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Topic: Relative majority


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In the News (Tue 16 Jul 19)

  
  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Majority
Majority, the state of a person or thing greater, or superior, in relation to another person or thing.
majority" when the votes for the one candidate, or party, numerically exceed those given to any other.
majority is the state of persons who have reached the age required for such and such definite acts; in particular for acts of civil
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09557a.htm   (252 words)

  
  Majority - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A majority is a subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group.
In parliamentary procedure (the "rules of order" concerning the conduct of business in a deliberative body), the term 'majority' refers to "more than half." As it relates to a vote, a majority is more than half of the votes cast (noting that an abstention is simply the refusal to vote).
Double majority - a majority of votes in a majority of states.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Majority   (320 words)

  
 No. 01-0327
The question of law presented is whether Tina Frost, one of the claimants, is a relative of Doreen Whitbeck, the policyholder, within the definition of an insured in the policy so that the claims of Tina Frost and her daughter Brittany seeking damages for bodily injury are barred from coverage under the policy's resident-relative exclusion.
We held in Haese that the term "relative" was ambiguous in the context of the anti-lapse statute as it pertains to a non-blood relative.
The majority also suggests that the cases from other jurisdictions are of little or no use in the present case because, among the cases that hold "relative" to be unambiguous, one held that "relative" clearly did not include domestic partners, and the others dealt with affinity relationships.
www.wisbar.org /res/sup/2002/01-0327.htm   (7619 words)

  
 Plurality - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Other systems require a majority, using methods such as runoff voting if a majority is not initially produced.
Plurality-based voting systems can be very simple and transparent compared to ones that require majorities; the simplest case, First Past The Post, simply allows each voter to select one candidate and awards the election to the candidate with the most votes.
For example, in the Alternative Vote system (the single-place version of Single Transferable Vote), the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated, and their votes transferred to the voter's second-preferred (or in later rounds third- or fourth-preferred) party, successively until one candidate has over 50% of the vote.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plurality   (599 words)

  
 Majority - Electowiki
Strong majority rule methods not only reveal mutual majorities, but they reveal minimal dominant sets and Condorcet winners (in the absence of a severe burying strategy).
In a plurality election, a clear majority (60-40) prefer both A and B to C. But unless A and B voters know whether to vote for A or whether to vote for B, C may win a plurality of votes.
An alternative criterion to these four might guarantee that a majority of the voters (in the sense of "more than half of the voters") with a given preference (such as, "candidate A is preferable to candidate B") can always prevail over the other voters, simply by voting sincerely, without having to use a strategic vote.
wiki.electorama.com /wiki/Majority   (1211 words)

  
 Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.1, Entry 80, ARISTOCRATIC AND DEMOCRATIC IDEAS.: Library of Economics and ...
When the majority and minority are on an equal footing, and the latter possesses no evident superiority over the former, then only the visible superiority, that of the greater number on the side of the majority, is calculated to incline the scales in its favor.
The higher courts are everywhere in a minority compared with the more numerous lower ones; and still the higher courts decide (of course by a majority within their own body, because the members stand all on the same level) and not the opinion of all the lower courts, even when unanimous.
The principle of a majority, as such, demands that that only be recognized as the majority, and consequently as the collective will, for which more than half the voting members have declared themselves.
www.econlib.org /library/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy80.html   (2337 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The operation of majority rule is most transparent in resolving a single dichotomous issue considered in isolation, and indeed informal discussions of the relationship between majority rule and minority interests often do not look beyond this simplest case.
First, a majority winner x is preferred by the same majority (i.e., the majority of citizens all of whom share x as their first preference) to every other alternative (though this "permanent majority" may be augmented by different sets of additional citizens in different pairwise comparisons).
It follows that majority rule conforms with this "minimax" criterion if the distribution of preferences is symmetric (so that the mirror image of the distribution is indistinguishable from the original distribution), in which case the median and midrange coincide.
research.umbc.edu /~nmiller/RESEARCH/MR&MIN.htm   (12865 words)

  
 Relative Placement
The Relative Placement Scoring System assigns an equal numerical value to each Judge's raw scores, so that each Judge has an equal vote in the final outcome.
Relative Placement is now widely accepted at major swing dance events and is the scoring system used for all competitions.
A couple must have a majority of Judges' votes to be awarded a final placement.
www.swingdancecouncil.com /library/relativeplacement.htm   (658 words)

  
 Plurality -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
A plurality (or "relative majority") is the largest share of something, which may or may not be a (The age at which a person is considered competent to manage their own affairs) majority.
Other systems require a majority, using methods such as (Click link for more info and facts about runoff voting) runoff voting if a majority is not initially produced.
It is even possible for a party with (The age at which a person is considered competent to manage their own affairs) majority support to fail to be elected under these systems, if it is not one of the two traditional biggest parties; for example, in a First Past The Post vote:
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/p/pl/plurality.htm   (575 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
This general pattern is essentially independent of the relative sizes of the majority and minority, though as the majority cluster increases in size (and/or in L-R dispersion) the yolk (without substantial change in its size) penetrates the majority cluster more deeply.
Provided that one cluster forms a majority, the relative sizes of the clusters has essentially no impact on the location or size of the yolk.
Provided no cluster is of majority size, this effect is independent of the size of the extremist cluster, which is of minimum size in Figure 12.
research.umbc.edu /~nmiller/RESEARCH/CLUSTERS.FIN.htm   (1780 words)

  
 [EM] a strategic problem and possible remedy for Condorcet-efficient voting methods
If the relative majority votes no, return to A. Note: At any discussion stage, a particular option can be withdrawn, either by the sponsor of that option, or by being nominated for withdrawal and confirmed by a relative majority.
Also, with the approval of a relative majority, non-members of the Schwartz set from a previous ranked balloting can be removed from further consideration.
If the relative majority votes yes on the option presented by the previous ranked vote, then the subsequent ranked vote is of course irrelevant.
lists.electorama.com /pipermail/election-methods-electorama.com/2003-December/011393.html   (2747 words)

  
 Supporting English Acquisition
In grammatical terms, the noun phrase modified by the relative clause is sometimes called “the head noun phrase” or “the head” of the relative clause.
And the targeted position within the relative clause (the subject position or the gap) is called the “relativized position.” Using these terms will facilitate the discussion of research associated with the acquisition of English relative clauses.
In a study of deaf college students’ production of English relative clauses, Berent (2000) found that the vast majority of relative clause sentences produced by the students were OS and OO relatives.
www.rit.edu /~seawww/relativeclausepages/rcresearchfindings.html   (517 words)

  
 [No title]
However, the vast majority is clustered in clearly defined socioeconomic strata (see Chapter 5 of this report), and in perfectly identifiable communities.
A major feature of these communities is that in excess of 60% of their residents are Latino, and Spanish language and culture are dominant.
Their population is relatively heterogeneous; it includes first-through-third generation Latinos of Mexican descent, "old time" residents, and growing numbers of Central Americans.
latino.sscnet.ucla.edu /challenge/47.htm   (1733 words)

  
 ETHNIC MINORITIES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The overwhelming majority of Armenians are Gregorian Christians with religious centre in Echmiadzin, Armenia, while there is only a small number of Catholics in southern Georgia.
Majority of Russians are Greek Orthodox, but those living here are less religious than Russians in their native land.
As noted in the chapter I, the majority of the 170,000 Ossetians in Geor- gia, until recently lived outside the former autonomous region, which was created in April 1922 after the Soviet invasion.
www.parliament.ge /GENERAL/C_D/ethnic.html   (1756 words)

  
 CGAL - Open Source Project Rules and Procedures
If absolute majority was not reached in the first election round and we have more than one candidate, more election rounds are held.
Relative majority: the number of votes for a decision is strictly larger then the number of votes for any other choice.
A two-thirds majority is needed to change any part of this document.
www.cgal.org /project_rules.html   (1190 words)

  
 The Politics of Majority Politics
So perhaps, when Venezuelans talk about enjoying majority support, what they really mean that they have the support of a relative majority.
With such a statement, leaders of the opposition imply that the opposition is the majority and that when Chavez had majority support, his government did not respect the rights of the minority.
Another important point to keep in mind about the polls is that just because they measure the relative popularity or unpopularity of the president, does not mean that all those who disapprove of his performance would prefer the opposition.
www.venezuelanalysis.com /articles.php?artno=1076   (2115 words)

  
 First Past the Post electoral system - FreeEncyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
This facet of the system leads to the practice of gerrymandering, which is the drawing of electoral district boundaries for the purpose of influencing an election.
Another criticism of this system is that in some situations, the winner may not have a majority, and in fact often does not.
Critics point to the existence of other voting systems which are not vulnerable to this, such as runoff voting, instant-runoff voting, approval voting, or Condorcet's method.
openproxy.ath.cx /fi/First-past-the-post_election_system.html   (718 words)

  
 Malta: Electoral Reform Debate
There is nothing wrong in governing with a relative majority and this happens in a number of countries but we are suggesting that every vote should count and is utilised, which does not happen with relative majority systems.
Basically he was of the opinion that in a situation whereby no clear majority is obtained by one of the major parties, and with AD having a presence in Parliament, the latter would support a minority government on issues rather than on the whole legislative programme.
There were two major coalitions for the last general elections, which resulted in a victory for an anomalous grouping, which resisted until one of the major wild horses bolted and threw down the theatrical Berlusconi.
www.maltadata.com /debate.htm   (22133 words)

  
 ZNet |Venezuela | How Many Signatures?
Recently, in a television talk show, one of the possible presidential candidates of the opposition, Juan Fernandez, who also led the oil industry shut-down of last year, said, referring to the Chavistas, “we must respect the rights of the minority.” This magnanimous phrase was brilliant in its simplicity and in its rhetorical strategy.
With such a statement, leaders of the opposition imply that the opposition is the majority and that when Chavez had majority support, his government did not respect the rights of the minority.
Another important point to keep in mind about the polls is that just because they measure the relative popularity or unpopularity of the president, does not mean that all those who disapprove of his performance would prefer the opposition.
www.zmag.org /content/showarticle.cfm?SectionID=42&ItemID=4722   (2868 words)

  
 Prime Minister of Finland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The President nominates Prime Minister, according to the (new) Constitution of Finland, after the parties of the Parliament (Eduskunta) have negotiated on distribution of seats in Cabinet and on its programme.
If also the second nominee fails to gain absolute majority, then a third voting occurs, in which all Members of Parliament can nominate candidates, and relative majority suffice for election.
The previous 85 years full formal powers to appoint the Prime Minister and the rest of the Cabinet had been the privilege of the President, who for instance was free to diverge from principles of Parliamentarism, although the ministers must enjoy the confidence of the Parliament.
usapedia.com /p/prime-minister-of-finland.html   (294 words)

  
 Art and Architecture of Byzantine Zippori - Sepphoris   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
At the current stage of excavations, the reason for the relatively extensive destruction of these churches, when compared to the state of preservation of other structures in the city is unclear.
This urban portrayal is not known in many other cities in Palestine of this period, and sheds light on the integration of new structures within the unified formation of the Byzantine city.
A number of rooms were attached to the synagogue building on the south, but it is still difficult to determine their function.
www.hum.huji.ac.il /archaeology/zippori/art.htm   (2070 words)

  
 The Malta Business Weekly Homepage
Mrs Green was elected in her London constituency where the labour Party obtained a relative majority of 35 per cent of the vote.
There was nonetheless a huge swing to the Conservatives in London, as Labour's 346,850 majority in the 1994 poll was reduced to a mere 26,477 majority.
As far as Malta is concerned, the increased Christian Democrat majority in the European Parliament will probably be welcomed by the Nationalist government in view of its EU application.
www.business-line.com /business-weekly/archives/243/08.html   (413 words)

  
 94-OMD-23   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Richards cited KRS 61.810(1)(i) to the effect that a meeting of the House Majority Caucus is exempt from the terms and provisions of the Open Meetings Act.
While the House Majority Caucus has been recognized as a separate entity and is a committee of the General Assembly, Mr.
Richards maintains that it is not a standing committee of the General Assembly and, thus, that it is exempt from the requirements of the Open Meetings Act.
ag.ky.gov /civil/orom/94OMD23.htm   (823 words)

  
 [No title]
On the other hand, the difference in predicted ## odds for majority relative to minority will decrease by a factor of ## exp(1.602e+00).
Holding income constant, the predicted probability of minority ownership differs from majority ownership by a factor of -3.361*exp(-01).
Since there is a evidence that the income effect on log odds is linear (from question 3-c), it is better consider the income as a numerical variable.
www.demog.berkeley.edu /~dbrennan/hw10.r   (727 words)

  
 The Parliamentary Monarchy.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Therefore, it is the candidate to President of the Government who, upon being entrusted with forming a Government by the King, presents his programme to the Cortes and is chosen by majority vote.
In order to be chosen, the Prime Minister must receive an absolute majority of the votes in the firt round or a relative majority in a subsequent round.
In order to strengthen the stability of the Government thus elected, any motion of no-confidence must include the name of the candidate nominated to replace the President of the Government, and in the event of the motion being approved a new Government will be formed according to this same procedure.
www.sispain.org /english/history/monarchy.html   (524 words)

  
 A Majority of Slovenes Support NATO Membership of Slovenia, DELO, Saturday Supplement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
This year's research of Slovene public opinion, carried out in June, shows that there is a pro-European and pro-NATO orientation among the adult population in Slovenia, with more than two fifths in favour of full membership of both organisations, which represents a relative majority of Slovenes, To¹ claims in the interview.
A relative majority of the population is in favour of integration into NATO, and believes that there are greater benefits than disadvantages.
The majority of those questioned are sure that integration into NATO would expose Slovenia to terrorism.
nato.gov.si /eng/digest/11/123   (380 words)

  
 Majority   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Governments can be elected by large majorities, small majoritys, and may even be minorty governents with independents or third parties holding the balance of power.
44-35: Comfortable majority of 9 - government can afford to have a few members away and still be sure of keeping a majority.
40-39: Wafer-thin majority of 1 - firm discipline needed by the government to hold on to power.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/M/Majority.htm   (460 words)

  
 ipedia.com: First Past the Post electoral system Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
His government was re-elected in 1989, but because of voter dissatisfaction with the way the government was led, Getty, the leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party, was not re-elected by voters from his electoral district.
Similarly, in the 1999 Ontario provincial election, Mike Harris and his Progressive-Conservative party was re-elected to a majority government, but symbolic of the growing discontent among voters about cuts to education, his education minister and strong ally was resoundingly defeated by the opposition candidate.
It is often claimed that because each electoral district votes for its own representative, the elected candidate is held accountable to his own voters, thereby helping to prevent incompetent, fraudulent or corrupt behaviour by elected candidates.
www.ipedia.com /first_past_the_post_electoral_system.html   (932 words)

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