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Topic: Reformation


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In the News (Sun 12 Nov 17)

  
  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Reformation
Reformation a great number of those who, without a serious vocation, had embraced the religious life from purely human and worldly motives, and who wished to be rid of obligations towards God which had grown burdensome, and to be free to gratify their sensual cravings.
Reformation was the use of violence by the princes and the municipal authorities.
Johann Faber, and Murner, and the Reformed by Œcolampadius and
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12700b.htm   (9692 words)

  
 Counter Reformation. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The Counter Reformation was led by conservative forces whose aim was both to reform the church and to secure the its traditions against the innovations of Protestant theology and against the more liberalizing effects of the Renaissance.
Spanish religion was deepened by the Carmelite reforms of St. Theresa of Ávila and by St. John of the Cross.
In England the Counter Reformation took effect less in the restoration of the Roman Catholic Church under Queen Mary (although Cardinal Pole was a reformer) than in the mission of the Jesuits (1580), led by St. Edmund Campion and Robert Persons.
www.bartleby.com /65/co/CounterR.html   (960 words)

  
  Reformation - MSN Encarta
Reformation, great 16th-century religious revolution in the Christian church, which ended the ecclesiastical supremacy of the pope in Western Christendom and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant churches.
Luther disapproved of the use of his demands for reform to justify a radical disruption of the existing economy, but in the interests of a peaceful settlement of the conflict he urged the landlords to satisfy the claims of the peasants.
In 1530 the German scholar and religious reformer Melanchthon drew up a conciliatory statement of the Lutheran tenets, known as the Augsburg Confession, which was submitted to Emperor Charles V and to the Roman Catholic faction.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761562628/Reformation.html   (1383 words)

  
 Protestant Reformation - Theopedia
The Reformation ended the unity imposed by medieval Christianity and, in the eyes of many historians, signaled the beginning of the modern era.
He insisted on reforms including: the congregational singing of the Psalms as part of church worship, the teaching of a catechism and confession of faith to children, and the enforcement of a strict moral discipline in the community by the pastors and members of the church.
Hence the Reformers were calling the church back to the basic teaching of Scripture where the apostle Paul states that we are "saved by grace through faith and that not of ourselves, it is the gift of God," Eph.
www.theopedia.com /Reformation   (1175 words)

  
 ::The Reformation::
The English Reformation was to have far reaching consequences in Tudor England.
Henry VIII decided to rid himself of his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, after she had failed to produce a male heir to the throne.
This is why this event is called the English Reformation as it did change the way the church was run throughout England.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /reformation.htm   (1226 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Counter-Reformation
Even if our Catholic reform had been altogether posterior to the Protestant, we could not admit that our reform movement owed its motive power or its line of action to the latter, in the way that modern reform movements among Orientals are due to the influence of European thought.
Counter-Reformation to describe their reforms as having differed from those of the older opponents of Protestantism, except in degree, in earnestness, thoroughness, adaptability to altered circumstances, etc. Their predecessors had been clear in the condemnation and punishment of error.
The reform of the Calendar was another piece of large-minded and far-sighted office work, if it may be so described, which reflected much credit on the pope who organized it.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04437a.htm   (9159 words)

  
 The Reformation in Germany
Of special value are the holograph manuscripts and letters of the reformers, a representative selection of which are included in the exhibition.
The Reformation proceeded in the Duchy, though with resistance in Leipzig on the part of monks, university theologians and members of the City Council.
In 1547 he was taken prisoner by Charles V in the Battle of Mühlberg and lost his territory and title of Elector.
www.loc.gov /exhibits/dres/dres3.html   (1100 words)

  
 Reformation - Christian Reformed Church
Reformed Christians are a small part of a much larger body of believers who love and serve Jesus Christ.
As a result, Reformed believers have invested a lot of their energy and resources in Christian education (Christian day schools, colleges, and seminaries), Christ-centered political/social action, and parachurch ministries to those in need.
Reformed teaching was introduced to Scotland by John Knox, who was initially influenced by the Lutheran stream of the Reformation.
www.crcna.org /pages/reformation.cfm   (2167 words)

  
 Reformation
Reformation Theologians: An Introduction to Theology in the Early Modern Period edited by Carter Lindberg (The Great Theologians: Blackwell) is the ideal introduction to the study of the sixteenth-century Reformations.
An introductory chapter explores the interpretations of the Reformation and a concluding chapter explains the influence of Reformation theologies on the modern period.
The purpose of Reformation Theologians is to introduce the theologies of selected theologians of the sixteenth­century Reformations to students of historical theology, church history, and the history of Christianity as well as to all persons interested in "how we got this way." In addition to this historical goal, there is also a contemporary interest.
www.wordtrade.com /religion/christianity/reformationR.htm   (1129 words)

  
 Counter-Reformation
The century before the outbreak of the Reformation was marked by increasing and widespread dismay with the venality of the bishops and their involvement in politics, with the ignorance and superstition of the lower clergy, with the laxity of religious orders, and with the sterility of academic theology.
The Counter - Reformation was activist, marked by enthusiasm for the evangelization of newly discovered territories, especially in North and South America; for the establishment of religious schools, where the Jesuits took the lead; and for the organization of works of charity and catechesis under the leadership of reformers like Saint Charles Borromeo.
The corrupt hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church was dramatically reformed in the wake of the Council of Trent.
mb-soft.com /believe/txc/counterr.htm   (976 words)

  
 Reformation Day
Reformation Day is an important liturgical festival that is celebrated by Lutherans and Christians of many Protestant denominations.
The Reformation was the great rediscovery of the good news of salvation by grace through faith for Christ's sake.
This was the beginning of the Reformation, the culmination of which was the writing of the Augsburg Confession of 1530, the first official Lutheran statement of faith.
www.stpaulskingsville.org /reformation.htm   (1692 words)

  
 Open Directory - Society: Religion and Spirituality: Christianity: Church History: The Reformation   (Site not responding. Last check: )
PBS Faith and Reason: Reformation - Glossary definition: A term covering a number of changes in Western Christianity (Europe) between the 14th and 17th centuries, resulting in the split in Christianity between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
The Protestant Reformation - An overview of the Reformation, from the early efforts to reform the Church from 1300 to 1500, the conditions for reform at the time, the leaders of the Reformation (Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, Knox)and the Anglican Revolution.
Reformation - On-site picture gallery of the people and places involved in various reform movements coupled with links to Lutheran and Protestant original texts and later writings.
dmoz.org /Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Christianity/Church_History/The_Reformation   (667 words)

  
 Glossary Definition: Reformation   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Reformation, widely conceived, was a reaction against the hierarchical and legalistic structures of the Papacy and the Roman Catholic Church.
Reformers rallied against the Roman Catholic Church's dogmatic theology, economic and religious exploitation of the common masses, and colonialization and conquest of indigenous peoples.
In most of the Reformation movements stress lay not upon new understandings or doctrines, but on a return to the more authentic and original excellence of tradition.
www.pbs.org /faithandreason/theogloss/refor-body.html   (331 words)

  
 Reformation: Ulrich Zwingli
However, by 1519 he had bought fully into Luther's reform program and began to steadily shift the city over to the practices of the new Protest church.
In 1523, the city officially adopted Zwingli's central ecclesiastical reforms and became the first Protestant state outside of Germany.
Their meeting in Marburg itself represents the last point in the Reformation at which the movement could have preserved some unity.
www.wsu.edu:8000 /~dee/REFORM/ZWINGLI.HTM   (1257 words)

  
 St Andrews Reformation Studies Institute   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As a group of scholars working on the Reformation and related studies, we are fortunate to be located in St Andrews: the historic heart of Scotland's Renaissance and Reformation.
The University (founded in 1411) is the oldest in Scotland, and it was also, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a stage on which humanists and reformers acted out their parts in some of the great crises of European intellectual history.
The foundation of the Reformation Studies Institute in 1993 reflects the university's continuing commitment to enhancing St Andrews' established reputation in this field of scholarship.
www.st-andrews.ac.uk /reformation   (309 words)

  
 The Reformation
It was not the desire of the intellectual reformers to challenge civil authority, but it was a consequence.
Theresa reformed the Carmelites and spread contemplation at the same time that her countryman Loyola was spreading orthodoxy by whatever means necessary.
Regional context varies and the popularity or lack thereof of the reformed religion needs to be weighed against local conditions, but for the most part, Huguenot artisans were working in trades that their fathers never knew.
www.lepg.org /religion.htm   (3723 words)

  
 Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation
The Reformation was dominated by the figure of MARTIN LUTHER (1483-1546).
It was Calvin, and not Luther, who gave to the Swiss and French reformers of this time a rallying point for Church reform.
So, it was almost natural that when a few men were trying to convert the town of Geneva to their reformed doctrines that they called upon Calvin's help.
www.historyguide.org /earlymod/lecture3c.html   (3799 words)

  
 The Reformation | Thematic Essay | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Reformation, which began in Germany but spread quickly throughout Europe, was initiated in response to the growing sense of corruption and administrative abuse in the church.
Particularly objectionable to the reformers was the selling of indulgences, which essentially allowed sinners to buy their way into heaven, and which, from the beginning of the sixteenth century, had become common practice.
1466–1536), though an opponent of the Reformation, remained committed to the reconciliation of Catholics and Protestants—an ideal that would be at least partially realized in 1555 with the Religious Peace of Augsburg, a ruling by the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire granting freedom of worship to Protestants.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/refo/hd_refo.htm   (944 words)

  
 William Tyndale Reformation History Timeline
Ferdinand I and Suleiman I agree to truce
In the 1550's the Church in Switzerland was very sympathetic to the reformer refugees and was one of only a few safe havens for a desperate people.
Tyndale's Prologue to the Epistle to the Romans
www.williamtyndale.com /0reformationtimeline.htm   (4188 words)

  
 Project Wittenberg
Bugenhagen was one of the great figures of the first generation of the Lutheran reformation.
Pastor of the town church in Wittenberg, he was Luther's confessor, one of the first Lutheran pastors to marry, married Luther, reorganized and brought the Lutheran tradition to: Hamburg, Brunswick, Luebeck, Lower Saxony, Minden, Osnabrueck, Goettingen, Soest, Bremen, Pomerania, Denmark and other places.
The Luther Letter: A Commentary on Martin Luther, the Reformation and the Modern World, edited by Reverend William R.
www.iclnet.org /pub/resources/text/wittenberg/wittenberg-home.html   (751 words)

  
 Reformation Theology
Even though we may have differences on non-essential matters of theology, we are all committed to the Biblical and Christ-exalting truths of the Reformation such as the five solas, the doctrines of grace, monergistic regeneration, and the redemptive historical approach to interpreting the Scriptures.
Well, it could be that some reformed and crazed individual has put a gun to your head and told you that if you did not read this article he would shoot you.
However, even with the crazed reformed nut with a gun scenario, you are still making the choice to read this blog article rather than face the contents of the gun.
www.reformationtheology.com   (3181 words)

  
 Yoga, Pilates, Gyrotonic, Workshops at Reformation Studio, San Jose, California. Located in San Francisco Bay Area.
Our unique environment is designed to enhance body, mind, and spirit for all adults, regardless of fitness level and movement experience.
We are dedicated to empowering you with the tools for health of body and peace of mind.
If you would like more information on purchasing artwork that is displayed in the studio please ask the front desk for an order form.
www.reformationstudio.com   (399 words)

  
 Steve Camp's 107 Theses: a call to reformation in the contemporary Christian Music industry
Those of us who are privileged to represent our Lord Jesus Christ in the arts should be galvanized by mission, not by ambition; by mandate, not by accolades; by love for the Master, not by the allurements of this world.
It is out of the crucible of those experiences that I am driven to speak with conviction on these issues.
This document is a call to Reformation-a clarion call to recover Biblical Christianity in the arts.
www.worship.com /steve_camp_107_theses.htm   (1238 words)

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