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Topic: Republic of Turkey


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  Turkey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Republic of Turkey was established on October 29, 1923 from the remnants of the Ottoman Empire.
Turkey invaded the island in 1974 in response to an Athens backed coup of the island, Turkey states that it was invoking its role under the Treaty of Guarantee to ensure the independence of the island and protection of its Turkish Cypriot minority.
Turkey forms a bridge between Europe and Asia, with the division between the two running from the Black Sea to the north down along the Bosporus strait through the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean Sea and the larger Mediterranean Sea to the south.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Turkey   (3910 words)

  
 Information about The Republic of Turkey
Turkey's borders on the European continent consist of a 212-kilometre frontier with Greece and a 269-kilometre border with Bulgaria.
Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, by the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the west.
Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the diverse nature of the landscape, and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the coasts, results in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to the other.
www.countryofturkey.com   (1161 words)

  
 Turkey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Turkey is bordered to the east by Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran; to the south by Iraq and Syria; and to the west by the Aegean Sea and its islands, Greece and Bulgaria.
Turkey became a member of NATO in 1952, and is seeking membership of the European Union.
Turkey's dynamic economy is a complex mix of modern industry and commerce along with a traditional agriculture sector that in 2001 still accounted for 40% of employment.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/T/Turkey.htm   (1129 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Turkey's model secularism differed from the classic western form in that though separation of religion and state was adopted, the State assumed control of religious affairs.
The Republic of Turkey has achieved important developments in government administration, has established a pluralist parliamentary democratic regime that believes in secularism, has re-constructed its society, and has developed international relations and ties with related international organizations and institutions.
The Republic of Turkey, with its 76 years of experience, is sure that what it has accomplished thus far is a guarantee of what it can and will do in the future.
www.byegm.gov.tr /yayinlarimiz/NEWSPOT/1999/Sep-Oct/N4.htm   (1080 words)

  
 About Republic of Turkey
In the east Turkey borders Iran, in the southeast Syria and Iraq, in the northeast Georgia and Armenia, in the west, Greece and Bulgaria.
Turkey is rich in mineral resources which include coal, iron ore, chrome, copper, zinc, lead, boron, mercury, sulfur, tungsten and asbestos.
Turkey sided with Germany in World War I and was successful at holding the straights of Constantinople; in the end, however, they were on the losing side and lost much of their territory.
www.salimdemirel.8m.com /custom2.html   (992 words)

  
 Accession Partnership with the Republic of Turkey
It is expected that Turkey on the basis of this Accession Partnership adopts before the end of the year a National Programme for the Adoption of the Acquis.
Turkey is a candidate country to join the Union on the basis of the same criteria as applied to the other candidate countries.
As underlined by the European Council in Helsinki, for Turkey it is important that the institutions of the Association Agreement continue to be the framework within which the adoption of the acquis can be examined, in accordance with the same arrangements, irrespective of whether or not negotiations have been opened.
www.kurdishlibrary.org /Kurdish_Library/Documents/EU_Turkey_Partnership_Eng.htm   (4623 words)

  
 World InfoZone - Turkey Information - Page 1
Turkey is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, Greece, Bulgaria, the Black Sea, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
Turkey's weather varies according to region but is generally hot and dry in the summer and cold in the winters.
The population of the Republic of Turkey was 69,660,559 in 2005.
www.worldinfozone.com /country.php?country=Turkey   (767 words)

  
 A Virtual Travel Guide to Turkey - Türkiye
Turkey is often called "the cradle of civilization," as it has been home to a rich variety of tribes and nations of people since 6500 B.C. The Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, replacing the dynastic and theocratic Ottoman system, with its Sultanate and Caliphate.
Turkey occupied the northern portion of Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island; relations between the two countries remain strained.
Embassy of the Republic of Turkey in the U.S. Washington D.C
www.nationsonline.org /oneworld/turkey.htm   (690 words)

  
 Turkey --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Turkey is among the larger countries of the Middle East, in terms of territory and population, and its land area of 300,948 square miles (779,452 square kilometres) is greater than that of any European…;
On Aug. 17, 1999, an earthquake struck Turkey in a heavily populated area stretching from a western suburb of Istanbul to the city of Adapazari northeast of the Sea of Marmara.
All domestic turkeys are descendants of the Mexican subspecies.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9111078?tocId=9111078   (905 words)

  
 Turkey (09/05)
After the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey the temporal and religious ruling institutions of the old empire (the sultanate and caliphate) were abolished.
Turkey maintains an embassy in the United States at 2525 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008, tel.
Turkey entered NATO in 1952 and serves as the organization's vital eastern anchor, controlling the straits leading from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and sharing a border with Syria, Iraq, and Iran.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/3432.htm   (4019 words)

  
 Member Countries
Sudan is located in North-East Africa, and shares borders with the Central African Republic on the south-west, Chad on the west, Egypt on the north, Ethiopia on the east, Kenya, Uganda and Zaire on the south with Libya on the north-west.
Turkey is situated in West Asia, and shares borders with Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran in the east, Iraq and Syria on the south, Greece and Bulgaria on the north-west.
Its main natural resources are antimony, coal, chromium, bauxite, mercury, copper, borate, sulphur and iron ore. The economy of Turkey is diversified with a strong industrial base in textiles and food processing and main crops of wheat, barley and sugar beet in agriculture.
www.oic-oci.org /english/main/membercountries3.htm   (2241 words)

  
 DISAM Journal: Security assistance mission in the Republic of Turkey
The Office of Defense Cooperation (ODC) Turkey, is the largest among United States European Commands (USEUCOM) 93 (1) countries, facilitates a dynamic and multi-faceted defense relationship with the Republic of Turkey.
The geostrategic position of the Republic of Turkey, at the heart of the most unstable triangle in the world, the Balkans, Caucasus, and the Middle East, makes it imperative that the United States help maintain a strong and allied modern Turkish military.
While the frequency of major Kurdish terrorist incidents in southeastern Turkey has decreased markedly since the capture of the leader of the separatist PKK in 1999, Turkish military leaders argue that the continued presence of PKK terrorists in northern Iraq continues to pose a threat to Turkey's stability.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0IAJ/is_2_26/ai_n6110207   (1225 words)

  
 CIA - The World Factbook -- Turkey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or "Father of the Turks." Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms.
Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes.
Turkey's dynamic economy is a complex mix of modern industry and commerce along with a traditional agriculture sector that in 2004 still accounted for more than 35% of employment.
www.cia.gov /cia/publications/factbook/geos/tu.html   (1543 words)

  
 81st Anniversary Of Foundation Of Republic Of Turkey
We are in your presence with the honor and pride of celebrating the 81st anniversary of secular and democratic Republic of Turkey.
Turkish people are aware of that the Republic based on independence and national sovereignty, is the most important guarantee of sustaining entity and development of Turkey as a modern and democratic country.
I profoundly believe that Republic of Turkey will become one of the most powerful partners of the modern civilization by preserving its national values with the contributions of all its citizens and institutions.
www.turkishpress.com /news.asp?ID=32240   (339 words)

  
 Turkey: In Depth : History : Modern Turkey & the Third Republic | Frommers.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The 1970s were a reactionary time in Turkey, much as the 1960s were in the United States, with Marxist and Leninist doctrines clogging impressionable minds.
Tensions in the east were mounting among the Kurdish nationalists, while Turkey's involvement in the Korean War only further drained the country's resources.
Nevertheless, some of Turkey's nouveau riche got accustomed to the excesses of the 1980s, although not always by legitimate means.
www.frommers.com /destinations/turkey/0349033178.html   (513 words)

  
 Republic of Turkey
The Republic of Turkey has been a member of NATO since 1952.
Turkey is 99.8 percent Muslim - mostly Sunni.
Turkey has been seeking membership in the Economic Union, but the European Parliament has declared that to do so Turkey must admit responsibility for the genocide of Armenians early in the 20th century.
www.fsmitha.com /world/turkey.htm   (189 words)

  
 The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Republic of Turkey is a democratic, secular and social State governed by the rule of law; bearing in mind the concepts of public peace, national solidarity and justice; respecting human rights; loyal to the nationalism of Ataturk, and based on the fundamental tenets set forth in the Preamble.
In this capacity he shall represent the Republic of Turkey and the unity of the Turkish Nation; he shall ensure the implementation of the Constitution, and the regular and harmonious functioning of the organs of State.
The President of the Republic may be impeached for high treason on the proposal of at least one-third of the total number of members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, and by the decision of at least three-quarters of the total number of members.
www.cecl.gr /RigasNetwork/databank/Constitutions/Turkey.htm   (12266 words)

  
 INCORE: Conflict Data Service: Internet Country Guides: Turkey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
A discussion of the similarities and differences between the Albanians in Kosovo and the Kurds in Turkey, and an analysis of possibilities for the future.
With reference to the Kurds in Turkey, the project provides an overview, background information into the major Kurdish parties and associations, and a chronology of events.
This page presents documents on human rights in Turkey and provides communications to the organizations that took part in the International Peace Conference in Ankara, Turkey in May of 1997.
www.incore.ulst.ac.uk /cds/countries/turkey.html   (1357 words)

  
 Discover Turkey
Turkey was home to an astounding number of ancient cultures and the cradle of 10 of the world's greatest civilizations.
Travelling in Turkey means passing from one scene, legend or world to another.
Turkey is an element of stability in an otherwise turbulent part of the world.
www.turkishnews.com /DiscoverTurkey   (838 words)

  
 TURKEY NEWS TURKISH NEWS | HavenWorks.com/world/turkey capital: Ankara, Republic of Turkey, Turkiye Cumhuriyeti, ...
"Turkey, Italy, and Belgium arrested 53 militants in a coordinated crackdown Thursday on a Turkish Marxist group considered a terrorist organization by Washington, Turkey's Interior Ministry said."...
"Turkey demanded on Saturday the immediate release of 11 Turkish special forces detained by U.S. troops in northern Iraq over what a newspaper said was a plot to kill a senior official in the oil-rich Iraqi city of Kirkuk."...
We see them move in and out of Turkey, and there is continuing discussion at the political level about when and how much of that is acceptable," he said.
havenworks.com /world/turkey   (1989 words)

  
 Turkey - Atlapedia Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It is bound by the Agean Sea to the west, Bulgaria and the Black Sea to the north, Georgia to the northeast, Armenia and Iran to the east and Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
During the 1990-1991 Gulf War, Turkey was used as a staging base for air attacks on Baghdad, Iraq by the US-led coalition forces.
Also in 1991 Turkey received some US $4 billion in financial grants from Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Japan in lieu of lost revenue as a result of UN imposed economic sanctions against Iraq.
www.atlapedia.com /online/countries/turkey.htm   (1579 words)

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