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Topic: Raymond III of Tripoli

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  Raymond III of Tripoli - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Raymond III of Tripoli (1140–1187) was Count of Tripoli from 1152 to 1187 and Prince of Galilee and Tiberias in right of his wife Eschiva.
Raymond of Saint-Gilles was a great-grandson of Raymond IV of Toulouse (Raymond I of Tripoli).
Raymond also married Eschiva of Bures, Princess of Galilee and the widow of Walter of Saint-Omer of Tiberias, which allowed him to gain control over much of the northern part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, especially the fortress at Tiberias on the Sea of Galilee.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Raymond_III_of_Tripoli   (1947 words)

 Bohemund III of Antioch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1177, along with Raymond III and Philip, Count of Flanders, who had arrived on pilgrimage, Bohemund besieged Harim, but they could not recapture it and the siege was abandoned.
Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem was sent to mediate in 1181, with Raynald of Chatillon, Raymond III of Tripoli, Arnold of Toroga, and Roger des Moulins, but Bohemund refused to acquiesce, and expelled the mediators as well as a number of his own nobles.
Raymond of Tripoli died soon after Hattin, and had named Bohemund's elder son Raymond as his successor, but Bohemund ignored this and instead installed his second son, Bohemund IV, as count.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bohemund_III_of_Antioch   (1096 words)

 The Counts of Toulouse and the County of Tripoli
Count Raymond III of Tripoli, who reigned from 1152 to 1187, was an important figure in the history of the Kingdom to the south, due to his close relationship to its Kings (his mother Hodierna was a daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem) and to his own position as Prince of Galilee through his wife.
Raymond argued unsuccessfully in favour of peace with Saladin, but, ironically, it was Saladin's siege of Raymond's Countess in Tiberias that led the Crusader army into Galilee before its defeat at Hattin in 1187, and although Raymond survived the battle, he died soon afterwards.
Bohemund VII of Tripoli (1275-1287) Lucia of Tripoli (1287-1289)
www.languedoc-france.info /19020104_tripoli.htm   (3298 words)

 Antioch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Raymond III of Tripoli had died shortly after the Battle of Hattin and leaving behind no direct heir, he had named his godson, Raymond of Antioch, the eldest son of prince Bohemond III, as his successor.
In 1194 Leo II tricked Bohemond III with the result that the Norman prince was captured by the Roupenians.
On the other hand, the city commune of Antioch supported the claim of Count Bohemond of Tripoli on the grounds that he was the nearest relative of the last ruling prince, a principle which was becoming more and more important in the crusader states.
crusades.boisestate.edu /antioch/07.shtml   (311 words)

 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
Raymond rallied to its defense but the limit of his fortune had been reached: he was killed in the battle.
Not only was Raymond dead and his heir still quite young, but Fulk of Jerusalem too had left behind a child son and widow and Joscelin II of Edessa was being held captive, where he would die some ten years later.
Baldwin III of Jerusalem came of age in 1152 but from 1150 he and the barons had proposed three different and respectable suitors for Constance’s hand, all of whom she rejected.
www.the-orb.net /textbooks/crusade/antioch.html   (2650 words)

 Medieval Sourcebook:The Battle of Hattin 1187
Raymond III of Tripoli and his friends stood opposed to the Latin King and his coterie.
Raymond had, in fact, made an alliance with Saladin in order to protect the county of Tripoli against the possibility of Moslem invasion.
The Countess [Eschiva, wife of Raymond III of Tripoli] and the Galileans, since the city was not fortified, sent messengers to the Count and King with the news: "The Turks have surrounded the city.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/1187hattin.html   (2501 words)

 AllRefer.com - Raymond, count of Tripoli (French History, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Raymond c.1140–1187, count of Tripoli (1152–87), great-great-grandson of Raymond IV of Toulouse.
Captured (1164) by the Muslims, he was released c.1173 and became (1174) regent for King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem.
He gave up that post in 1176, but in 1183 was appointed regent for Baldwin V. Leading the baronial faction in the kingdom, Raymond opposed Guy of Lusignan, who became king at the death (1186) of Baldwin, and he even entered into an alliance with Saladin.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/R/Raymond.html   (266 words)

 The Fantasy Forum - Kingdom of Heaven
Balian and Baldwin supported Raymond III of Tripoli over Miles of Plancy as regent for Baldwin IV in 1174, and in 1177 the brothers were present at the Battle of Montgisard.
Raymond III of Tripoli, in his capacity of regent during Baldwin's minority, arranged for Sibylla to marry William Longsword of Montferret, newly created count of Jaffa and Ascalon.
At Easter, 1180, Raymond III of Tripoli (the former regent) and Bohemund III of Antioch entered the kingdom with the intent of choosing a husband for Sibylla themselves.
www.thefantasyforum.com /showthread.php?p=243644   (6638 words)

 Crusaders, Greeks, and Muslims by Sanderson Beck
Adhémar and Raymond were joined by Hugh of Vermandois, Robert II of Flanders, Duke Robert of Normandy, Count Stephen of Blois, Duke Godfrey of Lower Lorraine, Count Eustace III of Boulogne, and his brother Baldwin.
Raymond and Bohemond went to get the equipment and were attacked; but Godfrey came to their aid, and together their armies defeated the raiders, who had 1500 men killed and drowned, including nine emirs.
Raymond II of Tripoli offered his daughter Melisend in marriage to Manuel, and both were crushed when the Emperor rejected her to marry Princess Maria of Antioch.
www.san.beck.org /AB18-Crusaders.html   (21728 words)

 Politics in the Latin Kingdom
Baldwin III was preoccupied with dynastic quarrels among the members of the royal family and with the pretensions of the Byzantine Emperor, Manuel, to suzerainty over Antioch.
Raymond of Tripoli remained in power as regent and quickly sought to negotiate a truce with Saladin.
Raymond of Tripoli refused to recognize the new monarchs and he was joined in his opposition by Bohemund III, the Prince of Antioch, and a minority of the other long-standing members of the Latin nobility.
www.ordotempli.org /politics_in_the_latin_kingdom.htm   (9386 words)

Son of Bohemond III; adopted by Raymond III of Tripoli, whom he succeeded as count of Tripoli (1187); forcefully succeeded to Antioch, excluding his nephew Raymond Rhupen, grandson of Leo II of Armenia.
Charles III of Parma) and Henri (1820-1883), duc de Bordeaux and later comte de Chambord ; attempted to secure succession for Henri on overthrow of Charles X (1830) and exiled; secretly returned to France (1832), instigated insurrection in favor of Henri at Vendee; imprisoned (1832-33).
The third son of King Pedro III of Aragon (1239-85), Frederick became regent of Sicily, a possession of Aragon, in 1291.
website.lineone.net /~johnbidmead/sicily.htm   (2975 words)

 My Lines - Person Page 440
Raymond III, comte de Tripoli was described as very dark, with a hawk-nose, fluent in Arabic, and an attentive reader of Islamic texts, he could have passed for a Syrian emir but for his large stature, which betrayed his western origins.
She married Raymond III, comte de Tripoli, son of Raymond II, comte de Tripoli and Hodierne de Jérusalem, in 1174.
She married Olav III Kyrre Haraldsson, King of Norway, son of Haraldr III Hardrádi Sigurdsson, King of Norway and Tora Torbergsdoteir.
homepages.rootsweb.com /~cousin/html/p440.htm   (4373 words)

 The Assassins: 4   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
At this time Raymond's marriage was in a bad state: his wife Hodierna, sister of Queen Melisende, was headstrong and flighty, and Raymond, who was intensely jealous, tried to keep her shut up like a Muslim woman.
Raymond III of Tripoli, son of that Raymond who had been murdered by the Assassins in 1152, became regent; he was able and determined but he could not unite the kingdom.
Two parties arose, one composed of the native barons and the Hospitallers, who followed Raymond and who were prepared to reach a sensible accommodation with the Muslims, and the other, aggressively and militantly Christian, composed of the Templars and of newcomers from the West with little understanding of the situation in the East.
www.accampbell.uklinux.net /assassins/assassins-html/sinan.html   (8240 words)

 Roman Emperors DIR Mary of Antioch
Marguerite-Constance of Antioch, the daughter of Raymond of Poitiers and Constance of Antioch (who had married Reynald of Chatillon after Raymond's death), was one of the two main contenders for the position of Manuel's new bride, the other being Melisende, sister of Raymond III of Tripoli.
Maria unwisely attempted to enlist the help of Béla III of Hungary, who was now her brother-in-law, by writing letters to him suggesting he ravage the lands around Branichevo and Belgrade to distract Andronicus' attention from events in the city.
This gave Andronicus the perfect pretext to accuse her of treason and in a show trial she was was found guilty of treasonable conduct before a court composed of hostile judges.
www.roman-emperors.org /maryant.htm   (6469 words)

 Vassals of the Kingdom of Jerusalem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
There were also three other major Crusader states, the County of Edessa, the County of Tripoli, and the Principality of Antioch, which were not part of the kingdom and did not technically owe any feudal services (they often gave military service but just as often did not).
According to the 13th century jurist John of Ibelin the four highest barons in the Kingdom were the Count of Jaffa and Ascalon, the Prince of Galilee, the Lord of Sidon, and the Lord of Oultrejordain.
This seigneury was an unusual creation given to Joscelin III, the nominal count of Edessa, which had been lost long before.
www.indexuslist.de /keyword/Vassals_of_the_Kingdom_of_Jerusalem.php   (1370 words)

 Informed Comment
Raymond III of Tripoli was not a complacent courtier of Guy de Lusignan, but a major rival who had his own power base.
Moreover, Raymond III of Tripoli made an alliance with Saladin against his Christian enemies in Jerusalem.
If the film had shown Saladin giving the Christians breathing space while he attacked the Muslim ruler of Aleppo, and had been clearer about Raymond III's alliance with Saladin, it could have cut across the Islam/Christianity binary division and showed the warriors as human beings rather than as members of a particular religion.
www.juancole.com /2005/05/ridley-scotts-kingdom-of-heaven-i-saw.html   (561 words)

 A General History of the Near East, Chapter 11
Before the Crusade, Raymond had taken an oath never to return from the East, but he thought a visit to Constantinople was permissible.
The four Crusader states of Jerusalem, Tripoli, Antioch and Edessa together made up a fragile ribbon between the Red Sea and the Euphrates that was 600 miles long, and between 10 and 100 miles wide.
Raymond of Tripoli escaped in a desperate charge, and died heartbroken shortly afterwards; his county went by default to a son of Antioch's Bohemond III, thus uniting Antioch and Tripoli under one family.
xenohistorian.faithweb.com /neareast/ne11.html   (13635 words)

 Raymond   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Raymond IV of Toulouse (also known as "Raymond of St Gilles", Raymond I of Tripoli)
Lord Raymond is the hero of Mary Shelley's The Last Man. Raymond has been used as an alternative title for the book.
Raymond is the name of some places in the United States of America and Canada:
raymond.blogmobs.com /index.php/2005/12   (262 words)

 Religious Military Orders - by Brad A. Sand and Dr. Carl Edwin Lindgren
Baldwin IV provided that his nephew become his heir and if the boy should die before he reached the age of ten, the succession to the throne would be decided by the four powers of Christendom: the pope, the Holy Roman Emperor, the king of France and the king of England.
Joscelin III de Courtenay rushed word to the Princess Sibylla, and her husband Guy de Lusignan.
When Raymond III discovered the deception he rode to his nearest supporter and, as the Regent of the Kingdom, summoned the High Court of the Kingdom.
users.panola.com /AAGHS/military.html   (7314 words)

 Ummah.com - Muslims(Saladin) Vs The Crusades
Raymond argued that a march from Acre to Tiberias was exactly what Saladin wanted and that Sephoria was a strong position for the Crusaders to defend, but due to internal court politics and accusations of cowardice, King Guy ordered the army to march immediately against Saladin at Tiberias.
On the morning of July 4, the Crusaders, thirsty and demoralised, broke camp and changed direction for the springs of Hattin, but their ragged approach was attacked by Saladin's army which blocked the route forward and any possible retreat.
News of the disastrous defeat at Hattin was the catalyst for the formation of the Third Crusade, and was also said to have caused Pope Urban III to die of shock.
www.ummah.net /forum/printthread.php?t=50758   (2227 words)

 Crusader States, Kings of Jerusalem & Cyprus, Templars, Hospitallers, Israel, etc.
The first Count of Tripoli, Raymond, was the Count of Toulouse and was never actually in possession of Tripoli.
Raymond's cousin William-Jordan became Regent at Tripoli for his son Alfonso-Jordan, while his illegitimate son Bertrand took over Toulouse.
Raymond III died shortly after the catastrophic battle of Hattin in 1187, and the County passed to the Princes of Antioch.
www.friesian.com /outremer.htm   (13900 words)

 Medieval Sourcebook: William of Tyre: Outremer, 1150-1185
The Estrangement Between Raymond of Tripoli and Baldwin IV [1180]
Raymond II of Tripoli Replaces Guy de Lusignan as Regent [1183/84]
The Estrangement Between Raymond of Tripoli and Baldwin IV [Adapted from Brundage] The accession of the young leper king to the Latin throne came at a time when Saladin was making his successful bid to take over the lands formerly controlled by Nur ad-Din.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/tyre-latindisarray.html   (9611 words)

 Israel Antiquities Authority - Gallery of Sites and Finds
At the start of the siege an alarmed Eschiva sent a messenger to the Crusader camp informing them of it and the imminent danger that awaited her and the knights of Tiberias it Saladin’s intention to conquer the city were to occur.
In the feverish consultations going on at the camp in Sepphoris it was Raymond, the husband of Eschiva, who advised the king not to engage the Muslim army in a conflict at this time, despite the looming danger to his wife and comrades in Tiberias.
On the way to Tiberias, in the vicinity of the Horns of Hittim, the decisive battle took place when the Crusader army, which was dying of thirst, was vanquished.
www.antiquities.org.il /site_Item_eng.asp?id=46   (1307 words)

 The Agenda
The well-preserved condition of the gate makes it possible to uncover the structure in its entirety, and the site will be incorporated into the tourism development project planned alongside the lake's promenade in the future.
In 1187, the Crusader princess Ishiba, wife of Raymond III from Tripoli, in Lebanon, was living in the fortress.
She accepted Salah a-Din's conditions, and she and her remaining Crusader knights were permitted to leave for Tripoli in peace.
www.jafi.org.il /agenda/2001/english/wk4-21/9.asp   (402 words)

 NC Medieval Index
Lilburn, A., 'A parcel apparently from an early hoard of 'helmet' deniers of Bohemund III of Antioch', vol.
Moesgaard, J.C. 'A hoard from the Blois region and the proto-feudal coinage of Blois, c.
'The billon and copper coinage of the crusader county of Tripoli, c.
www.users.dircon.co.uk /~rns/NC.medieval.htm   (1891 words)

 Just Good Company: A Journal of Religion and Culture
Pope Innocent III, barely 37 when he was elected pope in 1198, gave the call for this Crusade, urging those who were able to hurry to the Jerusalem, and those who were not able to contribute money.
Innocent III knew what time it was -- time for the popes to become monarchs (a process set in motion by his predecessors, starting with Gregory VII).
Many others died crossing the Alps on foot, and another band of children that made it as far as the Adriatic Sea (only to be disappointed when that sea did not part for them) were lost or set upon in their wandering journey back to the Rhineland.
justgoodcompany.org /2.1/kaiser.htm   (10616 words)

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