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Topic: Relations of production

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In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

  Glossary of Terms: Re
Commodity production is based on the production of a product which the producer themself does not need, on the basis that their own need can be met by exchange or sale of the surplus product.
Production is not possible without relations of production – humans cannot produce outside of a social structure, whether a nation or a family – relations of production exist for all producers.
The basis of the relations of production is ownership of the means of production.
www.marxists.org /glossary/terms/r/e.htm   (2931 words)

  Relations of production - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Relations of production (German: Produktionsverhaltnisse) is a concept frequently used by Karl Marx in his theory of historical materialism and in Das Kapital.
A social relation can be defined, in the first instance, as (a) a relation between individuals insofar as they belong to a group, or (b) a relation between groups, or (c) a relation between an individual and a group.
In the last chapters of Das Kapital Vol 3, he develops the argument, defining relations of distribution as the "forms" which "express the relationships in which the total value newly produced is distributed among the owners of the various agents of production" (as income and products).
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Relations_of_production   (1709 words)

 (ii) Productive Forces and the Relations of Production
The relations of production must also change for, to put it simply, a herd of cattle can be owned privately in the way that a herd of buffalo can not.
This is why it would be naive and utopian to try to establish socialist relations of production — where the means of production are owned in common—in a society where most people were still individual handicraft producers or peas ant farmers working small plots of land in isolation from one another.
In fact it is precisely this pressure which builds up to force old production relations to adapt to the new forces of production that is the real cause of every social and political revolution.
www.etext.org /Politics/AlternativeOrange/4/v4n2_dy2.html   (659 words)

 Encyclopedia: Relations of production
Social relation can refer to a multitude of social interactions, regulated by social norms, between two or more people, with each having a social position and performing a social role.
In Das Kapital, Marx illustrates the concept of relations of production with reference to Edward Gibbon Wakefield's theory of colonisation: Das Kapital (Capital) is a very large treatise of political economy written by Karl Marx in German.
Productive forces, productive powers or forces of production [in German, Produktivkrafte] is a central concept in Marxism and historical materialism.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Relations-of-production   (3102 words)

 The Violence of Abstraction by Derek Sayer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
If productive forces are not the things they are so often taken to be, then definitions of production relations, and hence Marx’s ‘economic structure of society’;, in terms of ownership of these forces are clearly in some jeopardy.
In feudal society, relations of personal dependence — relations, moreover, not founded upon ‘effective control’ of the means of production, which Marx assumes the direct producer to enjoy — are essential relations of production, and hence, consistently with the stipulations of the 1859 Preface, form the ‘groundwork of society’;.
Relations between capital and labour, for instance, were frequently structured through patriarchal, master-servant norms, well into the nineteenth century (and understanding this might make the ‘transition’ to capitalism that much easier to grasp: not as a total rupture, but as a subtler gradation of forms).
www.marxistsfr.cjb.net /reference/subject/philosophy/works/en/sayer2.htm   (11487 words)

 Kids.net.au - Encyclopedia Historical materialism -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
This materialism is made of two elements: the forces, or the technology and labor involved in production both economic and political, and the relations, which control the means of production or have economic ownership.
In the feudal society, the political forces of the kings and nobility had their relations with the economic forces of the villages through serfdom.
To Marx, this mode of production is completely irrational because it contradicts its own necessity towards growth through the destruction of its smaller elements and although it seems to have eliminated real scarcity through overproduction, there is really an artificial scarcity maintained due to the lack of purchasing power.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/hi/Historical_materialism   (1047 words)

 The Ultimate Relations of production - American History Information Guide and Reference
Relations of production (German: Produktionsverhaltnisse) is a concept frequently used by Karl Marx in his theory of historical materialism.
A social relation is, in the first instance, (a) a relation between individuals insofar as they belong to a group, or (b) a relation between groups, or (c) a relation between an individual and a group.
Combined with the productive forces, the relations of production consitute a historically specific mode of production.
www.historymania.com /american_history/Relations_of_production   (820 words)

 Essay on Marx's theory of class focuses on the relations of production, involving exploitation and domination, between ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Essay on Marx's theory of class focuses on the relations of production, involving exploitation and domination, between a class of owners of the means of production and a class of non owner workers.
Title: Marx's theory of class focuses on the relations of production, involving exploitation and domination, between a class of owners of the means of production and a class of non owner workers.
Marx's theory of class focuses on the relations of production, involving exploitation and domination, between a class of owners of the means of production and a class of non owner workers.
www.dedicatedwriters.com /paper/Marxs_theory_of_class_focuses-138168.html   (305 words)

 Karl Marx extracts
Each new productive force, insofar as it is not merely a quantitative extension of productive forces already known (for instance the bringing into cultivation of fresh land), causes a further development of the division of labour.
In the social production of their existence, men inevitably enter Into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production.
No social order is ever destroyed before all the productive forces for which it is sufficient have been developed, and new superior relations of production never replace older ones before the material conditions for their existence have matured within the framework of the old society.
www.mdx.ac.uk /www/study/xmarx.htm   (3692 words)

 The Capitalist Character of the Relations of Production in the Soviet Union
The realization of the process enabled this clique to go on to the degeneration of the entire system of socialist relations of production, on a broad scale and at a rapid pace, to their transformation into capitalist relations, to the capitalist transformation of the entire social life of these countries.
The core of the entire regressive process of the demolition of the socialist relations of production in the Soviet Union and the other revisionist countries, is the degeneration of the property relations, the transformation of the socialist into capitalist property of a new type.
It is known that the relations of production, and especially the content of state property, alter according to the socio-economic order, according to the class character of the state.
www.mltranslations.org /Albania/socalb2.htm   (4168 words)

 Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations : After Lean Production: Evolving Employment Practices in the World Auto ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
As the title suggests, the authors are interested in the future trajectory of lean production: whether there will be a single trajectory or a number of different approaches emerging, and whether or not these approaches are stable and predictable.
They contend that, since lean production is the best way to organize production to improve productivity and quality while reducing costs, all firms must adopt the lean model or lose out competitively.
In the introduction, the editors refer to the critics who view lean production as essentially old-fashioned speed-up and a new way of maximizing managerial control, and to the sceptics who doubt that lean production is anything more than a fad.
www.erudit.org /revue/ri/1998/v53/n3/005270ar.html   (1207 words)

 CATHOLIC LIBRARY: Laborem Exercens (1981)
Relating herself to man, she seeks to express the eternal designs and transcendent destiny which the living God, the Creator and Redeemer, has linked with him.
In dialectical materialism too man is not first and foremost the subject of work and the efficient cause of the production process, but continues to be understood and treated, in dependence on what is material, as a kind of "resultant" of the economic or production relations prevailing at a given period.
When man works, using all the means of production, he also wishes the fruit of this work to be used by himself and others, and he wishes to be able to take part in the very work process as a sharer in responsibility and creativity at the workbench to which he applies himself.
www.newadvent.org /library/docs_jp02le.htm   (14193 words)

 NUJ Freelance Fees Guide: Public relations - Editing+Production - rates
Please note that the suggested rates below are minima; that rates for copyright works are for limited licences; and that VAT is not included.
Editing and production for low-budget clients is the area of PR work that attracts the worst payments.
Talking the client through the skills and knowledge required merely to stop them looking stupid, and the degree of responsibility this involves, may sometimes reap dividends.
www.londonfreelance.org /feesguide/puedirat.html   (268 words)

 Writer's Encyclopedia--Letter T   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Public relations practitioners are responsible for duties such as writing press releases and producing public service announcements.
He should understand production limitations and confine an episode's action to a series' standard sets; he must also be able to figure out what subject matter is taboo for a particular series.
Roundup articles on opinions or products, information on new developments, ideas, tips, how-to articles, and convention reports are the kinds of material usually found in trade journals.
www.writersmarket.com /encyc/t.asp   (10312 words)

 Performance Facilities Production Coordinator   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Reporting directly to the Performance Facilities Manager/Technical Director, the Production Coordinator acts as audio engineer for the Aird Centre, Maureen Forrester Recital Hall, and Theatre Auditorium, and as Production Manager for Faculty of Music events during the academic year.
The Production Coordinator works closely with the Performance Facilities Technical Coordinator, to ensure the smooth operation of all events, and that the performance facilities run in an efficient and professional manner.
Supervises approximately half of all events, concerts and productions held in the halls during the academic year.
www.hr.wlu.ca /employee-relations/agreements/IATSE/production.shtml   (323 words)

 Province of Manitoba | Labour Relations | Production Co-ordinator Education
Participates in policy formulation regarding his program area and is responsible for the implementation and monitoring of same.
Co-ordinates professional staff in the provision of support services to schools relating to the development and maintenance of effective and articulated programs; these support services include program guidelines, evaluative mechanisms, investigative studies and consultative services.
Graduate training in education with several years of related experience including a minimum of three years' teaching experience and administrative experience or an equivalent combination of education and experience considered suitable to the department and the Civil Service Commission.
www.gov.mb.ca /finance/labour/class/specs/progedu.html   (262 words)

 Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (IRLE), UC Berkeley
IIR brings together faculty and graduate students from across the campus and supports multidisciplinary research on all aspects of labor and employment relations.
Activities throughout IIR are coordinated through centers and units that have a specific charge or focus.
The Institute of Industrial Relations, one of the oldest and most active research institutes at UC Berkeley, has changed its name.
socrates.berkeley.edu /~iir   (206 words)

 Egypt Magazine - Issue 34, Winter 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The "Science of Society" is based on the notion that social phenomena are governed by fixed laws and are related to cause and effect.
He studied some economic facts that became a corner-stone in modern economics like production methods in successive human societies transformation, as these societies developed from nomadic to urbanized societies, and from agriculture to trade and industry.
Maxim Gorki's letter to the Russian intellect Anotshin that dates back to September 21,1912 testifies that Ibn Khaldoun, in the fourteenth century, was the first to discover the role of economic factors and production relations.
www.sis.gov.eg /public/magazine/iss035e/html/mag06.htm   (1031 words)

 BJS Online - Simulating difference: ethnography and the relations of intellectual production   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
It has been widely claimed that knowledge production in contemporary western societies is undergoing some kind of fundamental change: these claims form the background for this paper.
It focuses on relations between different intellectual, and other, communities, the problematization of 'traditional' disciplinary boundaries and divisions and, in particular, the significance of such issues for sociology.
It is argued that processes of 'simulation' can be discerned: firstly, the simulation of certain forms of order in computer scientists' representations of their own work in communications across boundaries; secondly, the simulation of a separate ethnographic object of study by the social scientist.
www.lse.edu /serials/Bjs/SIMU198.HTM   (229 words)

 Salinity Effects on Growth, Shoot-ion Relations, and Seed Production of Lesquerella fendleri
Salinity effects on growth, shoot-ion relations, and seed production of Lesquerella fendleri.
Both biomass production and seed yield were significantly reduced by salinity, although salt stress had no effect on either the content or the composition of the oil.
Regardless of salinity level, root morphology, as observed at final harvest, was invariably distorted and taproots were either atypical or absent.
www.hort.purdue.edu /newcrop/proceedings1999/v4-239.html   (2398 words)

 Production Artistique : Jazz Manouche - Humour Musical - Artémia Production
Artémia Production accompagne quelques artistes, sur le plan commercial et administratif, en complément du travail de création artistique qui leur est propre.
Cette démarche collaborative fonctionne aujourd'hui avec Les Pommes de ma Douche, formation de jazz manouche, Bastien, avec ses spectacles musicaux jeune public, et La Cerise sur le Piano, dans le registre de l’humour musical.
La complicité, la confiance et la qualité des relations qui se sont créées au fil du temps donnent gagnant cet accompagnement au profit de la création et du développement artistique...
www.artemia-production.fr   (446 words)

 Council On Foreign Relations - Anthology Program Production, New York, New York
"Founded in 1921, the Council on Foreign Relations is a non-profit and nonpartisan membership organization dedicated to improving the understanding of U.S. foreign policy and international affairs through the free exchange of ideas.
The Council on Foreign Relations is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
Quality, diversity and balance are the key objectives sought by the Council on Foreign Relations in the composition of its workforce."
www.csupomona.edu /~gssilliman/internships/CFR%20NY3.htm   (328 words)

 Fitzgerald Productions, Inc. Public relations, advertising, photography, television production, video production, ...
Full service firm providing public relations, media relations, development of marketing programs, writing and production of promotional videos and television commercials, collateral and print ads, advertising placement, magazine and newsletter writing and editing, still photography.
Prior to founding Fitzgerald Productions, Inc., Elaine Fitzgerald was a news reporter for 15 years in cities around the country including Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Houston, Mobile, Tampa and Miami.
She was a reporter, producer and anchor for major radio and television stations, including 11 years as a freelance reporter for CNN.
www.wwdir.com /fitzgera.html   (246 words)

 Relations of production   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Relations of production new and used at eBay
March 1, 2001 -- This paper analyzes how a new field, independent (or non-utility) power production, was created by a federal mandate that electric utilities purchase...
January 17, 2005 -- While talks between the unions representing actors and film and television producers were suspended indefinitely on Jan. 9, there is no sign that production...
www.articlesgalore.com /documents/Relations_of_production   (495 words)

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