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Topic: Rehabilitation (penology)

  Rehabilitation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political rehabilitation, the process by which politicians or political party members who have fallen into disgrace are restored to public life.
Rehabilitation (Soviet), a "false friend" often used to translate the Russian word "reabilitatsiya" as applied, eg, to victims of Soviet repressions.
Wildlife rehabilitation, treatment of injured wildlife with the purpose of preparing it to return to the wild.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rehabilitation   (246 words)

 Prison - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta
For instance, women have not had access to various rehabilitation programs that have been available to male offenders, such as job training and psychological counseling.
Thus, prison industry was a mutually beneficial enterprise—prison officials considered prisoner labor as worthwhile and rehabilitative, and the prisons also profited from prisoner-made goods.
Despite the demise of the reformatory, the goal of rehabilitation became an accepted tenet of penal philosophy.
encarta.msn.com /text_761573083___0/Prison.html   (11499 words)

 The Advantages of Prison Rehabilitation [Archive] - Prison Talk
The concept of rehabilitation was introduced in 1870 when the National Congress of Penitentiary and Reformatory Discipline met in Cincinnati to construct a modernistic penology that would rehabilitate criminals for the primary objective of maintaining the safety of society upon the inmate’s release.
Rehabilitation may be defined as planned intervention that attempts to change or alter whatever aspects cause the delinquent’s criminality (i.e.
It is true that rehabilitation comes with a high cost and requires a great deal of funding; however, it has been proven that these rehabilitative programs more than pay for themselves by reducing recidivism and therefore reducing the number of inmates that require housing.
www.prisontalk.com /forums/archive/index.php/t-239128.html   (1740 words)

 [No title]
The strong emphasis on rehabilitation that existed for the first seven decades of the 20th century gave way in the 1970s to a focus on fairness and justice, by which sentences reflected "just deserts" rather than a utilitarian motive.
As a result of disillusionment with rehabilitation, incapacitation, and the focus on justice, intermediate sanctions were proposed as a way to provide a range of sanctions between probation and parole.[32] Theoretically, these sanctions could be scaled up or down in severity to match the seriousness of the crimes committed.
Prisons are less apt to be classified according to specialized functions or populations (rehabilitation for drug users or the mentally ill, vocational training, and young adults); they are now classified according to their level of security.
www.ncjrs.gov /txtfiles1/nij/189106-2.txt   (14538 words)

 Pediatric Rehabilitation : Gourt
Drug rehabilitation, treatment for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines.
Psychiatric rehabilitation, a branch of psychology and psychiatry dealing with restoration of mental health and skills after mental illness.
Rehabilitation (Soviet), a "false friend" often used to translate the Russian word "reabilitatsiya" as applied, eg, to victims of Soviet repressisons.
www.gourt.com /Health/Child-Health/Pediatric-Rehabilitation.html   (596 words)

 The Philosophy of Criminology when Sentencing in Thai Courts: A Case Study of Intentional, Negligent and Provoked ...
Provoked repetitious or habitual recidivists (with little chance of rehabilitation) committing very serious offences should, in principle, be sentenced to a harsher penalty than is usual (with an increase in penalty), with imprisonment as a means of rehabilitation and the removal of the offender from society as a supplemented for safety measures.
Provoked recidivists (not frequent and with some chance of rehabilitation) committing minor offences should, in principle, be sentenced to a harsher penalty than is usual, without imprisonment, as a means of rehabilitation (behavioral control is preferred), except in some cases where imprisonment is necessary for rehabilitation as a supplemented for safety measures.
Provoked habitual recidivists (with little chance of rehabilitation) committing minor offences should, in principle, be sentenced to a harsher penalty than usual for such cases (increase of penalty) with imprisonment as a means of rehabilitation as supplemented by safety measures.
members.tripod.com /asialaw/articles/sentencingsuparb.html   (6921 words)

 Rehabilitation (penology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rehabilitation means; To restore to useful life, as through therapy and education or To restore to good condition, operation, or capacity.
The assumption of rehabilitation is that people are not natively criminal and that it is possible to restore a criminal to a useful life, to a life in which they contribute to themselves and to society.
Rather than punishing the harm out of a criminal, rehabilitation would seek, by means of education or therapy, to bring a criminal into a more normal state of mind, or into a attitude which would be helpful to society, rather than be harmful to society.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rehabilitation_(penology)   (320 words)

 Ouf103 Position paper - Rehabilitation as a better solution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
One of the major critics of rehabilitation is Robert Martinson, a sociologist who published several articles against rehabilitation and was the first one to suggest the idea that it is not possible to rehabilitate prison inmates and reform any criminals in general.
What seemed to be a matter of opinion had became a matter of facts, as opponents of rehabilitation claim that science had shown offender treatment to be a fraud.
First, Van Voorhis (in his book “high cost to ignoring rehabilitation”, 1987) mention that there is no real evidence that rehabilitation will actually going to reduce recidivism and our only chance for reducing recidivism is to involve them in rehabilitation programs that have therapeutic integrity.
coweb.cc.gatech.edu /PubPolicy/387   (728 words)

 Nothing Works: Prison Policy By Default
His answer, in essence, was “nothing.” Martinson’s stark conclusion was instrumental in launching a new brand of penology, one premised on a profoundly critical, revisionist view of rehabilitation that was sweeping in its condemnation of existing treatment programs.
Martinson and his followers were so successful in trumpeting the failures of rehabilitation that, within a few short years, penologists and prison administrators across the country embraced their conclusion that attempts to change prisoners were fundamentally flawed.
Palmer illustrated that the  unreasonably stringent standard Martinson had employed—that an approach to rehabilitation was judged to have failed unless it “had ‘produced’ positive results on every, or nearly every, occassion in which it had been implemented and researched”—was lost sight of in subsequent discussions of the policy implications of his work.
home1.gte.net /cjhawk/Haney_Nothing_Works.htm   (792 words)

 The New Penology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Penology as a science emerged in the early 20th Century out of what used to be called the field of criminal hygiene.
Penology is also essentially about disparities between the "real" and the "ideal" at least in terms of its association with the penal reform movement started by people such as Enoch Wines (1867), Zebulon Brockway (1901), and Harry Elmer Barnes (1926).
In the hands of historians, like Blomberg (2000), penology is also about the study of "intended" and "unintended" consequences of having a penal system, where "penal" in this context means a punishment or control system guided by some systematic and enlightened philosophy of punishment or at least the common sense principles of human behavior.
faculty.ncwc.edu /toconnor/417/417lect15.htm   (1040 words)

 Rehabilitation Services
Rehabilitation, or rehab, refers to the treatment used to heal a body from ailments.
Incarceration -- The rehabilitation of criminals falls under the heading of penitentiary science, or "penology." Advocates of this theory believe that time spent in prison should not just be used to punish the offender; it can be used constructively to teach felons appropriate behaviors and skills to prevent recidivism.
Types of penal rehabilitation include community service, court ordered probation, and any methods that entail guidance and aftercare of the offender.
www.medical-advisor.org /Rehabilitation-Services.php   (143 words)

 Deterrence Summary
The view that has gained support, whilst theories of punishment such as deterrence and rehabilitation have come under increasing attack, is that we punish criminals primarily because they deserve it.
The first endeavor to use rehabilitation in criminals appeared in the late eighteenth century and was directed primarily towards juvenile offenders.
Rehabilitation may work on one person, but be totally ineffective on another.
www.bookrags.com /Deterrence   (1436 words)

 [No title]
It concluded, however, that in light of the objectives of the Sentencing Guidelines and the policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission, drug rehabilitation efforts and their potential interruption by incarceration were not appropriate grounds for departure from the Sentencing Guidelines.
Indeed, the court in Sklar emphasized that "the mere fact of demonstrated rehabilitation between date of arrest and date of sentencing cannot form the basis for a downward departure from the (Sentencing Guidelines range)." Id. at 116.
While the court acknowledged the theoretical possibility that "meaningfully atypical rehabilitation" might justify a departure, it reversed the district court and held that the defendant's rehabilitative efforts, including successful completion of a residential substance abuse program, did not warrant departure.
www.usdoj.gov /osg/briefs/1990/sg900081.txt   (2411 words)

 Dollars and Sins: Privatized Prisons and the "Tough on Crime" Penology, by Tim Hambourger
Longer sentences, mandatory minimum sentences, reduced parole eligibility, and a declining faith in rehabilitation were all part of a reconceptualization of the imprisonment task.
The current penology (as I argued at the outset) is in great part responsible for the exponential rise in prison populations which led to privatization and which continues to fuel the growth of the private prison industry.
I hope that one day, the penology I have just hinted at might become accepted, and I hope that one day the debate over privatization will be obsolete.
www.princeton.edu /~dands/editorial/prison   (3874 words)

 University of Maryland Eastern Shore 2000-02 Catalog
Courses in the Rehabilitation Services Program are consistent with the recommendations of the National Council on Rehabilitation Education and the State of Maryland General Education requirements.
However, to increase competitive advantages in the field of rehabilitation and graduate schools, students are advised to select upper level elective Options IV classes during the senior year, which are consistent with career objectives.
However, to increase competitive advantages in the field of rehabilitation and graduate schools, students are advised to select 400 level elective Options IV classes during the senior year, which are consistent with career objectives.
www.umes.edu /catalog/ansci/rsdegree.htm   (1557 words)

 rehabilitation - Ask.com Web Search
Drug rehabilitation (often shortened to drug rehab) is an umbrella term for process of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and so-called street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines...
psychiatric-oriented rehabilitation methods, demonstrating that, for all intents and purposes, there is in fact no such thing as criminal...
Drug rehabilitation and alcholism rehabilitation programs offer the struggling alcoholic and drug addict a new chance at life and a new...
search.ask.com /web?q=rehabilitation   (342 words)

 Beyond Punishment — www.greenwood.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Particularly innovative is the book's differentiation between various historical models that have been generally confounded until now, the distinction between an authoritarian and a liberty-centered concept of rehabilitation, the development of the latter into the notion of rehabilitation as a right and the definition of this right essentially as an opportunity.
After examining the complex interrelation of rehabilitation with imprisonment, the book reviews a number of past and present forms of rehabilitation in the community, with an eye for their potential for future development.
Particular attention is given to rehabilitation of mentally disordered offenders, including the special treatment of sex offenders and European social therapeutic establishments.
www.greenwood.com /catalog/RCI/.aspx   (291 words)

 TAP: Vol 4, Iss. 14. Imprisoners' Dilemma. Daniel Feldman.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Of course, rehabilitation works better when contacts with family and potential employers are available nearby; prisons would work better in the densely populated urban communities from whence most prisoners hail.
In 1992, only 36 percent of the membership was Republican, but districts represented by Republicans housed 83 percent of the inmates, employed 81 percent of the staff, and absorbed 81 percent of the dollars.
Sound penology suggests building prisons in or near inmates' home communities, to increase access to family, neighbors and potential employers.
www.prospect.org /print/V4/14/feldman-d.html   (2327 words)

 Kaladiouk   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
While the promise of penitentiary science depended on an idea of a pliable self which was susceptible to reformative intervention, the paradigm of self that we find in Dostoevskij is characterized by the presence of a fixed and stable core which the “penitentiary” model denied.
As an example of Dostoevskij’s open criticism of current thinking about moral rehabilitation of criminals, I will consider the significance of his negative commentary on the reformative potential of the so-called Separate (or cellular) system of prison discipline.
I will suggest, for example, that insofar as the novel proceeds through a series of digressions, repetitions, and flashbacks, it disrupts linearity, progression, continuity and sequence, qualities that are not only typical of the realist novel, but also of penitentiary sentence.
aatseel.org /program/aatseel/2000/abstract-79.html   (412 words)

 Punishment and Penology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Also, penology based on just deserts should be removed from all notions or sentiments of vengeance, vindictiveness, or retribution.
It should be noted that the just deserts model might also be used to accomplish the goal of deterrence, and that is at least the thesis of writers such as van den Haag (1975) who apply utilitarianism to the notion of just deserts.
Prisons and penology are of particular interest to utilitarians because prisons are supposed to be the least costly way to accomplish "pain with a purpose." For example, most utilitarians oppose the death penalty because it is costly, a waste of human capital, and has an undesirable "backlash" effect.
faculty.ncwc.edu /toconnor/294/294lect02.htm   (1793 words)

 Social Science Citation Index - Thomson Scientific
Included here are resources on the treatment, management, and rehabilitation of offenders, as well as on criminal law.
Gerontology covers resources that are concerned with the sociological and psychological issues of aging, including such areas as rehabilitation, aging and education, aging and work, aging and social policy as well as life span research.
Rehabilitation covers resources concerned with therapeutic approaches for the treatment of mental, speech, hearing, visual, and other physical disabilities.
scientific.thomson.com /mjl/scope/scope_ssci.html   (1819 words)

 How Senator Shelby Would Require Prisoners to Work and Study
A debate on the relative effectiveness of rehabilitation and punishment has swung back and forth in the penology literature for over a century.
The appeal of the Shelby proposal is that it has rehabilitation, education, work, and punishment all in one package.
Furthermore, the reform bill requires a prisoner's life to be similar to that of a hardworking young taxpayer who holds a job and goes to college at night.
www.heritage.org /Research/Crime/EM420.cfm   (1148 words)

 The Sociology of Social Control   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
One reason for the new penology is a revision in the concept of poverty.
Rather than seek individual rehabilitation they are oriented toward the more realistic task of monitoring and managing intractable groups.
Penology then stresses the low-cost management of a permanent offender population." (Larry Siegel, "Criminal Justice Update," Fall 1993, West Publications).
www.umsl.edu /~rkeel/200/socontrl.html   (545 words)

 Penology Summary
Penology, an applied field of sociology, is the theoretical study of prison policy, prison management, and the resulting prison culture.
The sociological contributions to prison issues are applicable worldwide and offer practical solutions to problems re...
Penology (from the Latin poena, " punishment ") comprises penitentiary science: that concerned with the processes devised and adopted for the punishment, repression, and prevention of crime, and the treatment of prisoners.
www.bookrags.com /Penology   (155 words)

 Week 5a Readings
Since the early 1990s, great strides have been made in the area of treatment evaluation research, statistical meta-analyses of rehabilitation literature, and the overall confidence in the power of programming and service delivery.
Perhaps the most clear-cut conclusion one can make is that “one particular treatment modality will not work for all offenders.” More specifically, different types of offenders have different risks to consider, different criminogenic needs to be addressed, and different modes of responsivity.
There is renewed interest in the questions and issues surrounding rehabilitation by penologists, even though retribution, incapacitation, and deterrence are at the forefront of penal public policy.
www.criminology.fsu.edu /penology/week9readings.htm   (1652 words)

 Unicef Philippines - Home page
Formulate standards for rehabilitation programmes and disposition measures that comply with the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Develop manual on rehabilitation programmes for social welfare workers, NGO workers and volunteers.
Train partners on the new techniques in the management of rehabilitation programmes for convicted minors in open institutions or in their communities.
www.unicef.org /philippines/children/jj_2.html   (247 words)

 Sun.Star Cebu - Nalzaro: The penal system
By BOBBY G. ONE of the pillars of the criminal justice system is rehabilitation or penology.
But the new trend of modern penology is to humanize punishment in order to rehabilitate the sentenced prisoners while in confinement and to enable them to blend themselves into the main stream of society as useful citizens after serving their sentence.
Let’s hope they will start a new life after the long process of rehabilitation, especially those sentenced to long prison terms or insular prisoners who are now languishing at the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa and those in various penal colonies and farms.
www.sunstar.com.ph /static/ceb/2002/11/18/oped/bobby.g..nalzaro.html   (593 words)

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