B., and Butcher, H. The prediction of achievement and creativity.
www.d.umn.edu /~meberhar/ref/psy/psychologists/cattell.htm   (272 words)

  
 Cattell, Raymond B. - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Cattell, Raymond B. Cattell, Raymond B., 1905-, American psychologist, b.
He came to the United States in 1937 and served as research professor at the Univ. of Illinois (1944-73).
Dysexecutive symptoms among a non-clinical sample: A study with the use of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-cattell.html   (319 words)

  
 Personality Trait Theory
Raymond Cattell, another trait theorist who used Psychometric testing to reduce clusters of correlating items in a questionnaire.
Ratings by observers which Cattell regarded as the best source but which he also recognised are notoriously difficult to make; great skill and time are needed to make accurate ratings.
Cattellís questionnaires were not entirely based upon yes no answers, some questions allowed for yes, no and maybe.
www.le.ac.uk /education/resources/SocSci/cattell.html   (318 words)

  
 Trait Theory in Personality Synopsis at ALLPSYCH Online
Raymond B. Cattell entered the field of psychology almost against his own better judgment.
After working in a hospital during World War I, he decided that understanding human behavior and interaction is the only way to get beyond the irrationality of the times.
According to Cattell's research, human personality traits could be summarized by 16 personality factors (PF) or main traits.
allpsych.com /personalitysynopsis/cattell.html   (309 words)

  
 Raymond Cattell biog.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Cattell was born in Staffordshire in England in 1905.
Cattell did his University studies in London, and majored in Chemistry and Physics.
Because of his history and interests in the more structured Sciences, Cattell’s approach to Psychology was more attuned to empirical understanding then the Philosophically based theories such as Freud, Jung etc. During the 1940’s, Cattell allied with Edward Thorndike, a behavioural Psychologist whom did numerous studies into the arena of operant conditioning, and operant learning.
www.radessays.com /viewpaper/18484/Raymond_Cattell_biog..html   (235 words)

  
 Fluid and crystallized intelligence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In psychometrics, fluid and crystallized intelligence (abbreviated gf and gc, respectively) are factors of intelligence test scores originally identified by Spearman as eductive and reproductive ability and subsequently misleadingly re-named by Raymond Cattell.
For instance, the known fact of IQ decline in seniors at age 50 and higher (Schaie 1983; Hertzog and Schaie) may be attributed to decline in Gf but not in Gc.
One endeavor, the creation of the Cattell Culture Fair IQ test attempted to quantify the concept of fluid intelligence which in some ways resembles the Raven Progressive Matrices which was based directly on Spearman's work.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Fluid_and_crystallized_intelligence   (606 words)

  
 Raymond Cattell - R.B. Cattell - Raymond B. Cattell - Raymond Bernard Cattell - A Memorial
Raymond Cattell - R.B. Cattell - Raymond B. Cattell - Raymond Bernard Cattell - A Memorial
Raymond Cattell touched many people's lives in many different ways.
This memorial is an attempt to paint a picture of the whole man. It is a work in progress and will continue to grow.
www.cattell.net /devon/rbcmain.htm   (80 words)

  
 16 Personality Factors - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cattell referred to these 16 factors as primary factors, as opposed to the so-called "Big Five" factors which he considered global factors.
Using factor analysis Cattell generated twelve factors, and then included four factors which he thought ought to appear.
In 1963, W.T. Norman replicated Cattell’s work and suggested that five factors would be sufficient.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/16PF   (597 words)

  
 Personality Tests
This Test, based on breakthrough research conducted by Professor Raymond Cattell at the University of Illinois some forty years ago, has since been used as the control instrument of preference for the development of most Personality Tests now in use.
It should also be noted that in his original 16PF handbook, Raymond Cattell issued a warning that the Test should always be administered in conjunction with the MAT (Motivational Analysis Test).
Raymond Cattell was well aware of this link.
www.thecambridgedon.com /PersonalityTests.htm   (2320 words)

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