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Topic: Richelieu


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  Cardinal Richelieu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Richelieu is also known by the sobriquet l'Éminence rouge ("the Red Eminence"), from the red shade of a cardinal's vestments and the style "eminence" as a cardinal.
Richelieu was displeased by Pope Urban VIII's refusal to name him the papal legate in France; in turn, the Pope did not approve of the administration of the French church, or of French foreign policy.
In 1622, Richelieu was elected the proviseur or principal of the Sorbonne.
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Cardinal_Richelieu   (3469 words)

  
 Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Richelieu was the fourth of five children and the last of three sons, born in Paris in 1585.
His family, although belonging only to the lesser nobility of Poitou, was somewhat prominent: his father, François Du Plessis, seigneur de Richelieu, was a soldier and courtier who served as the Grand Provost of France; his mother, Susanne de La Porte, was the daughter of a famous jurist.
Cardinal Richelieu, alarmed by the Emperor Ferdinand II's influence, incited Sweden to attack.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cardinal_Richelieu   (3594 words)

  
 Richelieu - the story of his political career and his personal qualities
Richelieu followed the traditional logic of absolute monarchy and reinforced the system of penetration into the provincial administrative structure by creating officers answerable to the Crown, who would duplicate and gradually absorb the function of revenue-raising, defense, police and the courts.
Richelieu had to struggle during his whole career in order to gain control over the judicial system and finally succeeded when an ordinance was issued in 1641 which forbade the Parlement in future to occupy itself with political concerns.
Richelieu who "gloried in the majesty of Louis XIII" persisted in explaining the continuing danger from the nobility and stated the according measures that need to be taken (Church, 198).
www.geocities.com /Paris/5972/Richelieu.html   (3329 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Cardinal Richelieu
Richelieu was named secretary of state on 30 November, 1616, but after the assassination of Concini, favourite of Maria de' Medici, he was forced to leave the ministry and follow the queen mother to Blois.
Richelieu again strove to allay feeling, and in a discourse (while still affirming that the king held his kingdom from God alone) declared that "the king cannot make an article of faith unless this article has been so declared by the Church in her oecumenical councils".
Richelieu refused to receive the nuncio (October, 1639); a decree of the royal council, 22 December, restrained the powers of the pontifical Briefs, and even the canonist Marca proposed to break the Concordat and to hold a national council at which Richelieu was to have been made patriarch.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13047a.htm   (2075 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search View - Richelieu
To assure friendly relations with England, Richelieu's first important measure was to arrange a marriage between the king's sister, Henrietta Maria, and the Prince of Wales, afterward Charles I of England.
Richelieu, by vigorous and effective measures, succeeded in breaking the political power of the great families of France—making the king an absolute ruler—and in establishing France as the first military power of Europe.
A liberal patron of literature, Richelieu was the founder of the French Academy.
encarta.msn.com /text_761577648__1/Richelieu.html   (516 words)

  
 Richelieu, Rivière
The southern portion of the river, the Upper Richelieu, is bordered by the cities and towns of SAINT-JEAN-SUR-RICHELIEU, IBERVILLE, Chambly, Beloeil and Mont St-Hilaire.
The Lower Richelieu then extends to the mouth or junction of the river with the St Lawrence at the city of SOREL.
The Richelieu was of significant economic importance in the 19th century.
www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&ArticleId=A0006822   (442 words)

  
 Cardinal Richelieu : Richelieu
Richelieu argued in his political autobiography that, "Harshness towards individuals who flout the laws and commands of the state is for the public good," and thus brutality was necessary to preserve order.
Richelieu's defeat of the Protestant nobles at La Rochelle broke the power of the one of the largest political factions in the country, the Huguenots.
Cardinal Richelieu was a principal of the Sorbonne and presided over the construction of its famous chapel in 1635, one of the first Classical buildings in Paris, where he is buried.
www.wordlookup.net /ri/richelieu.html   (1464 words)

  
 ARMAND EMMANUEL SOPHIE SEPTEMANIE DU PLESSIS, DUC DE RICHELIEU - LoveToKnow Article on ARMAND EMMANUEL SOPHIE ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
RICHELIEU, ARMAND EMMANUEL SOPHIE SEPTEMANIE DU PLESSIS, DUC DE (1766-1822), French statesman, was born in Paris on the 25th of September 1766, the son of Louis Antoine du Plessis, duc de Fronsac and grandson of the marshal de Richelieu (1696-1788).
Though the bulk of his confiscated estates were lost beyond recall, he did not share the resentment of the mass of the returned migris, from whom and their intrigues he had held aloof during his exile, and was far from sharing their delusions as to the possibility of undoing the work of the Revolution.
Great part of Richelieus correspondence with Pozzo di Borgo, Capo dIstria and others, with his journal of his travels in Germany and the Turkish campaign, and a notice by the duchesse de Richelieu, is published by the Imperial Historical Society of Russia, vol.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /R/RI/RICHELIEU_ARMAND_EMMANUEL_SOPHIE_SEPTEMANIE_DU_PLESSIS_DUC_DE.htm   (798 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Richelieu, Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de (French History, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Richelieu, Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de[ArmAN´ emAnUel´ dU plesE´ dUk du rEshulyO´] Pronunciation Key, 1766–1822, French statesman.
In his domestic policy, Richelieu favored leniency toward the ex-revolutionists and Bonapartists, thus displeasing the ultraroyalists headed by the king's brother, the comte d'Artois (later King Charles X).
Richelieu resigned in 1818, but returned to power in 1820, after the murder of the duc de Berry caused the fall of Elie Decazes.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/R/RichelAEP.html   (325 words)

  
 Cardinal Richelieu | Prime Minister of France
Richelieu adhered to the maxim that "the ends justify the means." Although he devoutly believed in the mission of the Roman Church, he sought to assign the church a more practical role.
Richelieu argued that the state is above everything, and that religion is a mere instrument to promote the policies of the state.
The Shade of Cardinal Richelieu by Alexandre Dumas.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/95sep/richelieu.html   (682 words)

  
 Richelieu
Richelieu was a forceful bishop, active in his diocese and eager to suppress heresy.
Richelieu was eager to increase the prosperity of France and devised various schemes for encouraging economic growth.
Richelieu faced an uphill battle in a country where retail trade was regarded with contempt and a secure income could be obtained without effort from land or government bonds.
history.wisc.edu /sommerville/351/351-073.htm   (1622 words)

  
 Richelieu - Metaweb   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Richelieu's few friends and admirers often pointed out that one of his great accomplishments was reducing the power of the great military noble families.
Richelieu hoped to centralize government by stripping the competing nobility of their ability to defend themselves.
Richelieu also founded the Académie française to give unity to the French language by deciding the proper spelling and grammar of the French language, inventing new words as needed, and enforcing the traditional rules for literature.
www.metaweb.com /wiki/wiki.phtml?title=Richelieu   (1296 words)

  
 All About Romance: France - The Life & Times of Cardinal Richelieu
Cardinal Richelieu was born Armand Jean du Plessis in Paris in September of 1585.
Richelieu was also a patron of the arts, founding the Acadamie Francaise and rebuilding the Sorbonne.
Richelieu is responsible for establishing the absolute rule of the monarchy and securing France as a power in Europe.
www.likesbooks.com /france3.html   (1007 words)

  
 Richelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The death (1621) of Luynes and the reconciliation of Louis XIII and Marie restored Richelieu to favor.
To this end he strengthened the army and the navy, made alliances with the Netherlands and the German Protestant states, and subsidized Gustavus II of Sweden against the Holy Roman Emperor in the Thirty Years War.
Although Richelieu died before the peace was signed (1648; see Westphalia, Peace of), the terms agreed to were in general conformity to his aims.
www.bartleby.com /65/ri/RichelAJP.html   (452 words)

  
 Banjos by Richelieu Oregon Wisconsi
Richelieu played professionally for over 50 years all over the world and helped to spread enthusiasm and excitement about the banjo.
Richelieu, currently in his 90's is very proud of the company he started, the fellow artisans who have worked for him, and the banjos he produced.
Richelieu banjos are the nicest looking, easiest playing, and the best sounding banjo in the world today.
www.banjos.com   (298 words)

  
 Cardinal Richelieu
It was on this date, September 9, 1585, that Armand-Jean du Plessis, the Duc de Richelieu, who achieved prominence during the reign of French King Louis XIII as Cardinal Richelieu, was born in Paris, the son of Maria de' Medici.
Richelieu is acknowledged as one of the greatest statesmen of the seventeenth century, but his independence from Rome in religious and political matters is rarely mentioned in popular histories.
Richelieu founded the Académie Française, a brilliant method of unifying the French people by unifying the French language: the Academy decided proper spelling and grammar for French, and what is, and is not, a proper French word.
www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com /rants/0909almanac.htm   (693 words)

  
 "Richelieu" Operational History
Richelieu ran her first trials on 14-15 January 1940 and on her acceptance trials in April achieved 30,11 knots with 123.080shp.
On 22 July Richelieu sailed with carriers and battleships to attack Sabang and Sumatra (Operation "Crimson"), bombarding targets around the former on 25th, returning to Trincomalee on 27 July.
Richelieu left Trincomalee on 27 September; escorting a troop convoy to Indo-China, where she supported the re-establishment of French colonial power; during which period she carried out several shore bombardments.
www.warship.get.net.pl /Francja/Battleships/1940_Richelieu_class/_Richelieu_history.html   (1102 words)

  
 C.C. Richelieu - page 2   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Richelieu believed that establishing control and high standards was important as well as selling direct to the public.
Richelieu also knew the value of marketing his instruments by having them played by well know players.
The 1970s and 1980s saw more growth for the factory and with the popularity of the B and D vintage banjos Richelieu introduced his similar line of banjos named the "Golden Bell" banjos.
www.jazzbanjo.com /vol4no4/richelieu2.htm   (195 words)

  
 Cardinal Richelieu
Richelieu's powerful, analytical intellect was characterized by a reliance on reason, strong will, the ability to govern others and use political power effectively.
Cardinal Richelieu became the most powerful person in France, in part because Louis was a weak king and in part because Richelieu was so strong.
In return the settlers, such as Francois Girouard, were given passage to Acadia, and a stipend by contract, that warranted a portion of land granted for the settler to farm on his own.
www.girouard.org /cgi-bin/page.pl?file=richelieu&n=8   (441 words)

  
 The Open Door Web Site : History Biographies : Cardinal Richelieu
Richelieu turned out to be a competent bishop and worked hard at his job.
Marie de Medici was acting as regent for the thirteen year old King Louis XIII and she made Richelieu a member of the Royal Council in 1616.
Richelieu was disliked by the people because he imposed heavy taxes and employed harsh and dirty tactics.
www.saburchill.com /history/biblio/012.html   (640 words)

  
 C.C. Richelieu - page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
One of Richelieu's early mentors was Charles McNeil.
In 1924 Richelieu received his amateur radio license and acted as an intermediary for Morse code messages sent by Admiral Byrd during his expedition at the South Pole.
Richelieu became aware that parts for these old banjos were becoming hard to come by so he started his own repair and restoration business, "Banjos By Richelieu."
www.jazzbanjo.com /vol4no4/richelieu1.htm   (307 words)

  
 Richelieu, Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Richelieu, Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de on Encyclopedia.com
Richelieu resigned in 1818, but returned to power in 1820, after the murder of the duc de Berry caused the fall of Élie Decazes.
With Richelieu's successor, the comte de Villèle, the ultraroyalists came into power.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/r/richela1e1p1.asp   (249 words)

  
 Richelieu on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Richelieu maintient sa forte croissance et realise un excellent premier trimestre
La Salle Richelieu de la Comédie-Française Le dernier spectacle de l'actuelle saison de la Comédie-Française, Salle Richel.
Vue de la salle de lecture de la Bnf, rue de Richelieu, le 18 mars 1998 La Bibliothèque nationale de France a annoncé mard.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/R/Richelie.asp   (674 words)

  
 RPGnet Forums - Help on Swashbuckling Idea (Richelieu, etc...)
He was a devoted ally of Richelieu, but it is conclusive that they didn't meet earlier than January 1630, when he was a respected young papal diplomat negotiating in the French-Spanish war then occurring; Mazarin marks his almost fawningly favorable impressions of Richelieu in his journal of the time, which has survived.
Certainly a conspiracy to spike Richelieu would be nothing new -- he had to deal with them his entire tenure as first minister -- so attitudes toward the same would have to be adjusted accordingly.
Richelieu proved an indefatigable servant of the French crown, intent on securing absolute obedience to the monarchy and on raising its international prestige.
forum.rpg.net /printthread.php?t=48613   (1226 words)

  
 Powell's Books - Richelieu and Olivares by John H. Elliott
Cardinal Richelieu is one of the best known and most studied statesmen in European history; his Spanish contemporary and rival, the Count-Duke of Olivares, one of the least known.
This fascinating book by the distinguished historian J. Elliott argues that contemporaries, for whom Olivares was at least as important as Richelieu, shared none of posterity's certainty about the inevitability of that outcome.
A comparative portrait of Richelieu and Olivares, as personalities and as statesmen, drawn through study of their policies and their mutual struggle.
www.powells.com /cgi-bin/biblio?inkey=65-0521406749-2   (205 words)

  
 Club Richelieu   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Richelieu Club is an international service club of French expression,similar to the Rotary or the Kiwanis.
Le Club Richelieu was founded in Ottawa in 1944 for the purpose of maintaining the values of the French-Canadian culture being threathened by an anglophone majority.
The primary goal of the Fondation Richelieu is to fund research for cancer in children.
ecommunity.uml.edu /francolowellma/organizations/Richelieu.htm   (260 words)

  
 Richelieu --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
Explored in 1609 by Samuel de Champlain and named in 1642 in honour of the Cardinal de Richelieu, chief minister of the French king Louis XIII, the river served...
When Richelieu came into power, however, all this was changed.
The powers of church and state were closely related under the monarchy, with powerful cardinals, such as Richelieu and...
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9276724   (642 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Books: Cardinal Richelieu Making Fran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Levi's recurrent idea is that Richelieu aspired to the creation of national unity as much through cultural symbolism (creating, for instance, the French Academy and initiating a great art collection) as through strictly political means.
When you write a biography of man like Richelieu, background materials must be included to revealed the extraordinary period that he lived which made Richelieu, such an extraordinary historical personage.
Richelieu is the age of Louis the XIII.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/078670778X   (947 words)

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