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Topic: Reliabilism


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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  
  reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism, a category of theories in the philosophical discipline of epistemology, has been advanced both as a theory of knowledge and of justified belief (as well as other varieties of so-called positive epistemic status).
Some find reliabilism objectionable because they believe it entails externalism, which is the view that one can have knowledge, or have a justified belief, despite not knowing (having "access" to) the evidence, or other circumstances, that make the belief justified.
Another of the most common objections to reliabilism, made first to Goldman's knowledge reliable process theory of knowledge and later to other reliabilist theories, is the so-called generality problem, as follows.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /reliabilism.html   (685 words)

  
 Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism a category of theories in the discipline of epistemology has been advanced both as a of knowledge and of justified belief (as well as other varieties of positive epistemic status).
But reliabilism not be regarded as an alternative but as a further explication of the traditional On this view those who offer reliabilist of justification further analyze the 'justification' part the traditional analysis of 'knowledge' in terms reliable processes.
Some find reliabilism objectionable because they believe entails externalism which is the view that one have knowledge or have a justified belief not knowing (having "access" to) the evidence other circumstances that make the belief justified.
www.freeglossary.com /Reliabilism   (550 words)

  
 Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism, a category of theories in the philosophical discipline of epistemology, has been advanced both as a theory of knowledge and of justified belief (as well as other varieties of so-called positive epistemicstatus).
Some find reliabilism objectionable because they believe it entails externalism, which is the view that one can have knowledge, or have a justified belief, despitenot knowing (having "access" to) the evidence, or other circumstances, that make the belief justified.
Another of the most common objections to reliabilism, made first to Goldman's knowledge reliable process theory of knowledgeand later to other reliabilist theories, is the so-called generality problem, as follows.
www.therfcc.org /reliabilism-2174.html   (614 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Because reliabilism bases epistemic evaluations upon factors that hold true of the knower, but which they need not have psychologically available to them in forming and/or retaining a belief, reliabilism is an externalist theory.
In contrast, most traditional epistemic theories base the ascription of knowledge and justification upon the knower's subjective conception (or potential subjective conception) of the evidence and evidential relations for their belief and are, as a result, internalist theories.
Reliabilism allows one to have knowledge in virtue of actually having a reliable belief forming mechanism, thus rendering such sceptical hypotheses as the evil demon, brain in the vat, etc. irrelevant.
www.csulb.edu /~cwallis/wallis/papers/reliabilism.html   (7180 words)

  
 Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
As a theory of knowledge, reliabilism on one formulation can be roughly stated as follows: :One knows that ''p (p stands for any proposition --e.g., the sky is blue) if, and only if, one believes that p, is true, and one has arrived at the belief that p through some reliable process.
As a theory of justified belief, reliabilism can be formulated roughly as follows: :One has a justified belief that p'' if, and only if, the belief is the result of a reliable process.
Moreover, a similar account can be given (and an elaborate version of this has been given by Alvin Plantinga) for such notions as 'warranted belief' or 'epistemically rational belief'.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Reliabilism.html   (720 words)

  
 Professor Michael Sudduth
Reliabilism is regarded as an externalist epistemology, whereas evidentialism is referred to as an internalist epistemology.
In other words, reliabilism is actually truth-conducive (i.e., B is objectively likely), whereas evidentialism is only perspectively truth-conducive (i.e., B is likely as far as we can see).
In the case of reliabilism, since reliability of belief formation involves a statistical probability, determining whether any particular process/belief is reliable requires locating it in a class of process/belief types about which there can be generalizations.
www.homestead.com /mscourses/files/philosophy357handout7.htm   (1923 words)

  
 Theory of Knowledge - Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
If reliabilism is a correct account of justification, then the victim of the demon has almost no justified beliefs.
Therefore, reliabilism is not a correct account of justification.
If reliabilism is a correct account of justification, then Norman - the clairvoyant who does not have any reason at all to think that he is clairvoyant - has justified beliefs on the basis of clairvoyance.
www.ling.rochester.edu /~feldman/philosophy243/12-reliabilism.html   (885 words)

  
 Parableman: Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism responds to skepticism by challenging one of Descartes'...
Reliabilism responds to skepticism by challenging one of Descartes' key methodological assumptions.
Maybe you can express the higher-standards technical meaning of the word in a philosophical context, but you need to clarify that you're using the word is a specialized and normally illegitimate sense, or you've violated the norms of conversation, because the word simply doesn't mean that sort of thing.
parablemania.ektopos.com /archives/2005/08/reliabilism.html   (2252 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism weakens the requirement that a person have indefeasible evidence for his belief in order for that belief to qualify as knowledge.
Reliabilism seems to do the best job of agreeing with our intuition about what knowledge is, since it allows us to have a greater scope of knowledge than Descartes’ theory.
This makes reliabilism much less focused on the individual in question than previous theories; it seems that under reliabilism, we would need a committee of observers to sit around assessing situations and relevant alternatives, determining if individuals have the right to claim that they have knowledge.
www.princeton.edu /~slange/school/phi203final.html   (2376 words)

  
 Fake Barn Country: All About the Benjamins
Sosa and Comesaña's 'indexical reliabilism' is an apt way to fix reliabilism in light of the new evil demon problem, but it creates a new problem for reliabilism.
On the face of things, reliabilism is no exception to this rule, but reliabilism-as-IR is. Second, intuitions suggest that we should be able to explain a priori and from the armchair the value of justified belief.
IR cannot (unlike Reliabilism) plausibly be taken to be a conceptual or logical truth.
www.brown.edu /Departments/Philosophy/Blog/Archives/004616.html   (2228 words)

  
 Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism, una categoría de teorías en la disciplina filosófica del epistemology, se ha avanzado como teoría del conocimiento y de creencia justificada (así como otras variedades de estado epistemic positivo supuesto).
Algunos encuentran reliabilism desagradable porque creen que exige el externalism, que es la visión que una puede tener conocimiento, o que tiene una creencia justificada, a pesar de no saber (teniendo "acceso") la evidencia, u otras condiciones económicas, que hacen la creencia justificada.
Otras de las objeciones más comunes al reliabilism, hecho primero a la teoría de proceso confiable del conocimiento de Goldman del conocimiento y más adelante a otras teorías del reliabilist, son el problema supuesto de la generalidad, como sigue.
www.yotor.net /wiki/es/re/Reliabilism.htm   (673 words)

  
 SOSA'S VERSION OF RELIABILISM. Essay Sample. Free term papers for college students
So, his mission in this paper is to first define what he calls "Generic Reliabilism," then to show how it is susceptible to certain objections, then to present a modified version of it, and to show that this new version is, in general, better than its predecessor.
First, we get the usual definition of generic reliabilism: S is justified in his belief that p at t if the belief is produced by some faculty that usually produces true beliefs.
One attractive feature of this theory in contrast with Goldman's historical reliabilism is that the faculty through which we believe in our existence (cogito) is immediate, and by Sosa's definition of virtue, it is, well, "virtuous" and infallible I guess, and in the historical conception, would rely on memory, which is fallible.
www.essaysample.com /essay/002122.html   (734 words)

  
 Tracking, Reliabilism, and Possible Worlds   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
There is no reason to polarize McGinn’s reliabilism as global and Nozick’s as local, because Nozick’s analysis includes reference to method as well as the four conditions in the portable version, and method can be specified, as it just was, so as to avoid counter-examples.
The references to a broad range of propositions in McGinn are brought into Nozick by a “method or way of knowing.” Moreover, McGinn requires local reference to a specific known proposition, like the one that figures in the variation and adherence conditions, in order to cope with counterexamples similar to the ones he poses.
That the proposal is not idle speculation is indicated by its standing among string theorists and quantum cosmologists.
www.ul.ie /~philos/vol8/tracking.html   (3694 words)

  
 [No title]
They assume, first, that reliabilism need be committed to the view that the entire value of knowledge is constituted by the value of the known belief (hereafter, \'93the belief assumption\'94).
After showing that reliabilism need not be committed to either assumption, I will describe an alternative way to construe (at least some of) the value of knowledge in which reliabilism is vindicated of the charge that it is in conflict with VP.
Therefore, though I do not believe that reliabilism alone is an adequate theory of knowledge or justification, I do believe that one cannot account for a certai n component of the value of knowledge without it.
www.ou.edu /cas/ouphil/faculty/wriggs/REL&VAL.rtf   (7946 words)

  
 Knowledge, Lecture 8: Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism is a contemporary theory of justification that has its source in the writings of A. Goldman (whom you know from the Causal Theory of Knowledge).
to reliabilism, whether a given belief is justified is not a matter that is available to the subject on reflection.
Descartes foundationalism: A belief is justified iff it is indubitable or entailed by indubitable beliefs.
www.hku.hk /philodep/courses/max/phil2110/lecture8.html   (724 words)

  
 Knowledge - Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A further account of knowledge and truth is provided by reliabilism.
The internalist form of reliabilism seems to be circular.
So, a computer with a bug in it might always provide the same response to a particular question, but that would not be the correct one.
www.philosophyonline.co.uk /tok/knowledge9.htm   (360 words)

  
 6   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Reliabilism seems to have the counter-intuitive consequence that the beliefs of a person deceived by an Evil Demon are all unjustified.
Papers by Alston, Cohen, and Sosa contain good discussions of reliabilism within the context of more general discussions of theories of epistemic justification.
Ginet, C. "Contra Reliabilism." The Monist 68 (1985), 175-87.
www.ditext.com /clay/6.html   (420 words)

  
 Phil 211: Class #14 - Reliabilism and naturalized epistemology
He also briefly touches on a fourth, to which we will return, which is that though purported to be a naturalistic theory, reliabilism may not escape using evidential is language in analyzing epistemic justification.
This is very similar to process reliabilism in his formulation, but introduces the idea of "normal world chauvinism".
This allows for reliabilism to be determined with respect to "normal world" which automatically rules out evil demon worlds.
www.arts.uwaterloo.ca /~celiasmi/courses/old_courses/WashU/Phil211/class14.html   (2943 words)

  
 Reliabilism
In different kinds of case there can be a different reason as to why one would be consistently right: one is judging on good evidence, one is justified in believing, one has good reasons for believing, etc. But he makes the point that these factors can’t be generalized to all cases.
Reliabilism is very popular among contemporary ‘naturalistic’ philosophers, who seek an analysis of knowledge in terms of concepts that wouldn’t be out of place in science.
This kind of simple reliabilism seems to be confronted by an intolerable vagueness: there seems to be no generally acceptable taxonomy of methods, no general means of deciding which is the relevant description of the method used.
www.rdg.ac.uk /AcaDepts/ld/Philos/jmp/Theory%20of%20Knowledge/Reliabilism.htm   (2951 words)

  
 Lecture Notes, UC Davis Philosophy 102, Theory of Knowledge: Reliabilism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A criticism of reliabilism is that a victim of massive deception forms beliefs in an unreliable way but is nonetheless justified in holding them.
Although Goldman does not mention it in the present paper, a main reason he formulated a "rule framework" for reliabilism in the book was to capture the normative element that he now encapsulates in his notion of weak justification.
By relativizing rightness of rule systems to worlds, Goldman opens his reliabilism to the charge that one could be strongly justified as a matter of luck.
hume.ucdavis.edu /mattey/phi102f03/goldman2.html   (3845 words)

  
 Virtue Epistemology [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Of course these considerations do not by themselves show virtue reliabilism to be implausible, as the internalist viewpoint in question is itself a matter of some controversy.
But the debate between internalists and externalists remains a live one and the foregoing indicates that the promise of virtue reliabilism hangs in a deep and important way on the outcome of this debate.
Second, some supporters of virtue reliabilism have claimed outright that the character traits of interest to the virtue responsibilist have little bearing on the questions that are most central to a virtue reliabilist epistemology (Goldman 1992: 162).
www.iep.utm.edu /v/VirtueEp.htm   (6365 words)

  
 The Analysis of Knowledge
This approach — reliabilism, as it is usually called — can be carried out in two different ways.
The degettierization-clauses in parentheses are needed because the Gettier problem is no less of a problem for reliabilism as it is for the JTB approach.
Hence, if reliabilism is to yield the correct outcome about this case, it needs to be amended with a further clause.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/knowledge-analysis   (9156 words)

  
 On Reliabilism
We said that reliabilism is an externalist epistemological theory.
The reliabilist offers a strong connection to truth since reliabilism implies that there is a high statistical probability that a particular belief will be true, given the process that produced it.
Reliabilism holds that there may be beliefs that can be said to count as instances of knowledge but that nonetheless are irrational beliefs.
web.mala.bc.ca /clemotteo/On%20Reliabilism%20(Part%20B).htm   (1797 words)

  
 The Generality Problem for reliabilism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to enhance clarity.
Please improve the article, or discuss the issue on the talk page.
In philosophy, reliabilism is conducive to a logical process which is flawed because it cannot specify restrictions on qualitative modifiers, such as relevancy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Generality_Problem_for_reliabilism   (99 words)

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