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Topic: Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839)

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  Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Report on the Affairs of British North America, commonly known as Lord Durham's Report, is an important document in the history of Canada and the British Empire.
The notable Whig politician John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, was sent to the Canadas in 1838 to investigate and report on the causes of the rebellions of 1837-38.
The report of Durham was published in London in February 1839.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Durham_Report   (547 words)

 Durham Report
Durham Report, completed January 1839 and officially presented to the Colonial Office 4 February 1839 by John George Lambton, the earl of DURHAM.
His Report on the Affairs of British North America proposed such reforms as the creation of municipal governments and a supreme court, and resolution of the LAND QUESTION in Prince Edward Island.
His plan for a union of all the British North American colonies was dropped because of objections in the Maritime provinces.
thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0002473   (412 words)

 British Emigration to North America 57001822
British emigration to North America; projects and opinions in the early Victorian period.
The section of the Webb Collection devoted to trade unions con- tains, in the form of notes, clippings, reports, surveys, and pamphlets, a wealth of material incidentally related to the subject of emigration; it was collected principally in the 1890's by the Webbs and their colleagues.
Cowan, Helen I. British Emigration to British North America, 1783-1837.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/becites/genealogy/immigrant/57001822.refs.html   (5079 words)

 British Empire. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In 1839, Lord Durham, in response to unrest in Canada, issued his “Report on the Affairs of British North America.” Durham stated that to retain its colonies Britain should grant them a large measure of internal self-government.
The British North America Act of 1867 inaugurated a pattern of devolution followed in most of the European-settled colonies by which Parliament gradually surrendered its direct governing powers; thus Australia and New Zealand followed Canada in becoming self-governing dominions.
Imperial contributions had considerably strengthened the British war effort (more than 200,000 men from the overseas empire died in the war; the dominions and India signed the Versailles Treaty and joined the League of Nations), but at the same time expectations were raised among colonial populations that an increased measure of self-government would be granted.
www.bartleby.com /65/br/BritEmp.html   (1581 words)

Affairs of the Mind Affairs Of The Mind is an award-winning radio documentary made by Melbourne, Australia, audio produc...
Institute of Economic Affairs The Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) is a London-based 1955 and describes itself as the...
The Affairs of Cellini The Affairs of Cellini is a Louis Calhern.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/affairs.html   (1236 words)

 Rebellion Losses Bill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The British responded by sending Lord Durham to British North America to appraise the situation and in 1839, Durham submitted a report titled Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839) calling for the union of the Canadas, responsible government for the British North American colonies, and measures to encourage the assimilation of French-Canadians.
Upper and Lower Canada were united in 1840 and by 1848, a governor general was in place who would - in theory - ensure a system of responsible government where the governor would yield to the will of the legislature and cabinet.
In 1846 a report was approved in principle that estimated Lower Canada's rebellion losses at £100,000 (in the currency of the day).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rebellion_Losses_Bill   (673 words)

 The British Empire - A Survey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
With the British North America Act 1867, the self-governing dominion of Canada came into existence; to the original union of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were later added further territories until the federal government of Canada controlled all the northern part of the continent except Alaska.
British settlement began 1824 on the coast of Natal, proclaimed a British colony 1843.
British influence in Nigeria began through the activities of the National Africa Company (the Royal Niger Company from 1886), which bought Lagos from an African chief 1861 and steadily extended its hold over the Niger Valley until it surrendered its charter 1899; in 1900 the two protectorates of North and South Nigeria were proclaimed.
pages.britishlibrary.net /empirehist/history.htm   (2854 words)

 Sources Cited in The Great Migration; the Atlantic crossing by sailingship since 1770 64003455
Report of the Highland Society of Scotland to a Parliamentary Committee, 1800-3.
Report of the Parliamentary Committee on Emigration, 1844.
Observations on the Report of the Emigration Committee of London.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/becites/genealogy/immigrant/64003455.refs.html   (3813 words)

 Report Of Lord Durham On the Affairs of British North America [1839] - Quebec History
Report Of Lord Durham On the Affairs of British North America [1839] - Quebec History
Report Of Lord Durham On the Affairs of British North America [1839]
Besides the Cities which were the seats of government, no towns were established; the rude manufactures of the country were, and still are, carried on in the cottage by the family of the habitant; and an insignificant proportion of the population derived their subsistence from the scarcely discernible commerce of the Province.
www2.marianopolis.edu /quebechistory/docs/durham/1.htm   (1055 words)

 [No title]
And, on the other hand, those who are to have the general direction of affairs exercise that function by virtue of their responsibility to the legislature — which implies their being removable from office, and also that they should be members either of the assembly or of the legislative council.
But this general direction of affairs and the control of all subordinate officers it is the duty of the governor to exercise through the executive council.
Her majesty cannot be advised to disallow such acts, unless her advisers are prepared to assume the administration of the affairs of the colony irrespective of the views of its inhabitants.
www.constitution.org /sech/sech_133.txt   (4738 words)

 Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
He thought he might discover in North America, and Lower Canada in particular, the sort of conflicts so common in Europe, such as the one in which he had been involved in England at the time he had committed himself to parliamentary reform.
In his report Durham had sought to recommend solutions to the whole problem of the Canadas, which had been perturbing colonial societies for so long and was reverberating in London.
John George Lambton’s Report on the affairs of British North America, from the Earl of Durham.
www.biographi.ca /EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=37606   (3844 words)

 History of England, Age of Empire
One result of the separation of the American colonies was that the British legal system lost one of the places to which convicts could be transported (Canada's climate was too severe for plantations and thus slave or convict labor).
After considering the coasts of Africa, the British government decided that the lands called Botany Bay would be suitable and in 1788, the first shipload of 750 convicts arrived in that most inhospitable area of Australia.
In 1839, in his Report on the Affairs of British North America, the Earl of Durham proposed a union of Upper and Lower Canada and the granting of self-government.
www.britannia.com /history/naremphist7.html   (2626 words)

 John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham (also known as Radical Jack) (London 12 April 1792 – 28 July 1840 Cowes), was a British Whig statesman and colonial administrator, Governor General and high commissioner of British North America.
Indeed the Act of Union based on the report explicitly banned French in the parliament and in the courts.
He was the last British Prime Minister from the House of Lords.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/John_Lambton,_1st_Earl_of_Durham   (586 words)

 Special Collections -- Occasional Paper No. 8
Anburey came to North America as a British officer in General Burgoyne's army and was present at the expedition from Canada which culminated in the British surrender at Sarratoga in 1777.
Report On The Affairs Of British North America, From The Earl Of Durham, Her Majesty's High Commissioner, &c.
Authorship of the report, a landmark in Canadian history, is attributed to Charles Buller, Durham's secretary, with the exception of two paragraphs on church or crown lands composed by Edward Gibbon Wakefield and Richard Davies Hanson.
www.ucalgary.ca /UofC/departments/INFO/library/SpecColl/OccPaper/occ8.htm   (10227 words)

 Encyclopedia: Constitutional Act of 1791   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Constitutional Act of 1791 was a British law which changed the government of the province of Quebec to accommodate the many English-speaking settlers, known as the United Empire Loyalists, who had arrived from the United States following the American Revolution.
Lower Canada was a British colony in North America, at the downstream end of the Saint Lawrence River in the southern portion of the modern-day province of Quebec.
The Constitutional Act also tried to create an established church In English history, the Established Church is the Church of England, the church which is established by the Government, supported by it, and of which the monarch is the titular head; until 1920 it also held the same position in Wales.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Constitutional-Act-of-1791   (1403 words)

 MSN Encarta - Sidebar - The Union Act, 1840
In his 1839 Report on the Affairs of British North America, Canada’s governor-general John George Lambton, 1st earl of Durham, called for unification of the two provinces under a single government.
The Act of Union, passed in 1840 by the British Parliament, combined the two provinces into one Province of Canada with two sections known as Canada East and Canada West.
The government was to be led by a British-appointed governor and a legislative assembly equally apportioned between the two former provinces.
encarta.msn.com /sidebar_461511322/The_Union_Act_1840.html   (166 words)

 1839, Jan. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Durham's famous Report on the Affairs of British North America was published.
The imperial government was to retain control only of foreign relations, regulation of trade, disposal of public lands, and determination of the colonial constitution.
Lord John Russell introduced in the British Parliament a resolution based on the Durham Report.
www.bartleby.com /67/1627.html   (143 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
This situation is characterized by isolation and a feeling of being threatened by the larger, primarily Protestant and English-speaking culture in North America.
In his Report on the Affairs of British North America (2 volumes, 1839), Durham proposed unification of all Canada under a single government in which French speakers would be outnumbered and, as he envisioned, gradually assimilated.
Other sources used by Garneau were Les relations des Jésuites, annual reports from 1632 to 1673 of Jesuit missionaries about their lives among indigenous peoples, and letters and mystical writings of Marie de l'Incarnation, a Roman Catholic nun of the Ursuline order.
www.lemarginal.com /french_canadian_literature_encarta.doc   (4415 words)

 Canada in the Making - Constitutional History
The Durham Report was controversial in all quarters, and reinforced Durham's reputation as a radical.
In anticipation of the Act of Union, the British government sought to ensure that the new governor general, Baron Sydenham, would be acting along the principles recommended by Durham.
Earl Grey, the new secretary of state for war and the colonies, made it clear that Britain had no interest in exercising any more influence in the colonies than was necessary to prevent one colony from injuring another or the empire as a whole.
www.canadiana.org /citm/themes/constitution/constitution11_e.html   (954 words)

 Unit 01 Section 01 Lesson 04 - Lesson notes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
British North America was rocked by war with the United States again in 1812...
As a result they commissioned Lord John George Lambton Earl of Durham as Governor General and High Commissioner of British North America to investigate the rebellions of 1837 and prepare a report on the situation.
He arrived in British North America on 29 May 1838 and seemed to be well received as an administrator by the majority of Canadians.
www.cdli.ca /courses/hist1201/unit01/section01/lesson04/3-lesson-a.htm   (413 words)

 MSN Encarta - Sidebar - From the Earl of Durham's Report
British statesman John George Lambton, 1st earl of Durham, became governor-general of Canada in 1838.
His Report on the Affairs of British North America (2 volumes, 1839) addressed this ethnic division.
Durham proposed a gradual assimilation of French Canadians into English language and culture, which he believed to be superior.
encarta.msn.com /sidebar_461511282/From_the_Earl_of_Durham's_Report.html   (158 words)

 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine (July 20, 1811 – November 20, 1863) was a British colonial administrator and diplomat, best known as Governor General of the Province of Canada and Viceroy of India.
His second wife was Lady Mary Louisa Lambton, daughter of Lord Durham, the author of the groundbreaking Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), and niece of the Colonial Secretary, Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl Grey.
He became Governor of Jamaica in 1842, and in 1847 was appointed Governor General of Canada.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/James_Bruce,_8th_Earl_of_Elgin   (601 words)

 Report on the Affairs of British North Americ... - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Report on the Affairs of British North Americ...
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en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Report_on_the_Affairs_of_British_North_Americ...   (69 words)

 Encyclopedia: William Alexander Henry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
After service as a cabinet minister in Nova Scotia in governments led by both the Liberals and the Conservatives, Henry was a delegate to all three Confederation Conferences, and may have helped draft the British North America Act, i.e., the Canadian constitution.
Canadian Confederation, or the Confederation of Canada, was the process that ultimately brought together a union among the provinces, colonies and territories of British North America to form the Dominion of Canada, a Dominion of the British Empire, which today is the federal nation state called Canada.
The British North America Acts 1867–1975 are a series of Acts of the British Parliament dealing with the government of Canada.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/William-Alexander-Henry   (578 words)

 Reform Judaism Magazine - The Jews of Iran: A Learning Guide
Similarly, Sarshar reports that the first private citizen executed following the Khomeini revolution was a Jew who had been condemned in a phony trial because of his Zionism.
Hakakian reports that concern about what the neighbors would say about them partly motivated the diligence of her family’s Pesach preparations.
An 1839 decree granted Jews most rights of citizenship in the Ottoman Empire (present-day Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, most of the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa, Turkey, Greece, the southern Balkans).
reformjudaismmag.org /Articles/index.cfm?id=1014   (2877 words)

 Durham, John George Lambton, 1st earl of
A stormy liberal career in Parliament (1813–32), which earned him the nickname Radical Jack, culminated in the important role he played in drafting the Reform Bill of 1832 and forcing it through the House of Lords.
Its chief proposal was for the creation of an executive council responsible to the colonial assembly, which would allow Canada self government within the British empire.
Other recommendations included reform of the land laws, railroad building to unify the country, and the union of Upper and Lower Canada to improve administration and finance and to extinguish the nationalism of the French Canadians.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0816418.html   (163 words)

 Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
      Buller’s report, which advocated a system of education inspired by those of the United States and Prussia, and sought primarily to unify the two races of Lower Canada by anglicizing French Canadians, was far from perfect.
In 1841 Buller’s report, which was ill received by Canadian religious authorities, inspired Charles-Elzéar Mondelet* to write his Letters on elementary and practical education.
[J. Lambton], Lord Durham’s report on the affairs of British North America, ed.
www.biographi.ca /EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=38452   (1326 words)

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