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Topic: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

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  Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Ottoman Empire was established by the tribe of Kinsik Oghuz Turks in western Anatolia and was ruled by the Osmanlı dynasty, the descendants of those Turks.
The Ottoman Empire, as a state, originated in the late 13th century as a beylik, or Turkic emirate, within the Seljukid State of Anatolia, which was itself a puppet and vassal of the Il Khanate of the Mongol Empire.
Turkish independence was the 'coup de grâce' to the Ottoman state in 1922, with the overthrow of Sultan Mehmet VI Vahdettin by the new republican assembly of Republic of Turkey.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ottoman_Empire   (5765 words)

 Rise of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Empire had suffered hard from the Interregnum; the Mongols were still at large in the east, even though Timur Lenk had died in 1405; many of the Christian kingdoms of the Balkans had broken free of Ottoman control; and the land, especially Anatolia, had suffered hard from the war.
The war in the Balkans began as the Ottoman army moved to recapture Wallachia, which the Ottomans had lost to Mircea cel Batran during the Interregnum and that now was an Hungarian vassal state.
The war between Serbia and Hungaria and the Ottoman Empire had come to a standstill in 1441 when the Holy Roman Empire, Poland, Albania, and the emirates Candaroğlu and Karamanid (in violation of the peace treaty) intervened against the Ottomans.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rise_of_the_Ottoman_Empire   (2083 words)

 Royalty.nu - Sultans of the Ottoman Empire - History of Turkey
The Ottoman Empire arose from a Turkish principality founded in Anatolia (Asia Minor) at the end of the 13th century, when the empire of the Seljuk Turks had collapsed and the Byzantine Empire was crumbling.
The modernization of the empire during the 19th and early 20th centuries, the spread of nationalism, the empire's demise, and the rise of the Republic of Turkey.
Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire by Bernard Lewis.
www.royalty.nu /history/empires/Ottoman   (2572 words)

 Ottoman Empire on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The first serious blow by Europe to the empire was the naval defeat of Lepanto (1571; see Lepanto, battle of), inflicted on the fleet of Selim II by the Spanish and Venetians under John of Austria.
Ottoman Policy during the Bulgarian Independence Crisis, 1908-9: Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria at the Outset of the Young Turk Revolution.
The Ottoman Empire to 1672 -- Africa,Europe,Asia,Spain,France,Algiers,Tunis,Tripoli,Egypt,Arabia,Greece,Italy,Holy Roman Empire,Ottoman Empire,Bulgaria,Hungary,Bosnia,Serbia,Turkey,Safavid Empire,Russ
www.encyclopedia.com /html/O/OttomanE1.asp   (2266 words)

 The Rise of the Turks and the Ottoman Empire
To the Ottoman Empire, however, the capture of the imperial capital was of supreme symbolic importance.
The Ottoman Empire had Turkish roots and rested on Islamic foundations, but from the start it was a heterogeneous mixture of ethnic groups and religious creeds.
Ottoman forces confronted those of the Habsburg kingemperor Charles V along the Danube and in the western Mediterranean.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/Turkey2.html   (3639 words)

 Turkish Odyssey/About Turkey/History/Turkish Period
The Ottoman Empire was a Moslem Turkish state that encompassed Anatolia, Southeastern Europe, the Arab Middle East and North Africa from the 14C to the early 20C.
The empire was temporarily disrupted by the invasion of the Tatar conqueror Timur, who defeated and captured the Ottoman Sultan Bayezit I at the Battle of Ankara (1402).
The head of the empire was the sultan and the sultanate passed from father to son.
www.turkishodyssey.com /turkey/history/history3.htm   (4652 words)

 Ottoman Empire History Encyclopedia - Letter R | Learn Ottoman Turkish History | Pictures | Sound files | Voice ...
The non-government population; the tax paying subjects of the Ottoman Empire -- as distinct from the ruling military class.
1687 that was marked by sultanates dominated by powerful women at the Ottoman Court -- usually the wife or Valide of the 'ruling' male sultan.
The period was ushered in by Hürrem Sultan in the latter years of Süleyman the Magnificent's rule and ended with Turhan Hatice Sultan at the time that Mehmed IV was deposed subsequent to Kara Mustafa Paşa's failure at Vienna in 1683.
www.practicalturkish.com /encyclopedia-r.html   (901 words)

 Rise Of Ottoman Empire - History Forum
The Ottoman Sultanate was officially abolished by the Turkish Grand National Assembly in November 1, 1922.
The sultanate was abolished and it was natural for them to call it turkey, or land of the turks as this trend caught on and their territores had detiorated that non turkish speaking populations had become very small minorities.
The zenith of the ottoman empire was between 1453-1606, even after the treaty of 1606, still the Ottomans were regarded as dangeraous opponents and powerfull empire during the 17th century and maybe in the firs half of 18th century.
www.simaqianstudio.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=1914   (799 words)

 History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey - Cambridge University Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280—1808
Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280—1808 is the first book of the two-volume History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey.
Ottoman society, administration, and culture in the age of decentralization and traditionalistic reform, 1566—1808; Map of the decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1683—1924; Bibliography: Ottoman history to 1808; Index.
www.cambridge.org /catalogue/print.asp?isbn=0521212804&print=y   (147 words)

H Inalcik, "The Rise of the Ottoman Empire", in M A Cook (ed.) A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730, pp.10-53.
I "Rise of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1566", pp.1-168
He gave to his son less than the Ottoman historians claim was his actual grant from Alaeddin I. If their own records of Osman's conquests after 1289 are correct, we must believe that his tribe possessed only Sugut and a portion of the mountain range lying directly west.
www.humanities.ualberta.ca /ottoman/module1/tutorial1a.htm   (3772 words)

To gain a clear understanding of the precedents to and rise of the Ottoman Empire and its contribution to the spread of Islam.
To analyze the three factors that contributed to the rise of the Ottomans - geography, brilliant leadership of the first ten sultans, and a ripe political climate in Anatolia and the Balkans.
Indeed, Muhammad founded his own empire that was both a political and religious community and when he did, the prophetic mission that remained was to extend the authority and membership in that political and religious community.
www.humboldt.edu /~go1/hist334/topic4.html   (2085 words)

 Additional Readings
The Jews of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic.
Aryeh Shmuelevitz, The Jews of the Ottoman Empire in the Late Fifteenth and the Sixteenth Centuries: Administrative, Economic, Legal and Social Relations as Reflected in the Responsa, Leiden, 1984.
Gabriel Baer, "Landlord, Peasant, and the Government in the Arab Provinces of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th and early 20th Centuries," in Bacque-Grammont and Dumont volume, pp.
coursesa.matrix.msu.edu /~fisher/hst373/readings-additional.html   (1514 words)

 The Rise of the Ottoman Empire, 1071-1526 1997 Fall
Eventually the Ottoman Empire absorbed the bulk of Southwest Asia and Southeast Europe and spread its influence as far as Inner Asia, India, and North Africa.
The objective of this course is to present a survey of the political, social, and economic developments of this unique Islamic empire from its formation to zenith of their power in the reign of Sultan Suleiman (1520-1566).
Was Conquest the "raison d'etre" of the Ottoman Empire?
www.ceu.hu /crc/Syllabi/97-98/Medieval/SYLBAYER.html   (524 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Ottoman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Ottoman Empire, dynastic state centered in what is now Turkey, founded in the late 13th century and dismantled in the early 20th century.
The purpose of the Balkan League was to end Ottoman...
Russo-Turkish Wars, series of conflicts between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, which was centered in what is now Turkey, during the 17th, 18th, and...
encarta.msn.com /Ottoman_Empire.html   (165 words)

 Additional Reading (from Ottoman Empire) --  Encyclopædia Britannica
, Between Old and New: The Ottoman Empire Under Sultan Selim III, 1789–1807 (1971), is a detailed study of the Ottoman reform effort in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, with an account of the diplomatic and military relations with Europe and of problems in the Balkan, Anatolian, and Arab provinces.
As this empire grew by conquering lands of the Byzantine Empire and beyond, it came to include at the height of its power all of Asia Minor; the countries of the Balkan Peninsula; the islands of the...
Covers different topics such as Süleyman the Magnificent, Selim II, Ottoman decline during the 17th and 18th centuries, European imperialism during the 19th century, and the Balkan crisis of the early 20th century.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-44424   (2051 words)

 Ottoman Empire. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The Ottoman Turks began to absorb the other states, and during the reign (1451–81) of Muhammad II they ended all other local Turkish dynasties.
The rebellion (1875) of Bosnia and Herzegovina precipitated the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, in which Turkey was defeated despite its surprisingly vigorous stand.
See P. Wittek, The Rise of The Ottoman Empire (1938); W. Miller, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, 1801–1927 (rev. ed.
www.bartleby.com /65/ot/OttomanE.html   (1638 words)

 Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire: Bibliography - Bibliography See P. Wittek, The Rise of The Ottoman Empire (1938); W. Miller, The Ottoman Empire...
Ottoman Empire: History - History Origins The Ottoman state began as one of many small Turkish states that emerged in Asia...
Ottoman Empire: Organization of the Empire - Organization of the Empire Economically, socially, and militarily, Turkey was a medieval state,...
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0837081.html   (146 words)

 LIFE Online: Millennium
The battle marked the collapse of the Byzantine Empire and the ascendancy of the Ottoman Empire, which would thrive through half the millennium, spreading its influence across much of Europe and the Arab world.
Straddling the Bosporus between Asia and Europe, Constantinople was a perfect springboard for the empire's military conquests as far west as Morocco, north into Hungary and east to Damascus, Baghdad and the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.
The empire eventually collapsed after World War I, when Mustafa Kemal Atatuerk founded the modern republic of Turkey and renamed the old imperial capital Istanbul.
www.life.com /Life/millennium/events/92.html   (197 words)

 worlds together worlds apart. Chapter 2. Summary 2
With the sixteenth century, three emerging Islamic empires began to dominate the Islamic world: the Ottomans in Anatolia (and around the Mediterranean), the Safavids in Persia, and the Mughals in India.
Based in Bursa, the Ottomans avoided the primary failure of the Mongols by establishing a system of rule that attracted and included educated urbanites.
In Persia (modern Iran) the Safavid empire rose from the smoldering ruins of Mongol conquests.
www.wwnorton.com /worlds/ch2/summary2.htm   (1016 words)

 NPR : The Middle East and the West: Rise of the Ottomans
The Ottoman Turks had swept out of Central Asia during the 14th century, conquering nearly all of modern-day Turkey, and then set about expanding their empire in the Arab Middle East and into Europe.
The empire the Ottomans created was an Islamic state, and for a time the challenger to European control of the Mediterranean.
The Ottomans were defeated decisively after launching their second assault against Vienna in 1683.
www.npr.org /templates/story/story.php?storyId=3857633   (491 words)

 General Readings
Gibbons, H A. The Foundation of the Ottoman Empire.
Erdem, Y. Slavery in the Ottoman Empire and its Demise
Inalcik, H. "The Ottoman State as a World Power 1526-96" and "The Decline of the Ottoman Empire", The Ottoman Empire: the classical age, pp.35-52
www.humanities.ualberta.ca /ottoman/generalreadings.htm   (553 words)

 Destabilizing Emerging Democracies Worldwide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Those covert and overt suppressions of breaks for freedom on the periphery of empire as America protects the wealthy world’s access to resources and the wealth-producing-process, violently killing millions and destroying entire economies, is wholesale terrorism.
The Rise of the West and the Decline of the East.
Collapse of the Invisible Borders between the High-Paid Imperial Center and the Low-Paid Periphery of Empire.
www.ied.info /books/why/control.html   (8256 words)

 Bibliography on Ottoman History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
, A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730, Cambridge, 1976, chapters from the Cambridge History of Islam and the New Cambridge Modern History by V. Parry, R. Inalcik, A. Kurat, and J. Bromley.
*Tardy, Lajos, Beyond the Ottoman Empire: 14th-16th Century Hungarian Diplomacy in the East, trans.
A sample of the work of the major Turkish economic historian, whose work Braudel found interesting and often referred to (but the translation is not exact).
www.ata.boun.edu.tr /Student_Resources/B_Ottoman.html   (8089 words)

 Ottoman Sultans, Ottoman Empire Sultans
Lightning Over Yemen: A History of the Ottoman Campaign in Yemen, 1569-71
Palestine and Egypt Under the Ottomans: Paintings, Books, Photographs, Maps and Manuscripts
Dawn of the Beloved: A Novel of Suleyman the Magnificent and the Rise of the Ottoman Empire
www.istanbulportal.com /istanbulportal/Ottoman.aspx   (308 words)

 Ottoman Empire
Related content from HighBeam Research on: Ottoman Empire
Analysis: Ottoman Empire era of Middle East history
Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0837081.html   (282 words)

 Schamiloglu (2004) The Rise of the Ottoman Empire: The Black Death in Medieval Anatolia and its Impact on Turkish ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Schamiloglu (2004) The Rise of the Ottoman Empire: The Black Death in Medieval Anatolia and its Impact on Turkish Civilization
The Rise of the Ottoman Empire: The Black Death in Medieval Anatolia and its Impact on Turkish Civilization
Views From The Edge: Essays In Honor Of Richard W. Bulliet
www.getcited.org /pub/103411107   (58 words)

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