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Topic: Robert McNamara

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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  The Fog of War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The subject matter spans from McNamara's work as one of the "Whiz Kids" during World War II and at Ford to his involvement in the Vietnam War as the Secretary of Defense under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson.
When, at the Berkeley event, McNamara was pushed to apply his original lessons (from his 1996 book) to the US invasion of Iraq, he refused, arguing that former Secretaries of Defense should not comment on the policy of the current Secretary of Defense.
McNamara suggested that other people were welcome to apply his lessons to Iraq if they wanted to, but that he would not explicitly do it, and noted that his lessons were more general than any particular military conflict (he had indeed written them some time before the Iraq war).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Fog_of_War   (1326 words)

 Robert McNamara - MSN Encarta
Robert McNamara, born in 1916, American business executive and United States secretary of defense from 1961 to 1968.
McNamara taught at Harvard from 1940 until 1943, when he received a captain's commission in the U.S. Army Air Corps.
McNamara was secretary of defense under two presidents, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, serving from 1961 until 1968.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761577640/Robert_McNamara.html   (298 words)

 Search Results for "Robert ..."
Robert I, king of Scotland, or Robert the Bruce, 1274-1329, king of Scotland (1306-29).
Robert II, king of Scotland, 1316-90, king of Scotland (1371-90), nephew and successor of David II.
Robert II, duke of Normandy, (Robert Curthose), c.1054-1134, duke of Normandy (1087-1106); eldest son of King William I of England.
bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?db=db&query=Robert+...   (341 words)

 Nuclear Files: Library: Biographies: Robert Strange McNamera
McNamara argued that the "principal military objectives, in the event of a nuclear war stemming from a major attack on the Alliance, should be the destruction of the enemy's military forces, not of his civilian population."
McNamara also introduced the concept of "assured destruction." This deterrent strategy was based on the premise that, if an aggressor launched a nuclear first strike on the US or its allies, the US would still have the capability to retaliate with enough nuclear weapons to
In October 1962, McNamara was one of the key officials in the Cuban Missile Crisis, in which the US and the Soviet Union came very close to nuclear war.
www.nuclearfiles.org /menu/library/biographies/bio_mcnamara-robert.htm   (330 words)

 Robert McNamara
McNamara's involvement with World War II put him near some of this 8th house power and permitted him to see the destructive cost of war in terms of material and human beings, but he seems to have stuck to crunching numbers.
As the wheel turns, and McNamara was presented the opportunity of serving in President Kennedy's cabinet, the McNamara's lowered their financial situation considerably as they headed for Washington and a big dose of Capricorn in the 8th … presidential proximity and power over the vast human and material resources of the Pentagon.
McNamara is machinelike in his discussions of Vietnam though he tears up easily over the death of John Kennedy and the sacrifices demanded of his family during his tenure as Secretary of Defense.
www.bemyastrologer.com /robert_s_mcnamara.html   (7765 words)

 'It's Just Wrong What We're Doing'
McNamara published a list of the 11 specific mistakes he believed the United States had made in and around the Vietnam war that still had relevance in the very different political and military climate of the 21st century.
McNamara said it is particularly upsetting to see that the White House administration has ignored or failed to heed key recommendations coming from military officers on the ground in Iraq -- a crucial and oft-repeated mistake in Vietnam.
McNamara was the first to argue, based on his own diary, that had he lived, JFK would have ended the Vietnam war in 1965.
www.commondreams.org /headlines04/0125-01.htm   (2112 words)

 The Confessions of Robert McNamara
McNamara was Secretary of Defense from 1961 to 1968 in the Kennedy Administration, which led the US into the Vietnam adventure, and in the Johnson Administration, which widened the involvement to a war in which 58,000 American troops died.
McNamara does, to be sure, acknowledge that he and his colleagues were "wrong, terribly wrong," but the admissions account for relatively little of the book's substance.
McNamara was able to skip a personal crisis when the draft board reclassified his son, Craig--who, like the rest of McNamara's family, opposed the war--from 1-A to 4-F (for ulcers).
www.afa.org /magazine/june1995/0695edit.asp   (778 words)

 Robert McNamara
As Secretary of Defense, McNamara publicly announced what he called a "no cities" nuclear strategy, meaning that if the US was attacked by Soviet nuclear weapons, America's retaliation would not target the enemy's civilian populations, but would instead target their military bases and installations.
McNamara was Kennedy's key military advisor as American involvement in the Vietnam war escalated dramatically in 1961 and '62, and after Kennedy's assassination he was a consistent advocate of escalation under Lyndon B. Johnson.
McNamara said he began having doubts in the mid-1960s, never about the morality of the war, but about whether it could be won.
www.nndb.com /people/387/000022321   (852 words)

 Robert S. McNamara
Robert S. McNamara was first a success in business, rising to become the first non-family president of the Ford Motor Company, and then as Secretary of Defense, where he applied management methods not seen before in the Defense Department.
Robert Strange McNamara was born on June 9, 1916, in San Francisco, California.
McNamara supported President Kennedy during the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs Invasion in April 1961, much to his regret.
home.u-s-history.com /pages/h1764.html   (1157 words)

 Robert McNamara, Errol Morris return to Berkeley to share lessons learned from "Fog of War"
The film covers McNamara's early life, touching on the four years he spent at UC Berkeley studying economics during the Great Depression, his and his wife's bout with polio, and his considerable achievements as a Harvard professor, one of the Ford Motors' Whiz Kids, and then the company's first president from outside the Ford family.
McNamara wrote the report on the inefficiency of conventional bombing campaigns that may have inspired LeMay to take his B-29 bombers down to under 5,000 feet and rain fire on cities built of wood, killing nearly 1 million Japanese.
McNamara, who perhaps has never used Google, sputtered that he didn't think that anyone would actually see the Canadian newspaper article, but he acknowledged that all of its quotations were accurate.
www.berkeley.edu /news/media/releases/2004/02/05_fogofwar.shtml   (2285 words)

 McNamara, Robert Strange - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
MCNAMARA, ROBERT STRANGE [McNamara, Robert Strange], 1916-, U.S. Secretary of Defense (1961-68), b.
In Nov., 1960, he became the first president of the corporation who was not a member of the Ford family, but he resigned shortly afterward to become (Jan., 1961) President Kennedy's secretary of defense.
McNamara introduced modern management techniques in the Defense Dept. and asserted civilian control over the defense establishment.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-mcn1amara.html   (396 words)

 Robert S. McNamara
Robert Strange McNamara served as the United States Secretary of Defense under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (1961-68), overseeing military strategies and policies during the Cold War and the Vietnam War.
McNamara restructured the military and moved from a reliance on nuclear weapons to a flexible strategy of conventional and limited wars meant to contain the communist forces of the Soviet Union and China.
The escalation of American involvement in Vietnam occupied McNamara's time and energy throughout his tenure, and McNamara's businesslike approach and use of non-military analysts rankled Pentagon officials, members of Congress and anti-war protesters.
www.infoplease.com /biography/var/robertsmcnamara.html   (342 words)

 Robert McNamara
Robert McNamara was born on June 9, 1916 in San Francisco where his father was sales manager of a wholesale shoe firm.
McNamara expressed publicly his belief that the manned bomber as a strategic weapon had no long-run future; the intercontinentalballistic missile was faster, less vulnerable, and less costly.
So also did McNamara's alleged differences with the JCS over the bombing of North Vietnam, the number of U.S. troops to be assigned to the ground war, and construction along the 17th parallel separating South and North Vietnam of an antiinfiltration ground barrier, which McNamara favored and the JCS opposed.
www.vietnam-war.info /figures/robert_mcnamara.php   (3324 words)

 The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara (2003)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Robert McNamara: Any military commander who is honest with himself, or with those he is speaking to, will admit that he has made mistakes in the application of military power.
Though his reputation is that of a hawk, previously unheard tape-recorded conversations between McNamara and both Presidents reveal that he urged caution and opposed the continued escalation of the Vietnam War.
McNamara has spoken out a bit late to save the lives of 50,000 Americans and several million Vietnamese but at least he has spoken and we can learn from his reflections.
imdb.com /title/tt0317910   (1011 words)

 CGIAR: Meetings & Events: Robert S. McNamara Seminars
The Robert S. McNamara Seminars are designed to acknowledge the contribution of Mr.
McNamara has a distinguished record of public sevice (serving as U.S. Secretary of Defense and President of the World Bank) and also as CEO of Ford Motor Company.
McNamara has made extradordinary contributions to the creation of public goods.
www.cgiar.org /meetings/mcnamara/index.html   (103 words)

 PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Winter 1996-97
In the period 1965-67, Robert McNamara came to believe that Vietnam was "a problem with no solution." This is the theme of his book.
McNamara's argument depends heavily on his view of the importance of Asia to the United States, and the extent to which withdrawal from Vietnam would affect the balance of power in Asia.
Another weakness of McNamara's book is his failure to discuss systematically the gift of sanctuary which rendered the war inevitably "long and inconclusive." There have been no examples in which a guerrilla war (or a war dependent on external supply) has been won in which one side was granted sanctuary by the other.
carlisle-www.army.mil /usawc/Parameters/96winter/rostow.htm   (5097 words)

 Biography: Robert McNamara
McNamara rejected the idea that Lyndon B. Johnson was involved in the decision but evidence was to emerge that he did play an important role in the awarding of the TFX project to General Dynamics.
Robert Kennedy argued against the assassination of Diem as it would leave the government in the “hands of one man that we don’t know very well.” The Kennedy brothers were aware that the man who took control in South Vietnam would probably be no better than Diem at establishing a coalition government.
McNamara was also critic of the nuclear arms race and admitted that his principal regret as Secretary of Defense was his recommendation to Kennedy to proceed with the
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /JFKmcnarmara.htm   (6117 words)

 The Blog | Al Eisele: Robert McNamara: He's Baaaaaaack! | The Huffington Post
There he was, Robert McNamara, standing in the Oval Office last week for a photo op with Bush, Vice President Cheney, Secretary of Defense Don Rumsfeld, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and 12 other former secretaries of Defense and State, after what the New York Times described as "an exceedingly upbeat 40-minute briefing...
McNamara, who admitted in his 1995 memoir, "In Retrospect,: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam," that he told Johnson in late 1967 that the war in Vietnam was a losing cause but didn't say so publicly, is a wraith-like figure often seen walking the streets of Washington.
Maybe McNamara is pursuing a perverse sort of vindication of his domestic PR policy regarding Vietnam.
www.huffingtonpost.com /al-eisele/robert-mcnamara-hes-baa_b_13414.html   (1813 words)

 Amazon.com: In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (Vintage): Books: Brian VanDeMark,Robert S. McNamara   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
McNamara's recollections are put to rigorous testing by his junior author, VanDeMark, who checked them against the now-declassified written and taped records of the period.
McNamara reveals that "I do not know to this day, whether I quit or was fired." At any rate, McNamara left the Pentagon to begin a successul ten-year term as president of the World Bank.
McNamara to his credit did acknowledge some of his errors in questioning the decisions made, but he was not critical enough on himself not to have put his foot down firmer afterall he did openly agreed in more than once that there was no military solutions to Vietnam.
www.amazon.com /In-Retrospect-Lessons-Vietnam-Vintage/dp/0679767495   (2070 words)

 The lies of The Fog of War. By Fred Kaplan - Slate Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
McNamara was the original and ultimate "Whiz Kid," who viewed the world's problems as solvable through statistical analysis.
McNamara's recollection of the Cuban Missile Crisis is a self-serving travesty.
McNamara concedes that it now appears this attack didn't happen, but claims that he and Johnson honestly believed that it did at the time.
slate.msn.com /id/2092916   (2139 words)

 Democracy's Debt to Our Fringe Press -- May 2, 1995   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
And, as McNamara notes in his recent memoirs, the U.S. mass media, from the beginning, were largely complicitous.
In 1954, the established American press bought the lie that the U.S.-installed puppet, Ngo Dinh Diem, was an authentic nationalist leader of his country and that the future of the free world required that the totalitarian Diem not fall.
Halberstam's self-serving review of McNamara's book in The Times does not even mention that his hawkish early bias is cited in the book.
www.robertscheer.com /1_natcolumn/95_columns/050295.htm   (624 words)

 Online NewsHour: Remembering Vietnam: McNamara's Book -- April 17, 1995
As the twentieth anniversary of the Vietnam War's end neared, a book by former Defense Secretary Robert McNamara alleged that the government knew it could not win the war, but pressed ahead anyway.
"One fear [I had]," McNamara said in a 1995 NewsHour interview, "and I expressed it to President Johnson in December 1965, was that we couldn't win the war militarily.
McNamara said he wanted to reexamine the government's alleged mistakes in its handling of the conflict.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/asia/vietnam/mcnamara_4-17-95.html   (483 words)

 Robert McNamara, by Noam Chomsky (Excerpted from Class Warfare)
[In Robert McNamara's #1 bestseller In Retrospect, he] writes, "We of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations who participated in the decisions on Vietnam acted according to what we thought were the principles and traditions of this nation.
McNamara didn't mention the decision to vastly increase the bombing of South Vietnam.
And McNamara reads this and says [Fall] changed his mind about the efficacy of what we were doing.
www.chomsky.info /books/warfare01.htm   (2255 words)

 Robert McNamara: Apocalypse Soon
To declare war requires an act of congress, but to launch a nuclear holocaust requires 20 minutes' deliberation by the president and his advisors.
Former US Secretary of Defense (under President John Kennedy) Robert McNamara has written a powerful essay exposing an outdated policy that puts our entire nation and world at risk of annihilation at any moment.
After 13 years as the president of the World Bank, McNamara risked his career and reputation by going public with his concerns about the policy giving the president the authority to initiate a nuclear holocaust, even when the threat to the US might be based on faulty information.
www.wanttoknow.info /050723robertmcnamaraapocalypse   (3872 words)

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