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Topic: Reichsrat (Germany)


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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
  GERMANY
Germany was defeated in 1945 and was divided into zones that, in 1949, became West Germany and East Germany.
Germany is a federal republic in which the people elect their representatives by secret ballot.
Germany's army was reduced to 100,000 men, and the nation was forbidden from having an air force.
www.gauravhira.freehomepage.com /germany.htm   (12123 words)

  
  Reichsrat (Germany) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Reichsrat was one of the two legislative bodies in Germany under the Weimar constitution, the other one being the Reichstag.
After the end of German monarchy and the founding of the Weimar Republic in 1919, the Reichsrat replaced the Bundesrat as the representation of the various German states.
After World War II, when the Federal Republic of Germany was founded the state's representation again was called Bundesrat and again became more powerful than the Reichsrat, though not as powerful as the Bundesrat of the German Empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Reichsrat_(Germany)   (349 words)

  
 Reichsrat (Germany) at AllExperts
The Reichsrat was one of the two legislative bodies in Germany under the Weimar constitution, the other one being the Reichstag.
After the end of German monarchy and the founding of the Weimar Republic in 1919, the Reichsrat replaced the Bundesrat as the representation of the various German states.
After World War II, when the Federal Republic of Germany was founded the state's representation again was called Bundesrat and again became more powerful than the Reichsrat though not as powerful as the Bundesrat of the German Empire.
en.allexperts.com /e/r/re/reichsrat_(germany).htm   (383 words)

  
 Nazi Germany Encyclopedia Article, Information, History and Biography @ LaunchBase.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the control of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), or Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as chancellor and head of state.
On January 30, 1933, Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg after attempts by General Kurt von Schleicher to form a viable government failed.
Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 21 June 1941 and on the eve of the invasion, Hitler's former deputy, Rudolf Hess, attempted to negotiate terms of peace with the United Kingdom in an unofficial private meeting after crash-landing in Scotland.
www.launchbase.org /encyclopedia/Nazi_Germany   (4559 words)

  
 Reichsrat (Germany): Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The Reichsrat was one of the two legislative bodies (two legislative bodies: in government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary...
[follow hyperlink for more...]) in Germany (Germany: A republic in central Europe; split into East German and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990) under the Weimar constitution (Weimar constitution: the weimar constitution (german: weimarer verfassung) was the document that governed...
As this federal state was comprised of the various German kingdoms, principalities and free cities under the leadership of the King of Prussia (Prussia: A former kingdom in north-central Europe including present-day northern Germany and northern Poland), the Bundesrat was comprised of the delegates of the various states.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/reichsrat_germany   (436 words)

  
 The East Prussian Genealogy Website - History of Germany by John Holwell
Charles IV (reign 1347-78) of the house of Luxemburg, formally acknowledged the principle of elective monarchy with the 'Golden Bull' of 1356.
To settle the crisis in Germany, several concessions were granted to the individual states and representatives were elected to the newly formed Frankfurt Parliament to unite the region.
Germany was organized on a federal basis, with certain powers reserved to the states.
www.paetzel.info /histgerm.htm   (4885 words)

  
 (HIS,P) Weimar Constitution
If Reichsrat passes a law draft which is not approved by the Reich government, the latter has to present the draft, with its divergent comment, to Reichstag.
Expressis verbis the national assembly is succeeded by the Reichstag, the state committee by the Reichsrat, the president elected according to the law on preliminary Reich government by the president elected in accordance with this constitution.
In Germany they had, and continue to have, a special status - their contracts are permanent; they can not be fired unless they committed a major violation.
www.zum.de /psm/weimar/weimar_vve.php   (10558 words)

  
 Meet Brother Gregory
Their ministries made sure that the Austrian government neither sort allies abroad, even in Germany, or made any moves to address the multiple internal issues raised by the multi-ethnic nature of their nation.
The one group he never asked were the people themselves, who were thought of as tiresome and troublesome children that had to be amused and kept happy so they would continue to pay their taxes and be conscripted into the army without argument.
The Reichsrat gained legislative power over all the empire's subjects, had a House of Lords, and a House of Representatives with a membership of 343.
www.brooklyn.cuny.edu /bc/ahp/MBG/MBG5/OctFeb.html   (951 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Hungary is for Germany the clue to Turkey and the Near East, and at the same time a bulwark against a superior power from the north." The Magyars realised from the beginning the importance of an understanding between themselves and Prussia, and they directed their foreign policy accordingly.
On entering the Reichsrat on May 30, 1917, all the Czech deputies, united in a single "Bohemian Union," made a unanimous declaration that it was their aim to work for the union of all Czechs and Slovaks in an independent, democratic state.
This evolution of the war is almost logical, for Germany's aim is and was Berlin--Bagdad, the employment of the nations of Austria-Hungary as helpless instruments, and the subjection of the smaller nations which form that peculiar zone between the west and east of Europe.
www2.cddc.vt.edu /gutenberg/etext06/8iboh10.txt   (18100 words)

  
 Germany - Weimar Constitution
The defeat of Imperial Germany by the U.S. and Allied states in 1918 offered the opportunity for the complete recasting of German government through the election of a parliament constituted on the basis of democracy and elected under universal suffrage by the German people.
And such was the case in Weimar Germany as political extremism and economic collapse helped pave the way for the destruction of the 1919 constitution under the hammer blows of Nazism in 1933.
A Reichsrat [upper house] will be formed for the representation of the German states in federal legislation and administration.
publiciste.ifrance.com /constitutionweimargb.htm   (1457 words)

  
 Weimar Republic - MSN Encarta
On November 9, Emperor William II fled the country and a provisional coalition government was formed between the moderate Social Democrats under Friedrich Ebert and the more radical Independent Social Democrats, who were hoping for a more fundamental socialist revolution.
In addition to enduring high inflation and a large national debt, Germans were deeply embittered by the harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty, signed in June 1919, which formally ended the war.
The allies withdrew their occupation forces and in the following year Germany was elected to the League of Nations, an international alliance for the preservation of peace.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761579498/Weimar_Republic.html   (622 words)

  
 Reichstag. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The jurisdictions of the Reichstag and Reichsrat were limited to matters affecting Germany as a whole; in other matters the member states were sovereign.
For many years it was assumed outside Germany that the Reichstag fire was carried out by the Nazis themselves as a propaganda maneuver to ensure the defeat of the Communists and other leftist parties in the elections.
The Reichsrat was abolished in 1934, along with sovereignty of the German states.
www.bonus.com /contour/bartlettqu/http@@/www.bartleby.com/65/re/Reichstg.html   (642 words)

  
 Weimar Germany and the Rise of the Nazis
Thus Germany's declaration of war on Russia (August 1, 1914), a response to Russian mobilization, was followed immediately by its declaration of war on France (August 3).
A prerequisite for Germany's admission to the League of Nations in 1926, the treaties accepted the demilitarization of the Rhineland and guaranteed the western frontier as defined by the Treaty of Versailles.
Goethe's Weimar was contrasted with the Prussian Germany of authoritarianism, military swagger, and imperialism.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/Weimar.html   (4769 words)

  
 Nazi Germany: The Decrees of 1933
If public safety and order in Germany are materially disturbed or endangered, the President may take the necessary measures to restore public safety and order, and, if necessary, to intervene with the help of the armed forces.
Inevitably, the Act was renewed in 1937 and persisted until the collapse of Germany in 1945.
The Reichstag [the lower house of parliament] has passed the following law, which is, with the approval of the Reichsrat [the upper house], herewith promulgated, after it has been established that it satisfies the requirements for legislation altering the Constitution.
web.jjay.cuny.edu /~jobrien/reference/ob60.html   (789 words)

  
 Totalitarianism in Europe (1919 - 1939)
The Reichsrat (the Upper House), representing the states, could only discuss all laws passed by the Reichstag and exercise the power of veto on them, but any laws which had a two-thirds majority in the Reichstag could not be held up in the Reichsrat.
The die-hard reactionaries believed that Germany was defeated in the First World War not through any lack of military strength but because the Socialists, Catholics, Jews had 'stabbed Germany in the back' by their revolution in 1918.
It was intended to make Germany self-sufficient in coal, iron, steel and other basic raw materials and improve the economy by initiating public works and financial aid to industry and agriculture.
www.thecorner.org /hist/total/n-german.htm   (5779 words)

  
 Germany
Italy with the clenched fist and the sheath of corn, and Germany with the swastika, goosestep and straight-armed salute.
Germany needed to expand her lands to achieve self-sufficiency, so she had suitable lands for the mining and production of products.
Germany had been rearming since 1934, but with the outbreak of war conscription and output from munitions (arms) factories increased.
rpfuller.freeservers.com /gcse/history/5.html   (4610 words)

  
 East Germany - WEIMAR REPUBLIC (1918-33)
Established to guarantee state government supervision of national legislation, it was nevertheless subordinated to national control in that members of the Reichstag cabinet convened and presided over Reichsrat sessions.
The Reichstag was empowered to override Reichsrat opposition with a two-thirds majority vote.
The colors adopted by the constitution symbolized the idea of a "greater Germany," which was to include Austria; but the incorporation of Austria into the republic was opposed by the Allies, and Austria remained a separate state.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-5045.html   (494 words)

  
 1
Germany before 1918 was an Empire in the centre of Europe.
Germany had become a one-party state and all through the use of the Constitution.
Germany was a federation of 18 states, each having their own parliament, police and laws.
www.minstercollege.schoolzone.co.uk /subjects/history/gcse/ghist/weimar.htm   (4377 words)

  
 Weimar constitution
The fundamental tenet of the Weimar Constitution was that Germany was to be a republic on the parliamentary model with a parliament elected using proportional representation.
Proposed legislation had to be presented to the Reichsrat, and the latter body's objections were required to be presented to the Reichstag.
The "national identity" of foreign language communities in Germany was protected, including the right to use their native language in education, administration, and the judicial system.
www.racisms.com /wiki/index.php?title=Weimar_Constitution   (4169 words)

  
 The Weimar Constitution
The defeat of Imperial Germany by the U.S. and Allied states in 1918 offered the opportunity for the complete recasting of German government through the election of a parliament constituted on the basis of democracy and elected under universal suffrage by the German people.
And such was the case in Weimar Germany as political extremism and economic collapse helped pave the way for the destruction of the 1919 constitution under the hammer blows of Nazism in 1933.
A Reichsrat [upper house] will be formed for the representation of the German states in federal legislation and administration.
web.jjay.cuny.edu /~jobrien/reference/ob13.html   (1452 words)

  
 Nazi Germany
Germany needed to expand her lands to achieve self-sufficiency, so she had suitable lands for the mining and production of products.
Germany had been rearming since 1934, but with the outbreak of war conscription and output from munitions (arms) factories increased.
As Germany began to lose the war, the Hitler Youth were employed, and by 1945, children were even conscripted to defend Berlin.
www.asij.ac.jp /Highschool/academic/ss/apeh/outlines/nazi_germany.htm   (4590 words)

  
 Germany: The Second Reich
Any study of the History of Germany in the inter-war era needs to bear in mind the political structures and traditions that the German population and governing classes were accustomed to.
It is the manner in which the duchies were dealt with after the war of 1864 that took Germany one step closer to unification.
This led to the emergence of a stronger socialist movement during the latter stages of the 19th century, though this was controlled initially by Bismarck via the introduction of welfare legislation and later through anti-socialist legislation.
www.schoolshistory.org.uk /ASLevel_History/week1_thesecondreich.htm   (1865 words)

  
 Sudetenland - Article about Sudetenland
Politically, the territories belonged to the Austrian Empire until 1918, from 1918 to 1938 to Czechoslovakia, from 1938 to 1945 to Germany, from 1945 until 1993 again to Czechoslovakia and since 1993 to Czech Republic.
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain met with Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden on September 15 and agreed to the cession of the Sudetenland.
The Sudetenland was occupied by Germany between October 1 and October 10, 1938.
yawiki.org /proc/Sudetenland   (1274 words)

  
 Reichsrat germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Look for Reichsrat germany in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project.
Look for Reichsrat germany in the Commons, our repository for free images, music, sound, and video.
Check for Reichsrat germany in the deletion log, or visit its deletion vote page if it exists.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/reichsrat__germany_   (145 words)

  
 The Weimar Republic I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
In the Reichsrat each Land had votes proportionate to its population, with the exception of Prussia which was allowed a maximum of two fifths of the total.
Legislation rejected by the Reichsrat could be passed by a two-thirds majority in the Reichstag (the Bundesrat had had an absolute veto).
Of all the old forces from imperial Germany that survived into the Weimar Republic, none was as dangerous as the Junkers, with their economic base in agriculture, their prestige base in east-Elbian society, and their positions of power in the army and the civil service.
mars.wnec.edu /~grempel/courses/germany/lectures/20weimar1.html   (3239 words)

  
 Chronology 1934   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
This ended the sovereignty of the German states and the federal government, as Germany became a national state.
Many nations feared that the Yugoslavs were moving closer to Germany in response to the Italian-Austrian-Hungarian rapprochement.
The assassinations resulted in deportations from Hungary and Yugoslavia and threatened to lead to war between the two countries until the League of Nations negotiated a settlement to the crisis in December.
www.indiana.edu /~league/1934.htm   (4915 words)

  
 Articles - Nazi Germany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, refers to the German Empire in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the control of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), or Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as chancellor and head of state.
Nazi Germany worked in close proximity with and were allies with Imperial Japan (under Emperor Hirohito) and Fascist Italy (under Benito Mussolini) under the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis.
West Germany recovered economically by the 1960s, being called the economic miracle (German term Wirtschaftswunder) due to economic aid by the United States of America (Marshall Plan), while the East recovered at a slower pace under Communism until 1990, due to reparations paid to the Soviet Union and the effects of the centrally planned economy.
www.deluxea.com /articles/Nazi_Germany   (3582 words)

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