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Topic: Reference

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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  Reference (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Reference in a context is ‘content,’ that is, an expression's contribution to ‘what is said.’ Character is more like linguistic meaning than reference and is supposed (according to Kaplan) to account for cognitive significance.
Reference is arguably the central notion in the philosophy of language, with close ties to the notions of meaning and truth.
Reference, construed as a relation between bits of language and bits of reality, is assumed to be a genuine, substantive relation worthy of philosophical scrutiny.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/reference   (9543 words)

  Reference - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In semantics, reference is generally construed as the relation between nouns or pronouns and objects that are named by them.
In computer science, references are datatypes which refer to an object elsewhere in memory, and are used to construct a wide variety of data structures such as linked lists.
In scholarship, a reference may be a citation of a text that has been used in the creation of a piece of work such as an essay, report, or oration.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Reference   (660 words)

 Java 2 Platform SE v1.3.1: Class Reference
This class represents a reference to an object that is found outside of the naming/directory system.
Reference provides a way of recording address information about objects which themselves are not directly bound to the naming/directory system.
The string consists of the class name to which this reference refers, and the string representation of each of its addresses.
java.sun.com /j2se/1.3/docs/api/javax/naming/Reference.html   (1314 words)

 Reference: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Thesauri, Usage, Quotations, and more. Bartleby.com
The 6,900 entries in this major new reference work form the touchstone of what it means to be not only just a literate American but an active citizen in our multicultural democracy.
With a detailed look at grammar, style, diction, word formation, gender, social groups and scientific forms, this valuable reference work is ideal for students, writers, academicians and anybody concerned about proper writing style.
This reference work has remained a standard resource—serving generations of students and writers with commonsense rules of style and grammar.
www.bartleby.com /reference   (739 words)

 PHP: References Explained - Manual
References in PHP are a means to access the same variable content by different names.
Passing a variable by reference will do essentially the same thing when you pass the data to the function, only modifying it will modify the data that is in the memory already versus copying it to a new location in memory.
The result is that when you change a function to pass by reference, it will only become more efficient if, inside the function, the passed variable is having its data altered, in which case passing by reference causes your code to alter the data of the original copy.
www.php.net /manual/en/language.references.php   (2832 words)

 PHP: Passing by Reference - Manual
If you modify the variable (and not affect a new reference to the variable name) that you are affecting all variable that reference the same data.
The idea is to create object that will hold the reference and pass the instance of this 'Reference object' as a desired parameter (which is not preceded by and operator).
If you plan on assigning the reference to a new variable in your function, you must use the reference operator in the function declaration as well as in the assignment.
www.php.net /manual/en/language.references.pass.php   (2069 words)

 OWL Web Ontology Language Reference
Strictly speaking, these are different in the case of class descriptions of type 2-6: the class is represented by the corresponding blank node; the class description is represented by the triples that have this blank node as their subject.
Unless an explicit statement is being made that two URI references refer to the same or to different individuals, OWL tools should in principle assume either situation is possible.
Each reference consists of a URI specifying from where the ontology is to be imported.
www.w3.org /TR/owl-ref   (10617 words)

 Digital Reference
My expectation is that by conceptualizing as many facets of reference as possible, I might shift my thinking about the future of reference service and also grapple with the question of what is and what isn't reference.
Users add the library as a friend in Twitter so they can send reference questions to Twitter, having been forewarned that there is no privacy in submitting their questions this way (the library could tell users that it's like putting a question on an online bulletin board or forum).
In our cooperative chat reference service, I have noticed that some librarians rarely point students to print resources when those resources may in fact be the best (and sometimes only) source of information for the topic in question.
www.teachinglibrarian.org /weblog/blogger.html   (3736 words)

 Adobe - PDF Developer Center: PDF reference
The PDF Reference provides a description of the Portable Document Format and is intended for application developers wishing to develop applications that create PDF files directly, as well as read or modify PDF document content.
In addition to the PDF Reference, Sixth Edition, this PDF package includes the Redaction Addendum, the Errata to the Sixth Edition, and a new document Acrobat Implementation of the PDF Specification.
This document is a change summary that discusses the changes that were made to the PDF Reference 1.7 when creating the ISO 32000 document submitted to ISO for balloting.
www.adobe.com /devnet/pdf/pdf_reference.html   (484 words)

 Core JavaScript 1.5 Reference - MDC
Other objects in the global scope are either created by the user script or provided by the host application.
The host objects available in Gecko-based browsers are documented in the Gecko DOM Reference.
In the ECMAScript specification, these properties are referred to as properties of the global object.
developer.mozilla.org /en/docs/Core_JavaScript_1.5_Reference   (118 words)

 GNU cfengine
The purpose of the cfengine reference manual is to collect together and document the raw facts about the different components of cfengine.
The only place where it makes sense to refer to a file without a complete directory specification is when searching through directories for different kinds of file, e.g.
Variables are referred to in either of two different ways, depending on your taste.
www.cfengine.org /docs/cfengine-Reference.html   (9473 words)

 The WDG Reference section
The HTML 4 Reference describes all HTML 4.01 elements and their attributes while including examples and notes on usage.
The HTML reference is also available in various help formats (Windows, Mac, OS/2) which can be used offline.
To explain the terms used in this reference, a technical glossary is available.
www.htmlhelp.com /reference   (225 words)

 Internet Public Library: Reference
Reference includes basic research tools such as almanacs, dictionaries and encyclopedias.
Search engines should NOT be considered authoritative sources of reference information; however, used properly and knowledgeably, they can help find trustworthy sites for information on many topics.
This is a reference site that provides information on a wide variety of subject areas.
www.ipl.org /div/subject/browse/ref00.00.00   (1238 words)

 City of Austin - APL: Library Reference Services
Reference librarians at Faulk Central Library are available to assist with research needs on any topic.
The reference area is located on the second floor of the Library.
Customers can read the Reference Services Policy to know what service can be expected from the reference staff.
www.ci.austin.tx.us /library/services.htm   (342 words)

 ASP_NET 2_0 Internet Security Reference Implementation: Home
This particular implementation, and associated guidance, is focused on an application that is internet facing, uses forms authentication connected to SQL and stores roles in SQL.
Reference Implemenation Document (ASPNET v2 Internet Security Reference Imp Doc.zip)- is the reference implementation walkthrough document containing implementation details and key decisions we made along the way.
The reference implementation document was updated to correct an error.
www.gotdotnet.com /codegallery/codegallery.aspx?id=48f35de8-cd92-4ac6-9144-12d5a13f22ff   (564 words)

 Central Arkansas Library System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The Reference Department staff is here to help you find the information you need.
Clinical Reference Systems Provides over 7,000 reports, in every-day language, describing symptoms, treatments, risks and after-effects of a vast array of medical topics and conditions.
Patrons wishing to use this database remotely should contact the Reference Department at 918-3000 for the login and password.
www.cals.lib.ar.us /reference   (1138 words)

 Technorati Tag: reference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
People Reference Search $9.95 Instant people reference search, get current address and unlisted phone number, only $9.95.
I have a busy day today, but I’d be remiss if I didn’t link this AP report on the second dancer in the case, now known to the public as Kim Roberts...
Job Hunters - Check Your Own References Assists job hunters in checking the accuracy of their employment references, driving record and credit report prior to applying for a job.
technorati.com /tag/reference   (517 words)

 Rex Swain's HTMLified Perl 5 Reference Guide
This is an HTMLified version of the Perl 5 Desktop Reference, ISBN 1-56592-187-9, copyright © 1996 by Johan Vromans.
An object is simply a reference that happens to know which class it belongs to.
A method is simply a subroutine that expects an object reference (or a package name, for static methods) as the first argument.
www.rexswain.com /perl5.html   (3190 words)

Arguments are similar to the addFile function except that the file refers to a patch file instead.
The folder should be a reference to the directory containing the contents.rdf manifest file for the chrome to be registered.
It may also be a reference to a JAR file, in which case you should set jarpath to the path to the contents.rdf within the JAR file.
www.xulplanet.com /references/elemref/ref_Install.html   (926 words)

 LookSmart - Reference   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Reference - Includes such resources as dictionaries, quotation guides, calendars, encyclopedias and people finders.
Comprehensive reference resource includes an encyclopedia, a dictionary, and an almanac.
Reference resource includes an encyclopedia, dictionary, almanac, thesaurus, and language translator.
www.looksmart.com /eus1/eus317836/eus317913/r?l&   (212 words)

 OUP: Reference
Reference books from Oxford are renowned the world over for their quality, authority, and reliability.
In a lively, accessible, yet informative style the Oxford reference range makes specialized knowledge readable and entertaining, providing unique coverage of a wide variety of subjects, from music, art, literature, and, religion, to science, warfare, and wine.
Major Oxford Encyclopedias are also now available in both print and as an e-reference in the Oxford Digital Reference Shelf series.
www.oup.co.uk /reference   (148 words)

 Reference Architectures
The CIDC Reference Architecture supports the Sun Java System Messaging Server 5.2 and Sun Java System Directory Server 5.1 and delivers sizing and performance characterizations for the messaging components, which can be used to speed time-to-revenue in messaging implementations.
Data Center Reference Architecture Implementations are instantiations of the Sun Data Center Reference Architecture that provide complete details with actual hardware and software products and technologies, along with services, to meet customer requirements.
This reference architectures offers an alternative to enterprises that want to lower their total cost of ownership while increasing their uptime and security.
www.sun.com /service/refarch   (701 words)

 Idea Group Reference
The Encyclopedia of Data Warehousing and Mining provides a comprehensive, critical and descriptive examination of concepts, issues, trends, and challenges in this rapidly expanding field of data warehousing and mining (DWM).
This encyclopedia consists of more than 350 contributors from 32 countries, 1,800 terms and definitions, and more than 4,400 references.
Organized by titles and indexed by authors and topics, making it a convenient methods of reference for readers
www.idea-group.com /encyclopedia/details.asp?ID=4465   (316 words)

 MCL Reference Dept.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
9 reference librarians, 27,000 books, 600 periodicals, 50+ databases, wireless & Ethernet ports, tours for groups/schools and the NJ history collection.
are collections of best online and print materials and research tips/techniques, created by our Reference Librarians for our patrons.
Let us know if you think there is a subject that needs a reference guide.
www.gti.net /mocolib1/ref.html   (55 words)

 Category:Reference - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This category is for information typically found in the reference section of a library: reference works.
The main article for this category is Reference.
There are 10 subcategories shown below (more may be shown on subsequent pages).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:Reference   (83 words)

 OWL Web Ontology Language Reference
A summary of the language constructs allowed in OWL Lite is given in Section 8.3 "OWL Lite constructs".
NOTE: If one provides an RDF identifier for class descriptions of the enumerattion, intersection, union or complement type, this is not considered to be a class description, but a special kind of class axiom for complete classes.
NOTE: For details of comparison of URI references, see the section on RDF URI references in the RDF Concepts document.
www.w3.org /TR/2003/PR-owl-ref-20031215   (10547 words)

 Reference Materials
The Internet Public Library offers a reference desk with a wide variety of materials including some that will be of particular interest to teacher-librarians.
A large number are of the United States, but there are also plenty of world maps, maps of other countries, interactive maps, links to libraries of maps, tutorials on maps, and on-line atlases.
Here's a meta-list of links to on-line reference, learning and historical grammars in 22 different languages (as of January, 97).
www.cln.org /subjects/refmat.html   (1312 words)

 C++ Reference
For more info see the reference page for the C++ Input/Output Library.
These cover many aspects, from general utility functions and macros to input/output functions and dynamic memory management functions.
Our reference at this moment covers the following header files of the C library:
www.cplusplus.com /reference   (222 words)

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