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Topic: Religion in Germany

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  Germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, whose unexpectedly high demands were perceived as humiliating in Germany and as a continuation of the war by other means.
Germany and Berlin were occupied and partitioned by the Allies into four military occupation zones – French in the south-west, British in the north-west, American in the south-east, and Soviet in the north-east.
The territory of Germany stretches from the high mountains of the Alps (highest point: the Zugspitze at 2,962 m / 9,718 ft) in the south to the shores of the North Sea (Nordsee) in the north-west and the Baltic Sea (Ostsee) in the north-east.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Germany   (8566 words)

 Germany - Simple English Wikipedia
To the north of Germany are the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the country Denmark.
Germany has the world's third most technologically powerful economy (only the United States and Japan are more powerful), but its economy is starting to have problems, because Germany pays a lot of money to many people who have no job.
Germany is where many people important in culture were born: composers such as Beethoven, Bach, Brahms, and Wagner; poets such as Goethe and Schiller; philosophers including Kant, Hegel, Marx and Nietzsche; and scientists including Einstein, Born and Planck.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Germany   (1728 words)

 Wikinfo | Germany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Germany stretches from the high mountains of the Alps (highest point: the Zugspitze at 2,962 m) in the south to the shores of the North and Baltic Seas in the north.
Christianity is the major religion, with Protestants (particularly in the north) comprising 38% of the population and Catholics (particularly in the south) 34%.
Germany was the birthplace of composers such as Beethoven, Bach, Brahms, and Wagner; poets such as Goethe and Schiller; philosophers of the likes of Kant, Hegel, Marx or Nietzsche; origin of the Bauhaus; as well as scientists of the caliber of an Einstein.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Germany   (1522 words)

 Religion in Germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Christianity is the major religion, with Protestants (particularly in the north and east) comprising 33% of the population and Roman Catholics (particularly in the south and west) also 33%.
In eastern Germany both religious observance and affiliation are much lower than in the west after forty years of Communist rule.
The government of Germany does not accept Church of Scientology's claim to be a religion but asserts that it is a business entreprise and as such denies tax exemption.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Religion_in_Germany   (1499 words)

Germany is a democratic parliamentary federal republic, made up of 16 states, which in certain spheres act independently of the federation.
Historically consisting of several sovereign nations with their own history, culture as well as religion, Germany was unified as a nation state during the Franco-Prussian War in 1871.
Germany found Soviet forces prepared for a defensive in Stalingrad and the culminating battle, the Battle of Stalingrad, has since become known as the bloodiest battle in human history.
www.cooldictionary.com /words/Germany.wikipedia   (3232 words)

Germany, which had become one of the major powers in Europe, became involved in World War I through ally Austria-Hungary (1914).
Germany stretches from the high mountains of the Alps (highest point: the Zugspitze[?] at 2,963 m) in the south to the shores of the North and Baltic Seas in the north.
Germany was the birthplace of composers such as Beethoven, Bach, Brahms, and Wagner; poets such as Goethe and Schiller; philosophers of the likes of Kant, Hegel, Marx or Nietzsche; as well as scientists of the caliber of an Einstein.
www.fastload.org /ge/Germany.html   (1389 words)

 Germany   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Germany is the fourth largest country in area in Europe, with a total area of 356,970 sq km (137,827 sq mi).
Germany is overwhelmingly urban, and most people lead a prosperous, comfortable lifestyle, with adequate leisure time and comprehensive social welfare benefits.
Germany's population density is highest in the northwest, especially in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen), which includes Germany's old industrial heartland, the Ruhr Valley, and a number of large cities.
www.telleurope.org /Germany.htm   (365 words)

 German boys clothes: religion Ratschenbuben Sternsingen Leonardiritt in Pettenbach background   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
One village reformed, the next one catholic; in marriage of a couple with different religion the catholic side very often (this is still the case) pressed the parents to baptize children in the catholic church; both religions had the same political rights, religion was free.
The fact that Germany was not occupied and t was a civilian and not military government that asked for the armistace gave rise to a big lie--that Germany had been stabbed in the back by republicns led by socialists and Jews.
One village reformed (Protestant), the next one catholic; in marriage of a couple with different religions the catholic side very often (this is still the case) pressed the parents to baptize children in the catholic church; both religions had the same political rights, religion was free.
histclo.com /country/ger/rel/gr-back.html   (2586 words)

 Germany - Religion
Elsewhere in Germany, especially in the north and northeast, Protestants were in the majority.
In the Federal Republic, freedom of religion is guaranteed by Article 4 of the Basic Law, and the churches enjoy a special legal status as corporate bodies.
Millions of Germans of all ages, however, continue to profess a religion for a variety of reasons, among them strong religious beliefs, social pressure to conform, preservation of educational and employment opportunities, support for essential church social-welfare activities, and (in the western Länder) the enduring appeal of Christian rituals surrounding baptism, marriage, and burial.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-4909.html   (1345 words)

 Religion - People - Germany - Europe
Religion in Germany plays a fairly small role in society.
Roman Catholicism was the dominant religion in medieval Germany until the major crises and reformation efforts of the 14th and 15th centuries.
In 19th-century Prussia and with the unification of Germany in 1871, German Jews were granted equal status under the law.
www.countriesquest.com /europe/germany/people/religion.htm   (377 words)

 Marburg Journal of Religion (January 2001) Brigitte SCHÖN
Germany has become a major target for Scientology ever since the Church surprisingly was granted tax-exempt status by the IRS in the USA (see NYT, March 9, 1997).
The frame Scientology presents for the events in Germany is one of religious persecution directly analogous to the Nazi persecution of Jews during the Third Reich.
At the same time, Germany is a social welfare state, the state grants extensive protection to the citizens and is expected to intervene on their behalf at a much earlier stage than for instance in the United States.
web.uni-marburg.de /religionswissenschaft/journal/mjr/schoen.html   (10011 words)

 Religion (from Germany) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Peace of Augsburg (1555) introduced the principle that (with some exceptions) the inhabitants of each of Germany's numerous territories should follow the religion of the ruler; thus, the south and west became mainly Roman Catholic, the north and east Protestant.
In the former West Germany most people, whether or not they attended church, agreed to pay the church tax levied with their income tax; the revenue from this tax has been used to support community centres, hospitals, senior citizens' centres and group homes, and the construction of church buildings in the former East Germany.
The centrality of religion in Germany has meant that religious leaders, especially the Roman Catholic hierarchy, sometimes exercise considerable influence on political decisions on social issues such as abortion.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-58006   (757 words)

 Germany Info: Culture & Life: Life: Religion
The "Grundgesetz" (the German Basic Laws, which is Germany's Constitution) guarantees freedom of faith and freedom of religion and declares that no one may be discriminated due to their faith or religious opinions.
Germans who are members of a church support it through their taxes, not directly as in the U.S. When taxpayers list their religious affiliation on their employment record a part of their income tax is collected by the tax authorities and given to the church to which the taxpayer belongs.
Through their dedicated involvement in Germany's social and political development, they contributed decisively to the restoration of democratic structures after 1945.
www.germany-info.org /relaunch/culture/life/religion.html   (429 words)

 Religion (from Germany) --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
Much of northern and eastern Germany is Protestant, with the exception of the Rhineland area.
The 20th-century German-born U.S. theologian Paul Tillich gave a simple and basic definition of the word: “Religion is ultimate concern.” This means that religion encompasses that to which people are most devoted or that from which they expect to get the most fundamental...
The conquering of Russia was seen by Germany as a critical maneuver to ensure its European dominance.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-201514   (872 words)

 German Way - Religion - Scientology in Germany
It decried the persecution of Scientologists in Germany.
Americans used to First Amendment religious and speech freedoms, even for unpopular views, forget that Germany is a democratic country with a past that has led it to set narrower limits on its citizens' rights.
Germany is a country fairly evenly divided between Catholics and Protestants who generally get along with each other without any of the problems seen in places like Northern Ireland.
www.german-way.com /religion.html   (2150 words)

 Germany Info: Information Services: Archives: Background Papers
Given this background, Germany, as well as Belgium, France, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, Israel and Mexico, remain unconvinced that Scientology is a religion.
In Germany, there is no process by which the government officially recognizes a religion.
Jazz pianist Chick Corea performed in Germany on March 24, 1996, during the 27th International Jazz Week held in Burghausen, an event which received approximately $10,000 in funding from the Bavarian Ministry of Culture.
www.germany.info /relaunch/info/archives/background/scientology.html   (2695 words)

 John Gunther, Hitler's "Attitude Toward Religion" (1938)
The basis of much of the madness of Hitlerism was his incredibly severe and drastic desire to purge Germany of non-German elements, to create a hundred per cent Germany for one hundred per cent Germans only.
The basis of the Nazi revolution was the defeat of Germany in the War.
Thus religion had to be Nazified because no God who permitted the French and any other "inferior" races to win the War could be a satisfactory God for Germany.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Olympus/9587/attrelig.html   (927 words)

 Germany - Sacred Destinations
Germany is a central European country with an influential religious history and many sites of religious interest.
In the 16th century, Germany was the home of Martin Luther and the center of the Protestant Reformation.
Although Germany suffered extensive damage in World War II, many ancient monuments still stand and the country itself is a thriving part of the European Union.
www.sacred-destinations.com /germany   (263 words)

 A Religion Under Investigation? | Germany | Deutsche Welle | 11.09.2003
Investigations into the roots of 9/11 terror and Islamic extremism in Germany have made life harder for the country’s 3.2 million Muslims and engendered distrust of the government.
Many Germans’ view of Islam is shaded by images of the violence carried out in the name of the religion, the oppression of women in countries like Saudi Arabia or Iran and the intolerance shown by religious extremists toward members of other religions or, more generally, Western values.
A complete dossier of coverage of Germany's investigations on terrorist activities relating to al Qaeda and the Sept. 11 attacks.
www.dw-world.de /dw/article/0,1564,967879,00.html   (1044 words)

 Scientology, Germany, Religion, Cults, D'Mato, Religious Persecution, Religious Freedom
The importance of the proto-Nazi religions in terms of this paper is that many Germans implicitly or explicitly interpret all new religions in terms of a verfassungsfeindliche-Ideologie (ideology of Constitutional danger).
This ideology evaluates all new religions in terms of their relationship to the Basic Law or Constitution and is buttressed by social structures that are capable of mobilizing the German Government, courts, church, and media.
In all cases the influence of the churches was cited as the main reason for not studying minority religions.
www.ucalgary.ca /~nurelweb/papers/irving/ger.html   (3354 words)

 Germany - Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Roman Catholicism, one of Germany's two principal religions, traces its origins there to the eighth-century missionary work of Saint Boniface.
The unification of Germany in 1871 under Prussian leadership led to the strengthening of Protestantism.
During the Hitler regime, except for individual acts of resistance, the established churches were unable or unwilling to mount a serious challenge to the supremacy of the state.
countrystudies.us /germany/94.htm   (564 words)

 Democratic Underground Forums - "Religion in Germany vs the US"
In Germany, state and church are closely related, in a manner which must seem appalling to most Americans who believe in the complete separation of church and state.
In Germany, people will laugh at you if you tell them that you literally believe the fairy tales of the bible; only some sort of "abstract religiosity" is acceptable.
In Germany, the catholic church is generally considered to be more conservative than the protestant churches in social and political issues; the situation in the US is opposite.
www.democraticunderground.com /duforum/DCForumID25/2991.html   (1340 words)

 Germany Rediscovers Religion | Germany | Deutsche Welle | 26.05.2005
Despite the current turmoil in Berlin with the upcoming early elections, many of the country's leading politicians are present at the meeting, including Chancellor Schröder, SPD Chairman Franz Müntefering and opposition leader Angela Merkel -- all acutely aware that every public appearance now has immediate repercussions for the campaign.
The increased presence of the younger generation at this year's Protestant Convention could be part of a wider trend.
As the financial difficulties of Germany’s mainline churches grow, parishes are increasingly facing the painful prospect of selling off their houses of worship.
www.dw-world.de /dw/article/0,1564,1596298,00.html   (711 words)

 Religion and foreign policy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
He said that his many years of work on the relationship between religion and Germany's National Socialism also have led him to the same conclusions.
Lease studied in Germany at the University of Munich, eventually earning a doctorate degree in theology in 1968.
Lease served as the executive secretary of the North American Association for the Study of Religion from 1995 to 2005 and was recently reelected treasurer of the International Association for the History of Religions—the presenter of the Tokyo conference that was attended by more than 1,700 scholars from around the world.
currents.ucsc.edu /04-05/05-02/religion.asp   (630 words)

 Artistic Freedom Threatened In Germany
Today, solely because they seek to practice their religion, their works are boycotted, banned or simply ignored.
Pelzig who remembers how great artists were expunged from Germany, they long for a free and truly democratic Germany which respects international human rights laws upholding freedom of religion.
Ironically, Germany is one of the few countries whose constitution actually protects the freedom of artistic expression.
www.humanrights-germany.org /issues/eng/art/page09.htm   (122 words)

 Government Censorship in Public Libraries: Germany
Such policies and practices of censorship of the works of the founder of a religion violate several human rights covenants guaranteeing freedom of expression and opinion.
Hubbard in libraries through Germany not only violates the above human rights covenants, it inflames and perpetuates a climate of religious intolerance and discrimination facing Scientologists in Germany.
Under these circumstances, international reporting and assistance is necessary to ensure that the illegal actions of the German government suppressing the free expression of members of a minority religion in Germany cease.
www.humanrights-germany.org /press/library/pg03.htm   (298 words)

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