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Topic: Robespierre

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In the News (Mon 18 Feb 19)

  Robespierre, Maximilien Marie Isidore. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
Robespierre was elected to the States-General of 1789, and his influence in the Jacobin Club grew steadily until he became its leader (see Jacobins).
Robespierre opposed both the extreme left, under Jacques Hébert, and the moderates, led by Georges Danton and Camille Desmoulins.
By this time, however, Robespierre’s position was becoming precarious; he was faced by divisions within the Committee of Public Safety and by opposition from the Plain in the Convention.
www.bartleby.com /65/ro/Robespie.html   (557 words)

  Robespierre, Maximilien Marie Isidore - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Robespierre was elected to the States-General of 1789, and his influence in the Jacobin Club grew steadily until he became its leader (see Jacobins).
Robespierre opposed both the extreme left, under Jacques Hébert, and the moderates, led by Georges Danton and Camille Desmoulins.
By this time, however, Robespierre's position was becoming precarious; he was faced by divisions within the Committee of Public Safety and by opposition from the Plain in the Convention.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/R/Robespie.asp   (607 words)

 LRB · Hilary Mantel: ‘What a man this is, with his crowd of women around him!’
Robespierre went to live with the Duplays in 1791, in the summer of the backlash against the ‘patriots’, when the radical papers were closed down, presses were smashed, and the left were on the run.
The Robespierre of 1793 is the patron saint of the formerly overlooked, one of the meek who are to inherit the earth.
Robespierre tried to forge an inner consistency, clinging to the idea of a virtuous people misled by corrupt and factious politicians, by enemies who were masked and veiled.
www.lrb.co.uk /v22/n07/mant01_.html   (5945 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre, Master of the Terror
Robespierre was six when his mother died and eight when his father began disappearing; this disruption of a heretofore very happy family life left deep impressions on young Robespierre, forcing him to mature quickly.
Robespierre encouraged the provincial club members to make their voices heard as much as possible in the Assembly; by shouting the loudest, they appeared to be the majority.
Robespierre's failure can be viewed as that of a man so narrow-minded in his views that eventually he cannot conceive of anything outside of them, a man so firmly convinced of his own absolute rightness that he cannot see the glaring errors he makes.
www.loyno.edu /history/journal/1983-4/mcletchie.htm   (5830 words)

Robespierre shared his colleagues' fear of the Hébertist opinions, and he had a personal reason for disliking that party of atheists and sansculottes, since he believed in the necessity of religious faith, and detested their imitation of the grossness that belongs to the lowest class of the populace.
Robespierre tried in vain to gain a hearing, the excitement increased and at five in the afternoon Robespierre, Couthon and Saint-Just, with two young deputies, Augustin Robespierre (younger brother of Maximilien) and Philippe François Joseph Lebas, the only men in all the Convention who supported them, were ordered to be arrested.
Robespierre's private life was always respectable: he was always emphatically a gentleman and man of culture, and even a little bit of a dandy, scrupulously honest, truthful and charitable.
www.nndb.com /people/832/000092556   (3846 words)

 FrontPage magazine.com :: Why Robespierre Chose Terror by John Kekes
Robespierre’s constituency outside the Convention was the mob, roaming the streets of Paris, the center of the Revolution.
Robespierre “became as incapable of distinguishing right from wrong—not to say cruelty from humanity—as a blind man is of distinguishing night from day.” Let us now try to understand his frame of mind.
Robespierre was born in 1758 in the town of Arras.
www.frontpagemag.com /Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=22105   (3973 words)

 Maximilien de Robespierre et Louis-Antoine de Saint-Just   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As Rousseau was Robespierre's idol, Robespierre was Saint-Just's.
Robespierre had, in fact, been informed of the secret inner workings of the Committee for a full month before by two of its members under Danton, the crippled but determined Georges Couthon and Robespierre's devotee Saint-Just who had been appointed before him.
After his lengthy disappearance, Robespierre finally returned to the Convention two days later (8 Thermidor) to deliver a speech, prompted by his now full-blown distrust, to deliver those he believed to be his last remaining enemies and traitors of the revolution to the guillotine.
www.geocities.com /robespierre_et_saintjust/history.html   (2428 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre
Robespierre was heavily influenced by the theories of the popular philosopher, Jean Jacques Rousseau.
Robespierre, riding the wave of popular opinion he had mustered through his speeches, emerged victorious, and the Girondins were cast out, leaving the power solely with the Jacobins.
Robespierre demanded that the king be put to death for the good of the French Republic, and in January 1793, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were beheaded.
www.hyperhistory.net /apwh/bios/b2robespierre.htm   (960 words)

 LRB · Hilary Mantel: If you’d seen his green eyes
Robespierre suspected that his colleagues were ‘masked’, that the meaning of events was ‘veiled’, and he was right.
Robespierre had believed in the purity of heart of his colleague Pétion, who had sat in the Estates General with him; he had seen Pétion turn into a pompous, self-serving windbag who thought the king’s sister had fallen in love with him.
Robespierre checked the excesses of Fouché and Tallien, who, on mission in the provinces, had committed atrocities in the name of the Revolution; and he intervened to save individuals.
www.lrb.co.uk /v28/n08/mant01_.html   (4629 words)

Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de (1758-94), French lawyer and political leader, who became one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution and the principal exponent of the Reign of Terror.
Born on May 6, 1758, in Arras, and educated in Paris at the College of Louis-le-Grand and at the College of Law, Robespierre became a fanatical devotee of the social theories of the French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau.
In May, at Robespierre's insistence, the National Convention proclaimed as an official religion the cult of the Supreme Being, which was based on Rousseau's theory of Deism.
www.robespierre.net   (487 words)

 [No title]
Robespierre was there when the Estates General convened in May 1789, and when he died, the idealism that had sparked the Revolution, for better or worse, died with him.
In Marie-Helene Huet's brilliant study of Robespierre's changing historical depiction, she notes that "Robespierre, like Frankenstein's creature, was death among the living, an unnatural being by his green views and his yellow skin, his deep eye sockets and his mechanical gestures." The Anti-Robespierrists exaggerated his slight, pale form to make him some sort of monster.
Robespierre is one of the characters that tells the story from his POV and therefore is portrayed sympthetically....but more of a practical, if idealistic, politician whose chief failing is falling out of line with the sans-culotte than anything else.
www.angelfire.com /ca6/frenchrevolution89/robespierre.html   (3417 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Robespierre was either a tyrant or a servant of the people; a savior of the Revolution or the devil incarnate.
Robespierre's journalist friend Desmoulins, wrote of this period, "the gods are thirsty." By the summer of 1794 an estimated 40,000 had died.
Caught in the death machine of his own creation, Robespierre would in the early years be condemned as a bloodthirsty tyrant, but later historical reflection softened this analysis and he is also remembered as a champion of the poor, destitute and politically oppressed.
ehistory.osu.edu /world/PeopleView.Cfm?PID=317   (740 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - French Revolutionaries - Robespierre - 'L'Incorruptible' - A689547
Robespierre had proposed to his peers in the chamber that the King be summarily executed, on the authority of a decree from the Convention, but it was decided that a trial should be held.
Robespierre believed that the only way to steer France safely through this period of counter-revolution at home and war with the European powers abroad was a strong centralised executive authority - basically himself and his chosen colleagues on the CPS.
Robespierre was aware that plots were being hatched and chose not to attend the chamber for several days.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/alabaster/A689547   (1320 words)

Robespierre won the dressage evaluation during his stallion performance test because of his outstanding rideability and his well-balanced, uphill-going basic gaits.
Robespierre's sire, Rosentau is a son of the legendary Rubinstein I, who has sired his own dynasty of international dressage champions.
Robespierre is a stallion with an outstanding interior, a wonderful rideability and three convincing basic gaits.
www.superiorequinesires.com /stallions/robespierre.htm   (128 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre, 1758-1794
Robespierre vigorously opposed the Girondist idea of a special appeal to the people on the king's death, and Louis's execution on January 21, 1793, opened up the final stages of the struggle, which ended in a complete triumph of the Jacobins on June 2.
The first Committee of Public Safety was decreed in April 1793, and Robespierre, elected in July, was now one of the actual rulers of France (along with the rest of the Twelve).
On May 7 Robespierre, who had previously condemned the Cult of Reason, advocated a new state religion and recommended the Convention to acknowledge the existence of God; on June 8 the inaugural Festival of the Supreme being took place.
www.historyguide.org /intellect/robespierre.html   (547 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Robespierre was born in the city of Arras in 1758.
Robespierre was elected to the Estates-General in 1789 and thus became involved in the French Revolution.
Robespierre was elected as a representative of Paris.
home.comcast.net /~glennwatson550/worksheets/robespierre.html   (588 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre
Robespierre was a superb orator and opportunist who appears to have used the Nationalist sentiments of the time to further his own interests and career and to justify the murders of all who stood in his way.
Robespierre can be further shown at odds with the revolution's original spirit by examining the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, passed by that same National Assembly a short time later.
It can be argued that Robespierre and his contemporaries created of themselves a dictatorship more insidious than could be boasted by any monarchy that had existed in France during their lifetimes.
www.visopsys.org /andy/essays/robespierre.html   (2025 words)

 Ideology of Robespierre
Robespierre dreamed of an egalitarian republic that would rid society of the speculators who took rights away from the common man. His Republic was a system whose objective was to realize the equality which must be both democratic and socially egalitarian.
Robespierre shared Rousseau's view that private property was the root of social inequality.
Robespierre felt the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, drafted by the National Assembly, was made for capitalists and speculators because it did not define the nature and legitimacy of man's freedom of property.
www.mtholyoke.edu /~etanter/ideology.html   (629 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While Robespierre was not the inventor of the "Reign of Terror" or the revolutionary tribunal, his personal eloquence and popularity attracted a fanatical following among the Jacobins.
Robespierre's praise of the system of revolution led people to believe that the Terror, instead of being monstrous, was laudable.
Under Robespierre and the Jacobins, the number of executions rose every month (21 in September of 1793, 59 in October, 61 in November, 68 in December, 61 in January of 1794, 77 in February, and 121 in March); and the Paris prisons held 8,000 prospective victims.
www.lib.umd.edu /RARE/797hmpg18.html   (357 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre Speech on the Festival of the Supreme Being
Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) was one of the leaders and orators of the French Revolution of 1789, best known for his involvement in the Reign of Terror that followed.
He used his considerable oratory skills to successfully demand the execution of the king and queen, saying Louis XVI "must die that the country may live." In January 1793, the king was executed, followed ten months later by the queen.
Robespierre then introduced the Reign of Virtue and the Festival of the Supreme Being, from which the speech below is taken.
www.historyplace.com /speeches/robespierre.htm   (1343 words)

 Maximilien Robespierre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Robespierre completed his law studies with distinction and was admitted to the bar in 1781, returning to Arras to practice law.
On 16 August, Robespierre presented the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, demanding the establishment of a revolutionary tribunal and the summoning of a Convention.
Robespierre argued that the king, having betrayed the people when he tried to flee the country—indeed, as Robespierre said, having been a King at the first place—was a danger to the state as a unifying symbol for the enemies of the Republic.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Robespierre   (4050 words)

 The Fall of Robespierre   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Robespierre was then taken to the Hôtel de Ville of Paris.
Robespierre petitioned to the radicals among them, but he no longer had the support of activists who held him responsible for guillotining their leader, Hébert, in March.
Robespierre's younger brother Augustin had thrown himself from a top-storey window; Couthon had either fallen, or hurled himself, from his wheelchair down the great stone staircase, to lie with a gaping wound in his head.
library.thinkquest.org /C006257/revolution/fall_of_robespierre.shtml   (443 words)

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