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Topic: Representative democracy

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In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

  The Straight Dope Mailbag: The Straight Dope Mailbag: Is the U.S. a democracy or a republic? What's the difference?
Is the U.S. a democracy or a republic?
The difference between democracy and republic is a fundamental one.
Because of that, modern-day nations with elected governments have often prefixed their "republics" with other adjectives, and although "democratic republic" does not literally mean "representative democracy" (i.e., in which the people elect representatives, and the reps make the laws), that's what it's been used for over the last few decades or so.
www.straightdope.com /mailbag/mdemocracy.html   (610 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Representative democracy
Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the people's representatives.
The representatives form an independent ruling body (for an election period) charged with the responsibility of acting in the people's interest, but not as their proxy representatives—i.e., not necessarily always according to their wishes, but with enough authority to exercise swift and resolute initiative in the face of changing circumstances.
The representatives are chosen by the majority of the voters (as opposed to the majority of the population/eligible voters) in elections.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Representative_democracy   (487 words)

 Representative Government and Democracy
In fact, the "institutions of representative democracy removed government so far from the direct reach of the demos that one could reasonably wonder, as some critics have, whether the new system was entitled to call itself by the venerable name of democracy" (Dahl, 1989, p.
Another potential problem of representative democracy is the detachment and alienation felt by many "small" people because there seems to be no way for them to influence public policy.
Representative government enabled a shift of the democratic stage from small city-states to large nation-states, and it has been viewed by many as a desirable solution to the competing needs of an effective but also accountable government.
www.oycf.org /Perspectives/3_123199/representative_government.htm   (2292 words)

  CongressLink: [Congress: The Basics - Context] Expert Views: The Case for Representative Democracy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Trust for Representative Democracy is a public outreach and education initiative designed to counter the cynicism and distrust that prevails among the public today by offering a more positive and accurate view of elected officials, the people who work with them, and the legislative institutions in which they serve.
This climate of cynicism is deadly to representative democracy.
It is based on six operating principles of representative democracy as it is practiced throughout the nation.
www.congresslink.org /print_expert_casefordemo.htm   (7065 words)

  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Democracy
A direct democracy is a political system in which all citizens are allowed to influence policy by means of a direct vote, or referendum, on any particular issue.
Some critics of representative democracy argue that party politics mean that representatives will be forced to follow the party line on issues, rather than either the will of their conscience or constituents.
One important issue in a democracy is the suffrage, or the franchise - that is the decision as to who ought to be entitled to vote.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/de/Democracy   (1099 words)

 Newsvine - What is Democracy?
Democracy is a word that has been thrown around by many different people, over many different generations, to resolve many different problems.
Trying to put all democracy under one umbrella definition would be illogical, but there is still a standard which must be met by a form of government for it to be considered a democracy.
Although a truer version of democracy, direct democracy is considered an inefficient form due to the larger population which the government is in charge of.
prompt.newsvine.com /_news/2006/10/19/406863-what-is-democracy   (1125 words)

 Swiss Direct Democracy — ACE Electoral Knowledge Network
A variety of direct democracy mechanisms are provided for at both federal and cantonal level, with Swiss voters given the chance to cast their votes in federal ballots on average four times a year.
A further impact of the direct democracy mechanisms within Switzerland is that the government is forced to seek a wider consensus about the statutory (and constitutional) measures that it seeks to introduce than is the case in a purely representative system.
In a representative system, the party of government may, in the absence of a large majority, have to develop cross-party consensus on an issue in order to ensure that the measure is approved.
www.aceproject.org /ace-en/ace-es/focus/direct-democracy/cs-swiss   (1704 words)

 The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy-Our Aims   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Inclusive Democracy perceives the world to be in a multidimensional crisis, caused by the concentration of power in the hands of various elites, as a result of the establishment of the system of market/growth economy, representative democracy and the related forms of hierarchical structures.
Inclusive democracy is not a utopia since not only it is based on today’s reality, which is summed up by an unprecedented crisis of the ‘growth economy’, but it also expresses the discontent of significant social sectors, their (explicit or implicit) contesting of existing society and their manifest trends towards democratic forms of organisation.
The Inclusive Democracy project that we adopt is derived from a synthesis of two major historical traditions, namely the classical democratic and the socialist, and it encompasses the contemporary movements for emancipation: the radical green and feminist movements, as well as the indigenous and radical Third World movements.
www.inclusivedemocracy.org /journal/our_aims.htm   (1942 words)

 1 Emergent Democracy
Representative democracy, wherein elected representatives of the people are chosen through a voting mechanism, is considered by most to be the only possible way to manage a democracy of significant scale.
Representative democracy allows leaders to specialize and focus on the complex issues of governance, which an uneducated and uninterested general population could not be expected to grasp.
Representative democracy is considered more practical than direct democracy, which becomes increasingly difficult with larger and more diverse populations.
joi.ito.com /static/emergentdemocracy.html   (7553 words)

 The Hindu : Opinion / Leader Page Articles : Crisis of representative democracy
Representative democracy in essence calls upon a third set of political agents to mediate between the first two sets of political agents — the citizen and the state.
Secondly the representative does not represent persons as such; she or he is charged with the duty of seeing that the interests of the constituents are adequately, competently and effectively represented in forums of decision-making.
This really means that the representative has tremendous power inasmuch as she or he necessarily picks and chooses between competing demands, filters these demands through the ideological prism of the political party of which he or she is a member, or indeed manipulates these claims for partisan political ends.
www.hindu.com /2004/06/19/stories/2004061901441000.htm   (1283 words)

 A More Perfect Union - History of Democracy
This was almost a total democracy except for the fact that women and slaves (over 50% of the population) were not considered citizens and were not allowed to vote.
Their government was a representative democracy, which had representatives from the nobility in the Senate and representatives from the commoners in the Assembly.
A representative democracy came about in the United States because the colonists were tired of taxation without representation and wanted a more fair system where the people had more say in the rule of the country.
library.thinkquest.org /26466/history_of_democracy.html   (1216 words)

 What Is Democracy? - Defining Democracy
Democracy may be a word familiar to most, but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused in a time when totalitarian regimes and military dictatorships alike have attempted to claim popular support by pinning democratic labels upon themselves.
Democracy is indeed a set of ideas and principles about freedom, but it also consists of a set of practices and procedures that have been molded through a long, often tortuous history.
Today, the most common form of democracy, whether for a town of 50,000 or nations of 50 million, is representative democracy, in which citizens elect officials to make political decisions, formulate laws, and administer programs for the public good.
usinfo.state.gov /products/pubs/whatsdem/whatdm2.htm   (1200 words)

 NewsHour Extra: Democracy
In mature democracies, on the other hand, some say young people are increasingly disengaging from politics, not voting, tuning out at elections, and feeling alienated from political institutions and leaders.
Democracy means different things to different people, but basically it means people have the right to choose their leaders and decide the form of government they want.
Democracy only works if citizens fulfill their duties and obligations to involve themselves in the social and political affairs of the community.
www.pbs.org /newshour/extra/features/jan-june00   (1404 words)

 What Is Representative Democracy?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Representative Democracy is the system of government by which the citizens of a nation elect representatives to look after their needs in governmental matters.
In a representative democracy, the citizens are responsible for making their wishes known to their representatives to insure that their wishes are adequately represented.
It is the position of the Citizens' Revolution that the representative democracy of the United States of America is critically wounded and that the evidence of voting machine malfunctions and fraud have reached an unacceptable level.
home.earthlink.net /~revolutionofcitizens/democracy.html   (261 words)

  Referendums in Canada: The Effect of Populist Decision-Making on Representative Democracy (BP328e)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Thus, representative democracy is based on a transfer of authority from the people to representatives, a form of indirect rule necessary for governing a large population.
The theory of representative democracy consistent with the provisions of parliamentary government rests on the belief that Parliament is a supreme assembly of representatives from all regions of the province or country freely debating and determining public policy.
Representatives in a parliamentary system of government are elected on their merits and must act according to what they believe to be in the national interest; they must be leaders and educators, not simply delegates bound by particular interests.
www.parl.gc.ca /information/library/PRBpubs/bp328-e.htm   (8429 words)

Democracy is always in a state of evolution, and adaptation to changing ideas and circumstances.
Thus, the shape of our representative democracy is moulded, not only by federalism, reflected in a bicameral Parliament with a Senate set up to provide representation on a State basis, but also by the provisions made by Parliament as to the size of such representation and the method of election.
The necessity of distinguishing between the essence of representative democracy, and the forms of representative democracy resulting from accidents of history, or ideas fashionable at particular times, is demonstrated by the survey I have earlier undertaken.
www.hcourt.gov.au /speeches/cj/cj_lucinda.htm   (5377 words)

 Trust: Representative Democracy in America
Representative Democracy in America: Voices of the People is a national project designed to reinvigorate and educate Americans on the critical relationship between government and the people it serves.
to improve public understanding of representative democracy and encourage Americans to play a responsible role in their government; strengthen classroom teaching about representative democracy; and to provide legislators and staff with resource materials to help improve public understanding of their institutions.
The contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education nor should endorsement by the federal government be assumed.
www.representativedemocracy.org   (361 words)

 Accurate Representation in Representative Democracy
This is commonly referred to as "representative democracy", and depends upon voters choosing candidates who represent their views.
This might be called "accurate representative democracy", as opposed to our current system, which might be described as democratic oligarchy.
A good way to get representative democracy is the every candidate gets elected principle, inn which we might have ten candidates with widely differing views in a constituancy, and each voter has ten votes.
www.cgstock.com /essays/democracy.html   (3054 words)

 Representative Democracy
In that connection, the lack of contradiction between representative democracy and participatory democracy was mentioned, as representation and participation have been issues raised since the beginnings of the system of democracy itself and, in particular, since the eighteenth century.
Reference was also made to the complementarity of participatory democracy and representative democracy, while emphasizing that mechanisms for direct participation are a source of both risk and opportunity.
Among significant features of representative democracy were mentioned the effectiveness of human rights, the rule of law, and the separation and independence of the branches of government, and it was suggested that there was a need to further the enhancement of the democratic system beyond such features.
www.oas.org /Assembly2001/assembly/eng/documents/1664.htm   (4511 words)

 What’s the Argument for Democracy? by David Gordon
The type of government I shall endeavor to discuss is a variety of indirect democracy, i.e., a representative democracy, as in the United States and Great Britain, where the national legislature is popularly elected.
Representative democracy is not the only conceivable sort of indirect democracy: imagine, e.g., a system in which the people by plebiscite can veto laws but only a non-elected body can propose them.
Democracy is not a system in which each controls his own affairs but rather one in which the majority controls everyone.
www.lewrockwell.com /gordon/gordon9.html   (2896 words)

Democracy is a word frequently used in British Politics.
We are constantly told that we live in a democracy in Britain and that our political system is "democratic" and that nations that do not match these standards are classed as "undemocratic".
Direct democracy also believes that all people who have the right to, should actively participate in the system so that it is representative of the people and that any law passed does have the support of the majority.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /democracy.htm   (1632 words)

 America - Representative Democracy, Plutocracy, or Direct Democracy?
The great failure of representative democracy is that our supposed representatives do not fairly represent the entire populace.
The most insidious characteristic of representative government is that it appears to be a democracy as it quietly goes about its business of excluding democracy.
Once the entire electorate is empowered both by direct participation within the demos and by finally being able to elect truly representative officials to the legislative and executive branches of government, we will all be able to deliberate on an equal footing within government about our other, narrower interests.
www.grinningplanet.com /2004/11-11/direct-democracy-plutocracy-article.htm   (2135 words)

The form of government of the United States and throughout the several states shall be by nonpartisan direct representative democracy government and all that it embodies through the equality of citizenship.
An elected representative is defined as any elective office or position of the United States government and throughout all levels of government within the several states.
The electorate shall be able to instruct, direct and control all levels of government through their elected representatives by majority vote, and to freely consult with each other for the common good by means of the electorate voting networks.
www.realdemocracy.com /28web.htm   (1034 words)

 NewsHour Extra: Democracy - July 4, 2000
The word "democratic" or "democracy" are general terms used to describe institutions, organizations or countries which allow members or citizens to choose their leaders and decide the form of government they want.
By definition, a democracy is direct government ruled by the majority.
When people use the word "democracy" or "democratic" they're usually refering to a representative democracy.
www.pbs.org /newshour/extra/features/jan-june00/democracy.html   (1487 words)

 Trust for Representative Democracy: Overview
The Trust for Representative Democracy is a bold civic education campaign designed to engage citizens and build their understanding and support for America's democratic institutions.
The Trust is part of the Alliance for Representative Democracy, a partnership of the Trust, the Center for Civic Education and the Center on Congress at Indiana University.
The Alliance is working together on "Representative Democracy: Voices of the People," a new national project designed to reinvigorate and educate Americans on the critical relationship between government and the people it serves.
www.ncsl.org /public/trust.htm   (718 words)

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