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Topic: Responsa

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Responsa (Latin: plural of responsum, "answers") comprise a body of written decisions and rulings given by legal scholars in response to questions addressed to them.
Judaism's responsa constitute a special class of rabbinic literature, to be distinguished from the commentaries (meforshim) - devoted to the exegesis of the Hebrew Bible, the Mishnah, the Talmud - and from the codes of law which delineate the rules for ordinary incidents of life.
The responsa accordingly contain rulings on ethics, business ethics, the philosophy of religion, astronomy, mathematics, history, geography, as well as interpretations of passages in the Bible, the Mishnah, the Talmud and the Midrash.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Responsa   (658 words)

  Responsa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The responsa of the epoch came from various countries, and from schools having different tendencies, thus showing the position and the type of spiritual life in general and of Talmudic learning in particular, since all these factors prevailed in the different countries at the time.
The responsa of the former include both practical decisions and explanations of difficult passages in the Mishnah and the Talmud, the first group being written in Arabic and later translated into Hebrew, while the greater portion of the second category was composed by the author himself in the Talmudic Hebrew idiom.
The collection of responsa by Ezekiel Landau, known as "Noda' bi-Yehudah," was esteemed by rabbis and scholars, being distinguished both for its logical discussion and for its independence with regard to the rulings of later authorities as contrasted with its adherence to the writings of earlier scholars.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Responsa   (4402 words)

 Responsa - FreeEncyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
No responsa are known to exist from before the Mishnah; it is doubtful whether any were written even at that period.
The most noteworthy responsa of Moses Alashkar (printed at Sabbionetta in 1554) are those which discuss the problem whether a converted Jew may be compelled by means of the provincial court to give his Jewish wife a bill of divorce according to Jewish procedure (No. 75, pp.
Among the collections of such responsa written in opposition to Reform may be mentioned the "Eleh Dibre ha-Berit" (Amsterdam, 1819), by Moses Sofer, Akiba Eger, and others, protesting against prayers in the vernacular and against the use of the organ on the Sabbath; the "Ẓeror ha-Ḥayyim" of Abraham b.
openproxy.ath.cx /re/Responsa.html   (4615 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - Texts: Reform Halakhic Texts
As is the case with traditional responsa, each Reform teshuvah (responsum) is an answer to a specific question concerning a matter of religious practice and observance.
The earliest Reform responsa were produced in early 19th-century Europe, written by Reform rabbis who sought to provide a halakhic justification for the liturgical and ceremonial changes the movement introduced into synagogue practice.
Reform responsa are advisory and not obligatory, and the same can be said for the various guides to Jewish observance published under the auspices of the movement's institutions.
www.myjewishlearning.com /texts/halakha/modern_texts/reform_texts.htm   (1067 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
One of the most important categories of Jewish legal literature is that of responsa (singular: responsum)—that is, legal rulings by rabbis in response to specific questions.
Responsa, in other words, offer brief, thoroughly-explicated answers to questions dealing with the application of Jewish law to specific situations or problems.
It is my hope that these responsa will ensure that the Assassin rules remain a meaningful and vibrant framework for pretending to shoot and poison fellow Harvard students.
hcs.harvard.edu /~hrhillel/events/assassin/rules/responsa.html   (3687 words)

 Responsa on Jewish Wife Abuse
This section provides many historical responsa that explore questions about wife abuse that were brought to the attention of rabbis, and how the issue was dealt with.
His responsa have been cited in recent studies and articles that address Jewish domestic abuse and are probably the most famous.
It is important to note that in all three of these responsa, Rabbi Meir cites that the abuse either is or may be grounds to force a couple to get divorced (or at least separate for a while).
members.aol.com /Agunah/responsa.htm   (1910 words)

 Responsa of the Week: Free Entry for Outsiders, from the Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
It may well be that the general pro-free entry attitude that we have seen in the previous responsa would alter when considering the free entry of foreign firms or entrepreneurs.
One could argue that the principle of each person being entitled to do with their property as they like, that is the basis for free entry, would only apply to local citizens, who after all have the equal rights of neighbors.
Although it is easy to see these responsa as pertaining to small communities and to question their applicability in our modern global village, there are general principles that make them extremely relevant.
www.besr.org /library/responsa/outsiders.html   (980 words)

 Responsa wants to sell a better SMS than SMS
The USP, according to Responsa, is that it will be capable of using the latest mobile technologies, including location based information and MMS/fototext, should the caller be equipped with a leading edge handset.
Responsa believes its system can help mobile network operators to tap into an area from which they are currently excluded.
Responsa's Achilles' heel is that it needs to sell to all mobile operators while simultaneously building its own brand - something which won't go down well with the likes of an Orange or Vodafone.
www.theinquirer.net /?article=7349   (323 words)

 Responsa Project: the database for Jewish Studies by Bar-Ilan University
The Responsa Project version 5.0 is an electronic collection of Torah texts, compiled and made searchable by Bar-Ilan University.
The Responsa Project is set up for use at the Hebrew workstation located on the fourth floor of the Joseph Regenstein Library, RR4.
Responsa allows you to browse the works of a writer before you start searching.
www.lib.uchicago.edu /e/ets/Responsa.html   (1414 words)

 Commentary Magazine - Rabbinical Responsa in the USSR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
...From the 1880's on, rabbinical responsa in European towns were much concerned with petitions of women whose husbands, having left for America, were never heard from again...
...Responsa are based on the Talmud, the exegetical literature, and fourteen centuries of case-law tradition, and Soviet rabbis can draw on little of all this...
...The responsa we shall discuss here, however, are by men whose rabbinical status has probably been forgotten by the authorities, who indeed have spent a lifetime in other occupations, but who still function as supreme religious arbiters among those to whom they can make their opinions known...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V34I1P70-1.htm   (3902 words)

responsa automatically finds the local supplier that can solve their problem and gets him to phone them direct.
The responsa service is a complete package covering patents, trademarks, copyright material, business processes and all the technology required, delivered as an application service provider (ASP) model.
Currently responsa is negotiating with a number of organisations globally with the aim of creating a global responsa service that efficiently matches buyer with sellers in a simple, easy to understand way.
www.responsa.co.uk   (162 words)

 Operators ARPU set to surge with new mobile application   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Mr Milligan continued, "A powerful advantage of the responsa service is that it does not use voice recognition systems allowing its operation, branding and messaging to automatically amend itself to local dialects or languages across the globe.
Responsa was designed by the founder and chairman of responsa's holding company, SITRA in September 2001.
responsa is a mobile solution finder application that offers value added directory services for people on the move.
www.wirelessdevnet.com /news/2003/58/news8.html   (646 words)

 CCAR Responsa
The most recent responsa published by the CCAR Responsa Committee, identified and indexed by the symbol NYP, are not yet in print.
Responsa published in New American Reform Responsa, Solomon Freehof, 1980, are identified by the symbol NARR
Responsa published in Contemporary American Reform Responsa, Walter Jacob, ed., 1987, are identified by the symbol CARR
data.ccarnet.org /resp   (320 words)

 Responsa Regarding Saving Yourself & Your Children in the Holocaust
Question: May it be explained whether it is permissible to save oneself, and thereby cause another to be killed.
And the Almighty in His goodness will have mercy on the remnants of His oppressed people and not add further to their suffering, and we shall witness the consolation of Zion and of Jerusalem.
Responsa by Rabbi Ephraim Oshry in the Kovno Ghetto, Sefer Divre Ephraim ("The Sayings of Ephraim"), New York, 1949, pp.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Holocaust/Responsa.html   (474 words)

 Responsa of the Week: May I back out of a contract?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In order to demonstrate the work of the halakhic system and its moral considerations regarding a variety of issues in business and economics, I will present a number of responsa drawn from the literature.
These represent questions addressed either by laymen or by rabbis or communities to rabbinical authorities and their answers.
Meir Tamari is the former chief economist of the Office of the Governor at the Bank of Israel, and the founder of the Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem.
www.besr.org /library/responsa/contract.html   (1165 words)

 Historical Overview of the Talmud and Responsum [Responsa]
Although not always used heavily due to the constant change in the lives of Jews (as they moved from one place to the next throughout their history), the responsum (hence, the rulings and advice of rabbis) has been a powerful means to resolve a problem for Jews all over the world.
However, the effectiveness of responsa, and the rulings and advice of rabbis for that matter, will depend on the Jews' willingness to heed the words of the rabbis and Judaism.
Indeed, many of the newer sects of Judaism (e.g., Conservative, Reform) are writing their own responsa to the problems that face the Jewish community (e.g., Freehof 1963, 1969, 1977), and literally hundreds of thousands of responsa have occurred this century (Simon, 1994).
members.aol.com /Agunah/history.htm   (1111 words)

 CCAR Responsa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Secondly, in the previous responsa the donor was not known while here the ova of the cousin will be used.
As the source of the ova is known, one of the traditional objections to artificial insemination is removed.
It is clear that in the days of bigamy or other forms of multiple marriage like concubinage, it was possible for a first cousin to marry the same husband.
www.uscj.org /ssds/boston/medethic/insem3rfm.htm   (538 words)

 CCAR Responsa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The discussions were based on "He shall cause him to be thoroughly healed" (Ex 21.20) and "You shall not stand idly by the blood of your fellow" (Lev 19.16).
All of these sources establish the physician's duty to heal as well as the patient's obligation to maintain good health and to do whatever is considered reasonable to regain health.
The patient who knows that she is close to the end of her life with or without the treatment and is not obligated to accept the suggestion.
www.uscj.org /ssds/boston/medethic/endlife10rfm.htm   (794 words)

 Responsa Term Papers, Essay Research Paper Help, Essays on Responsa
We are available to write Responsa term papers for research—24 hours a day, 7 days a week—on topics at every level of education.
Equipped with proper research tools and primary / secondary sources, we write essays on Responsa that are accurate and up-to-date.
Copyright © 1999-2007 Responsas Essays, Term Papers, Book Reports, and Research Papers from www.essaytown.com All rights reserved.
www.essaytown.com /topics/responsa_essays_papers.html   (774 words)

 Judaism.com - Bar Ilan Responsa 14 Worlds Largest and Most Respected Jewish Database plus Responsa
The database also includes a subject index to some of the Responsa and Poskim, and and index to journal articles which discuss various aspects of Jewish law.
The Responsa CD features the full texts of the relevant databases, accompanied by sophisticated retrieval tools, including hypertext links, which enable users to search, retrieve and compare texts from different periods, displaying them in different windows on one's computer.
It is thus possible to locate material in more than 68,000 Responsa on every facet of Jewish law, and in more than 142 million words of traditional Jewish teaching.
www.judaism.com /display.asp?etn=FEADD   (638 words)

 Codes et Responsa
Au-delà de leur intérêt purement juridique, ces codes et ces responsa constituent donc une précieuse mine de documentation, tant du point de vue historique que linguistique.
Ce recueil de responsa, recueillis par le rabbin qui rendit le jugement, est consacré dans une large mesure à cette polémique.
Les responsa de Fleckeles, publiées en trois parties entre 1809 et 1820, sont présentées de façon toute nouvelle dans l'histoire de ce genre littéraire.
www.collectionscanada.ca /incunab/s6-217-f.html   (504 words)

 responsa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The heading "Responsa" is actually a genre heading which has been applied to material in this form regardless of the orientation of the author(s).
LC practice allows for identifying the movement with which responsa are associated by assigning additional headings to bring out the movement.
245 Questions and Reform Jewish answers : new American Reform responsa / by WalterJacob.
www.princeton.edu /~rsimon/responsa.html   (59 words)

 Conservative Responsa in Israel - Masorti Responsa - Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies - SIJS
He is long-time Chair of the Va'ad Halakhah (Law Committee) of the Rabbinical Assembly which writes responsa and gives halakhic guidance to the Masorti (Conservative) Movement in Israel.
He is the founder and Director of the Institute of Applied Halakhah at The Schechter Institute whose goal is to publish a library of halakhic literature for the Conservative and Masorti Movements.
He is also the Director of the Center for Women in Jewish Law at the Schechter Institute whose goal is to find halakhic solutions for agunot or “chained women” who are unable to obtain a get from their husbands.
www.responsafortoday.com /golinkin/golinkin_bio.htm   (300 words)

 Opening up the Responsa Literature -- Darche Noam Institutions
The Responsa Literature is the meeting place between theoretical Halakha and the practical world.
This section brings together some selections from the Responsa Literature about a variety of topics.
The other, though, is someone who, when you requested to borrow from him, had refused you.
www.darchenoam.org /articles/web/responsa   (560 words)

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