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Topic: Reform school

  Reform school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A reform school in the United States was a term used to define, often somewhat euphemistically, what was often essentially a penal institution for boys, generally teenagers.
Social reformers in America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries almost invariably found fault with the then-usual practice of treating juvenile offenders essentially the same as adult criminals.
The reforms, which were adopted far more readily in some states than others, consisted of a two-pronged approach, a separate juvenile code and juvenile courts for offenders who had not reached the age of majority, and the building of separate institutions for juvenile "delinquents" (the stigmatizing term "criminal" not being used).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Reform_school   (513 words)

 Reform - School choice
School choice exists in Britain today – for those on higher incomes.  Around 7 per cent of children are educated privately (1).  Others can afford to move into the catchment areas of good state schools.
But all share the same principle: children should attend schools according to their parents’ choice and the money provided by taxpayers for school education should follow parents’ choices, whether to schools provided by government or to schools operated by the independent and voluntary sectors.
Transcript, Reform school choice conference, April 2004 (pdf, 439 kb) - The transcript of Reform's international conference on school choice on 27 April 2004.  Speakers included parents from Sweden and the USA who are benefiting from school choice, teachers who have started new schools due to choice programmes, private sector providers and politicians.
www.reform.co.uk /website/education/schoolchoice.aspx   (327 words)

 What Does School Reform Mean To My Neighborhood School?
School reform is a catch phrase that includes a number of programs and policies.
In contrast, the move toward flexible school schedules in the late 1960s and early 1970s was a reform that came from inside the school.
The school that takes reform seriously will be able to give parents a clear outline of the what administrators and teachers expect to achieve by making proposed changes.
www.projectappleseed.org /reform.html   (1354 words)

 School Pesticide Reform Coalition
In a report released April 17, 2003, schools from across the country document a growing trend to adopt safer practices that dramatically reduce pesticides in the schools, providing children with a healthier learning environment, according to the authors.
With descriptions of 27 school districts of all sizes from 19 states, the report, Safer Schools: Achieving a Healthy Learning Environment Through Integrated Pest Management, describes a growing commitment to adopt practices that respond to mounting evidence that pesticides pose a public health hazard while non-toxic, economically feasible pest management options are available.
Schools that have chosen to adopt such strategies, such as an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program, use alternatives to the prevailing chemical-intensive practices because of the health risk such practices pose to children and other school users.
www.beyondpesticides.org /toxicfreeschools/safer_schools.htm   (652 words)

 City of Waukesha - Fire Department
The reform school continued to operate well into the 20th century, quickly growing in the number of inmates, which reached over 350 at times.
One incident of particularly bad fortune for the reform school involved three boys, ages 13 to 17, who escaped from their prison and ransacked a local grade school.
By 1962, all the inmates of the reform school had been transferred elsewhere, and the property was sold to the City of Waukesha.
www.ci.waukesha.wi.us /History/reform_school.html   (376 words)

 North Carolina Comprehensive School Reform Implementation Grants 2001/2002 Competition (Cohort 3, Group
The purpose of these grants is to support implementation of research-based, school reform programs that have a proven history of improving student performance and that are part of a comprehensive “whole-school” reform effort.
More information on the comprehensive school reform program is available in the Catalog of School Reform Models through the Northwest Regional Education Laboratory (www.nwrel.org), or at (http://www.csrclearinghouse.org).
Schools intending to apply will be given up-front technical assistance in completing their applications at regional meetings across the state.
www.dpi.state.nc.us /school_reform_grants   (344 words)

 RIDE- Middle and High School Reform
All of the state's high schools are urged to thoughtfully consider the numerous content standards found the state curriculum frameworks and the national standards documents in various disciplines.
High School Reform: Essay which provides a view of the areas of the American High School system that need to be reformed in order to achieve improvement.
The Future of High School Reform: The Emerging Consensus is the title of an issue paper which summarizes proposals to bring the high school more in line with the challenges is faces today and highlights common themes and barriers to their successful implementation.
www.ridoe.net /HighSchoolReform/default.htm   (1538 words)

 School Reform
The Roundtable is actively involved with comprehensive school reform practices that focus on gains in student achievement, expanded parental and community involvement and strengthened alignment of public education from pre-kindergarten through higher education and/or technical training.
As part of these reform efforts, in 2004-05 we will leading the San Diego Baldrige Education Criteria Initiative to help schools improve their performance and respond to system-wide academic and school challenges, guiding the third year of the Data Analysis and Accountability project and expanding the San Diego Chess in Our Schools program.
California is home to one-sixth of all charter schools in the country and nearly 25 percent of all charter students, with 537 schools serving about 180,000 kids --more than double the second highest state, Michigan, which has 82,000 students in 216 charters.
www.educationroundtable.org /schoolreform.htm   (978 words)

 NEA: Priority Schools Resource Guide: Resources for Priority Schools and Schoolwide Reform
This school reform model emphasizes carefully planned lessons that are designed around a highly specific knowledge base and a well-defined set of skills.
These schools are designed to raise the academic achievement of career-bound high school students by combining content of college prep studies with vocational studies.
The perceptions of school climates at high- and low-performing schools were studied in 11 elementary schools from a large, multicultural urban school district selected for their high or low achievement.
www.nea.org /priorityschools/psrguide/chapter5   (4623 words)

 Comprehensive School Reform
The purpose of the comprehensive school reform (CSR) program "is to provide financial incentives for schools to develop comprehensive school reforms, based upon scientifically based research and effective practices that include an emphasis on basic academics and parental involvement so that all children can meet challenging state academic content and academic achievement standards" (Sec.
School Portfolios, Critical Collegiality, and Comprehensive School Reform: This study explores the relationship between the practice of school portfolio building (Maine's requirement that CSR schools develop an annual 'portfolio' of evidence documenting reform efforts) and the incubation of 'critical collegiality' among school administration and staff.
English Language Learners, the Comprehensive School Reform Program, and the Role of State Departments of Education: This study examines the attention that states are giving to addressing the issues of language diversity in their development and support of the CSR program.
www.alliance.brown.edu /pubs/csr   (920 words)

 Why School Reform Is Impossible   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
School responded to this foreign body by an "immune reaction" that blocked these subversive features: The control of computers was shifted from the classrooms of subversive teachers into "computer labs" isolated from the mainstream of learning, a computer curriculum was developed...
I am grateful to Tyack and Cuban for their concept of a "grammar of school." The structure of School is so deeply rooted that one reacts to deviations from it as one would to a grammatically deviant utterance: Both feel wrong on a level deeper than one's ability to formulate reasons.
However, in the context of explaining why schools don't change this begs the question: For surely School's assimilation (even if it were universal, which it is not) is part of what has to be explained and in my view the essential part.
www.papert.org /articles/school_reform.html   (3607 words)

 School Reform - A Mindful Approach
One of the most troubling ailments that I encounter is our school system, which - without ever realizing it - harms the majority of our students.
In schools, we force subject matter down the throats of the students.
school and being subjected to this process of coercion, children manage to learn a complex language (in bilingual families, two languages) and a copious amount of things about their environment.
www.school-reform.net   (561 words)

 Salem (Oregon) Online History - Reform School
Miles, from the Iowa state reform school, was appointed its first superintendent and three boys formed the first student body of the institution.
As early as 1891 when the Reform School opened, a concern was expressed for a parallel facility for "erring daughters." The original act covered both boys and girls with this proviso: "Whenever said state reform school shall be equipped with proper and sufficient buildings to accommodate youth of both sexes...
By the 1920's Salem's city limits were creeping ever closer to the Reform School and townspeople were becoming alarmed by the city's proximity to the School and the relative ease of escape by its inmates.
www.salemhistory.net /places/reform_school.htm   (722 words)

 School Pesticide Reform Coalition
Fortunately, schools can significantly decrease and ultimately eliminate their use hazardous pesticides while successfully and cost-effectively managing pest problems in school buildings and on school grounds.
School IPM is not a new approach to pest management.
See the new report Safer Schools: Achieving A Healthy Learning Environment Through Integrated Pest Management, which features 27 school districts and schools and schools in 19 states that are successfully implementing IPM programs.
www.beyondpesticides.org /toxicfreeschools/index.htm   (428 words)

 School board reform elusive
The Iowa Association of School Boards, which recently conducted one of the few studies of school boards and their impact on children, has begun another study of five school districts that will take five years just to collect data.
Similar to some European boards, the local school council could be elected or appointed and "would increase the number of citizens who are involved in the school," which he believes will lead to better schools and higher-achieving students.
A "code of conduct" for school board members is among the proposals being studied by a commission formed earlier this year by the Education Policy and Leadership Center.
www.post-gazette.com /localnews/20031201boardsmainp2.asp   (2676 words)

 national school reform initiatives
The purpose of the Annenberg Institute is to promote, sponsor and study a variety of efforts to rethink and reform schools for American children while providing a non-partisan forum for the exchange of ideas relating to educational reform.
Schools are included based on evidence of effectiveness in improving student academic achievement, the extent of replication, implementation assistance provided to schools, and comprehensiveness.
Focusing on simultaneous reform in both vocational and academic education, it considers the impact of overall school restructuring on vocational reform efforts as well as the relationship between the two.
www.library.uiuc.edu /schoolreform/nsri.htm   (2440 words)

 Effective School Achievement Reform
The main reason, however, for better communications and exchanges among schools, families, and community groups is to assist students at all grade levels to succeed in school and in life.
School personnel need to enlist and encourage the support of the other social institutions primarily responsible for child and youth development.
Increasingly, self-renewing schools are collaborative places where adults care about one another, share common goals and values, and have the skills and knowledge to plan together, solve problems together, and fight passionately but gracefully for ideas to improve instruction (p.
chiron.valdosta.edu /whuitt/files/school_reform.html   (2840 words)

 American Institutes for Research: Projects & Clients - School Reform
The National High School Center serves as a resource network for practitioners, researchers, and policymakers to meet the needs of all high school students so these students receive the quality education and services necessary to graduate from high school ready to succeed in college, work, and life.
Established in 2005, the High School Center acts as a central source of information and expertise on high school improvement issues for all students, with a special focus on students with disabilities, students with limited proficiency in English, and students at risk of school failure.
AIR is investigating the large-scale implementation of research-based comprehensive school reform models as a strategy for increasing student achievement.
www.air.org /projects/projects_ehd_school_reform.aspx   (1871 words)

 Harvard Gazette: Surveying students to understand school reform
Since the fall of 2001, Noguera, who is the Judith K. Dimon Professor in Communities and Schools at the Graduate School of Education (GSE), and a team of research assistants have been interviewing 10th-graders in 10 Boston Public Schools (BPS) and gathering their insights on which practices are effective and which are not.
The inherent difficulties of implementing systemic changes increase exponentially when schools are faced with budget slashes and the pressures of high stakes testing and accountability measures.
Launched in 1997 with funding from FleetBoston Financial Foundation, LDI is an education reform initiative directed by the Office of School Partnerships at the GSE.
www.news.harvard.edu /gazette/2003/04.10/15-schoolreform.html   (803 words)

 Reform School Girl (1994): Aimee Graham, Matt LeBlanc, Teresa DiSpina, Carolyn Seymour - PopMatters Film Review
Rather, Reform School Girl (1994) (singular "girl") is a tepid straight-to-cable remake of a tepid 1957 drive-in flick, and it's neither sleazy enough to be fun nor well made enough to be redeeming, though it tries its damnedest to be both.
Said girls are training for the big annual competition with the snooty prep school down the road (exactly why a private girls' school is forced to compete with a state correctional facility is unclear; alas, there is no commentary on the DVD to shed light on this and many other questions).
It's a made-for-the-lonely-wee-hours-of-cable flick about hot chicks in reform school, and it would have been best served by allowing it to be that.
www.popmatters.com /film/reviews/r/reform-school-girl-dvd.shtml   (1085 words)

 Rethinking Schools Online (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
This special edition of Rethinking Schools takes a look at cafeteria food, vending machines, advertising, agribusiness and student health issues.
Founded in 1986 by activist teachers, Rethinking Schools is a nonprofit, independent publisher of educational materials.
We advocate the reform of elementary and secondary education, with a strong emphasis on issues of equity and social justice.
www.rethinkingschools.org.cob-web.org:8888   (365 words)

 School Reform
Over the past decade the following federal reform policies have driven the school reform process nationwide: Goals 2000: Educate America Act (1994), Improving America's Schools Act (1994) and the No Child Left Behind Act (2001).
The two major School Reform Programs are: (1) Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) which focuses on transforming the whole school program in order to improve student achievement and (2) Reading First and Early Reading First which specifically targets reading instruction in low-performing schools.
Funds are dedicated to help states and local school districts eliminate the reading deficit by establishing high-quality, comprehensive reading instruction in kindergarten through grade 3.
www.ceee.gwu.edu /SR/SchoolReform.html   (657 words)

 Making Schools Work with Hedrick Smith . School-By-School Reform . Comer School Development Program | PBS
The Comer Process puts the responsibility on schools — their principals, administrators, teachers and parents — to come together to agree on an action plan for the school, with both social and academic components.
Under the Comer strategy, a successful school should look and feel like a community center, where parent volunteers are engaged in helping teachers and administrators to make key decisions about running the school and providing support for the school community.
In this book the authors investigate school reform in five urban Comer schools: three elementary schools, a middle school and a high school.
www.pbs.org /makingschoolswork/sbs/csp/index.html   (891 words)

 Center for Education Reform (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Who's In Charge: The Education Establishment: The education industry and bureaucracy are bigger than ever, and parents have become less and less able to influence their schools in any meaningful way.
The numer of charter schools in the United States is up 11 percent over last year, with schools in 40 states and the District of Columbia educating more than 1.15 million children in the 2006-2007 school year.
The reason that the Washington scholarship program exists, and the reason that public charter schools are serving nearly 25 percent of all public school students in the District of Columbia, is because the traditional system has failed so many families for countless years.
www.edreform.com.cob-web.org:8888   (294 words)

 TERC: Professional Development and School Reform
TERC supports educators through direct consultation with schools and districts, and through initiatives that reflect a sustainable, long-term approach to improved teaching and learning in mathematics and science.
Schools, districts, and staff—teachers, curriculum officials, support specialists, principals, superintendents—benefit from opportunities to learn more about factors that affect student outcomes.
TERC’s school reform and improvement efforts embrace teacher professional development; efforts to change cultures within classrooms, schools, and districts; policy, curriculum and assessment reform; and collaboration among web-based communities of educators, researchers, and others concerned about the direction of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education.
www.terc.edu /ourwork/51.html   (338 words)

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