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Topic: Religious cosmology

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In the News (Thu 18 Jan 18)

  Religious cosmology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Religious cosmologies are ways of explaining the history and evolution of the universe based, at least in part, on the acceptance of principles that cannot be justified by accepted scientific arguments (those are otherwise generally considered via physical cosmology).
Some religious cosmologies have their basis in the teachings of particular religions or religious texts, whereas others are more general reactions to perceived difficulties in explaining the entire universe without the actions of a planning / coordinating intelligence.
The cosmology of traditional Sri Lankan beliefs is a complex mixture of native Vedic gods, spirits, and demons, overlaid with imported Hindu and Buddhist deities, beliefs, and practices.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Religious_cosmology   (1347 words)

 Religion - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
The pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia is known as the hajj and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
Religious belief usually relates to the existence, nature and worship of a deity or deities and divine involvement in the universe and human life.
Religious knowledge, according to religious practitioners, may be gained from religious leaders, sacred texts (scriptures), and/or personal revelation.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Religion   (4309 words)

While religious truth is seen as being relative due to its varied cultural and developmental expression, this model accepts that the underlying essential truth being expressed is absolutely true, if incompletely and progressively presented.
While almost unlimited, this knowledge can be unreliable, since the particulars of religious knowledge vary from religion to religion, from sect to sect, and often from individual to individual.
This in turn has given rise to increased religious pluralism, as well as to what are commonly known in the academic literature as new religious movements, which are gaining ground across the globe.
www.oobdoo.com /wikipedia/?title=Religion   (4341 words)

 Religious Beliefs and Cosmology of the Filipinos, Indigenous beliefs
Religious Beliefs and Cosmology of the Filipinos, Indigenous beliefs
The religious beliefs were as varied as the languages of the country.
In this sense, the Son of Heaven does have a wife, as the Sun is usually said to be the husband of the wife in Philippine religious belief.
www.geocities.com /Tokyo/Temple/9845/spirit.htm   (3488 words)

 Journal of Religion and Society
Religious zeal has been cited as a source of national and international problems, ranging from homicide, hate crime, and terrorism to genocide and ethnic cleansing.
It may be that a religious cosmology with moral “wars” and “dueling deities” sets the stage for culture wars (Hunter), facilitates interpersonal wars, and encourages people in conflict to think in terms of dueling contenders for righteousness.
However, the dominant religious cosmology in many nations, including the United States, incorporates both benevolent and malevolent elements and passionate dualisms that cannot be encompassed under the simple notion of monotheism.
moses.creighton.edu /JRS/2006/2006-7.html   (4938 words)

 The Creation of "Religious" Scientology
Its religious theology and accompanying cosmology are poorly understood by researchers (for an exception see Meldgaard, 1992),(1) who fail to appreciate how they motivate members, identify societal opponents, and reflect the social and financial pressures that plagued its founder and sole theologian, L. Ron Hubbard, in the early 1950s.
While religious practices (in contrast with religious beliefs) are scrutinized by various governmental authorities, religious bodies nonetheless receive financial benefits and social status that few secular bodies can rival.
Observers of Scientology likely would feel that the cosmology reflects Hubbard's work as a science fiction writer, while Hubbard himself presumably felt that his science fiction stories as well as those of other writers were actual representations of past life experiences.
www.solitarytrees.net /pubs/skent/creation.htm?FACTNet   (6224 words)

 Past Conferences
There is, of course, an additional factor here, in that religious traditions have invariably included rewards for Belief: dwelling in the house of the Lord forever, the receipt of eternal grace, reincarnation into a better life, respite from plague and drought.
The scientific cosmology, authored by cosmic evolution and not by prophets or visionaries is not inherently a proposition that calls for belief or Belief.
I have explored the topic of religious and scientific metaphor in a previous essay (Zygon 35: 233-240, 2000), but it is apt to revisit the topic in the present context because there exists enormous confusion and misunderstanding here.
www.bradley.edu /org/asc/conferences/2001/goodenough.htm   (2029 words)

 Discover the Wisdom of Mankind on Cosmology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Physical cosmology is the branch of physics and astrophysics, which deals with the study of the physical origins of the universe and the nature of the universe on its very largest scales.
Modern scientific cosmology may be considered to begin in 1915 with Albert Einstein's publication of his theory of general relativity and the growing ability of astronomers to study very distant objects.
However, esoteric cosmology is distinguished from religion in its more sophisticated construction and reliance on intellectual understanding rather than faith, and from philosophy in its emphasis on techniques of psycho-spiritual transformation.
www.blinkbits.com /blinks/cosmology   (1536 words)

 The Role Of Faith In Cross-Cultural Conflict Resolution
Whether or not scholars and practitioners are consciously aware of religious influences in the shaping of their own perceptions, religious belief systems directly impact the development of theories of conflict and conflict resolution.
Religious concepts of peace, then, embody and elaborate upon the highest moral and ethical principles of a given society and define the terms and conditions for individual and social harmony.
Islamic fundamentalism involves a militantly political re-appropriation of religious precepts; Western political fundamentalism is characterized by the canonization and propagation of an exclusive cultural and political narrative.
www.gmu.edu /academic/pcs/ASNC83PCS.htm   (5811 words)

 Religion - ExampleProblems.com
According to the religious, knowledge can be gained from a religious leader, a sacred text, or personal revelation.
Religious knowledge tends to vary from religion to religion, from sect to sect, and from individual to individual.
Religious beliefs: anarchism – transtheism – deism – henotheism – maltheism – monism – monotheism – pantheism – panentheism – polytheism – theism
exampleproblems.com /wiki/index.php/Religion   (8240 words)

 [No title]
Yet, issues as disparate as cosmology and pastoral care are shaped by the possibilities of this dialogue.
Whether the mystery and awe of the story of creation comes to us from modern cosmology or through religious traditions, or both, scientists and theologians can agree that sentient life, particularly human life, is a rare and remarkable privilege in the universe.
They, like many universities, transcend the ecosystem in their membership and commitment. Even universities are a subset of religious communities as questions, unresolved in worship, are wrestled through in rhetoric and dialectic in schools that are birthed for such purposes.
www.bostontheological.org /programs/a_new_center.doc   (5758 words)

 History of Buddhism in Cambodia
The earliest religious ideas of the proto-Khmer people were centered on worship of a “mountain god”; who was venerated as the ancestor, and the king or patriarchal figure was identified with the “god of the mountain” or “king of the mountain.”
In Hindu cosmology, Mt Meru is the center of the universe.
This is a continuous religious concept of Khmer tradition, extending from the earliest prehistory of Cambodia, and enduring into the present day.
www.cambodianview.com /buddhist-history3.htm   (1387 words)

 What it means to be a cosmonaut
The dictionary definition of cosmology is as follows: from the Greek kosmos the universe and logica to speak.
Hence cosmology means to speak about the universe and cosmonaut means, here, to travel between ways of seeing the universe or speaking about it.
As a child I confused cosmology with outer space, thanks to the Russian term "cosmonauts." Instead, cosmology refers the study of world views or ways of seeing the world -- it is, in effect, the study of an imaginative, inner space.
www.religiousworlds.com /fondarosa/cosmonut.html   (757 words)

 Religious Studies 3500   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Cosmology, commonly understood in scientific circles, is the study of the origin, history, and future of our physical universe considered as a totality of phenomena in time and space.
Yet centuries before theoretical physics provided us with a rich scientific field for engaging this topic, religious thinkers dared to ask questions about the structure and constituent dynamics of the cosmos in their own fashion.
Other religious traditions (e.g., Hinduism, Neo-Confucianism, indigenous traditions) may be explored as part of your research and writing assignments if you so choose.
www.millsaps.edu /religion/3500.shtml   (1715 words)

 Foundations of Modern Cosmology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Cosmology is the study of the universe as an ordered system.
Therefore one might thing that astronomy is part of cosmology, are that cosmology is itself part of astronomy.
The cosmology of the 20th century rests on two great and sometimes mutually contradictory theories: Relativity and the Quantum Mechanics.
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/bmoler/foundati.htm   (652 words)

 Creationism and Creation Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
A religious cosmology, such as that offered in Genesis and accepted as a literal account of the origin of the universe by fundamentalist Jews and Christians, is of the former type of theory.
If the religious cosmologist denies that the earth is billions of years old on the grounds that scientific tests prove the earth is very young, rather than very old, then the burden of proof is on the religious cosmologist to demonstrate that the standard scientific methods and techniques of dating fossils, etc., ar erroneous.
There are many believers in a religious cosmology such as that given in Genesis who do not claim that their beliefs are scientific.
www.clarku.edu /~piltdown/map_intro/creationscience.html   (1368 words)

Cosmology is the study of the large-scale structure and history of the universe.
Large Scale Structure of the Cosmos - few 100 Mpc - a few percent of the horizon[?]
External reference: Ned Wright: Cosmology tutorial and FAQ, http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~wright/cosmolog.htm
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/co/Cosmologer.html   (109 words)

In examining religious traditions that for many may seem wholly foreign or "other," our emphasis will be on the internal logic of each, on the resources that each provides for the construction of meaning, value, and moral vision.
Religious experience is the experience of men and women, and in no known society is this experience the same." The unifying theme of this seminar is gender and Buddhism.
The Department of Religious Studies is a multi-disciplinary department that examines and interprets the religions of the world.
www.virginia.edu /religiousstudies/programs/courses/spring00.html   (6146 words)

 Religious Studies titles
The objective of this book is to give clergy and religious groups a basic knowledge of HIV/AIDS, and an understanding of the needs of people with this virus.
This book demonstrates that the academic study of religion is not only responsive to developments in religious life but is interested in actively exploring the symbolic structures expressed in Christian and Traditional ritual activities.
The book is a result of several year's research on the African religious diaspora in Europe today.
www.btinternet.com /~drakegroup/cap01/CAP/Religious_studies.htm   (289 words)

 Hindu Wisdom - Hindu Cosmology
It is clear that Indian religious cosmology is sharply at variance with that inherited by Western peoples from the Semites.
The theorists acknowledge that their cyclic concept draws upon religious and scientific ideas going back for millennia — echoing the "oscillating universe" model that was in vogue in the 1930s, as well as the Hindu belief that the universe has no beginning or end, but follows a cosmic cycle of creation and dissolution.
Finally, the many billion year time-scale of Hindu cosmology is not the entire history of the universe, but just the day and night of Brahma, and there is the idea of an infinite cycle of births and deaths and an infinite number of universes, each with its own gods.
www.hinduwisdom.info /Hindu_Cosmology.htm   (11341 words)

 William M. Clements   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
We will begin by reading a variety of short treatments of religious experience from several different religious heritages--especially the three "book" religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam), those of classical antiquity (Greek, for the most part), and those from ethnographic literature on Native North American, sub-Saharan Africa, and Oceania.
Then we will examine the careers of several mystics--i.e., individuals for whom religious experience becomes an important component (maybe the most important) in their lives.
Students will be expected to expand the class's stock of accounts of religious experience by reporting on relevant material from contemporary popular culture, on the life of a mystic not dealt with in the course readings, and on a ritual tradition not treated in those readings.
www.clt.astate.edu /wclement/WCLEMENT.HTM   (272 words)

 Chronicles of Love and Resentment LXXXVIII
The religious population itself seems increasingly divided between moderates whose creed differs little from that of secular humanism and radicals whose beliefs fly in the face of scientific rationality--and common sense.
Tertullian's credo quia absurdum, which originally applied in a strictly interactive, anthropological context--what is absurd is that the abject figure of the Crucified is the Son of God--is now understood without paradox, let alone irony, as requiring us to deny the results of human reasoning about the natural world.
It is easy to understand why it is contested by religious visions, less sophisticated but more profound; what is harder to fathom is why the general consciousness of the NPR class has not progressed beyond it.
www.anthropoetics.ucla.edu /views/view88.htm   (1511 words)

 Religious debate should not be met with fear - Minnesota Daily
Rather than reacting with fear and outrage at the prospect that someone from a religious perspective might have an opinion regarding science, the scientific community would do well to prepare itself intellectually for the questions those perspectives raise.
Much of their effort laid the groundwork for the later scientific revolution, an intellectual movement built upon the religious premise that there is order in the universe.
In order for this dialogue to happen, a distinction must be made between reasonable, thoughtful representatives of certain religious perspectives and those who are ignorant or intellectually dishonest.
www.mndaily.com /articles/2001/06/20/1557   (869 words)

The goal of this seminar is to develop an informed and critical perspective on the study of religion through the study of myths, rituals, and literature concerning death and afterlife.
What we will call "the religious imagination" has evolved over time and this course will be devoted to tracking those changes in meaning especially over the last 300 years when religion became a true problem for Western culture.
These include utilitarian theories (including economic approaches); religious and cultural perspectives; environmental justice; ecocentric and biocentric theories; theories of the rights of animals and nature; deep ecology, ecofeminism, and place-based environmental ethics; and obligations to future generations.
www.virginia.edu /religiousstudies/programs/courses/fall05.html   (7119 words)

 African Religiosity: General manifestations
In some areas priests and priestesses officiate at religious ceremonies, pray on behalf of their communities, and pass on the theological, philosophical, and practical knowledge of their religion.
Marriage is a religious duty that, under normal circumstances, everyone is obliged or expected to fulfil.
Other sources are art, language, ceremonies and rituals, religious objects and places like shrines, altars, and ceremonial symbols, and in magical objects and practices.
www.afrikaworld.net /afrel/mbiti.htm   (6245 words)

 The Creation of 'Religious' Scientology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The secular reasons that Dianetics auditors uncovered past lives--which became central to Scientology's pseudo-scientific and religious claims--stemmed from social-psychological and ideological pressures that likely existed inside Dianetics and [p.
In response, Hubbard's enmity toward the mental health profession grew to religious, and at times cosmic, dimensions (Church of Scientology, 1969: 5; Hubbard, 1982a).
113] Apparently propelled by secular reasons to develop in a religious context the past life material that had emerged within Dianetics, and having provided a creation story of sorts to his followers in the doctrinal list called "The Factors," Hubbard, in December 1953, incorporated in New Jersey three new churches.
www.whyaretheydead.net /mirror/xenu.ca/papers/creation.html   (4976 words)

 Comparative Religion
Extensive descriptions and reviews of many sites, (e.g., American religions, Christianity, eastern religions, gnosticism, new religious movements and women's studies) make it a premier guide for scholars from freshmen to professors.
Each section covers that religion's cosmology, organization, religious life, worship, sacred literature, with a glossary, timeline and maps (U of Wyoming).
Chapters compare views of ultimate reality; eternal law (truth); the purpose of life, in society, nature and beyond; the human condition, deviation and evil; restoration and restoring agents; the religious life; and eschatology (posted by the Unification Church).
virtualreligion.net /vri/comp_rel.html   (463 words)

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