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Topic: Responsible government

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In the News (Thu 22 Aug 19)

  Responsible government - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Responsible government is a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
Governments in Westminster democracies are responsible to Parliament (and more specifically to the lower, popularly-representative, house) rather than to the monarch, or, in the colonial context, to the imperial government.
In the aftermath of the American Revolution, the British government was sensitive to unrest in its remaining colonies with large populations of British colonists.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Responsible_government   (656 words)

 Responsible Government, 1855-1933: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
In 1855, responsible government was instituted in Newfoundland.
'Responsible government' meant that the Executive Council, or the government, was 'responsible' to the legislature.
Responsible government was instituted in Newfoundland in 1855, following a general election won by the Liberal (Reform) party led by Philip F. Little.
www.heritage.nf.ca /law/responsible_gov.html   (1633 words)

 Canada in the Making - Specific Events & Topics
Responsible government, in general terms, refers to a system in which the government is responsible to the electorate.
Responsible government is based on the notion that the executive is accountable to the House of Commons.
Responsible government was again tested, and proven, in 1859, when a proposed protectionist duty passed in Canada threatened British commercial interests.
www.canadiana.org /citm/specifique/responsable_e.html   (1122 words)

 ozpolitics.info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Under the principle of responsible government the Queen only acts with the advice of the Prime Minister and his or her government ministers, all of whom are members of and accountable to the parliament.
Historically, responsible government stands in contrast to the "irresponsible" government of those ancient monarchs who ruled with the advice of a small number of elites, who were neither members of nor accountable to the people's representatives in parliament.
Responsible government is an important part of the device whereby the monarch's royal prerogative powers and authority have been usurped to create a system of representative, parliamentary democracy.
www.ozpolitics.info /rules/rg.htm   (2375 words)

 Responsible Government
Responsible Government, loosely used to mean a government responsible to the people, as popular rule is naturally conceived to be.
Properly, however, as used by those who gained it in Canada, it meant a government responsible to the representatives of the people, ie, an executive or Cabinet collectively dependent on the votes of a majority in the elected legislature.
The idea of responsible government was taken up in the 1830s in BNA largely by loyal admirers of the British model, who sought it both to remedy discontent with unyielding local oligarchies and to keep the provinces securely, though freely, within the Empire.
thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0006792   (310 words)

 Responsible Government League - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Responsible Government League was a political movement in the history of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
However, in 1934, due to economic dislocations brought about by the Great Depression and the lingering effects of a large public debt, most of which was incurred during World War I, normal governmental processes broke down in Newfoundland and the responsible government was replaced by a Commission of Government.
This faction organized into the Responsible Government League, with Peter John Cashin as its chairman, to contest the 1949 referendum on Newfoundland's status.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Responsible_Government_League   (330 words)

 Collapse of Responsible Government, 1924-1934: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
This drastic solution seemed credible and appropriate to many Newfoundlanders because responsible government had itself become discredited as a result of the behaviour of political leaders, who seemed unable to deal with the crisis that began to engulf the country after 1918.
Responsible government should be suspended and the country administered by an appointed "commission" until such time as two conditions were met: First, Newfoundland should be once again "self-supporting", and the government's budget was balanced; second, there should be a demand from the people for a restoration of responsible government.
On 16 February, 1934, responsible government came to an end when the Commission of Government was sworn in.
www.heritage.nf.ca /law/collapse_responsible_gov.html   (1647 words)

 Key Terms: Responsible Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Responsible Government is the term used to describe a political system where the executive government, the Cabinet and Ministry, is drawn from, and accountable to, the legislative branch.
Governments were chosen according to who could command the support of a majority of members of the lower house.
Governments are held accountable to the people through elections, but in between elections the function of the parliament is to hold the government accountable.
www.australianpolitics.com /democracy/terms/responsible-government.shtml   (545 words)

 Responsible Government - Quebec History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Lieutenant-Governor (or the Governor General in the government of Canada) when forming the government (the cabinet or the executive council as it is sometimes called) appoints only such people that have the support of the majority (the confidence) of the House.
The last principle of Responsible Government is that the Lieutenant-Governor shall follow the advice of the government.
In the absence of Responsible Government, such as in the period of 1791 to 1848, the Governor General called on anyone he wished to be appointed to their council, as the government was then called.
www2.marianopolis.edu /quebechistory/events/resgovt.htm   (733 words)

 MSN Encarta - Canadian Parliament
The government, as the prime minister and the Cabinet are generally known, introduces budgets and most of the bills that become law.
One of Parliament’s primary duties is to maintain responsible government by holding the prime minister and Cabinet accountable to the voters.
Central to the concept of responsible government are the principles of ministerial responsibility.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553359/Canadian_Parliament.html   (947 words)

 Parliament of Australia:Senate:Publications - Can Responsible Government Surive In Australia?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Responsible government was conceded during the governorship of Lord Elgin (1847-54), but the East-West problem remained and was resolved only by confederation.
In 1850 the British Parliament passed the Australian Colonies Government Act,[3] which separated Victoria from New South Wales and gave that colony a Legislative Council on the same basis as New South Wales-that is, two-thirds elected and one-third appointed by the Governor.
The solution was the passage by the UK government in 1865 of the Colonial Laws Validity Act, which gave validity to laws unless they were repugnant to British statutes, and gave the colonial parliaments power to amend their constitutions, and, if they desired, to prescribe the manner and form of passage of such amendments.
www.aph.gov.au /SEnate/pubs/hamer/chap01.htm   (6614 words)

 Newfoundland History, 1928-1934
In August 1931 the Squires government made arrangements with the British government for the appointment of Sir Percy Thompson, deputy chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue, to be its financial advisor.
On February 17, 1933 the British government issued a Royal Warrant appointing a Commission of three to "examine the future of Newfoundland and in particular on the financial situation and the prospects therein." Britain's nominee on the Commission was William Warrender MacKenzie, Baron Amulree, a Scottish lawyer and former Labour politician.
The proceedings of the Commission of government would be subject to supervisory control by Your Majesty's government in the United Kingdom, and the Governor-in-Commission would be responsible to the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs in the United Kingdom for the good government of the Island.
www.ucs.mun.ca /~melbaker/1920s.htm   (2802 words)

 CSPS - Responsible Government: Clarifying Essentials, Dispelling Myths and Exploring Change
That is why republics like Germany that use the system of responsible government maintain a head of state —; in Germany the office goes by the title of President* — that is separate from the head of government.
The fundamental rule of responsible government — that the government must maintain the confidence of the elected representatives in the House of Commons — is the basis of the legislature’s check on executive power.
In January 2001, Lorne Calvert was selected the new leader of the NDP and he continued the coalition with two of the members of the legislature, the third having returned to the ranks of the opposition.
myschool-monecole.gc.ca /Research/publications/html/resgov/rg9_e.html   (3092 words)

 Canada in the Making - Constitutional History
In the decade that followed, responsible government gradually came closer into being, until, at last, it became a reality in 1848.
The secretary for war and the colonies, Lord John Russell, was not ready to accept the proposal for responsible government.
Responsible government was again tested, and proven, in 1859, when a proposed protectionist duty proposed by Canada's legislature threatened British commercial interests.
www.canadiana.org /citm/themes/constitution/constitution11_e.html   (954 words)

 The death of responsible government
The principle of responsible government was introduced in the United Province of Canada in 1848, one year after it was recognized in Nova Scotia.
Responsible government means that the government is responsible, not to the people but to the House of Commons.
Once a government is installed in power, it can keep governing (subject to the requirement of holding an election at least once every five years) as long as that government can maintain the confidence of the House.
www.canadafreepress.com /2005/weinreb051705.htm   (727 words)

 Mapleleafweb > Article > Printable Version > Responsible Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
While there is an element of truth to this, the technical meaning of responsible government is that the government is responsible to the elected representatives of the people.
Individual cabinet ministers run government departments and must answer to the House of Commons for the way those departments are being run, their policies and budgets, and any mistakes made by department officials.
The idea of responsible government emerged in Canada before political parties, but the operation of the convention of responsible government is obviously strongly influenced by the presence of political parties in the House of Commons.
www.mapleleafweb.com /articles/print/responsible.htm   (459 words)

 Responsible Government
Opposing these governing elites - and the system that kept them in power, was a growing number of discontented citizens who advocated effective elected representation in their governments.
This idea, however, was refused by the British government, which was not prepared for a move toward democracy in its colonies.
Finally, government legislation was to be controlled by the majority in an elected assembly.
www.histori.ca /minutes/minute.do?id=10141   (511 words)

 Australia Now - Australia's System of Government
Government is based on a popularly elected Parliament with two chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Governments of States and Territories are responsible for all matters not assigned to the Commonwealth.
The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) is a forum to initiate, develop and implement national policy reforms requiring cooperative action between the three levels of national, state/territory and local government.
www.dfat.gov.au /facts/sys_gov.html   (1075 words)

 Responsible Government
In December 2001 I presented a concept of privatization of apartments to the District Assembly and Government.
Members of the Government must support its policies, including expropriation of land needed for infrastructure, or no one will be sure whether the policies and the contract will be implemented.
Uncertainty about the willingness or ability of the Government to enforce the law and execute its obligations has discouraged retailers in the market from commiting themselves to move into Phase One facilities when they are ready.
www.ohr.int /print?content_id=29206   (767 words)

 Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Government executives are faced with numerous challenges associated with serving their constituents and managing their assets.
Government agencies are tasked with increasing the effectiveness with which they provide public services.
Government entities are often responsible for the operating performance of hospitality assets contained within a broader real estate portfolio.
www.pwcglobal.com /Extweb/industry.nsf/docid/B6C491FFE44FE1E685256D49006ABEEE   (420 words)

 Terra Nov Greens: Economic Union/Responsible Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The mandate of the National Assembly was to debate the various forms of Government that the people were to choose from.
Included were the ideas of "Responsible Government", "Economic Union with the United States", "Union with Canada" and a "Commission of Government".
"Responsible Government" won the ballot but it did not win a majority of all ballots cast.
www.infonet.st-johns.nf.ca /providers/green/econunion.html   (174 words)

 Glossary: The Confederation Debate
Its task was to examine the economic and financial condition of the country, and to recommend to the British government suitable forms of government to be placed on the ballot in a national referendum.
A form of government in which the executive is responsible to an elected assembly.
It was established in St. John's in February 1947 in response to Joseph Smallwood's suggestion in the National Convention* that Newfoundland enter confederation.
www.heritage.nf.ca /confederation/glossary.html   (1498 words)

 Parliament of Australia:Senate:Publications - Can Responsible Government Surive In Australia?
The political system know as responsible government, under which the executive government is chosen by, is answerable to, and may be removed by, the popularly elected house of parliament, emerged in Britain during the nineteenth century.
Examination of the performance of the twenty parliaments reveals that control of delegated legislation-laws made by the government or its agents under the authority of an act of parliament-is virtually non-existent in many of the twenty parliaments, and inadequate in all of them.
These are all matters for which the government is supposed to be responsible to the parliament, but which the various parliaments have proved unable to handle.
www.aph.gov.au /Senate/pubs/hamer/introduction.htm   (707 words)

 White 1992
Academics contend that responsible party government is possible and that it is the ornery voter, ignorant of the benefits associated with responsible party government, who poses the principal obstacle to its realization.
The premise that parties are vital to the success of governing appears so self-evident that it is often forgotten that it was a contentious subject in the early years of political science.
Any rethinking about whether responsible party government is either desirable or attainable must take into account the major contours of the American political landscape, among the most prominent features of which is the persistence of divided party control of the federal government and of most of the states as well.
www.apsanet.org /~pop/White1992.html   (7078 words)

 Saskatchewan's Top News Stories: Politics
If the Commercial will show how the responsible government form is necessarily more expensive to the people than the irresponsible, the absurdity will be apparent, but if it cannot, then its argument is absurd.
Possibly responsible government for the Territories might mean a heavier pull from the federal treasury.
At present the government of the North- West is simply a branch of the Interior Department.
library.usask.ca /sni/stories/pol2.html   (387 words)

 South Carolinians for Responsible Government / Put Parents In Charge
About the only thing that’s more inappropriate than local legislators writing the laws for their individual counties is having laws in place that allow anyone other than the county council to set the tax rates — as occurs in all but 20 districts.
Lawmakers need to remove themselves completely from the process of governing their local schools, which they still do to some degree in 15 districts.
Just as it is the job of the Legislature to consider all the state’s needs and decide what portion of the budget to devote to schools, it is county councils that should decide how much of the county budget goes to local schools.
www.scresponsiblegov.org   (434 words)

 The Parliament of Australia: A Bibliography: Parliament_and_the_Executive/Responsible_Government
Archer, Jeffrey R. "The Theory of Responsible Government in Britain and Australia." Politics 15 (November 1980):23-31.
Departments of the House of Representatives and of the Senate.
Keith, Arthur B. Responsible Government in the Dominions.
www.indiana.edu /~librcsd/bib/australia_parliament/Parliament_and_the_Executive/Responsible_Government   (776 words)

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