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Topic: Richard Cumberland (philosopher)

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  Richard Cumberland (philosopher) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Richard Cumberland (1631–1718),English philosopher and bishop of Peterborough from 1691, the son of a citizen of London, was born in the parish of St Ann, near Aldersgate.
Cumberland's Benevolence is, deliberately, the precise antithesis to the Egoism of Hobbes.
Cumberland's views on this point were long abandoned by utilitarians as destroying the homogeneity and self-consistency of their theory; but JS Mill and some recent writers have reproduced them as necessary to its defence against charges not less serious than even inconsistency.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Richard_Cumberland_(philosopher)   (2443 words)

 Directory - Society: Philosophy: Reference: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Cumberland, Richard  · cached · 17th century critic of Hobbes and the neo-Platonists.
Cleanthes  · cached · Stoic philosopher of Assus in Lydia, disciple of Zeno of Citium.
Epictetus  · cached · Eminent Stoic philosopher, born as a slave at Hieropolis in Phyrgia in 55 CE.
www.incywincy.com /default?p=49538   (1846 words)

 Family History, Part One
Richard was born in 1639 in England, married Elizabeth (surname unknown), served for a time as sheriff, and died in 1688 in New Kent.
The transition in the proprietorship of Poplar Grove from Richard's mother and her second husband, William Gray, to Richard and Mary (or to Edward and Rebecca) is unclear, but by the mid-1750s it appears that the estate was in the hands of the younger generation.
Richard and Mary Chamberlayne were still at Poplar Grove with their three (and possibly more) children, ranging in age from eight into the teens, and brother Edward's widow Rebecca, along with her daughter Anne Kidley, probably in her teens, may have been living with them as well.
webpages.charter.net /chamberlayne/history/part1.htm   (5702 words)

 Hobbes Decoded - Daily Republican Newspaper - The Nation's Daily
Philosopher, political theorist and Virginia Company cofounder, Thomas Hobbes was raised and educated by an uncle where he became proficient at translating Greek texts by the time he was age 14.
The 20-year-old future philosopher was then retained as a tutor to the Cavendish family children.
Hobbes may have referred to the "philosopher's stone" as the alchemy thought by some to be capable of regenerating spiritually.
www.dailyrepublican.com /hobbes-decoded.html   (1982 words)

 Cumberland Bio: The Online Library of Liberty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Richard Cumberland is perhaps one of the unsung heroes of the natural law tradition.
He was a liberal Anglican theologian and bishop, a philosopher, and a student of science and medicine, who lived through both the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
Cumberland was drawn to the use of natural law and natural rights theories as a means of combating religious conflict during the Restoration period.
oll.libertyfund.org /Home3/Author.php?recordID=0640   (477 words)

 Tuesday May 18, 2004 Astronomy and Telescopes presents: ODP Search 1078690765   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Cleanthes - Stoic philosopher of Assus in Lydia, disciple of Zeno of Citium.
Cumberland, Richard - 17th century critic of Hobbes and the neo-Platonists.
Epictetus - Eminent Stoic philosopher, born as a slave at Hieropolis in Phyrgia in 55 CE.
www.kyes-world.com /index238.html   (2747 words)

 Utilitarianism EB   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
It permits a particular act on a particular occasion to be adjudged right or wrong according to whether it is in accordance with or in violation of a useful rule; and a rule is judged useful or not by the consequences of its general practice.
Even in limiting the recognition of intrinsic value and disvalue to happiness and unhappiness, some philosophers have argued that those feelings cannot adequately be further broken down into terms of pleasure and pain and have thus preferred to defend the theory in terms of maximizing happiness and minimizing unhappiness.
In the history of English philosophy, some historians have identified Bishop Richard Cumberland, a 17th-century moral philosopher, as the first to have a Utilitarian philosophy.
www.msu.org /ethics/content_ethics/texts/mill/utilitarianism_eb.htm   (1761 words)

 Utilitarian Philosophy
Skeptic David Hume, Scotland's foremost philosopher and historian, attempted to analyse the origin of the virtues in terms of their contribution to utility.
Bentham himself said that he discovered the principle of utility in the 18th-century writings of various thinkers: of Joseph Priestley, a dissenting clergyman famous for his discovery of oxygen; of the Frenchman Claude-Adrien Helvétius, author of a philosophy of mere sensation; of Cesare Beccaria, an Italian legal theorist; and of Hume.
Bentham's major philosophical work, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789), was designed as an introduction to a plan of a penal code.
pages.britishlibrary.net /mikepymm/utilitar.htm   (572 words)

 Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.3, Entry 55, PHILOSOPHY OF LAW: Library of Economics and Liberty
Both to the jurist and the philosopher the inquiries with which the philosophy of law concerns itself are altogether indispensable, if they would deeply and exhaustively understand their respective sciences.
The Greek philosophers asked themselves whether right and wrong were settled for all time by nature; or, whether they were only provisions changeable at the caprice of men.
This philosopher gave his doctrine of the state a broad historico-juristic basis, by collecting data relating to the constitutions of no fewer than 158 different states, and critically sifting the materials in a work that has unfortunately been lost.
www.econlib.org /LIBRARY/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy825.html   (11519 words)

 Cumberland, Richard on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
CUMBERLAND, RICHARD [Cumberland, Richard] 1732-1811, English dramatist; great-grandson of the 17th-century philosopher Richard Cumberland.
Cumberland Bank, a CIVITAS Bank, Chooses Fidelity Information Services' BancPac(TM), Citing Cost-Effectiveness, Flexibility, Speed, Ease of Use and Integration; Longtime Core Processing Advocates Demonstrate Ultimate Loyalty, Despite Career Moves and Vendor Acquisitions.
Maple Plain Communications becomes "CommWorld of Cumberland" under franchisee agreement with national interconnect.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/CumberR11732.asp   (331 words)

 WIST - A Collection of Quotations :: Authors   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Richard Baxter (1615-1691) English Puritan clergyman and writer...
Desiderius Erasmus (1465-1536) Dutch humanist philosopher and scholar...
Rabbi Rabbi Menahem Mendel of Kotzk (1787-1819) Polish Hassidic philosopher...
www.wist.info /authors.html   (1879 words)

 The Derivation of European Units
But this is not the way the problem was seen before the philosopher Hobbes criticized the notion of natural law and asserted the sovereign authority of the state, even when irrational and arbitrary.
We know Hobbes as a philosopher and a political scientist, but he thought that his fame would rest on his mathematical work, which essentially is an effort to prove some patently absurd contentions in order to destroy the belief in the objective rationality of mathematics and geometry.
But the scientific superiority of the method and the accuracy of the standard of Guildhall were not sufficient to Bishop Cumberland; he tried to prove that English measures are derived from those of the Egyptians and that these in turn are those of the Hebrew patriarchs.
www.metrum.org /measures/european.htm   (11311 words)

 A Heinlein Concordance   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Capital of Tennessee and seat of Davidson county, in the north-central part of the state on the Cumberland River.
Richard Henderson of North Carolina purchased most of middle Tennessee and Kentucky from the Cherokee Indians in 1775; a surveying party established a settlement.
(1844–1900) German philosopher who was an impassioned critic of the predominant beliefs of his time, especially of Christianity, nationalism, and conformism.
www.heinleinsociety.org /concordance/real/n_real.htm   (1660 words)

 CUMBERLAND, RICHARD (16... - Online Information article about CUMBERLAND, RICHARD (16...
hand.' His great-grandson was Richard Cumberland, the dramatist.
motive of human action, Cumberland was equally extravagant as regards Benevolence.
Archbishop Ussher, published an abridgment of Cumberland's views in A Brief Disquisition of the Laws of Nature according to the Principles laid down in the Rev. Dr Cumberland's Latin Treatise (London, 1692; ed.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /CRE_DAH/CUMBERLAND_RICHARD_1632_1718_.html   (3305 words)

 Philosophers Undergraduates Are Likely To Read   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
They were asked to assess a list of typical philosophers that undergraduates in political science or political philosophy would more than likely read in their career as a student.
The list of universities representing the reply is listed at the bottom of the "common philosophers," but names of the professors have been anonymized.
A free dictionary of philosophers and philosophical terms is available at http://www.philosophypages.com/.
workingpapers.org /philosopher.htm   (274 words)

 English Prose Drama: Bibliography
Cumberland, Richard [1774], The choleric man. (London: Printed for T. Becket [etc.], 1775) [Cumberl,Choleri].
Formed upon the plan of the German drama of Kotzebue: and adapted to the English stage by Richard Cumberland.
Cumberland, Richard [1797], The last of the family.
www.lib.uchicago.edu /efts/EPD/EPD.bib.html   (10083 words)

 AllRefer.com - Richard Cumberland, 1631–1718, English philosopher (Philosophy, Biography) - Encyclopedia
AllRefer.com - Richard Cumberland, 1631–1718, English philosopher (Philosophy, Biography) - Encyclopedia
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More articles from AllRefer Reference on Richard Cumberland, 1631–1718, English philosopher
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/CumberR1631.html   (135 words)

 Search Results for Helvetius - Encyclopædia Britannica
philosopher, controversialist, and wealthy host to the Enlightenment group of French thinkers known as Philosophes.
French hostess whose salon in the Hôtel de Rambouillet was an international meeting place of artists and men of letters from 1749 to 1777.
French philosopher, controversialist, and patron of the philosophes.
www.britannica.com /search?query=Helvetius&submit=Find&source=MWTAB   (296 words)

In its earliest stage, with Richard Cumberland (1632-1718), and Anthony Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury (1671-1718), it still retained a somewhat subjective character, and placed the highest good in the practice of social benevolence.
The soul in its true essence is declared to be an incorporeal spirit destined for the intuition of the Idea; hence its ultimate end and supreme good is to be attained by withdrawing from the life of sense and retiring into pure contemplation of the Idea, which is identical with God.
Christian philosophers, in dealing with the problem of the highest good, have necessarily kept in view the teachings of Faith; still they base their solution of it on motives of reason.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06640a.htm   (2696 words)

 Cumberland House --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Known as the Athens of the South, Nashville is the capital of Tennessee, the seat of Davidson County, the location of the Grand Ole Opry, and home to no less than 16 institutions of higher education.
The state capital, Nashville, in the center of the state on the Cumberland River, is the...
Historical Foundation of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and the Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9028183   (877 words)

 moralist products at MSN Shopping
The book is virtually a history of ethics, based not upon the ordinary description of systems, but upon selections from the original sources and upon translations of the authors themselves.
Rand is the third man whom Harvard ever admitted to the degree of Ph.D. in the department of philosophy.
His thesis presented for this degree was "Consciousness and Immortality." He made outstanding contributions in Philosophy and he was internationally known as a Philosopher.
shopping.msn.com /results/shp/?text=moralist,userText=moralism,qc=1   (965 words)

 Philosophical Dictionary: Copernicus-Cynicism
The theoretical approach of the Frankfurt School of social philosophers.
Relying on the work of Hegel and Marx, they tried to exhibit dialectically the contradictions imposed upon modern human beings by varieties of social organization that abuse formal rationality in order to deny power to classes of citizens.
Cumberland opposed the ethical egoism of Hobbes in his
www.philosophypages.com /dy/c9.htm   (945 words)

 "C" Famous People
Carlile, Richard (1790-1843) Journalist and radical reformer, born in Ashburton, Devon, SW England...
Cassirer, Ernst (1874-1945) Philosopher, born in Wroclaw, SW Poland (formerly Breslau...
Collingwood, R(obin) G(eorge) (1889-1943) Philosopher, historian, and archaeologist, born in Coniston, Cumbria...
www.jonathanselby.com /Cfam.html   (17660 words)

 Maranatha Bible Church - The Evangelical Christian Almanac - July   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
He accompanied King Richard of England on the 3rd crusade and governed England in Richard's absence and raised funds for his ransom.
Cumberland is sometimes called the Father of English Utilitarianism.
Richard Dehann spent nearly 35 years sharing the grace of God over radio.
www.maranathabiblechurch.org /website/july.html   (6892 words)

 philosopher - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library
PHILOSOPHER PHILOSOPHER A kind of life Ted Honderich London and New York First...Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Honderich, Ted.
The Monk and the Philosopher: A Father and Son Discuss the Meaning...Lefebure The Monk and the Philosopher: A Father and Son Discuss the Meaning...belief.
The writer and philosopher and champion of African minorities was hailed as...
www.questia.com /SM.qst?act=search&keywordsSearchType=1000&keywords=philosopher   (1586 words)

 Good and Evil
This German sceptical philosopher, said that man's will to live is his greatest and fundamental desire and the cause of all the struggle in the world.
According to the modern philosophers, the principles of good and evil are not inborn, innate, but continue to change according to social conditions.
Therefore, the views of the philosophers regarding this theory of relativeness of good and evil are absurd, or at the most mere poetical jargon.
www.renaissance.com.pk /jafelif987.html   (8694 words)

 C:\MYDOCU~1\MYSCAN~1\SCHEDU~2\vol12-b Page211.htm
This doctrine has, however, generally been connected with English philosophy, since England has not only produced the earliest and best exponents of this system, but also the strongest advocates of the practical bearings of this theory.
Richard Cumberland (1631-1718) was the first philosopher to propound a system of utilitarianism.
Cumberland is, however, somewhat ambiguous concerning the things which have a tendency in that direction, and speaks more frequently of happiness as the good.
www.ccel.org /s/schaff/encyc/encyc12/htm/old1/0145=121.htm.old   (667 words)

 good & evil
Philosophers who uphold this philosophy are those who have exemplified good and evil with musical notes or dark and red shades of a picture.
The philosophers who consider pleasure and happiness to be the criterion of good are also far from the truth.
According to a group of philosophers man was born with a clean slate.
www.crescentlife.com /articles/spirituality/good_&_evil.htm   (8739 words)

 Wikinfo | Peterborough   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Peterborough sent two members to parliament for the first time in 1547.
The philosopher Richard Cumberland (1631—1718) became bishop of Peterborough in 1691.
Designated a "New Town" in 1968, "Peterborough Development Corporation" was formed in partnership with the city council to double the city's population by building new townships and "parkways" (roads with few access points).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Peterborough   (671 words)

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