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Topic: Roman Catholic church


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  Roman Catholic Church - MSN Encarta
Roman Catholic Church, the largest single Christian body, composed of those Christians who acknowledge the supreme authority of the bishop of Rome, the pope, in matters of faith.
The Roman Catholic Church regards itself as the only legitimate inheritor, by an unbroken succession of bishops descending from Saint Peter to the present time, of the commission and powers conferred by Jesus Christ on the 12 apostles.
In keeping with early Christian traditions, the fundamental unit of organization in the Roman Catholic Church is the diocese, headed by a bishop.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761573737/Roman_Catholic_Church.html   (615 words)

  
  Roman Catholic Church. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The doctrine of apostolic succession is one of the keystones of the Catholic faith; it holds that the pope (the vicar of Christ) and the bishops have in varying degrees the spiritual authority Jesus assigned to his apostles.
In addition the Roman Catholic Church stresses that since the members, living and dead, share in each other’s merits, the Virgin Mary and other saints and the dead in purgatory are never forgotten (see church; saint).
The contest between church and state continued, ruining the Hohenstaufen dynasty and, in the contest between Boniface VIII and Philip IV of France, bringing the papacy to near ruin.
www.bartleby.com /65/ro/RomanCat.html   (2272 words)

  
  Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
Conversely, the Church too has had a decisive impact on the shape of the city by its ownership of urban property, its provision of social services, and the influence of its teachings on the men and women who live in Chicago.
The juridical entity known as the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago is the chief organizational framework for Catholic life in Cook and Lake Counties.
Catholic priests developed a new understanding of their role vis-à-vis their parishioners and built on old models of social action they had learned from the labor priests and interracial activists of the earlier era.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/1088.html   (1961 words)

  
 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Roman Catholic Church   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Catechism of the Catholic Church, 85 states that authentic interpretation of the Word of God is entrusted to the living Magisterium of the Church, namely the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter.
Emblematic is the "Common Christological Declaration between the Catholic Church and the Assyrian Church of the East" Virgin Mary that came to a head at the Council of Ephesus in 431.
Catholics are a significant minority in Britain, where their faith underwent a revival in the 19th and early 20th Century after three centuries of persecution and official repression.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Roman_Catholic_Church   (9831 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reformers within the Catholic Church launched the Counter Reformation, a period of doctrinal clarification, reform of the clergy and the liturgy, and re-evangelization begun by the Council of Trent.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church, 85 states that authentic interpretation of the Word of God is entrusted to the living Magisterium of the Church, namely the bishops in communion with the successor of Saint Peter.
The Church is convinced it is not free to change this practice, which is traced back to Jesus' choice of apostles, and to the practice of the apostles and their successors, and has declared the matter closed for discussion, the latest declaration being John Paul II's Ordinatio Sacerdotalis in 1994.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Roman_Catholic   (8483 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church, Catholicism
The Roman Catholic church, the largest of the Christian churches, although present in all parts of the world, is identified as Roman because of its historical roots in Rome and because of the importance it attaches to the worldwide ministry of the bishop of Rome, the pope.
Catholic church policy is characterized, however, by a centralized government under the pope, who is regarded as the successor to the apostle Peter, entrusted with a ministry of unity and encouragement.
In the Western (Latin) rite of the Catholic church, bishops and priests are ordinarily celibate.
www.mb-soft.com /believe/txc/rcatholi.htm   (3872 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Womenpriests :: Welcome!
This archaeological photograph of a mosaic in the Church of St. Praxedis in Rome shows, in the blue mantle, the Virgin Mary, foremother of women leaders in the Church.
Roman Catholic Womenpriests (RCWP) is an international initiative within the Roman Catholic Church.
The mission of Roman Catholic Womenpriests North America is to spiritually prepare, ordain, and support women and men from all states of life, who are theologically qualified, who are committed to an inclusive model of Church, and who are called by the Holy Spirit and their communities to minister within the Roman Catholic Church.
www.romancatholicwomenpriests.org   (420 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The doctrine of apostolic succession is one of the keystones of the Catholic faith; it holds that the pope (the vicar of Christ) and the bishops have in varying degrees the spiritual authority Jesus assigned to his apostles.
This pattern of decline of religion followed by reform is characteristic of the history of the Roman Catholic Church; the reform goals have varied, but they have included the revival of spiritual life in society and the monasteries, and the elimination of politics from the bishops' sphere and venality from the papal court.
Transnational Religions: The Roman Catholic Church in Brazil & the Orthodox Church in Russia.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-romanc1at.html   (2516 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Roman Catholic
Catholic", the context shows that he is only adopting the name for the moment as conveniently embodying the contention of his adversaries.
Thus the "Humble Remonstrance, Acknowledgment, Protestation and Petition of the Roman Catholic Clergy of Ireland" in 1661, began "We, your Majesty's faithful subjects the Roman Catholick clergy of Ireland".
Bishops of the Catholic and Roman Church in England" was not approved.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13121a.htm   (2063 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church information - Search.com
The Catechism of the Catholic Church, 85 states that authentic interpretation of the Word of God is entrusted to the living Magisterium of the Church, namely the bishops in communion with the successor of Saint Peter.
Byzantine Church of the Eparchy of KriĹževci (Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro)
Catholic Church thinker, Francisco de Vitoria, a disciple of Thomas Aquinas who studied the issue regarding the human rights of colonized natives, is recognized by the United Nations as a father of international law, and now by historians of economics and democracy as a leading light for the West's democracy and rapid economic development.
www.search.com /reference/Roman_Catholic_Church   (9321 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church, Catholicism
The Roman Catholic church, the largest of the Christian churches, although present in all parts of the world, is identified as Roman because of its historical roots in Rome and because of the importance it attaches to the worldwide ministry of the bishop of Rome, the pope.
The Roman Catholic church's prohibition of remarriage after divorce is the strictest of the Christian churches, although the church does admit the possibility of annulments for marriages judged to be invalid.
Catholic church policy is characterized, however, by a centralized government under the pope, who is regarded as the successor to the apostle Peter, entrusted with a ministry of unity and encouragement.
mb-soft.com /believe/txc/rcatholi.htm   (3897 words)

  
 World Almanac for Kids
Until the break with the Eastern church in 1054 and the break with the Protestant churches in the 16th century, it is impossible to separate the history of the Roman Catholic church from the history of Christianity in general.
The distinct Roman Catholic view of history, however, is its claim to unbroken continuity with the church of the New Testament and its consequent acceptance as legitimate of the major developments in doctrine and structure that it has assimilated since then.
The Catholic church responded during the era of the COUNTER REFORMATION by reaffirming the traditions that had developed through the ages and especially by emphasizing those elements that were most under attack, such as Scholastic theology, the efficacy of the sacraments, and the primacy of the pope.
www.worldalmanacforkids.com /explore/religion/romancatholicchurch.html   (3891 words)

  
 The views of the Roman Catholic Church on other Christian denominations and other religions
Whether the Catholic Church believes that the members of these other groups have a chance of being saved.
The Catholic Church teaches that individuals who are not saved spend eternity after death being tortured in Hell with no hope of relief.
Joseph Cardinal Retzinger, "Dominus Iesus on the unicity and salvific universality of Jesus Christ and the church," Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
www.religioustolerance.org /rcc_othe.htm   (496 words)

  
 ROMAN CATHOLICISM
In 313, the Roman Catholic Church was legally recognized by the Roman Emperor Constantine, and, in 380 it became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Authority in the Roman Catholic Church is described as apostolic, "'because she is founded on the apostles,' and 'continues to be taught, sanctified, and guided by the apostles.
The Church is divided into Dioceses, which are the "fundamental unit[s] of organization in the Roman Catholic Church," and are each headed by a bishop named by the Pope.
religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu /nrms/roman_catholicism.html   (1933 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church is a worldwide body of Christians in communion with the Pope in Rome and subscribing to the beliefs defined principally in the creeds and councils of the ancient church.
The Roman Catholic Church and the other ancient Christian Churches see priestly ordination as a sacrament effecting an ontological change, not as the deputizing of someone to perform a function or as the admission of someone to a profession such as that of medicine or law.
The Roman Catholic Church is also accused of being hostile to democracy, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech, and of supporting absolute monarchy; and later, of supporting Fascism and Falangism.
www.askfactmaster.com /Roman_Catholic   (2548 words)

  
 Apologetics research resources on religious cults and sects - Apologetics research resources on Catholicism
The Roman Catholic Church claimed (and still claims) to affirm sola gracia, but anathematized sola fide, teaching instead that grace is received and maintained by a combination of faith plus works (religious rites, sacraments, or human endeavor).
The Roman Catholicism that is, to varying degrees, combined with and/or absorbed by the pagan religion of the indigenous culture in which it exists (e.g., as in South America and Africa).
The branch of former Roman Catholics who are truly Evangelical and who have largely rejected the unbiblical teachings of Rome, often deciding to remain in the Church as a means to evangelize other Catholics or help reform their Church.
www.apologeticsindex.org /c16.html   (2160 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church - OrthodoxWiki
Today, the main differences between the Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church continue to be the inclusion of filioque in the Creed (and its concomitant theology of double-procession—that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son) and the scope of papal authority.
Additionally, the Roman Catholic Church has made pronouncements of dogma since the Great Schism (such as Purgatory, the Immaculate Conception, and papal infallibility), and other matters of doctrine (such as original sin), which are regarded as false.
Catechism of the Catholic Church - This is the new standard in Roman Catholic teaching, published with the intent to be the basis for local catechisms around the world.
orthodoxwiki.org /Roman_Catholic_Church   (437 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church - Christianity Knowledge Base - a Wikia wiki
Formally, the Roman Catholic Church defines itself as the Church governed by the Pope - considered to be the "successor of Peter", and therefore charged with leadership of all Christians - and the bishops in communion with him.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church, 85 states that authentic interpretation of the Word of God is entrusted to the living Magisterium of the Church, namely the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter.
Within these churches, chapels and oratories, Catholics put particular emphasis on the altar, the tabernacle, the place in which chrism and other holy oils are kept ('ambry'), the seat of the bishop ('cathedra') or priest, and the baptismal font.
christianity.wikia.com /wiki/Roman_Catholic_Church   (8667 words)

  
 Roman Catholic Church
The Roman Catholic Church is part of the Christian Church ruled by the Bishop of Rome (the Pope).
Attempts were made to destroy those aspects of religion that were associated with the Catholic church, for example, the removal of stained-glass windows in churches and the destruction of religious wall-paintings.
In 1865 Henry Edward Manning became the leader of the Catholic Church in England.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /REcatholic.htm   (2648 words)

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