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Topic: René Descartes


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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  
 IAG Adresses vers. 1998-10-07
Amalvict, Martine, Dr., Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, 5 rue René Descartes, F-67084 Strasbourg cedex, France, Ph: (33)-3-88416465, Fx: (33) 3 88417477, E-mail: martine@selene.u-strasbg.fr
Cisternas, A., Prof., Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, 5 rue René Descartes, F-67084 Strasbourg cedex, France
Gegout, Pascal, Mr., Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, 5 rue René Descartes, F-67084 Strasbourg cedex, France
www.gfy.ku.dk /~iag/addres.htm   (16815 words)

  
 Lyc%E9e fran%E7ais Ren%E9 Descartes de Phnom Penh
Discussion: Lyc%E9e fran%E7ais Ren%E9 Descartes de Phnom Penh
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 Descartes, René (1596–1650) : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
René Descartes, often called the father of modern philosophy, attempted to break with the philosophical traditions of his day and start philosophy anew.
Descartes, René (1596–1650) : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
Rejecting the Aristotelian philosophy of the schools, the authority of tradition and the authority of the senses, he built a philosophical system that included a method of inquiry, a metaphysics, a mechanistic physics and biology, and an account of human psychology intended to ground an ethics.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/DA026   (1004 words)

  
 The Philosophy of René Descartes - Page 1
Descartes was born in 1596 at La Haye in France of a noble family, and was educated in the celebrated Jesuit college of La Flèche, where he received a philosophical and scientific education according to the principles of the Scholasticism of his day.
Descartes, in his work Discourse on Method, after giving a criticism of the education which he had received (a criticism which is indirectly an attack on the Scholasticism of his day), goes on to set up the new method, according to him, must be the basis of all scientific and philosophical research.
René Descartes (picture) is justly considered the father of modern philosophy and the founder of the rational method as applied to philosophical research.
www.radicalacademy.com /phildescartes1.htm   (1004 words)

  
 René Descartes: Tutte le informazioni su René Descartes su Encyclopedia.it
René Descartes, (31 marzo 1596 - 11 febbraio, 1650), conosciuto anche con il nome di Cartesio (Cartesius), fu un insigne filosofo e un valente matematico che contribuì al progresso di questi due campi del sapere.
René Descartes: Tutte le informazioni su René Descartes su Encyclopedia.it
Cogito ergo sum (Penso, dunque sono) - (attribuita a René Descartes)
www.encyclopedia.it /r/re/rene_descartes_1.html   (939 words)

  
 Descartes
In this expository essay, Descartes assessed the deficient outcomes of a traditional education, proposed a set of rules with which to make a new start, and described the original experience upon which his hope for unifying human knowledge was based.
On these grounds, Descartes defended a strict dualism, according to which the mind and body are wholly distinct, even though it seems evident that they interact.
Descartes finally presented (in French) his rationalist vision of the progress of human knowledge in the
www.philosophypages.com /ph/desc.htm   (939 words)

  
 René Descartes [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
René Descartes (1596-1650) is one of the most important Western philosophers of the past few centuries.
The IEP is actively seeking an author who will write a replacement article.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/d/descarte.htm   (19639 words)

  
 The Philosophy of René Descartes - Page 1
René Descartes (picture) is justly considered the father of modern philosophy and the founder of the rational method as applied to philosophical research.
Descartes was born in 1596 at La Haye in France of a noble family, and was educated in the celebrated Jesuit college of La Flèche, where he received a philosophical and scientific education according to the principles of the Scholasticism of his day.
Descartes, in his work Discourse on Method, after giving a criticism of the education which he had received (a criticism which is indirectly an attack on the Scholasticism of his day), goes on to set up the new method, according to him, must be the basis of all scientific and philosophical research.
radicalacademy.com /phildescartes1.htm   (1801 words)

  
 René Descartes - Philosopher - Biography
Descartes is considered a revolutionary figure, especially for his attempts to change the relationship between philosophy and theology, and integrate philosophy with the new forms of science.
René Descartes was born in a village near Tours in France in 1596.
Nonetheless, Descartes was a devout Catholic, and influenced by the Reformation's challenge of Church authority, and he often uses a vocabulary influenced by scholastic thought.
www.egs.edu /resources/descartes.html   (1040 words)

  
 René Descartes Philosopher
Descartes published his major philosophical work, "A Discourse on Method, Meditations on First Philosophy" in 1641, the year before Galileo died and Isaac Newton was born.
Descartes gives his account of what the passions are, and how they arise from the connection between the human body and the human mind.
René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596 in Touraine, France.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/96mar/descartes.html   (710 words)

  
 Rene Descartes Collection at Bartleby.com
Descartes’ methodology was a major influence in the transition from medieval science and philosophy to the modern era.—continue at Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.
Shaw, G.B. Stein, G. Stevenson, R.L. Wells, H.G. Authors > Nonfiction > Harvard Classics > René Descartes
www.bartleby.com /people/Descarte.html   (89 words)

  
 Georgia Institute of Technology :: News Room :: Bredas, Photonics Research Group Among Investigators Awarded 2003 Descartes Prize
Named in honor of René Descartes, the aim of the prize is to raise awareness of the scientific achievements of European scientists, highlighting the benefits of working together and the importance of the results achieved.
Bredas, a professor in Georgia Tech’s School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, is one of a group of researchers — some based in Europe, others here in Atlanta — that has earned the 2003 Descartes Prize, an award for outstanding scientific and technological achievements resulting from collaborative research conducted in Europe.
Bredas, Photonics Research Group Among Investigators Awarded 2003 Descartes Prize
www.gatech.edu /news-room/release.php?id=218   (89 words)

  
 dualism --  Encyclopædia Britannica
René Descartes and the Legacy of Mind/Body Dualism
The most explicit statement of dualism, however, is found in the writing of René Descartes, who argued that mind and matter are two separate and distinct sorts of substances, absolutely opposed in their natures, each capable of existing entirely independently of the other.
Includes a biographical note on Descartes, and traces the development of the hypothesis since the 17th century.
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=9109474&query=orphism&ct=   (89 words)

  
 Cambridge Display Technology - Your Partner in Light Emitting Polymers
The Descartes award is the Prize granted to the most outstanding scientific and technological achievements resulting from collaborative research and it is given to international research teams who have obtained exceptional results.
Named in honour of one of Europe's greatest figures of learning René Descartes: mathematician, natural scientist, and philosopher, this prize is awarded to research teams who have obtained exceptional results from European collaborative research.
Cambridge, UK - November 21, 2003 - Cambridge Display Technology (CDT) and its European collaborators have been awarded the prestigious Descartes Award 2003 by the European Commission.
www.cdtltd.co.uk /press/archive_press_release_index/2003/248.asp   (89 words)

  
 Plastic LED project wins $800,000 European research prize
The Descartes Prize for outstanding scientific and technological achievements resulting from European collaborative research is named in honor of Ren Descartes: mathematician, natural scientist, and philosopher.
LONDON — A plastic LED project has come out top of the competition in a field of 230 entries for the 2003 European Union Descartes research prize.
A consortium, led by Professor Richard Friend from the University of Cambridge, won the first prize of 700,000 euro (about US$820,000) for work done in association with researchers from Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, aimed at developing the technology to replace deposited glass- or silicon-backed displays with flexible plastic substrates.
www.commsdesign.com /printableArticle?articleID=16502539   (89 words)

  
 Descarte.html
Descartes proposed that voluntary actions (by definition only available to human beings) were initiated by the human soul, which he viewed as separate from the body and interacting with it at a specific point within the brain called the conarium (because of its somewhat pine-cone-like shape; today this structure is known as the pineal gland).
René Descartes (1596-1650) was a seventeenth century French philosopher whose conception of the nature of human beings and of animals had a strong influence on later thinking about learning and behavior.
Descartes was, to at least some degree, on the "nature" side of this debate.
users.ipfw.edu /abbott/314/Descarte.html   (982 words)

  
 Descartes, René (1596–1650) : Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online
In his writings, Descartes made use of three principal arguments.
The next stage in the system, as outlined in the Meditations, seeks to establish that God exists.
An imprint of the Taylor and Francis Group.
www.rep.routledge.com /article/DA026SECT6   (1029 words)

  
 Search Encyclopedia.com
Descartes, Ren?> Elements of Cartesian Philosophy It was with the intention of extending mathematical method to all fields of human knowledge that Descartes developed his methodology, the cardinal aspect of his philosophy.
Descartes, Ren?> Life Descartes was educated in the Jesuit College at La Flèche and the Univ. of Poitiers, then entered the army of Prince Maurice of Nassau.
Descartes, Ren?> Major Contributions to Science In science, Descartes discarded tradition and to an extent supported the same method as Francis Bacon, but with emphasis on rationalization and logic rather than upon experiences.
www.encyclopedia.com /search.asp?target=Ren%E9+Goscinny&rc=10&fh=5&fr=31   (573 words)

  
 Mathematical Quotes
Descartes, Ren (1596-1650) If I found any new truths in the sciences, I can say that they follow from, or depend on, five or six principal problems which I succeeded in solving and which I regard as so many battles where the fortunes of war were on my side.
Descartes, Ren (1596-1650) Of all things, good sense is the most fairly distributed: everyone thinks he is so well supplied with it that even those who are the hardest to satisfy in every other respect never desire more of it than they already have.
Descartes, Ren (1596-1650) Each problem that I solved became a rule which served afterwards to solve other problems.
linus.highpoint.edu /~rharger/quotes.html   (573 words)

  
 Mechanism (philosophy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
One of the chief obstacles that all mechanistic theories have faced is providing a mechanistic explanation of the human mind; Descartes, for one, endorsed dualism in spite of endorsing a completely mechanistic conception of the material world because he argued that mechanism and the notion of a mind were logically incompatible.
The difference between Descartes and his mechanist colleagues was that mechanists either saw no problem for the notions of soul and freedom of the will, or else were simply willing to dispense with these notions altogether.
What is less frequently appreciated is that Ren Descartes, who is today remembered mainly as a paradigmatic enemy of materialism and mechanism (and in that respect quite the opposite of Hobbes), also did much to advance the mechanistic understanding of nature, in both his scientific works on mechanics and in his philosophical works on metaphysics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mechanism_(philosophy)   (573 words)

  
 MedHist: The gateway to Internet resources for the History of Medicine
It examines the ideas of René Descartes and William James and his American predecessors.
Mind and body : René Descartes to William James
James, William 1842-1910 ; Descartes, René 1596-1650 ;
medhist.ac.uk /browse/mesh/D049671.html   (573 words)

  
 Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy
René Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) is a treatise which is dedicated to the Theology Faculty of the University of Paris.
In the First Meditation, Descartes asserts that there is nothing about which it is impossible to doubt.
In the Fifth Meditation, Descartes argues that the idea of God, as an infinite, eternal, all-knowing, all-powerful Being, is an innate idea which has more objective reality than the ideas by which finite substances are represented in the mind.
www.angelfire.com /md2/timewarp/descartes.html   (1394 words)

  
 Rene Cassin --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
Includes essays on the theories propounded by René Descartes, a 17th-century French mathematician and scientist and William James, a late 19th-century philosopher and psychologist.
Both modern philosophy and modern mathematics began with the work of René Descartes.
In 1968 French jurist René Cassin was honoured with the Nobel Peace Prize as the author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the UN General Assembly on Dec. 10, 1948.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9318948?tocId=9318948&query=unesco   (776 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Mechanism (philosophy)
Descartes was a substance dualist, and argued that reality was composed of two radically different types of substance: corporeal substance, on the one hand, and mental substance, on the other hand.
Descartes steadfastly denied that the human mind could be explained in terms of the configurations of corporeal substance (a chief claim of all forms of mechanism).
What is less frequently appreciated is that René Descartes, who is today remembered mainly as a paradigmatic enemy of materialism and mechanism (and in that respect quite the opposite of Hobbes), also did much to advance the mechanistic understanding of nature, in both his scientific works on mechanics and in his philosophical works on metaphysics.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Mechanism-(philosophy)   (776 words)

  
 France Télécom Marine
The C/S René Descartes, delivered in early 2002, is France Telecom's 19th cableship and the latest addition to the fleet.
C/S René Descartes delivered in early 2002, is France Telecom's 19th cableship and the latest addition to the fleet.
To bury and inspect submarine cables, as well as to repair damaged cables, France Telecom Marine uses a range of state-of-the-art: trenching machines, underwater ploughs, remotely operated vehicles with high-pressure water jets designed and built by its SIMEC subsidiary.
www.marine.francetelecom.fr /en/moyens.htm   (776 words)

  
 innate idea --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The doctrine that at least certain ideas (e.g., those of God, infinity, substance) must be innate, because no satisfactory empirical origin of them could be conceived, flourished in the 17th century and found in René Descartes its most prominent...
The doctrine that at least certain ideas (e.g., those of God, infinity, substance) must be innate, because no satisfactory empirical origin of them could be conceived, flourished in the 17th century and found in René Descartes its most prominent exponent.
It was the delayed shock waves of the ideas of an 18th-century Frenchman that were to crack the foundations of education in the 20th century and cause their virtual upheaval in the United States.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9042444   (805 words)

  
 cogito, ergo sum --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
In the familiar formula cogito ergo sum (“I think; therefore, I am”) proffered by the first notable modern philosopher, René Descartes, methodical thinking was rooted in thought itself, thus raising the problem of how any material world outside of thought could be reached philosophically.
French scholar, antiquary, scientist, and bishop whose incisive skepticism, particularly as embodied in his cogent attacks on René Descartes, greatly influenced contemporary philosophers.
More results on "cogito, ergo sum" when you join.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article?eu=416538   (805 words)

  
 seisme d'Algerie : contacts du groupe d'intervention
Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, 5 rue René Descartes, F67084 Strasbourg Cedex
Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, 5 rue René Descartes F67084 Strasbourg Cedex
Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05
eost.u-strasbg.fr /insu/coord.html   (805 words)

  
 interactionism --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!
The classical formulation of interactionism is due to René Descartes, who could not satisfactorily explain how the interaction takes place, apart from the speculation that it occurs in the pineal gland.
The most explicit statement of dualism, however, is found in the writing of René Descartes, who argued that mind and matter are two separate and distinct sorts of substances, absolutely opposed in their natures, each capable of existing entirely independently of the other.
Plato was a dualist; he believed in the existence of both material entities and immaterial ones.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article?eu=393359&query=spinoza&ct=   (650 words)

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